Breaking News
January 19, 2018 - Warm-up program for children cuts soccer injuries by 50%
January 19, 2018 - ‘You’re Old and You Need Tests’: What We Heard This Week
January 19, 2018 - Egg-preserving hysterectomy raises heart risks later: study
January 19, 2018 - GA-map Dysbiosis Test identifies IBS patients who respond to FODMAP diet, study shows
January 19, 2018 - Study explores mortality and health-related habits in former elite athletes and their brothers
January 19, 2018 - New biodegradable sensors could assist doctors
January 19, 2018 - Modular gene enhancers may be suitable target in treatment of blood cancer
January 18, 2018 - New precision medicine trial for metastatic pancreatic cancer
January 18, 2018 - Shire Receives FDA Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Maribavir, an Investigational Treatment for Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection in Transplant Patients
January 18, 2018 - Pre-Existing Patient-Valve Mismatch Trips Up ViV Implant
January 18, 2018 - Adolescents: health risks and solutions
January 18, 2018 - US woman delivers baby from embryo frozen for 24 years
January 18, 2018 - Study identifies new target for treatment of depression
January 18, 2018 - LJI study reveals key player that promotes skin inflammation in atopic dermatitis
January 18, 2018 - Study devises efficient and economical strategy to screen breast and ovarian cancer gene mutations
January 18, 2018 - Agile Therapeutics, Inc. Receives a Complete Response Letter from the FDA for Twirla (AG200-15) for the Prevention of Pregnancy
January 18, 2018 - Gene Therapy for Inherited Retinal Dystrophy Gets FDA Clearance
January 18, 2018 - Researchers identify a new chemical pathway that helps the brain detect sweet, savory and bitter flavors
January 18, 2018 - IBV develops platform that helps companies to diagnose wellbeing of their workforce
January 18, 2018 - Study to test new precision medicine approach for metastatic pancreatic cancer
January 18, 2018 - World’s first vaccine relieves grass pollen allergy symptoms by at least 25%, study shows
January 18, 2018 - FDA Approves New Indication for Gilotrif (afatinib) in EGFR Mutation-Positive NSCLC
January 18, 2018 - Oncologists Dish on Top Issues for 2018
January 18, 2018 - Researchers identify new potential drug target for Huntington’s disease
January 18, 2018 - Metrohm USA welcomes employees to new headquarters in Florida
January 18, 2018 - Human waste remains main source of fecal pollution in the river Danube
January 18, 2018 - Expert discusses how to stay healthy during flu season
January 18, 2018 - New biomaterials-based system improves T-cell production
January 18, 2018 - Novel gene expression analysis technique can accurately and quickly measure RNA
January 18, 2018 - Grandparents Help Shape Kids’ Views on Aging
January 18, 2018 - Absolutely Zero Stent Thrombosis at 5 Years With Bioabsorbable MiStent
January 18, 2018 - Safe Sleep for Babies | VitalSigns
January 18, 2018 - Pfizer to launch own little white pill
January 18, 2018 - Aged garlic extract may help obese people fight against inflammation, study shows
January 18, 2018 - Sex steroid hormone fluctuations may have direct effects on eye physiology and AMD
January 18, 2018 - Patients with monoclonal gammopathy at risk of developing cancer even after 30 years
January 18, 2018 - Researchers reveal potential of multivalent antibodies for HIV prevention, treatment and cure
January 18, 2018 - Dying cancer patients receiving assisted hydration live longer
January 18, 2018 - Potential male birth control pill could be developed from arrow poison
January 18, 2018 - Research reveals cost-effectiveness of whole-population screening for breast, ovarian cancer gene mutations
January 18, 2018 - Genes involved in spinal cord repair of lamprey also present in mammals, study reveals
January 18, 2018 - Researchers unravel key molecular mechanism of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases
January 18, 2018 - The State of the Drug Discovery Nation Unveiled as New Report Provides Vital Insights for the Development of New Medicines
January 18, 2018 - Dutch Study Links Implants to Increased Breast-ALCL Risk
January 18, 2018 - Five addiction experts weigh in on future of opioid crisis. Their forecast: grim
January 18, 2018 - EXD2 enzyme facilitates protein production in mitochondria
January 18, 2018 - Kessler Foundation wins $735,000 grant for training rehabilitation researchers
January 18, 2018 - Researchers find new way to halt growth of breast cancer cells
January 18, 2018 - Cantex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces FDA Orphan Drug Designation Has Been Granted to CX-01 for Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia
January 18, 2018 - Civilians Now Getting Flu-Like Illness Afflicting Troops
January 18, 2018 - Discovery brings stem cell therapy for eye disease closer to the clinic
January 18, 2018 - Guts of surfers more likely to be colonized by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, study reveals
January 18, 2018 - Bacteria linked to periodontitis may play role in onset of cancer
January 18, 2018 - Jazz Pharmaceuticals Submits New Drug Application for Solriamfetol (JZP-110) for Excessive Sleepiness Associated with Narcolepsy and Obstructive Sleep Apnea
January 18, 2018 - Early Menarche, Menopause Tied to Higher CVD Risk
January 18, 2018 - Pioneering new technique could boost understanding of causes of heart disease
January 18, 2018 - New brain imaging techniques show how infants’ brains process ‘touch’
January 18, 2018 - GSK Receives FDA Approval for Expanded Indication for Fluarix Quadrivalent (Influenza Vaccine) for Persons 6 Months and Older
January 18, 2018 - Blood Markers Point to Maladaptive LV Remodeling
January 18, 2018 - Effect of gut bacteria on specific immune cells underlies persistent liver inflammation
January 18, 2018 - Study reveals new diabetes gene in families with rare blood sugar conditions
January 18, 2018 - Fewer Hospitals Closed After Obamacare Expanded Medicaid
January 18, 2018 - At-Home Breath Training Improves Asthma Quality of Life
January 18, 2018 - Obesity can add five weeks of asthma symptoms per year in preschoolers
January 18, 2018 - Neuronal loss is very limited in Alzheimer’s disease, shows new study
January 18, 2018 - A new strategy proposed for drug discovery
January 17, 2018 - Lactation May Lower T2D Risk in Younger Women
January 17, 2018 - New Atopic Dermatitis Yardstick provides practical guidance and management insights
January 17, 2018 - New biodegradable pressure sensor could help monitor serious health conditions
January 17, 2018 - HSS orders Sectra’s 3D pre-operative planning solution for improving patient outcomes
January 17, 2018 - Study identifies six new genes regions associated with diabetes
January 17, 2018 - Women do not receive timely diagnosis for heart disease
January 17, 2018 - AbbVie’s Upadacitinib Shows Positive Results as Monotherapy in Phase 3 Rheumatoid Arthritis Study, Meeting All Primary and Key Secondary Endpoints
January 17, 2018 - Should President Trump’s Physical Include a Cognitive Screen?
January 17, 2018 - Could gene therapy someday eliminate HIV?
January 17, 2018 - Researchers identify new anti-inflammatory drug target
January 17, 2018 - Loxo Oncology Initiates Rolling Submission of New Drug Application to U.S. Food and Drug Administration for Larotrectinib for the Treatment of TRK Fusion Cancers
January 17, 2018 - Trunk Imaging Tied to Higher Nephrectomy Risk
January 17, 2018 - Campaigners incensed at failings in Africa AIDS war
January 17, 2018 - Research opens door to development of new treatment for type 2 diabetes
UK obesity levels among the worst in Europe—heart disease statistics from more than 45 countries

UK obesity levels among the worst in Europe—heart disease statistics from more than 45 countries

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

A decline in deaths from heart attack and stroke in high income countries could be threatened by rising rates of obesity and diabetes, according to a study from the European Society of Cardiology with a leading contribution from Barts Heart Centre, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).

The study also finds that the UK is lagging behind many lower income countries in some aspects of heart disease prevention.

The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) study involved researchers from the UK (QMUL, University of Leeds, University of Oxford, University of East Anglia), Netherlands, Belgium and Portugal, and analysed cardiovascular disease statistics for 56 member countries. The countries not only include European nations but also some former Soviet states, North Africa and parts of the Middle East.

Published in the European Heart Journal, their analysis shows that huge inequalities persist with heart disease accounting for over 50 per cent of all deaths in many middle income countries, compared with less than 30 per cent in the high income countries of Western Europe.

Just under half of the middle income countries saw an increase in disease prevalence over the last 25 years, unlike high income countries where there have been small but consistent declines.

Hypertension was more prevalent in middle income countries, and while smoking is in decline across member countries, over 40 per cent of men in middle income countries smoke, compared with around 30 per cent in high income countries.

The statistics reveal that while the UK performs well in some aspects of heart disease prevention, it is doing comparatively badly in terms of others. The UK has:

  • the highest prevalence of adult obesity in males (26.9 per cent of the population, compared to an average of 21.4 per cent amongst 47 countries), and the 2nd highest prevalence of obesity in females (29.2 per cent of the population, compared to an average of 22.9 per cent).
  • one of the highest levels of mean total blood cholesterol concentration, ranking joint 3rd for both males and females out of 47 countries.
  • the joint 5th (with Ireland) highest prevalence of raised blood cholesterol (?6.2mmol/L) at 21.7 per cent of population, compared to an average of 16.3 per cent amongst 47 countries.
  • the joint 4th highest body mass index (BMI) for males (27.5 kg/m2 compared to an average of 26.8 kg/m2 amongst 47 countries) and 7th highest BMI for females (27.1 kg/m2 compared to an average of 25.8 kg/m2).
  • the 10th highest prevalence of heavy episodic drinking in the past 30 days, affecting 27.1 per cent of the population, compared to an average 19.1 per cent amongst 47 countries.
  • the 3rd highest prevalence of insufficiently active adults, at 40 per cent of the population, compared to an average of 26.5 per cent amongst 36 countries.

However, the UK has the lowest prevalence of raised blood pressure at 15.2 per cent of the population, compared to an average of 24.2 per cent amongst 47 countries, and prevalence of smoking is among the lowest in Europe. This contributes to the UK’s position in the lower half of the cardiovascular mortality rankings for ESC member countries.

Lead author Dr Adam Timmis from Barts Heart Centre, QMUL, said: “Heart disease still remains the leading cause of death for middle income countries, while declines in high-income countries mean that cancer deaths have now become more common there. But this downward trend for high-income countries is being threatened by the emerging obesity epidemic that is seeing rates of diabetes increase almost everywhere.

“Interestingly, the figures show that heart disease is as much of a problem for women as for men, as we see that more are dying than before. This is especially the case for younger women, and these deaths are largely preventable through lifestyle changes.”

The authors warn the limitations that apply to the quality, precision and availability of the data demand cautious interpretation.


Explore further:
For the first time in history, high blood pressure is more common in lower-income countries

More information:
“European Society of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2017” European Heart Journal (2017). DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehx628

Journal reference:
European Heart Journal

Provided by:
Queen Mary, University of London

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles