Breaking News
July 20, 2018 - Immediate Monitoring With ECG Patch Ups A-Fib Diagnosis Rate
July 20, 2018 - Scientists seek to better protect the eye from glaucoma
July 20, 2018 - Football training could improve bone mineral density in prostate cancer patients
July 20, 2018 - Single genetic change in gut bacteria can lead to obesity
July 20, 2018 - Research uncovers new target for therapeutic intervention in breast cancer
July 20, 2018 - WFN to highlight clean air for brain health on World Brain Day 2018
July 20, 2018 - Health Highlights: July 17, 2018
July 20, 2018 - Mom’s marijuana winds up in breast milk
July 20, 2018 - Black men could be healthier if seen by black physicians, new research suggests
July 20, 2018 - Alcoholics have persistent difficulties with emotional communication after long-term abstinence
July 19, 2018 - Researchers unravel how ALL invades the central nervous system
July 19, 2018 - Mother’s microbiome determines offspring’s risk of developing autism
July 19, 2018 - Refining standards of maternal-fetal care
July 19, 2018 - Stitching single cells together any which way you want to
July 19, 2018 - Study identifies RNA molecules that regulate male hormones in prostate cancer
July 19, 2018 - New machine-learning model shows promise in predicting undiagnosed dementia
July 19, 2018 - Sleep supports antioxidant processes, study suggests
July 19, 2018 - MiRagen Therapeutics Announces Initiation of Phase 2 Clinical Trial of MRG-201
July 19, 2018 - Unique brain ‘fingerprint’ can predict drug effectiveness
July 19, 2018 - Life on the border: Struggling to survive in Jordan
July 19, 2018 - CT scans may raise brain tumor risk
July 19, 2018 - Moderate alcohol intake linked with improved male fertility
July 19, 2018 - Alcohol-related cirrhosis mortality on the rise among young adults
July 19, 2018 - Study uncovers new protein complex that shields broken DNA ends
July 19, 2018 - Regular sunscreen use protects young people from melanoma
July 19, 2018 - Using non-invasive brain recordings to characterize activity in deep structures
July 19, 2018 - Mediterranean diet could influence academic performance through effects on sleep quality
July 19, 2018 - Woman’s pregnancy history may be linked to Alzheimer’s disease risk
July 19, 2018 - Study calls for new gold standard in research to treat non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
July 19, 2018 - Cancer patients receiving anti-PD-1 therapies may experience delayed skin reactions
July 19, 2018 - Scientists study adverse effects of carbon, silicon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers
July 19, 2018 - Keck Hospital of USC receives Magnet recognition for excellence in nursing
July 19, 2018 - Scientists identify hidden signals in RNAs that control protein synthesis
July 19, 2018 - Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine Not Tied to Spontaneous Abortion
July 19, 2018 - FDA OKs first drug made to reduce excessive sweating
July 19, 2018 - New Finnish study compares surgical treatment of shoulder impingement syndrome to placebo surgery
July 19, 2018 - New findings do no support caffeine as effective appetite suppressant or weight-loss aid
July 19, 2018 - Kite collaborates with Gadeta to develop novel gamma delta TCR therapies for various cancers
July 19, 2018 - Study evaluates Neoteryx’s VAMS technology for monitoring HbA1c levels of diabetic children
July 19, 2018 - New clinical trial examines use of adrenaline to treat cardiac arrests
July 19, 2018 - Early surgical intervention may improve outcomes for patients with mitral valve disease
July 19, 2018 - Prolonged preoperative opioid use linked to adverse outcomes after total knee and hip arthroplasty
July 19, 2018 - Biophysicists use infrared sensor as new method for drug discovery
July 19, 2018 - Rat study shows negative effects of perinatal exposure to phthalates
July 19, 2018 - Children with disabilities endure long waits for life-changing medical equipment
July 19, 2018 - Ways to stay safe while camping and hiking
July 19, 2018 - People with HIV twice as likely to suffer from heart disease
July 19, 2018 - On-the-Job Stress Relief – Drugs.com MedNews
July 19, 2018 - Compounds found in green tea and wine may block formation of toxic metabolites
July 19, 2018 - Gene regulator associated with protein pileup in exfoliation glaucoma
July 19, 2018 - Trump administration summons immigrant infants
July 19, 2018 - FDA grants approval for first breast cancer drug through ‘Real-Time Oncology Review’
July 19, 2018 - Five tips for men seeking plastic surgery
July 19, 2018 - Researchers discover the reasons why some people get dizzy when hearing certain sounds
July 19, 2018 - Research project investigates snake venom treatment as antibiotic alternative for eye infections
July 19, 2018 - Melanoma could soon be detected using a blood test
July 19, 2018 - Exposure to bright light may have big impact on sleep-related behavior in children
July 19, 2018 - Deleting single gene in gut bacteria affects metabolism, reduces weight gain in mice
July 19, 2018 - New proteomics studies help gain more insights into Alzheimer’s, cancer and listeriosis
July 19, 2018 - Study finds major discrepancies in prescription drug labeling pregnancy information across four countries
July 19, 2018 - Cellectar’s CLR 131 Receives FDA Orphan Drug Designation for Treatment of Ewing’s Sarcoma
July 19, 2018 - Watching the immune system in action reveals what happens when things goes wrong
July 19, 2018 - Increasing blood sugar levels improves memory and performance in older adults
July 19, 2018 - Connection between self-regulation and obesity appears to be different for girls and boys
July 19, 2018 - Researchers develop new, less destructive method for whitening teeth
July 19, 2018 - Revving up innate control of viral infection requires a three-cell ignition
July 19, 2018 - Inaccurate direct-to-consumer raw genetic data can harm patients, new research suggests
July 19, 2018 - Weight loss surgery is effective under the right situations
July 19, 2018 - BioTek awarded patent for autofocus feature on microplate reader
July 19, 2018 - Low-carb diets reduce stiffness of arteries in women and promote weight loss in men
July 19, 2018 - New review examines cannabinoids’ potential for direct treatment of cancer
July 19, 2018 - Allergic responses may help protect the skin against cancer, research suggests
July 19, 2018 - Inappropriate Prescribing of Abx High in Urgent Care Centers
July 19, 2018 - Many at risk for HIV despite lifesaving pill
July 19, 2018 - Tips for doctors and parents on the harms of marijuana use for teens
July 18, 2018 - Researchers detect presence of IgE antibodies after kidney transplantation
July 18, 2018 - New technique allows researchers to create large scale, personalized bone grafts
July 18, 2018 - Smoking May Boost Atrial Fibrillation Risk
July 18, 2018 - Genome editing method targets AIDS virus
July 18, 2018 - These things matter: Medical complications are not inevitable, a physician writes
New review confirms link between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and overweight, obesity

New review confirms link between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and overweight, obesity

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

A new review of the latest evidence on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)- which includes 30 new studies published between 2013 and 2015 (and none of them industry sponsored) – concludes that SSB consumption is associated with overweight and obesity, and that countries that have not already done so should take action to reduce the consumption of the so-called ’empty calories’ that these drinks contain.

The review is published in the journal Obesity Facts, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO), and written by a team of authors including lead author Dr Maria Luger, Special Institute for Preventive Cardiology And Nutrition SIPCAN, Salzburg, Austria; EASO President Elect Dr Nathalie Farpour-Lambert (University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland) and Dr Maira Bes-Rastrollo, University of Navarra, Spain, and Carlos III Institute of Health, Spain.

“The evidence base linking SSBs with obesity and overweight in children and adults has grown substantially in the past 3 years,” explains Dr Farpour-Lambert. “We were able to include 30 new studies not sponsored by the industry in this review, an average of 10 per year. This compares with a previous review that included 32 studies across the period 1990-2012.”

She says: “This new, more recent evidence suggests that SSB consumption is positively associated with obesity in children. By combining the already published evidence with this new research, we conclude something that in many ways should already be obvious: public health policies should aim to reduce the consumption of SSBs and encourage healthy alternatives such as water. Yet to date, actions to reduce SSB consumption in many countries are limited or non-existent.”

Of these 30 studies included, 20 were in children (17 prospective and 3 randomised controlled trials [RCTs]) and 10 were in adults (9 prospective and 1 RCT). Almost all (93%) of the 30 included studies in children and adults revealed a positive association between SSB consumption and overweight/obesity, while only one prospective cohort study in children showed no association. The one randomised controlled trial in adults demonstrated no effect of the intervention (replacing SSBs with water and education counselling versus education counselling only). While those adults receiving the intervention lost more weight however the result was just outside statistical significance.

A total of 244,651 study participants were included in this new systematic review. Regarding the geographical area of the studies included, 33% were done in Europe, 23% in the US, 17% in Middle or South America, 10% in Australia, 7% in South Africa, and the remaining 10% in Iran, Thailand and Japan.

Although the authors acknowledge it is near impossible to conclude with absolute certainty a direct cause-and-effect relationship between SSB consumption and overweight and obesity, Dr Farpour-Lambert says: “Associations between SSBs and body weight measures might be affected by other diet and lifestyle factors, but the majority of the prospective cohort studies adjusted for these possible confounding factors including several nutrition and lifestyle factors, and for all, except for one study, a positive association between SSB consumption and overweight/obesity was found. This suggests an independent effect of SSBs.”

Dr Bes-Rastrollo says: “Numerous countries across the world have high levels of SSB consumption, and even those with low intakes are observing sharp increases. Therefore, the combined evidence published before and after 2013 confirming that SSBs have adverse effects on body weight gain or obesity in children and adults provides a rationale for urgent policy action.” The authors point to the success of higher taxes on SSBs in Mexico, where sales have fallen by 12%, most sharply in the poorest parts of the population (by 17%). Dr Bes-Rastrollo adds: “Various countries have now established and implemented approaches focusing on the reduction of SSB intake by limiting its availability, increasing market price, raising public awareness through education programs via the media or at school, introducing tax policies, and improving labelling.”

A report from Euromonitor International indicates that to date, 19 countries have so far introduced taxes on food and drinks and that more aim to do so in the near future with the target of reducing sugar consumption by 20% in accordance with the WHO guidelines. The UK is a country about to introduce a sugar tax, beginning in April 2018.

The authors say new and innovative strategies are needed to reduce SSB consumption. Dr Farpour-Lambert says: “There is no doubt that we can reduce the consumption and impact of SSBs, but we need both the political will and the cooperation of the beverages industry to achieve it. One successful and feasible example of a gradual reduction strategy is the UK salt reduction program: The food industry has gradually decreased the quantity of salt added to processed food over the past decade. In this program, incremental salt reduction targets were set with a clear timeframe for the food industry to reach them.”

Dr Farpour-Lambert concludes: “Future research should focus on the following questions: How can we effectively reduce the consumption of SSBs in different populations? What is the impact of interventions on body weight or obesity in children and adults? What are the responsibilities of the food and beverages industry, policy makers, public health institutions, communities, schools, and individuals? Is a sugar tax feasible and effective for solid food, and what impact will it have?”

“The balance between the responsibility of individuals, health advocates, and governments and society must be clarified. It is important to mobilise multiple stakeholders and to develop operational synergies across different sectors. Professional networks and the food and beverages industry must be encouraged to promote healthy diets in accordance with international standards.”

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles