Breaking News
July 20, 2018 - High-performance porous polymeric material for chromatography applications
July 20, 2018 - New molecule shows great promise for future treatment of many cancers
July 20, 2018 - Immune T cells are built to react as fast as possible, shows study
July 20, 2018 - ZHX2 protein could offer a new treatment strategy for kidney cancer
July 20, 2018 - Health burdens of very high risk drinking are potentially large, study reveals
July 20, 2018 - Using miniature drug-filled nanocarriers to target headaches and tumors
July 20, 2018 - Researchers uncover cause for progression of prostate cancer to incurable stage
July 20, 2018 - Studies highlight issues regarding black lung, opioid overdose, police violence and more
July 20, 2018 - AbbVie submits supplemental NDA to FDA for venetoclax to treat acute myeloid leukemia
July 20, 2018 - Researchers are one step closer to developing eye drops to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
July 20, 2018 - Patients maintain muscle mass five years after surgically induced weight loss
July 20, 2018 - AMSBIO introduces new, powerful CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing kits
July 20, 2018 - PureTech Health collaborates with Roche to advance oral administration of antisense oligonucleotides
July 20, 2018 - Analysis reveals disparities in cancer death rates among minority groups
July 20, 2018 - Dr Maddy Parsons receives Royal Microscopical Society Life Science Medal
July 20, 2018 - Study finds link between DNA methylation and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
July 20, 2018 - Military personnel with head trauma and football players with suspected CTE show similar brain changes
July 20, 2018 - Vidac Pharma Announces Initiation of Phase 2b Clinical Trial of VDA-1102 Ointment in Patients with Actinic Keratosis
July 20, 2018 - KKR is buying Envision Healthcare in a nearly $10B deal
July 20, 2018 - Older people with broken bones face higher risk of death for up to 10 years
July 20, 2018 - A simple pill for meth addicts on the cards
July 20, 2018 - UA researchers to repurpose ketamine to reduce side effects in Parkinson’s patients
July 20, 2018 - Child psychiatrist available on call to help assess separated immigrant children
July 20, 2018 - High bitter-taste sensitivity linked to increased risk of cancer
July 20, 2018 - Falling temperatures may lead to rise in numbers of deaths from stroke
July 20, 2018 - Supplemental oxygen prevents rise in morning blood pressure in OSA patients
July 20, 2018 - High fruit and vegetable intake linked to reduced risk of breast cancer
July 20, 2018 - Careful patient selection may help achieve good outcomes for vaginal mesh surgery
July 20, 2018 - Researchers raise viability of cloned mice using somatic cell nuclear transfer method
July 20, 2018 - 3HP for Latent TB Infection Treatment | 2018 | Newsroom | NCHHSTP
July 20, 2018 - An orange a day keeps macular degeneration away: 15-year study
July 20, 2018 - Researchers elucidate how the brain drives trial-by-trial adaptation to compensate for errors
July 20, 2018 - Understanding triple-negative breast cancer to develop better treatments
July 20, 2018 - Study compares outpatient antibiotic prescribing with traditional medical, retail clinic settings
July 20, 2018 - Immediate Monitoring With ECG Patch Ups A-Fib Diagnosis Rate
July 20, 2018 - KHN’s ‘What the Health?’ Drug prices and unicorns
July 20, 2018 - Scientists seek to better protect the eye from glaucoma
July 20, 2018 - Football training could improve bone mineral density in prostate cancer patients
July 20, 2018 - Single genetic change in gut bacteria can lead to obesity
July 20, 2018 - Research uncovers new target for therapeutic intervention in breast cancer
July 20, 2018 - WFN to highlight clean air for brain health on World Brain Day 2018
July 20, 2018 - Health Highlights: July 17, 2018
July 20, 2018 - Mom’s marijuana winds up in breast milk
July 20, 2018 - Black men could be healthier if seen by black physicians, new research suggests
July 20, 2018 - Alcoholics have persistent difficulties with emotional communication after long-term abstinence
July 19, 2018 - Researchers unravel how ALL invades the central nervous system
July 19, 2018 - Mother’s microbiome determines offspring’s risk of developing autism
July 19, 2018 - Refining standards of maternal-fetal care
July 19, 2018 - Stitching single cells together any which way you want to
July 19, 2018 - Study identifies RNA molecules that regulate male hormones in prostate cancer
July 19, 2018 - New machine-learning model shows promise in predicting undiagnosed dementia
July 19, 2018 - Sleep supports antioxidant processes, study suggests
July 19, 2018 - MiRagen Therapeutics Announces Initiation of Phase 2 Clinical Trial of MRG-201
July 19, 2018 - Unique brain ‘fingerprint’ can predict drug effectiveness
July 19, 2018 - Life on the border: Struggling to survive in Jordan
July 19, 2018 - CT scans may raise brain tumor risk
July 19, 2018 - Moderate alcohol intake linked with improved male fertility
July 19, 2018 - Alcohol-related cirrhosis mortality on the rise among young adults
July 19, 2018 - Study uncovers new protein complex that shields broken DNA ends
July 19, 2018 - Regular sunscreen use protects young people from melanoma
July 19, 2018 - Using non-invasive brain recordings to characterize activity in deep structures
July 19, 2018 - Mediterranean diet could influence academic performance through effects on sleep quality
July 19, 2018 - Woman’s pregnancy history may be linked to Alzheimer’s disease risk
July 19, 2018 - Study calls for new gold standard in research to treat non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
July 19, 2018 - Cancer patients receiving anti-PD-1 therapies may experience delayed skin reactions
July 19, 2018 - Scientists study adverse effects of carbon, silicon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers
July 19, 2018 - Keck Hospital of USC receives Magnet recognition for excellence in nursing
July 19, 2018 - Scientists identify hidden signals in RNAs that control protein synthesis
July 19, 2018 - Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine Not Tied to Spontaneous Abortion
July 19, 2018 - FDA OKs first drug made to reduce excessive sweating
July 19, 2018 - New Finnish study compares surgical treatment of shoulder impingement syndrome to placebo surgery
July 19, 2018 - New findings do no support caffeine as effective appetite suppressant or weight-loss aid
July 19, 2018 - Kite collaborates with Gadeta to develop novel gamma delta TCR therapies for various cancers
July 19, 2018 - Study evaluates Neoteryx’s VAMS technology for monitoring HbA1c levels of diabetic children
July 19, 2018 - New clinical trial examines use of adrenaline to treat cardiac arrests
July 19, 2018 - Early surgical intervention may improve outcomes for patients with mitral valve disease
July 19, 2018 - Prolonged preoperative opioid use linked to adverse outcomes after total knee and hip arthroplasty
July 19, 2018 - Biophysicists use infrared sensor as new method for drug discovery
July 19, 2018 - Rat study shows negative effects of perinatal exposure to phthalates
July 19, 2018 - Children with disabilities endure long waits for life-changing medical equipment
People who use indoor firing ranges at risk of lead poisoning

People who use indoor firing ranges at risk of lead poisoning

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Indoor firing ranges may put hobby shooters, law enforcement officers and employees at risk from lead exposure, particularly if proper dust-control measures are not in place.

“We are seeing an increase in firing range–related lead poisoning in adults, which can result from faulty ventilation systems or just inadequate cleanup of lead dust,” says Diane Calello, New Jersey Poison Control Center Executive and Medical Director at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School. “Exposure can happen from inhaling the lead dust emitted when the firearm is discharged or from ingestion of lead from contaminated hands or food.”

Calello, whose center is part of Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, encourages people who use these facilities to understand the health effects of lead poisoning, how to prevent lead exposure and the importance of being tested.

How do you know if you have lead poisoning?
Lead gets into the body by inhaling, ingesting or absorbing lead dust or particles. Adults can have lead poisoning without knowing it. The symptoms of lead poisoning are nonspecific at first, but can include headaches, fatigue, difficulty concentrating and weakness in the hands or feet.

People who shoot at indoor gun ranges or are in professions that work with firearms or lead, such as police officers, should have a blood test, which is the only way to measure the amount of lead in the body. The United States Department of Labor recommends employees working in high-lead environments be tested every six months. So, if an individual is using a shooting range regularly, getting tested every six months is reasonable. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there is no safe level of lead.

What are the health effects of lead poisoning?
Inhaled or ingested lead enters the bloodstream and is distributed throughout the body. Over time, it collects and is stored in the bones, leading to significant and even permanent damage to a person’s organs and health. The severity of the damage depends upon how much lead is in the body and the length of exposure. It can lead to conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, decreased sex drive, infertility, memory loss and difficulty concentrating, hearing and vision problems, tiredness, irritability and mood disorder. Also, pregnant women exposed to lead are at a higher risk of reduced fetal growth, and children suffer a lower IQ and cognitive function.

Who is at risk for lead exposure?
If an indoor gun range does not have proper air ventilation, then shooters, range employees and visitors are exposed to lead dust that comes out of the gun’s muzzle when fired. Even if it is not immediately inhaled, lead dust can linger in the air and collect on the shooter’s hands, face and clothing, where it can be inhaled, ingested or absorbed into the body later. This puts the shooter’s family at risk since lead particles on skin and clothing can be carried into vehicles and homes. “Take home lead” is harmful to anyone exposed to it – especially young children and pregnant women.

How can people who use indoor firing ranges protect themselves and their families?
Indoor ranges are safe when there is proper air ventilation and when workers take precautions when cleaning the residue, such as wet mopping debris or using a vacuum with a high-efficiency particulate air filter rather than dry sweeping or shoveling to remove debris. Unfortunately, ventilation systems occasionally fail, so it’s important to stay vigilant.

Be aware of the features of certain ammunition, which may decrease the lead hazard. For example, jacketed bullets create less dust when discharged. Since loading bullets also can release lead particles into the air, make sure you are in a well-ventilated area, not around children or in a residence and are wearing proper protective equipment. When using a firing range, wash your hands and face before you eat, drink or smoke – and never eat, drink or smoke in areas of lead dust and fumes. Before you leave, shower and change your clothes and shoes if possible. Place your shooting clothes in a tied bag and wash them separately from the family laundry. Keep firearm materials away from living areas and do not put leaded material in your mouth.

What is the treatment for lead poisoning?
In the majority of adult cases, the primary treatment is removal from the source. The body will excrete lead slowly and, if exposure does not recur, will eventually eliminate the excess lead. This will result in resolution of at least some of the symptoms.

Chelation therapy is used in rare cases when the patient is critically ill or has severe elevations in the blood lead level. However, chelation has no benefit in patients with lower levels and more nonspecific symptoms.

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles