Breaking News
February 19, 2018 - Scientists develop water-soluble warped nanographene for bioimaging
February 19, 2018 - It’s Not Your Imagination: You’re Hungrier After Losing Weight
February 19, 2018 - Antihypertensive Use At Delivery Rising in Preeclampsia
February 19, 2018 - A centuries-old math equation used to solve a modern-day genetics challenge
February 19, 2018 - Liquid biopsies could be used as new predictive marker for metastatic TNBC
February 19, 2018 - Russian researchers develop new multi-layered biodegradable scaffolds
February 19, 2018 - Are ‘Vaccine Skeptics’ Responsible for Flu Deaths?
February 19, 2018 - Hidden genetic effects behind immune diseases may be missed, study suggests
February 19, 2018 - Study sheds light on biology that guides behavior across different stages of life
February 19, 2018 - Morning Break: Transgender Breast Feeding; Brazilian ‘Pro-Vaxxers’; Post-Stroke Exercise
February 19, 2018 - Meningitis vaccination strategy in Africa found to be effective, economical
February 19, 2018 - Researchers uncover how excess calcium may influence development of Parkinson’s disease
February 19, 2018 - Psoriasis drug also effective at reducing aortic inflammation
February 19, 2018 - Excess emissions can make serious contributions to air pollution, study shows
February 19, 2018 - Diabetes Drugs Differ on HF; School-Based Obesity Program Flop; Plaque Type in ACS
February 19, 2018 - Surgical infections linked to drug-resistant bugs, study suggests
February 19, 2018 - Poor awareness may hinder a child’s early dental care
February 19, 2018 - Research finds rising trend in incidence of merkel cell carcinoma
February 19, 2018 - Researchers uncover Ras protein’s role in uncontrolled cancer growth
February 19, 2018 - FDA Approves Apalutamide (Erleada) to Help Curb a Tough-to-Treat Prostate Cancer
February 19, 2018 - Educational Tool Boosts Cervical Length Screening
February 19, 2018 - Spider’s web inspires removable implant that may control type 1 diabetes
February 19, 2018 - Scientists develop fluorescent probe to identify cancer stem cells
February 19, 2018 - University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela participates in large pancreatic cancer study
February 19, 2018 - New blood test shows promise to revolutionize diagnosis of tick-borne diseases
February 19, 2018 - Report: Use, Not Price, Drives State Health Costs
February 19, 2018 - Emergency services crews often unprepared for diabetic crises
February 19, 2018 - Scientists in Sweden create DNA nanowires that offer hope for treatment of diseases
February 19, 2018 - ID Break: Clean Hands, Fewer Abx; $11 Million HIV Cure?; MenB Vax for Kids
February 19, 2018 - Patient exposure to X-rays depends on how dentists are paid
February 19, 2018 - Study reveals parents’ views toward children’s tanning bed use
February 19, 2018 - Shot may help reduce risk of shingles
February 19, 2018 - FDA approves first treatment to reduce risk of NSCLC progression
February 19, 2018 - FDA Expands Approval of Imfinzi (durvalumab) to Reduce the Risk of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Progressing
February 19, 2018 - D.C. Week: Congress Passes Spending Bill
February 19, 2018 - Heart-muscle patches made with human cells improve heart attack recovery
February 19, 2018 - FDA Approves First Blood Test to Detect Concussions
February 19, 2018 - Survival Bump in Bladder Cancer with Keytruda
February 18, 2018 - Scientists describe the mechanism of heart regeneration in the zebrafish
February 18, 2018 - Scientists uncover the structure of microtubule motor proteins
February 18, 2018 - Light-activated cancer drugs without toxic side effects are closer to becoming reality
February 18, 2018 - Pioneering research could provide novel insight into how genomic information is read
February 18, 2018 - Pearls From: David Putrino, PhD
February 18, 2018 - Researchers uncover how cancer stem cells drive triple-negative breast cancer
February 18, 2018 - Morning Break: Anti-Anti-Vaxxers; Private Piercings Prohibited; A Case for Pelvic Massage
February 18, 2018 - Lower-dose radiation effective, safe for HPV+ head and neck cancer after induction chemo
February 18, 2018 - Specialist residential service for adults with autism opens in Swansea
February 18, 2018 - FDA Moves to Limit Loperamide Doses per Package
February 18, 2018 - Alcohol use disorder – Genetics Home Reference
February 18, 2018 - Autism might be better detected using new two-minute questionnaire
February 18, 2018 - Hand hygiene-intervention practices may reduce risk of infection among nursing home patients
February 18, 2018 - Researchers develop most sophisticated mini-livers to date
February 18, 2018 - Obamacare Helped More Young Women Get Prenatal Care: Study
February 18, 2018 - School-Based Program Fails to Dent Kids’ Obesity
February 18, 2018 - Research compares neural activity in children with and without autism spectrum disorder
February 18, 2018 - Poor fitness levels increase the risk dementia, concludes study
February 18, 2018 - Risk Score May Reveal if Kids are Victims of Ill-Treatment
February 18, 2018 - Adding Folic Acid to Corn Masa Flour May Prevent Birth Defects
February 18, 2018 - Acute treatment suppresses posttraumatic arthritis in ankle injury
February 18, 2018 - A Role for Budesonide in Autoimmune Hepatitis?
February 18, 2018 - Lupus patients exhibit altered cell proteins, a discovery with potential implications for diagnostics
February 18, 2018 - Muscle plays vital role in regulating heat loss from the hands
February 18, 2018 - High-tech brain scans can provide new way to define intelligence
February 18, 2018 - Study reveals the association between ultra-processed foods and cancer
February 18, 2018 - Prescription Opioid Use Tied to Higher Pneumonia Risk
February 18, 2018 - A non-invasive method to detect Alzheimer’s disease
February 18, 2018 - Deletion of specific enzyme leads to improvement in memory and cognitive functions
February 18, 2018 - Amyloid protein may be transmitted through neurosurgical instruments, study suggests
February 18, 2018 - Electric brain signals of males and females show differences
February 18, 2018 - American Heart Association commends McDonald’s for offering healthier menu in kids’ meals
February 18, 2018 - Parents Find Kids’ Weight Report Cards Hard to Swallow
February 18, 2018 - Does a Financial Conflict of Interest Ever Expire?
February 18, 2018 - Exercise can improve Alzheimer’s symptoms
February 18, 2018 - Scientists develop green chemistry method to improve pharmaceutical manufacturing efficiency
February 17, 2018 - ‘A Time Clock to a Tissue Clock’ for Acute Stroke Care
February 17, 2018 - Cancer Care Gets Personal | NIH News in Health
February 17, 2018 - Do more youth use or do youth use more?
February 17, 2018 - Eating faster linked to obesity
February 17, 2018 - Who’s Still Smoking? ACS Report Highlights Most Vulnerable Adults
February 17, 2018 - Study of smoking and genetics illuminates complexities of blood pressure
Babies born to mothers who were prescribed antibiotics tend to get more infections

Babies born to mothers who were prescribed antibiotics tend to get more infections

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

A new study shows that babies who are born to mothers who were prescribed antibiotics while they were pregnant are at a 20 percent higher risk of getting infections and being hospitalized from them. The study was published in the latest issue of the International Journal of Epidemiology.

Australian and Danish researchers collaborated for this study and they show that the antibiotics that the mothers take during their pregnancy can change the good bacteria in their guts and this can impair the development of their immune system and leave them vulnerable to infections. For this study the team looked at 750,000 pregnancies that occurred between 1995 and 2009. Results showed that 18 percent of these pregnant mothers had at least one antibiotic prescription during their pregnancy. Of the babies born to the mothers studied, 28 per cent or 222,524 children needed hospitalization for their infection before the age of 14 years, they noted.

Researchers also noted that babies who are born vaginally are at a greater risk of getting gastrointestinal infections compared to those born via caesarean section when both sets of mothers were prescribed an antibiotic during pregnancy. They noted that babies born vaginally get the gut microbes from their mother’s birth canal where as those born surgically get the microbes from the skin of the mother and from the hospital surfaces. If the mother was prescribed antibiotics, her gut microbe environment tends to change and thus the baby’s gut microbiota may also be altered leading to an altered immune development. Male babies were at a greater risk of infections than female babies they noted in addition.

The researchers from the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute also noted that if the mothers were prescribed the antibiotics closer to their delivery, the risk of the infections in the children was higher. Antibiotics taken by the mothers before conception did not however have an association with infections in the babies. However mothers who needed antibiotics before conception were likely to have lower immunity and it was seen than there a 10 percent higher rate of infection in the babies. This could be because the mothers maybe passing on genetic information to the babies that make them more prone to infections, they speculate.

Senior author David Burgner says that the purpose of this study was not to advise clinicians to stop prescribing antibiotics in pregnant mothers but a reminder that they need to be prescribed only when necessary. He added that, like in all age groups, pregnant women also need to be prescribed antibiotics judiciously. He said that this study shows that injudicious use of antibiotics can have an effect on the next generation and this study is a proof of that. The World Health Organisation calls antibiotic resistance a “global health emergency” and this study emphasizes the importance of rational antibiotic use.

At present 12 percent of Australian women are prescribed with an antibiotic during their pregnancy for infections and 20 to 30 percent children from developed nations need at least one hospital admission for infections. Over half of all Australian babies are prescribed an antibiotic within the first year of their lives, making them one of the highest rates of early antibiotic prescription requirement in the world finds another study.

Source:

Maternal antibiotic exposure during pregnancy and hospitalization with infection in offspring: a population-based cohort study, Jessica Eden Miller Chunsen Wu Lars Henning Pedersen Nicholas de Klerk Jørn Olsen David P Burgner – International Journal of Epidemiology, dyx272, https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyx272

e9a270f7-f199-46c6-9147-2479f349aaaa|1|5.0

Posted in: Child Health News | Women’s Health News

Tags: Antibiotic, Antibiotic Resistance, Bacteria, Children, Conception, Epidemiology, Genetic, Hospital, Immune System, Next Generation, Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Research, Skin

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles