Breaking News
October 22, 2018 - Targeting specific genomic mutation in breast cancer improves survival
October 22, 2018 - Loss of tumor protein p53 helps cancer cells grow in hostile environment
October 22, 2018 - IDT to demonstrate CRISPR expertise at European-focused events
October 22, 2018 - Breathing through the nose improves memory consolidation
October 22, 2018 - Recreational Marijuana Now Legal in Canada
October 22, 2018 - Scientists reveal drumming helps schoolchildren diagnosed with autism
October 22, 2018 - A stage IV cancer patient discusses what it means to live well with serious illness
October 22, 2018 - In Kids with Autism, Short Questionnaire May Detect GI Disorders
October 22, 2018 - Merck presents MK-1454 Phase 1 data for treatment of advanced solid tumors or lymphomas
October 22, 2018 - Aspirin may be effective in preventing blood clots after knee replacement
October 22, 2018 - Gilead Sciences presents Phase 3 results of filgotinib in biologic-experienced rheumatoid arthritis at 2018 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting
October 22, 2018 - Immunotherapy with pembrolizumab extends survival in metastatic or recurrent head and neck cancer
October 22, 2018 - Health Tip: Keep Ticks Away
October 22, 2018 - Obsessive-compulsive disorder – Genetics Home Reference
October 22, 2018 - Researchers find disrupted functional connectivity in cerebellum of adults with HF-ASD
October 22, 2018 - Deciphera presents Phase 1 clinical results of DCC-2618 in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors
October 22, 2018 - Combination of Opdivo and Yervoy shows four-year survival benefits in patients with advanced melanoma
October 22, 2018 - Overcoming bottlenecks in early drug discovery with the power of sound
October 22, 2018 - Scientists discover genes that contribute to ADHD development
October 22, 2018 - Incyte announces Phase 2 FIGHT-202 trial data in patients with cholangiocarcinoma
October 22, 2018 - FDA approves update to Rituxan label to include information on treatment of rare forms of vasculitis
October 22, 2018 - At-home biofeedback therapy effective in relieving difficult-to-treat constipation
October 22, 2018 - Merck presents KEYNOTE-057 trial results for patients with high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
October 22, 2018 - People with periodontal disease less likely to reach healthy blood pressure ranges
October 22, 2018 - Phase III LONSURF study shows progression-free survival in patients with refractory metastatic gastric cancer
October 22, 2018 - Primary care doctors ‘not doing enough’ to curb STDs
October 22, 2018 - Pfizer announces PALOMA-3 trial results in patients with HR+, HER2- metastatic breast cancer
October 22, 2018 - ImmunoGen announces study results of platinum-resistant ovarian cancer therapy at ESMO 2018 Congress
October 22, 2018 - Study findings could set new standard of care for advanced anal cancer
October 22, 2018 - Erlotinib improves progression-free survival in EGFR mutated NSCLC
October 22, 2018 - Pain, insomnia, and depression often drive osteoarthritis patients to seek medical care
October 22, 2018 - The International Society of Refractive Surgery honors Vivior Chairman with Casebeer Award
October 22, 2018 - Multi-strain probiotic helps reduce chemotherapy-induced diarrhea in cancer patients
October 22, 2018 - Study shows potential of avelumab plus axitinib as new treatment option for patients with advanced RCC
October 22, 2018 - Vertex gets European CHMP positive opinion for KALYDECO to treat patients with cystic fibrosis
October 22, 2018 - Phase III trial reports positive results with HDAC inhibitor in advanced breast cancer patients
October 22, 2018 - Prostate radiotherapy improves survival in men with low burden of metastatic disease
October 22, 2018 - Duration of respiratory disturbances may better predict mortality risk from OSA
October 22, 2018 - Free phone app helps low-income obese patients to lose weight
October 22, 2018 - Immunotherapy with nivolumab and ipilimumab may improve survival in patients with MSI-high metastatic colorectal cancers
October 22, 2018 - FOTIVDA expected to be included in new ESMO guidelines for advanced renal cell carcinoma
October 22, 2018 - Compression Collar May Protect Brain of Female Soccer Players
October 22, 2018 - Technique visualizes neuron communication
October 22, 2018 - Advancement in medical imaging methods for health care
October 22, 2018 - Takeda presents vedolizumab phase 3 VISIBLE 1 trial results for treatment of moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis
October 22, 2018 - Immunotherapy increases survival in some patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer
October 22, 2018 - Exelixis presents CABOSUN and METEOR trial results in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma
October 22, 2018 - LYNPARZA Phase III SOLO-1 results show improved outcome for patients with advanced BRCA-mutated ovarian cancer
October 22, 2018 - Brainlab unveils ExacTrac Dynamic at ASTRO meeting in San Antonio, Texas
October 22, 2018 - Not exercising is worse than smoking, diabetes or heart disease finds study
October 22, 2018 - Shorter course of trastuzumab could be an option for women with HER2+ early breast cancer
October 22, 2018 - Map of Mouse Hippocampus Could Be Weapon Against Alzheimer’s
October 22, 2018 - Psychotropic polypharmacy is common in Alzheimer’s disease
October 22, 2018 - Texas A&M and UTA establish Texas Genomics Core Alliance
October 22, 2018 - Analyzing mouse’s potential as animal model of decision-making
October 22, 2018 - Radiotherapy can prolong survival in prostate cancer
October 22, 2018 - A genetic mutation involved in relapse
October 21, 2018 - Report reveals growing impact of cannabis on young people
October 21, 2018 - NSF awards $5 million grant to help scientists magnify societal impact of research
October 21, 2018 - Fertility Rates Down for Each Urbanization Level 2007 to 2017
October 21, 2018 - Genetically engineered 3-D human muscle transplant in a murine model
October 21, 2018 - Moms’ tight work schedules may affect their children’s sleep
October 21, 2018 - AHA: No Direct Link Between Preeclampsia and Cognitive Impairment, Study Finds
October 21, 2018 - Weight loss success linked with active self-control regions of the brain
October 21, 2018 - Scripps researchers successfully test potential new smoking-cessation treatment in rodents
October 21, 2018 - More accurate and less stressful way to measure a baby’s heartbeat
October 21, 2018 - Researchers show better cardiorespiratory fitness leads to longer life
October 21, 2018 - Healthy candies for diabetic patients
October 21, 2018 - Environment impact of microplastics remains unclear
October 21, 2018 - Antibiotics for appendicitis? Surgery often not needed
October 21, 2018 - AHA and AMA recognize more than 800 medical practices, health systems for blood pressure control
October 21, 2018 - Scientists obtain clearest ever image of Ebola virus protein
October 21, 2018 - Study reveals connection between two proteins known to be hyperactive in cancer
October 21, 2018 - Gabapentin Beats Pregabalin for Chronic Sciatica
October 21, 2018 - Cosmetic surgeons offering incomplete information for breast augmentation customers
October 21, 2018 - Chronic sleep disruption in early adult life accelerates AD-related tau pathology
October 21, 2018 - Take 10 for Mindfulness – Drugs.com MedNews
October 21, 2018 - Length of breathing disruption in OSA may be better predictor of mortality risk
October 21, 2018 - ApoE4 gene linked with chronic inflammation increases risk for Alzheimer’s disease
October 21, 2018 - Mother-daughter conflict associated with suicide risk in abused adolescent girls
How parents cause children’s friendships to end

How parents cause children’s friendships to end

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Making a friend is hard work. Keeping one is even harder, especially for young children.

A novel study published in the Journal of Family Psychology sheds light on why childhood friendships fall apart and is the first to demonstrate that parents are an important source of these breakups.

Looking at data from 1,523 children (766 boys) from grades one to six, researchers from Florida Atlantic University and the University of Jyvaskyla in Finland conducted a survival analysis to identify the characteristics of parents that predict the stability of their children’s friendships. The researchers examined mother and father reports of their own depressive symptoms and parenting styles and used these reports to predict the occurrence and timing of the dissolution of best friendships from the beginning to the end of elementary school (grades one to six).

The researchers assessed three commonly recognized parenting styles: behavioral control such as curfews and monitoring; psychological control such as shaming and guilt; and warmth and affection. They also assessed parental depression to disentangle the unique contributions of parenting styles from parent mental health difficulties known to shape parenting. Lastly, they assessed the children’s peer social status or how well-liked they are by other children to separate the effects of parenting from difficulties that children have getting along with peers.

“We already know that peer status plays an important role in friendship outcomes. For example, well-liked children have more long-lasting relationships than do their classmates,” said Brett Laursen, Ph.D., co-author of the study and a professor and graduate studies coordinator in the Department of Psychology in FAU’s Charles E. Schmidt College of Science. “Our study is the first to include both parent characteristics and peer social status in the same model to identify the unique contributions of parents to child friendship stability.”

Laursen, who collaborated with lead author Daniel J. Dickson, Ph.D., and coauthor Melissa Huey, Ph.D., both of whom received their doctorates from FAU’s Department of Psychology, and their collaborators in Finland wanted to determine if negative parenting characteristics such as manipulative and coercive behaviors disrupt children’s friendships.

Results from the study found clear support for their hypothesis that negative features of parenting, such as depression and psychological control, increase the risk that best friendships would end. For children with clinically depressed parents, the risk of best friendship dissolution increased by up to 104 percent. There was a similar, although not quite as dramatic, increase in the risk of best friendship dissolution for children with psychologically controlling parents.

Parent depression and parent psychological control uniquely predicted subsequent child friendships breaking up, above and beyond contributions of peer difficulties.

A surprising finding from the study that was contrary to the researchers’ expectations was that they did not find any evidence that positive parenting behaviors like warmth and affection altered the stability of children’s best friendships.

“We were hoping that positive behaviors would help extend the life of friendships and that it would be a buffer or a protective factor,” said Laursen. “This wasn’t the case—warmth and affection don’t appear to make that much of a difference. It’s the negative characteristics of parents that are key in determining if and when these childhood friendships end.”

Findings from this study also confirmed that most friendships were transitory; fewer than 10 percent of first-grade best friendships survived from the first to the sixth grade, with roughly half (48 percent) dissolving within a year of initiation.

“Depressed and psychologically controlling parents create an affective climate that is detrimental to a child’s well-being, with problems that spill over into the peer social world. Best friendships are one causality of this affective spillover,” said Laursen. “We believe that children with depressed and psychologically controlling parents are not learning healthy strategies for engaging with other people, which could have long-term consequences for their future relationships.”


Explore further:
Adolescent friendship study confirms ‘birds of a feather flock together—stay together’

Journal reference:
Journal of Family Psychology

Provided by:
Florida Atlantic University

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles