Breaking News
March 20, 2018 - Stem cell treatment may help rejuvenate ovaries, avoid effects of premature menopause
March 20, 2018 - FDA Approves Hizentra (Immune Globulin Subcutaneous [Human] 20% Liquid) for the Treatment of Patients With Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP)
March 20, 2018 - Death Strikes Young in RA
March 20, 2018 - Quiescent cells also mutate
March 20, 2018 - Stem cell-derived ocular cells treat severe AMD
March 20, 2018 - Mediterranean diet appears to be good for postmenopausal women’s bones and muscles
March 20, 2018 - Scientists discover rare childhood liver cancer’s ability to metastasize to the brain
March 20, 2018 - Treating metastatic breast cancer with immunotherapy
March 20, 2018 - The 5:2 diet could have beneficial impact on important risk markers for cardiovascular disease
March 20, 2018 - Neanderthals Just Part of the Evolutionary Puzzle
March 20, 2018 - Higher Mortality With Surgery for Early NSCLC
March 20, 2018 - Researchers go skin deep to explore what causes wrinkles
March 20, 2018 - E-cigarette use linked to fat accumulation in the liver
March 20, 2018 - Fearful worms provide new clues about human anxiety
March 20, 2018 - Oral micronized progesterone may reduce hot flashes, night sweats in perimenopausal women
March 20, 2018 - Newer treatment for type 2 diabetes reduces liver fat in patients with NAFLD
March 20, 2018 - I.D. Break: PrEP Map; Faulty Flu Meds; Better Zika Test?
March 20, 2018 - Bronchial thermoplasty can improve severe asthmatic cough
March 19, 2018 - Speeding up wound healing using nanofiber dressings
March 19, 2018 - Summit Announces New Analysis Showing Ezutromid Significantly Reduced Muscle Inflammation in Phase 2 Clinical Trial in DMD
March 19, 2018 - Optimizing Sham Acupuncture: That’s Improbable!
March 19, 2018 - Women who have gestational diabetes in pregnancy are at higher risk of future health issues
March 19, 2018 - Viagra cuts colorectal cancer risk in animal model
March 19, 2018 - Vitamin B12 supplementation could postpone disease progression in Parkinson’s patients
March 19, 2018 - Study shows that omega-6 fatty acids could protect against premature death
March 19, 2018 - TherapeuticsMD Announces FDA Acceptance of New Drug Application (NDA) and Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) Date for TX-001HR
March 19, 2018 - Minorities More Sensitive To Pain? Pain Medicine News Report
March 19, 2018 - Low blood sugar poses unaddressed threat to people with type 2 diabetes
March 19, 2018 - ACEA goes live with exhaustive, searchable library of NovoCyte publications
March 19, 2018 - Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners could promote metabolic syndrome, increase diabetes risk
March 19, 2018 - Wearable medical patch shows promise for early detection of hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes
March 19, 2018 - High-energy breakfast leads to better diabetes control and weight loss
March 19, 2018 - D.C. Week: Community Health Centers Get Azar’s Love
March 19, 2018 - Younger siblings of SIDS victims have four-fold increased risk of sudden death
March 19, 2018 - Toothpaste alone does not prevent dental erosion or hypersensitivity
March 19, 2018 - Discovery aids understanding of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
March 19, 2018 - Hormone imbalance may be reason for higher diabetes rates among men with insufficient sleep
March 19, 2018 - Docs worry there’s ‘nowhere to send’ new and expectant moms with depression
March 19, 2018 - Obesity linked to increased DNA damage in breast epithelium of BRCA mutation carriers
March 19, 2018 - Heart rate increases with higher alcohol consumption
March 19, 2018 - Template produced for clinically validated DIY stethoscope
March 19, 2018 - Experts highlight nocturia as most common cause of poor night’s sleep
March 19, 2018 - Fit Middle-Aged Women May Fend Off Dementia Later
March 19, 2018 - Fake Insta Doc; Humana’s Weird Pay Bump Tax Trick; Few NPDB Searches
March 19, 2018 - Guidelines for fluoride intake—are they appropriate?
March 19, 2018 - Race and pre-pregnancy BMI may be key predictors of maternal weight gain
March 19, 2018 - Telediabetes program improves blood sugar control for veterans
March 19, 2018 - Research suggests breastfeeding as protective factor against obesity in high-birthweight infants
March 19, 2018 - Morning Break: House Nixes ‘Right-to-Try’ Bill; Purdue’s PR Makeover; Air in the Brain
March 19, 2018 - Heart researchers develop a new, promising imaging technique for cardiac arrhythmias
March 19, 2018 - Mice study shows how BPA exposure during pregnancy can lead to altered brain development
March 19, 2018 - Breastfeeding mothers who overeat may increase risk of health problems in offspring
March 19, 2018 - New mobile application can detect atrial fibrillation that causes strokes
March 19, 2018 - Study finds low rates of preconception counseling among women of childbearing age with diabetes
March 19, 2018 - Vitl Life Science Solutions announces launch of new Lu-mini at analytica 2018
March 19, 2018 - ObsEva SA Reports Positive Topline Results from IMPLANT2 Phase 3 Clinical Trial of Nolasiban in IVF
March 19, 2018 - D.C. Week: States Plead for Federal $$ in Opioid Fight
March 19, 2018 - Polycystic ovary syndrome – Genetics Home Reference
March 19, 2018 - Reducing co-payments improves patient, physician adherence to guideline-recommended treatment post-MI
March 19, 2018 - Normalizing estrogen levels can benefit female athletes with irregular menstrual periods
March 19, 2018 - Fitness trackers and virtual coaches motivate patients to exercise post cardiac rehab
March 19, 2018 - Atrial fibrillation patients could reduce risk of dementia by taking stroke prevention drugs
March 19, 2018 - Low sperm count more prevalent with other health problems finds study
March 19, 2018 - Male birth control pill taken once a day shows success
March 19, 2018 - AcelRx Announces Receipt of Type A FDA Meeting Minutes and Plans to Resubmit the DSUVIA New Drug Application in Q2 2018
March 19, 2018 - Eye Docs Adopt EHRs Despite Reservations
March 19, 2018 - CRISPR enhances cancer immunotherapy
March 19, 2018 - Study finds first evidence of delayed aging among Americans
March 19, 2018 - Aussies unaware of sun protection rules to prevent skin cancer
March 19, 2018 - Essential oils linked to abnormal breast development in boys
March 19, 2018 - ‘Tummy Tuck’ Relieved Postpartum Back Pain/Incontinence
March 19, 2018 - New biomarkers for neuroblastoma, a type of cancer in children
March 19, 2018 - Hookah Smoking Carries a Poisoning Risk
March 19, 2018 - Do Mood and Anxiety Affect MS Disability?
March 19, 2018 - Mean depth of ultrasonographic penetration greater in autism
March 19, 2018 - Platypus milk may help combat antibiotic resistance
March 19, 2018 - U.S. IDE study of THERMOCOOL SMARTTOUCH SF Catheter completes patient enrollment
March 18, 2018 - E-cigarette use exposes adolescents to potentially cancer-causing chemicals
March 18, 2018 - GOP Senator: Solve Opioid Crisis Through Community, Not Policy
March 18, 2018 - Why is ADHD more common in boys than girls?
Just one cigarette could lead to a life time habit

Just one cigarette could lead to a life time habit

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

According to researchers at the Queen Mary University of London, trying out a single cigarette could raise the risk of taking up smoking as a habit for two thirds of the individuals. The study titled, “What Proportion of People Who Try One Cigarette Become Daily Smokers? A Meta-Analysis of Representative Surveys”, was published in the November 2017 issue of the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research and outlined data on smoking among over 215,000 people in surveys from UK, US, Australia and New Zealand.

Image Credit: Preeda2531  / Shutterstock

Image Credit: Preeda2531 / Shutterstock

The team of researchers collected data from 216314 individuals in the eight surveys through the Global Health Data Exchange. They had initially accessed 2776 surverys globally and finally only 8 of these met their criteria and provided them with detailed and complete accessible data to analyze.

They noted that of the 60 percent of the participants who tried smoking for a single time, 68.9% went on to become full-fledged smokers who smoked daily. These eight surveys that they used were all involving English speaking populations and came between 2000 and 2016 from the developed nations. The number of people who took up smoking after their initial experiment is termed as “conversion rate” by the researchers.

Lead researcher Peter Hajek explained that this was the first time that such an information was revealed and it is worth a note that cigarettes do have the potential to become a habit after just a single experience in such a large number of individuals. He explained that the actual numbers may be bigger. This is mainly because the study included eight surveys, each of which have been conducted in different manners using different methodologies and study designs. The range percentages of people who took up smoking after a single smoking experience was between 60.9 percent in one survey to up to 76.9 percent in another survey.

An earlier study in 2007 had looked at 1246 sixth-grade students belonging to in six communities in Massachusetts. They had found that 10 percent of the participants became addicted to nicotine within two days of smoking their first cigarettes and a quarter were into the habit by a month. A single cigarette is not free from harm says the 2010 U.S. Surgeon General report and can raise the risk of acute health problems as well as long term risk of heart disease and heart attacks. According to Hajek only 19 percent of 11- to 15-year-olds in the UK have ever tried a cigarette and this means the number of kids getting hooked onto cigarettes has reduced significantly from the past. Among adults the number of smokers has gone down by 19.9 percent between 2010 and 2016.

Hajek declared at the end of the study that he is a consultant and has obtained funds for research from manufacturers of medications that assist in cessation of smoking. This could be conflict of interest feel some experts. However, it is undisputable that young people should be discouraged to try their first cigarettes and warned about the harmful effects of even a single light.


Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles