Breaking News
February 24, 2018 - Izon announce the launch of the qEV2 and qEV10 Exosome Isolation columns
February 24, 2018 - New CSIRO technology can create clean drinking water
February 24, 2018 - Treating sleep-disordered breathing may improve prognosis of heart failure patients
February 24, 2018 - Early life exposure to green space could have beneficial effects on cognitive function
February 24, 2018 - Joint Surgery: Aspirin Equals NOAC for Post-Acute VTE Prevention
February 23, 2018 - Scientists identify new marker of arthritis in mice
February 23, 2018 - Beetroot juice supplements may benefit patients with heart failure
February 23, 2018 - New study identifies novel molecular biomarkers of preeclampsia
February 23, 2018 - Researchers discover new link between gut bacteria and obesity
February 23, 2018 - Aimmune Therapeutics’ Pivotal Phase 3 PALISADE Trial of AR101 Meets Primary Endpoint in Patients With Peanut Allergy
February 23, 2018 - Improving Glaucoma Care: Ophthalmology Times
February 23, 2018 - Preventing dementia: The promising, the disappointing and the inconclusive
February 23, 2018 - Duke researchers show how to retrain immune system of peanut-allergy mice
February 23, 2018 - Older males could live longer with light intensity exercise, study suggests
February 23, 2018 - C-sections and gut bacteria linked to childhood obesity risk
February 23, 2018 - Asthmatics have lower degree of DNA methylation in certain immune cells
February 23, 2018 - Uniforms coated with copper nanoparticles could reduce spread of hospital infections
February 23, 2018 - What Not to Do If You Have Asthma and Want to Get Pregnant
February 23, 2018 - Deep brain stimulation may be promising Alzheimer’s treatment
February 23, 2018 - AMSBIO offers new PARPtrap Assay Kit
February 23, 2018 - New study identifies mechanisms to lengthen egg viability in worms
February 23, 2018 - Interventions to improve self-concept could be critical in treating mental health patients
February 23, 2018 - Few minutes of physical activity may lower risk of death in older men, research suggests
February 23, 2018 - Modifications in HIV test enable rapid detection of Zika virus, study states
February 23, 2018 - Could Hackers Target Heart Devices?
February 23, 2018 - Kids’ Mental Health Status Not a Factor in Gun Storage
February 23, 2018 - Revellers ready for festival drug checks, study finds
February 23, 2018 - Stanford researchers explore how enzyme changes and becomes antibiotic-resistant
February 23, 2018 - Scientists decode molecular structure of healthy huntingtin protein
February 23, 2018 - Efficacy of cancer immunotherapy increased by deactivating tumor defence mechanism
February 23, 2018 - Epigenetic changes due to normal aging process linked to cancer risk
February 23, 2018 - Evaluations of Medicaid experiments by states, CMS are weak, GAO says
February 23, 2018 - Biomarkers ID’d for Anesthesia-Related Neural Damage
February 23, 2018 - Study reveals how kidney disease happens
February 23, 2018 - Iron deficiency early in life can have long-lasting consequences for the brain
February 23, 2018 - High protein diet reduces risk of Alzheimer’s disease, research finds
February 23, 2018 - Research extends powerful capabilities of MRI to nanometer scale
February 23, 2018 - Scientists show that cutting-edge technique can efficiently sort nano-sized particles
February 23, 2018 - Dornier’s new laser innovation delivers confidence to glide through deflected scopes
February 23, 2018 - Neurocrine Biosciences Will File New Drug Application for Opicapone for Parkinson’s Disease Based on Existing Pivotal Clinical Trial Data
February 23, 2018 - Bariatric Surgery Enabled Stopping Diabetes Meds
February 23, 2018 - C-sections and gut bacteria increase risk of childhood obesity
February 23, 2018 - Busting myths about diet and kidney stones
February 23, 2018 - Reformulating vaccines to prevent relapse
February 23, 2018 - Prophylactic use of haloperidol does not reduce delirium burden
February 23, 2018 - Higher prevalence of kidney stones in Southern United States
February 23, 2018 - Lithotripsy has revolutionized modern kidney stone management
February 23, 2018 - Researchers describe important step toward gene therapy for patients with Sandhoff disease
February 23, 2018 - Pain Therapeutics Resubmits New Drug Application for Remoxy ER, an Abuse-Deterrent, Extended-Release Drug Candidate for the Treatment of Chronic Pain
February 23, 2018 - Combo Therapy Highly Active in Untreated RCC
February 23, 2018 - Boosting a key protein to help bones that won’t heal
February 23, 2018 - Advanced method holds promise for substantial improvements in breast cancer diagnosis
February 23, 2018 - MRI and machine learning could predict whether OCD patients will benefit from treatment
February 23, 2018 - Comparing low-fat and low-carb diets finds little difference
February 23, 2018 - FDA Alert: Clarithromycin (Biaxin): Drug Safety Communication
February 23, 2018 - Out of Limbo Into Bomb Scare
February 23, 2018 - Patients who achieve short-term weight loss before bariatric surgery have better outcomes
February 23, 2018 - Beetroot may reduce kidney failure risk after heart x-ray, research reveals
February 23, 2018 - Sleep disruptions in menopause correlated with hot flashes and depression
February 23, 2018 - Scientists discover new treatment approach to curb severe myocarditis
February 23, 2018 - ‘Click chemistry’ approach may improve disease-fighting properties of drugs
February 23, 2018 - NIGHTSEA and EMS team up to offer KEY Award in fluorescence stereo microscopy
February 23, 2018 - Calorie restriction improves intestinal-tissue regeneration after injury
February 23, 2018 - Tobacco Kills, No Matter How It’s Smoked: Study
February 23, 2018 - Q&A: Avindra Nath, MD | Medpage Today
February 23, 2018 - Adherence to sleep apnea treatment affects risk of hospital readmission
February 23, 2018 - Zika virus could be alternative for treatment of aggressive brain cancer
February 23, 2018 - Carbon monoxide enhances efficacy of antibiotic against stomach infection
February 23, 2018 - Study sheds light on biological mechanisms that drive rare pediatric neurogenetic disorders
February 23, 2018 - MSD and Ferring Pharmaceuticals Complete Largest Ever Clinical Trial in Postpartum Haemorrhage
February 23, 2018 - Portable ultrasound can help better detect fluid in the lungs of patients with end-stage kidney disease
February 23, 2018 - Postnova AF2000 system offers reliable characterization of trace metal colloid distribution in the environment
February 23, 2018 - Pioneering study may pave way for effective painkillers to treat neuropathic pain
February 23, 2018 - Research opens up new avenue to minimize risks of transplants
February 22, 2018 - Cabozantinib Active in Advanced Thyroid Cancer
February 22, 2018 - Polluted air may pollute our morality
February 22, 2018 - New data from VOYAGE 2 trial shows promising results for Janssen’s guselkumab treatment
February 22, 2018 - Bank loans signed in the hospital leave patients vulnerable
February 22, 2018 - Researchers identify new nanostructure inside sperm tails
February 22, 2018 - Catheter-based procedure increases treatment options for mitral valve disease
54% of OECD population overweight, Mexico, USA worst, Italy, Japan and Korea best

54% of OECD population overweight, Mexico, USA worst, Italy, Japan and Korea best

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

There have been many studies showing the increased risk of mortality and morbidity associated with obesity. Obesity has been known to be associated with diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and even cancers.

Image Credit: DenisProduction.com / Shutterstock

Image Credit: DenisProduction.com / Shutterstock

Latest 2017 reports by OECD countries have shown that in the recent decades, obesity has risen exponentially. Obesity has touched people of either gender, all ages, all ethnicities and also all education and income levels. In short it has spared no one and affects different populations in varying degrees.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) includes 35 member countries that work together to achieve common economic and other goals.

Studies have revealed that high BMI (body mass index) leads to nearly 4 million deaths in 2015 and this is a 19.5 percent jump up from 2005 globally. The 2017 report shows that 54% of the population is overweight in the OECD. There is a 19 percent prevalence of obesity in the OECD population.

Overweight population is least in Japan (23 percent) and Korea (33 percent) and most in Mexico and United States (over 70 percent) the report on the OECD countries has noted. Overweight is a BMI of over 25 kg/m squared.

Obesity or BMI of over 30 kg/ m squared is lowest in Italy, Japan and Korea at less than 10 percent. It is highest in Hungary, Mexico, New Zealand and the United States where over one third of the population is obese says the report. A huge number of people are pre-obese with BMI of over 25 and less than 30 kg/m2.

On the basis of gender 20 percent of women and 19 percent of men are obese. The gender difference is low in certain countries including Canada, France, Germany, Iceland, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Women lead in obesity in certain countries including Mexico, Turkey, Colombia, South Africa. Men lead the obesity race in Australia, the Czech Republic, Japan, Korea, Ireland and Slovenia.

The rise of obesity is significant in some countries more than others. In Korea and Norway for example obesity rates have doubled since the 1990s. Italy and Japan has seen stabilized rates of obesity at present. Some countries have shown very rise in the numbers. These include United Kingdom – a 92 percent rise since 1990s and United States – a 65 percent rise since 1990s. Canada and Mexico has shown slower rise with Chile showing a negligible rise in obesity numbers.

Coming to what the government health policies have done to curb this menace, Australia, England, France and New Zealand and many other countries have implemented measures such as appropriate food labels, nutrient lists, social media supports, public education etc. Taxation policies have also been altered to facilitate healthy eating.

Another part of the report focuses on overweight and obesity among children in the OECD countries. The report notes that childhood obesity has become a major public health challenge damaging a whole generation. Not only does it put the children at risk for future ailments but also affects mental and physical growth, hormonal balance, psycho-social health, heart and lung health etc. Childhood obesity is also a major contributer to depression, eating disorders etc.

Among the OECD countries, the average rate of overweight and obesity is 25 percent. Of these 26 percent overweight and obesity is seen in boy and 24 percent is seen among girls. Girls are more obese and overweight in Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom and South Africa. The girl-boys difference is most in countries such as Denmark, Greece, Korea, Poland, Sweden and South Africa.

There is a huge prevalence of self-reported overweight and obesity among teenagers. Girls in Canada, Greece, Iceland and the United States and in boys in Canada, Greece, Israel, Italy, Slovenia and the United States, self reported overweight is over 15 percent. Girls in Poland, Norway, Lithuania and the Russian Federation and boys in Denmark, the Netherlands, France and Lithuania overweight and obesity prevalence remains lower. The report says that in the last decade, the prevalence of self reported obesity has risen.

The reason behind this childhood obesity remains the unhealthy diet and exercise environment with promotion of unhealthy foods targeted towards children and also lack of regular physical activity and more sedentary habits.

References:

http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance-2017/overweight-and-obesity-among-adults_health_glance-2017-21-en;jsessionid=13583tnpit6cm.x-oecd-live-02
http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance-2017/overweight-and-obesity-among-children_health_glance-2017-22-en;jsessionid=13583tnpit6cm.x-oecd-live-02

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles