Breaking News
October 24, 2018 - New 17-item questionnaire may help detect GI disorders in children with autism
October 24, 2018 - 12% of frequent marijuana smokers experience cannabis withdrawal syndrome
October 24, 2018 - Immune therapy may be potential treatment option for patients with hard-to-treat ankylosing spondylitis
October 24, 2018 - Poor Experience With PCP Linked to Hospitalization in CKD
October 23, 2018 - Dummies not to blame for common speech disorder in kids
October 23, 2018 - The future of ethics and biomedicine: An interview
October 23, 2018 - X4 Pharmaceuticals announces clinical data of X4P-001-IO and Opdivo in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma
October 23, 2018 - FDA targets 465 websites that sell potentially dangerous, unapproved drugs
October 23, 2018 - New approach may lead to better diagnostic techniques for autoimmune disorders
October 23, 2018 - Innovative computer software sheds new light on genetic processes underlying deadly diseases
October 23, 2018 - Juul Drawing Lots of Teen Followers on Twitter
October 23, 2018 - WHO says Zika risk low in Pacific ahead of Meghan visit
October 23, 2018 - A deeper look at ‘Reflecting Frankenstein’
October 23, 2018 - Breastfeeding can have protective affect against high blood pressure in women, confirms study
October 23, 2018 - Epigenetic modifications may contribute to Alzheimer’s Disease
October 23, 2018 - Volunteering for peer counseling programs benefits people with lupus
October 23, 2018 - Cancer treatment may undergo a paradigm shift to immunotherapy soon
October 23, 2018 - Study uncovers new mechanism of action in a first-line drug for diabetes
October 23, 2018 - New type of molecule shows early promise against treatment-resistant prostate cancer
October 23, 2018 - Lancet publishes pioneering study of Aimovig’s efficacy in episodic migraine patients
October 23, 2018 - Scientists grow functioning human neural networks in 3D from stem cells
October 23, 2018 - Using mushrooms as a prebiotic may help improve glucose regulation
October 23, 2018 - New ENT clinic treats children in Zimbabwe
October 23, 2018 - CUIMC Celebrates 2018-2019, Issue 2
October 23, 2018 - Immunotherapy is better than chemotherapy as first-line treatment for advanced head and neck cancer
October 23, 2018 - ConnectToBrain project seeks to improve techniques for brain stimulation in current clinical use
October 23, 2018 - Polyganics begins first-in-human clinical trial of LIQOSEAL for reducing CSF leakage
October 23, 2018 - Gut bacterial community of healthy adults recovers after short-term exposure to broad-spectrum antibiotics
October 23, 2018 - Lowering systolic blood pressure does not damage the kidneys, shows study
October 23, 2018 - Incyte Announces Positive Data from Phase 2b Trial of Ruxolitinib Cream in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis
October 23, 2018 - Cardiovascular admissions more common among most deprived
October 23, 2018 - Targeted drug and hormone therapy combination extends breast cancer survival
October 23, 2018 - Map of human liver cells reveals molecular make-up of individual cells
October 23, 2018 - Drugs approved for breast cancer treatment are effective and well tolerated in men
October 23, 2018 - EKF introduces new hand-held lactate analyzer for rapid sports performance monitoring
October 23, 2018 - Researchers identify common genetic connection in lung conditions
October 23, 2018 - Forbius initiates Phase 2a trial evaluating efficacy, safety of AVID100 in patients with squamous NSCLC
October 23, 2018 - Immunotherapy achieves major pathological response in early-stage mismatch repair deficient colon cancer
October 23, 2018 - New discovery may lead to better treatment options for pancreatic cancer patients
October 23, 2018 - FDA Approves Dupixent (dupilumab) for Moderate-to-Severe Asthma
October 23, 2018 - Researchers identify immune culprits linked to inflammation and bone loss in gum disease
October 23, 2018 - Despite lower risk factors, black men have higher rates of recidivism
October 23, 2018 - Study finds why pregnant women in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan prefer cesarean delivery
October 23, 2018 - AbbVie’s U-ACHIEVE Phase 2b/3 dose-ranging study improves outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis
October 23, 2018 - NCI grant awarded to Abramson Cancer Center to study CAR T cells In solid tumors
October 23, 2018 - Scientists use electron microscope to study chemical transformation in catalytic cross-coupling reaction
October 23, 2018 - Research offers new hope to men who received childhood cancer treatment
October 23, 2018 - New medical navigation system receives international innovation award
October 23, 2018 - Adverse Childhood Experiences Tied to Burnout in BSN Students
October 23, 2018 - High levels of oral disease among elite athletes affecting performance
October 23, 2018 - Study examines effect of immediate vs delayed pushing during labor on delivery outcomes
October 23, 2018 - LU-RRTC to spearhead capacity-building efforts for racial and ethnic populations
October 23, 2018 - Maintenance therapy with olaparib improves progression-free survival in advanced ovarian cancer patients
October 23, 2018 - Organic food may protect against cancers finds study
October 23, 2018 - Interweaving anxiety disorder associated with stuttering remains unrecognized
October 23, 2018 - Cannabis oil shown to significantly improve Crohn’s disease symptoms
October 23, 2018 - Knowledge of sex differences in lower urinary tract may help stimulate breakthroughs in diagnosis, management
October 23, 2018 - Common antibodies associated with myocardial infarction
October 23, 2018 - Study reveals new treatment option for women with advanced breast cancer resistant to hormone therapy
October 23, 2018 - Brain’s ‘Self-Control’ Center May Be Key to Weight-Loss Success
October 23, 2018 - Prosthetic valve mismatches common in transcatheter valve replacement, ups risk of death
October 23, 2018 - Can virtual reality help people become more compassionate?
October 23, 2018 - Screen time eclipsed outdoor time for most students, shows study
October 23, 2018 - SLU researcher seeks to find solutions for ‘chemo brain’ symptoms and side effects of opioids
October 23, 2018 - Plastics now commonly found in human stools
October 23, 2018 - Zoledronic acid increases disease-free survival in premenopausal women with HR+ early breast cancer
October 23, 2018 - Cancer survivors at risk for heart failure during, after pregnancy
October 23, 2018 - Stanford project brings health education videos to mothers in South Africa
October 23, 2018 - HIV-infected Hispanics at higher risk of developing HPV-related cancers, finds study
October 23, 2018 - Politicians hop aboard ‘Medicare-for-all’ train, destination unknown
October 23, 2018 - Study suggests rising childhood obesity rates as cause for serious hip disease in adolescents
October 23, 2018 - Study highlights existence of barriers to early clinical trial access for adolescents and young adults
October 23, 2018 - Protein sequencing technique could revolutionize biomedical research
October 23, 2018 - Canon Medical to showcase world’s first Ultra-High Resolution CT system at ASTRO 2018
October 23, 2018 - Spectrum Pharmaceuticals Announces Release of Updated Poziotinib Data From MD Anderson Phase 2 Study in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients
October 23, 2018 - Cancer stem cells use ‘normal’ genes in abnormal ways
October 23, 2018 - Bad Blood: A conversation with investigative reporter John Carreyrou | News Center
October 23, 2018 - As U.S. fertility rates collapse, finger-pointing and blame follow
October 23, 2018 - Researchers develop promising targeted strategy to treat chemo-resistant blood cancer
October 23, 2018 - Pilot clinical trial shows effectiveness of bioelectronic medicine device for lupus
Combinations of personality traits may help protect against depression and anxiety, study shows

Combinations of personality traits may help protect against depression and anxiety, study shows

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Though high levels of neuroticism put people at risk for depression and anxiety, if those same individuals are also highly extraverted and conscientious they could have a measure of protection against those disorders, according to the results of a new study by a team of University at Buffalo psychologists.

The findings, published in the Journal of Research in Personality, point to the importance of stepping away from focusing on single personality traits in clinical settings in favor of looking at how combinations of traits might work together to help either prevent or predict specific symptoms.

“We know individually how these traits relate to symptoms, but now we are beginning to understand how the traits might impact one another,” says Kristin Naragon-Gainey, an assistant professor in UB’s Department of Psychology and the paper’s lead author with Leonard Simms, associate professor of psychology.

“We have to consider the whole person in order to understand the likelihood of developing negative symptoms down the road.”

Neuroticism is the tendency to experience different negative emotions and to react strongly to stress. Along with extraversion and conscientiousness, it is among the “Big Five” personality traits, a group that also includes agreeableness and openness to experience.

People express each of the traits somewhere on a continuum. Someone high in extraversion would be very social, while another person low in extraversion would be much less outgoing. Conscientiousness, meantime, is the tendency to be organized, goal-oriented and non-impulsive.

The researchers interviewed 463 adult participants who reported receiving psychiatric treatment within the past two years. Each participant also completed numerous questionnaires. The study examined the traits of neuroticism, extraversion and conscientiousness because those three have the strongest associations with mood and anxiety disorders.

Naragon-Gainey says all things being equal, there are risks for disorders associated with certain traits, but a better image of what’s at stake emerges when there’s an understanding of how a group of behavioral tendencies might work together.

The results could provide an improved understanding of the mechanisms through which people develop mood disorders and explain the factors that might put someone at risk for symptoms like depression and anxiety.

Additionally, the findings might assist clinicians in how to capitalize on people’s strengths with treatments that utilize what the study’s results suggest are protective traits.

“I think there’s a tendency in treatment and clinical psychology to concentrate on the problems and the negatives,” says Naragon-Gainey. “If you utilize the pre-existing strengths that clients bring with them, it can positively affect treatment and the level of symptoms going forward, as well as reinforcing what the person is already doing well.”

Conceptually, the strengths linked to high levels of extraversion and conscientiousness relate to the fact that social interactions and effective engagement in meaningful activities are rewarding for people, according to Naragon-Gainey.

“If someone has high levels of extraversion they might be very good at gathering social support or increasing their positive affectivity through social means,” says Naragon-Gainey. “Similarly, conscientiousness has a lot to do with striving toward goals and putting plans in action, which can combat the withdrawal and avoidance that can go along with neuroticism.”

Source:

http://www.buffalo.edu/news/releases/2017/11/039.html

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles