Breaking News
December 11, 2018 - Optimization of drug dose sizes can reduce pharmaceutical wastage
December 11, 2018 - Ultrarestrictive opioid prescribing strategy linked with reduction in number of pills dispensed
December 11, 2018 - PET scans to optimize tuberculosis meningitis treatments and personalize care, study finds
December 11, 2018 - Researchers aim to identify and target high blood pressure indicators
December 11, 2018 - Ezogabine treatment reduces motor neuron excitability in ALS patients, study shows
December 11, 2018 - One implant, two prices. It depends on who’s paying.
December 11, 2018 - Standardizing feeding practices improves growth trends for micro-preemies
December 11, 2018 - COPD Tied to Obesity in Male, Female Never-Smokers
December 11, 2018 - Flossing: Information for Caregivers
December 11, 2018 - Does breastfeeding hormone protect against type 2 diabetes?
December 11, 2018 - Krystal 2000 microplate design improves fluorescence and luminescence measurement
December 11, 2018 - FDA clears mobile medical app to help increase retention in recovery program for opioid use disorder
December 11, 2018 - Overcoming Challenges in High-Speed Centrifugation Experiments
December 11, 2018 - Study shows link between neighborhoods’ socioeconomic status and dietary choices
December 11, 2018 - Lower BMI before obesity surgery predicts greater post-operative weight loss, study finds
December 11, 2018 - Obesity May Be Driving Rise in Uterine Cancers
December 11, 2018 - Antioxidants may prevent cognitive impairment in diabetes
December 11, 2018 - Study discovers link between meditation and how individuals respond to feedback
December 11, 2018 - Researchers identify potential diagnostic tool for Alzheimer’s disease
December 11, 2018 - Oral cancer prognostic signature identified
December 11, 2018 - How Can I Find Out What Caused My Miscarriage?
December 11, 2018 - Novel personalized medicine tool for assessing inherited colorectal cancer syndrome risk developed
December 11, 2018 - Study uncovers 11 new genes associated with epilepsy
December 11, 2018 - Filling research gaps could help develop more disability-inclusive workplaces
December 11, 2018 - Cartilage tissue engineering brings good news for patients with cartilage defects
December 11, 2018 - Novel 3D printing workflow helps predict leaky heart valves
December 11, 2018 - Imagination can help overcome fear and anxiety-related disorders, shows study
December 11, 2018 - Are caries linked to political regime?
December 11, 2018 - Leader in Diabetes Clinical Trials Wins Naomi Berrie Award
December 11, 2018 - Scientists discover cellular mechanism that triggers pneumonia in humans
December 11, 2018 - Increasing mental health problems related to drug use in over 55’s
December 11, 2018 - High-intensity interval exercise could help combat cognitive dysfunction in obese people
December 11, 2018 - Annual flu shot can save lives of heart failure patients
December 11, 2018 - Researchers compare health outcomes for VA and non-VA hospitals
December 11, 2018 - Recommendations Developed for Psoriatic Arthritis Treatment
December 11, 2018 - Genetic analysis links obesity with diabetes, coronary artery disease
December 11, 2018 - Study shows that having genetic information can affect how the body responds
December 11, 2018 - UNAIDS Report: 9 Million Are Likely HIV Positive And Don't Know It
December 11, 2018 - Lund University researchers succeed in obtaining dendritic cells by direct reprogramming
December 11, 2018 - Breast tumors recruit bone marrow cells to boost their growth, study reveals
December 11, 2018 - Updated breast cancer screening guideline highlights importance of shared decision-making
December 11, 2018 - EHR-related stress associated with physician burnout
December 11, 2018 - AHA: 12-Year-Old Heart Defect Survivor Inspires NFL Player’s Foundation
December 11, 2018 - Breast cancer patients who take heart drug with trastuzumab have less heart damage
December 11, 2018 - Providing aid to those humans – and animals – affected by the California fires
December 11, 2018 - Even without proof, CBD is finding a niche as a cure-all
December 11, 2018 - Drawing leads to better memory than writing
December 11, 2018 - Researchers report novel findings on plant hormone
December 10, 2018 - A Tale of Two Labels
December 10, 2018 - Triple combination cancer immunotherapy improves outcomes in preclinical melanoma model
December 10, 2018 - A 14-year-old explains what it’s like to get a new heart
December 10, 2018 - Team Players Honored with 2018 Baton Awards
December 10, 2018 - Global report highlights how the changing world is affecting children’s physical activity levels
December 10, 2018 - Genes play a role in physical activity and sleep
December 10, 2018 - DDT in Alaskan fish shown to increase risk of cancer
December 10, 2018 - Laws to curb use of cell phones have greatly reduced fatalities for motorcyclists
December 10, 2018 - Argenx Provides Detailed Data from Phase 2 Clinical Trial of Efgartigimod in Immune Thrombocytopenia and Phase 1/2 Clinical Trial of Cusatuzumab in Acute Myeloid Leukemia
December 10, 2018 - University of Maryland doctors treat first breast cancer patients with GammaPod radiotherapy
December 10, 2018 - The heartbeat seat: Demoing new well-being technologies in a car
December 10, 2018 - Leading Cancer Researcher to Direct Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center
December 10, 2018 - Researchers explore how glial cells develop in the brain from neural precursor cells
December 10, 2018 - Study compares pain-related diagnoses in First Nations and non-First Nations children, youth
December 10, 2018 - Experts address sleep disorders following traumatic brain injury
December 10, 2018 - Scientists find answers to how cancer spreads
December 10, 2018 - Study explores why older people read more slowly
December 10, 2018 - Smart life-collar could save lives of young children
December 10, 2018 - Asbestos found in most NHS hospitals finds BBC inquiry
December 10, 2018 - Researchers use new technique to probe hydrogen bonds
December 10, 2018 - Music improves social communication in autistic children
December 10, 2018 - Some Brain Tumors May Respond to Immunotherapy, New Study Suggests
December 10, 2018 - Banning junk food ads to combat childhood obesity
December 10, 2018 - Skin Autofluorescence Predicts T2DM, Heart Disease, Mortality
December 10, 2018 - Largest autism sequencing study to date yields 102 genes associated with ASD
December 10, 2018 - Statins associated with low risk of side effects
December 10, 2018 - Episodic memory tests help in predicting brain atrophy and Alzheimer’s disease
December 10, 2018 - Study explores how schools address adolescent self-harming practices
December 10, 2018 - Pregnancy in adolescence linked to increased risks of complications in young mothers
December 10, 2018 - Risk Analysis publishes special issue on communicating about Zika virus
December 10, 2018 - Botox May Help Prevent Post-Op A-Fib
December 10, 2018 - African-American mothers rate boys higher for ADHD
54% of OECD population overweight, Mexico, USA worst, Italy, Japan and Korea best

54% of OECD population overweight, Mexico, USA worst, Italy, Japan and Korea best

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

There have been many studies showing the increased risk of mortality and morbidity associated with obesity. Obesity has been known to be associated with diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and even cancers.

Image Credit: DenisProduction.com / Shutterstock

Image Credit: DenisProduction.com / Shutterstock

Latest 2017 reports by OECD countries have shown that in the recent decades, obesity has risen exponentially. Obesity has touched people of either gender, all ages, all ethnicities and also all education and income levels. In short it has spared no one and affects different populations in varying degrees.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) includes 35 member countries that work together to achieve common economic and other goals.

Studies have revealed that high BMI (body mass index) leads to nearly 4 million deaths in 2015 and this is a 19.5 percent jump up from 2005 globally. The 2017 report shows that 54% of the population is overweight in the OECD. There is a 19 percent prevalence of obesity in the OECD population.

Overweight population is least in Japan (23 percent) and Korea (33 percent) and most in Mexico and United States (over 70 percent) the report on the OECD countries has noted. Overweight is a BMI of over 25 kg/m squared.

Obesity or BMI of over 30 kg/ m squared is lowest in Italy, Japan and Korea at less than 10 percent. It is highest in Hungary, Mexico, New Zealand and the United States where over one third of the population is obese says the report. A huge number of people are pre-obese with BMI of over 25 and less than 30 kg/m2.

On the basis of gender 20 percent of women and 19 percent of men are obese. The gender difference is low in certain countries including Canada, France, Germany, Iceland, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Women lead in obesity in certain countries including Mexico, Turkey, Colombia, South Africa. Men lead the obesity race in Australia, the Czech Republic, Japan, Korea, Ireland and Slovenia.

The rise of obesity is significant in some countries more than others. In Korea and Norway for example obesity rates have doubled since the 1990s. Italy and Japan has seen stabilized rates of obesity at present. Some countries have shown very rise in the numbers. These include United Kingdom – a 92 percent rise since 1990s and United States – a 65 percent rise since 1990s. Canada and Mexico has shown slower rise with Chile showing a negligible rise in obesity numbers.

Coming to what the government health policies have done to curb this menace, Australia, England, France and New Zealand and many other countries have implemented measures such as appropriate food labels, nutrient lists, social media supports, public education etc. Taxation policies have also been altered to facilitate healthy eating.

Another part of the report focuses on overweight and obesity among children in the OECD countries. The report notes that childhood obesity has become a major public health challenge damaging a whole generation. Not only does it put the children at risk for future ailments but also affects mental and physical growth, hormonal balance, psycho-social health, heart and lung health etc. Childhood obesity is also a major contributer to depression, eating disorders etc.

Among the OECD countries, the average rate of overweight and obesity is 25 percent. Of these 26 percent overweight and obesity is seen in boy and 24 percent is seen among girls. Girls are more obese and overweight in Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom and South Africa. The girl-boys difference is most in countries such as Denmark, Greece, Korea, Poland, Sweden and South Africa.

There is a huge prevalence of self-reported overweight and obesity among teenagers. Girls in Canada, Greece, Iceland and the United States and in boys in Canada, Greece, Israel, Italy, Slovenia and the United States, self reported overweight is over 15 percent. Girls in Poland, Norway, Lithuania and the Russian Federation and boys in Denmark, the Netherlands, France and Lithuania overweight and obesity prevalence remains lower. The report says that in the last decade, the prevalence of self reported obesity has risen.

The reason behind this childhood obesity remains the unhealthy diet and exercise environment with promotion of unhealthy foods targeted towards children and also lack of regular physical activity and more sedentary habits.

References:

http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance-2017/overweight-and-obesity-among-adults_health_glance-2017-21-en;jsessionid=13583tnpit6cm.x-oecd-live-02
http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance-2017/overweight-and-obesity-among-children_health_glance-2017-22-en;jsessionid=13583tnpit6cm.x-oecd-live-02

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles