Breaking News
February 18, 2018 - Scientists develop green chemistry method to improve pharmaceutical manufacturing efficiency
February 17, 2018 - ‘A Time Clock to a Tissue Clock’ for Acute Stroke Care
February 17, 2018 - Cancer Care Gets Personal | NIH News in Health
February 17, 2018 - Do more youth use or do youth use more?
February 17, 2018 - Eating faster linked to obesity
February 17, 2018 - Who’s Still Smoking? ACS Report Highlights Most Vulnerable Adults
February 17, 2018 - Study of smoking and genetics illuminates complexities of blood pressure
February 17, 2018 - Study reveals new link between bone cells and blood glucose level
February 17, 2018 - Children with reading challenges may have lower than expected binocular vision test results
February 17, 2018 - Mass Shootings Trigger Change for Emergency Medicine
February 17, 2018 - ECMO helps revive woman thought to be drowned
February 17, 2018 - Learning stress-reducing techniques may benefit people with epilepsy
February 17, 2018 - Shedding Pounds Before Weight-Loss Surgery a Smart Move
February 17, 2018 - FDA Approves New Cystic Fibrosis Drug Combo
February 17, 2018 - Augmented Reality helps surgeons to ‘see through’ tissue and reconnect blood vessels
February 17, 2018 - Emotional state affects operation of the entire brain instead of being restricted to specific regions
February 17, 2018 - Apalutamide Slows Metastasis in Prostate Cancer
February 17, 2018 - Kids’ well visits linked to lower appendicitis complications
February 17, 2018 - New NK cell-based immunotherapy effective against several types of leukemia
February 17, 2018 - Producing Super-Swelled Lyotropic Crystals for Drug Development
February 17, 2018 - Pfizer Receives Breakthrough Therapy Designation from FDA for PF-04965842, an oral JAK1 Inhibitor, for the Treatment of Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis
February 17, 2018 - Molecular Imaging Flags Risk of AAA Rupture
February 17, 2018 - Researchers identify risk factors for sleep apnea during pregnancy
February 17, 2018 - More work required to find the right drug dosage for pediatric patients
February 17, 2018 - Factors ID’d That Predict RA Remission with Etanercept
February 17, 2018 - A handout or a hand up? How we judge others guides how we help others
February 17, 2018 - ACR receives grant to focus on projects that reduce health disparities
February 17, 2018 - Pimavanserin Might Be Safer Alternative to Ease Dementia Psychosis
February 17, 2018 - Risks of Lung Screening Seen Outweighing Benefits in Many with Smoking History
February 17, 2018 - The impact of Hurricane Harvey on pregnant moms
February 17, 2018 - Gene editing tool used to detect cancer
February 17, 2018 - Researchers detail molecular atlas of cells that form brain’s blood vessels
February 17, 2018 - TUM scientists observe formation of myelin sheaths around nerve fibers
February 17, 2018 - Worst Flu Season Yet? | Medpage Today
February 17, 2018 - Finding the root cause of bronchiolitis symptoms
February 17, 2018 - Climbing stairs reduces hypertension and strengthens muscles
February 17, 2018 - Nature paper unveils bacterial division
February 16, 2018 - Postoperative pain control following extensive pelvic exenteration
February 16, 2018 - Daré Bioscience, Inc. Enters into License and Collaboration Agreement for a Product with the Potential to Receive the First FDA Approval for Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
February 16, 2018 - Havana Embassy Staff: ‘Concussion Without Concussion’?
February 16, 2018 - Family impact of congenital Zika syndrome likely to last a lifetime
February 16, 2018 - STI Prevention Helped By Also Discussing Pot, Alcohol Use
February 16, 2018 - New method maps the dopamine system in Parkinson’s patients
February 16, 2018 - Monitoring the Environment of Aseptic Processes
February 16, 2018 - Study finds decline in number of clinical trials funded by NIH
February 16, 2018 - Scientists show connection between sugar chains and bone growth
February 16, 2018 - Researchers develop new method for producing personalized medicine
February 16, 2018 - Women exposed to cleaning products suffer decreased lung function, Study finds
February 16, 2018 - Stem cell vaccine helps protect mice against numerous cancers
February 16, 2018 - Does Your Valentine Have a Roving Eye? Watch Out
February 16, 2018 - All Your MIPS Questions Answered — Sort Of
February 16, 2018 - Mitochondria may protect brain against Parkinson’s
February 16, 2018 - Key proteins could help in controlling the risk of osteoarthritis during aging, Study finds
February 16, 2018 - New review examines effectiveness of cupping therapy in athletes
February 16, 2018 - Resolving Interfacial Protein Dynamics by STReM
February 16, 2018 - Study provides new insights on why healthy children die from flu
February 16, 2018 - Self-sampling followed by HPV testing can benefit women at risk of cervical cancer
February 16, 2018 - Biomedical engineers grow living windpipe structures from self-assembled modules
February 16, 2018 - New device could allow people with disabilities to live more independently, enhance their quality of life
February 16, 2018 - Research identifies gene variants that play key role in how ovarian cancer patients process chemotherapy
February 16, 2018 - iMedicalApps: OB Wheels App Review
February 16, 2018 - To improve self-control, call weight loss what it is: Difficult
February 16, 2018 - Cervical tumors may be vulnerable to therapies that attack cancer’s fuel supply, study shows
February 16, 2018 - Allergan Announces Positive Top Line Phase 3 Results for Ubrogepant – an Oral CGRP Receptor Antagonist for the Acute Treatment of Migraine
February 16, 2018 - Morning Break: Hello Not-So-Fresh; One Eye, 14 Worms; Foreign Accent Syndrome
February 16, 2018 - New medical advances marking the end of a long reign for ‘diet wizards’
February 16, 2018 - Researchers study how unexpected event makes people to stop an action
February 16, 2018 - Women using short-acting asthma relievers take longer to become pregnant, study shows
February 16, 2018 - Fathers maybe passing on ovarian cancer genes to their daughters
February 16, 2018 - Phonak expands its latest-generation Belong platform with Phonak Naída B, Phonak Sky B hearing aids
February 16, 2018 - FDA Approves Erleada (apalutamide) for Non-Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
February 16, 2018 - Traces of caffeine and its byproducts in the blood can be indicative of Parkinson’s disease
February 16, 2018 - More Help Needed With Opioid Crisis, Senators Told
February 16, 2018 - Are women really under-represented in clinical trials?
February 16, 2018 - US-based clinical study highlights safety and effectiveness of MENTOR MemoryShape Gel Breast Implants
February 16, 2018 - Higher levels of lifestyle physical activity linked to more gray matter in older adults’ brains
February 16, 2018 - Pfizer to use BC Platforms’ technology solutions to analyze data in cardiovascular diseases
February 16, 2018 - Researchers find shortcomings in pregnancy and prenatal care for women with diabetes
February 16, 2018 - Study could lead to new therapies to improve movement control in stroke survivors
February 16, 2018 - Do Common Household Chemicals Affect Your Weight?
Stricter Clean Air Standards in U.S. Could Save Thousands of Lives

Stricter Clean Air Standards in U.S. Could Save Thousands of Lives

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Adopting more rigorous standards for ambient air pollution would prevent roughly 6,000 deaths and 15,000 serious illnesses from occurring each year in the nation’s most polluted cities, according to a new report from the American Thoracic Society and New York University’s Marron Institute.

The second annual Health of the Air report estimates the health impact of adopting the American Thoracic Society (ATS) standards for key measures of air quality, which are lower than the standards currently adopted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Specifically, the ATS calls for a 8-hour ground-level ozone (O3) standard of 0.060 ppm, instead of the EPA’s 0.070 ppm, and an annual fine particulate matter (PM2.5) standard of 11 μg/m3.

The report, published Feb. 8 in the journal Annals of ATS, found that 82% of monitored counties in the U.S. failed to meet the ATS standard for O3 during the 2013-2015 time period studied, while 8% failed to meet the ATS standard for PM2.5.

One in five (21%) monitored counties also failed to meet the ATS’s standard for 24-hour PM2.5 of 25 μg/m3.

Using air quality data that have been updated since the first report was published in 2016, the researchers estimated that 3,160 excess annual deaths (95% CI, 69-7,100) were associated with O3 concentrations greater than ATS-recommended standards. An estimated additional 3,100 excess deaths (95% CI, 2,100-4,100) were associated with PM2.5 concentrations greater than ATS recommendations.

Among the other findings:

  • The annual number of excess morbidities (including lung cancer incidence) attributable to O3 and PM2.5 exceeding ATS recommendations are approximately 8,760 (95% CI, -17,700-35,700) and 6,710 (95% CI, 1,980-11,300), respectively.
  • The total numbers of adversely impacted days attributable to O3 and PM2.5 concentrations above ATS recommendations are approximately 10,300,000 (95% CI, 2,490,000–20,600,000) and 2,420,000 (95% CI, 1,980,000– 2,840,000), respectively.
  • Central estimates indicated that O3 and PM2.5 generally contributed approximately equally to excess deaths and morbidities, whereas O3 was responsible for the majority of adversely impacted days.

The report highlighted the metropolitan areas that would have benefited the most between 2013-2015 from meeting the ATS O3 and PM2.5 standards, with Los Angeles taking the top spot — with an estimated 941 lives saved and 1,670 fewer morbidities.

Riverside, Calif. ranked second (609 lives saved, 1,250 fewer morbidities), followed by Bakersfield, Calif. (369 lives saved and 513 fewer morbidities), Fresno, Calif. (244 lives saved and 458 fewer morbidities), Pittsburgh (205 lives save and 382 fewer morbidities), Phoenix, Ariz. (178 lives saved and 432 fewer morbidities).

“These high population, high pollution areas see the most health effects from air pollution, and, as a result, they have the most to gain by reducing these emissions,” researcher Kevin R. Cromar, PhD, of New York University’s Marron Institute of Urban Management, told MedPage Today.

The Trump administration has vowed to do away with a host of federal regulations aimed at improving air quality, and last month the EPA, under director Scott Pruitt, announced close to 70 “deregulatory actions” linked to air quality that have been rolled back or are under review.

Cromar says despite these efforts, he is optimistic that air quality will continue to improve if local governments step up.

“If the expectation is that local governments won’t act until the federal government and EPA tells them to, then people may be disappointed in the near term,” he said. “But cities have all the authority they need to act, and this report gives them information about what they can expect to gain in terms of the health of their residents by improving air quality.”

The American Thoracic Society and the Marron Institute of Urban Management at New York University funded this report.


Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles