Breaking News
August 16, 2018 - Seven activities that prevent you from getting quality sleep during summer
August 16, 2018 - Five ways to tell if your baby is getting enough milk from breastfeeding
August 16, 2018 - From Pigs to Peacocks, What’s Up With Those ‘Emotional-Support Animals’?
August 16, 2018 - Breast cancers enlist the help of normal cells to help them spread and survive
August 16, 2018 - Engaging with “high-need” patients outside the clinic
August 16, 2018 - Research illuminates how online forum may offer suicide prevention support for males
August 16, 2018 - Researchers identify way to grow immune cells at large scale for preventing cancer reoccurrence
August 15, 2018 - Keck Medicine of USC’s hospitals ranked among nation’s best for the 10th consecutive year
August 15, 2018 - Researchers compare existing approaches for automating diagnostic procedures of skin lesions
August 15, 2018 - Autism risk determined by health of mom’s gut, research reveals
August 15, 2018 - WELL for Life challenges you to explore the great outdoors
August 15, 2018 - ‘Zombie’ gene protects elephants from cancer, study finds
August 15, 2018 - Ebola outbreak in Congo spreads to active combat zone
August 15, 2018 - Study highlights pollution exposure of babies in prams
August 15, 2018 - Study provides insight into link between sleep apnea and lipid metabolism
August 15, 2018 - New study focuses on promise of gene therapy for Amish nemaline myopathy
August 15, 2018 - Researchers discover new approach to alleviate chronic itch
August 15, 2018 - Uncovering the Mysteries of MS: Medical Imaging Helps NIH Researchers Understand the Tricky Disease
August 15, 2018 - Autistic people at greater risk of becoming homeless – new research
August 15, 2018 - New imaging technique can spot tuberculosis infection in an hour
August 15, 2018 - Scientists study effects of eating breakfast versus fasting overnight before exercise
August 15, 2018 - Talking with children about suicide could save lives
August 15, 2018 - Grip strength of children predicts future cardiometabolic health
August 15, 2018 - Innovative oncofertility program launched by RMA of New York and Mount Sinai Health System
August 15, 2018 - Simple score helps predict which hospitalized heart attack patients are at high risk of readmissions
August 15, 2018 - New discoveries show how protein droplets do more than keep cells’ interiors tidy
August 15, 2018 - Study shows impact of optimizing airport flight patterns on human health
August 15, 2018 - Life experiences of feeling unwanted or unplanned associated with attachment insecurity
August 15, 2018 - ACS Briefing Discusses Use of Lessons From Combat Care
August 15, 2018 - Study identifies distinct origin of ADHD in children with history of brain injury
August 15, 2018 - IgG3 antibody stops B cells from fighting pathogens in HIV patients
August 15, 2018 - Scientists discover key vulnerability of mixed lineage leukemia
August 15, 2018 - College students may experience pressures from secondary exposure to opioid abuse
August 15, 2018 - Powerful new microscope reveals inner workings of human cells with unprecedented clarity
August 15, 2018 - Married people who fight nastily more likely to suffer from leaky guts, study suggests
August 15, 2018 - Working Out After Baby – Drugs.com MedNews
August 15, 2018 - Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Test: MedlinePlus Lab Test Information
August 15, 2018 - ADHD linked to an increased risk of injury in children, study finds
August 15, 2018 - UIC researchers receive NIH funding to develop a better way to regenerate bone or tissues
August 15, 2018 - Study reveals how immune cells in the brain influence sexual behavior
August 15, 2018 - Researchers move closer to finding potential soft spot in drug-resistant tuberculosis
August 15, 2018 - Real-time dynamic monitoring of cell’s nucleus for effective cancer screening
August 15, 2018 - Lower rates of Medicare preventive care visits found in racial, ethnic minority older adults
August 15, 2018 - Scientists identify stress hormone as key factor in failure of immune system to inhibit leukemia
August 15, 2018 - Cytoplan introduces three new nutritional supplements
August 15, 2018 - Effective hemorrhage control critical for survival after motorsport accidents
August 15, 2018 - Sygnature Discovery announces ambitious expansion plan with addition of Alderley Park facility
August 15, 2018 - Dietary carbohydrates could lead to osteoarthritis, new study finds
August 15, 2018 - Male tobacco smokers have decreased number of cannabinoid CB1 receptors, study reveals
August 15, 2018 - Scientists explore ways for drug therapies to reach deadly brain tumors
August 15, 2018 - Rethinking fundamental rule of stroke care: ‘Time is brain!’
August 15, 2018 - Scientists reveal role of ‘junk DNA’ in cancer dissemination
August 15, 2018 - Google’s DeepMind AI could soon be diagnosing eye conditions
August 15, 2018 - Scientists trick the brain to embody the prosthetic limb
August 15, 2018 - Researchers focus on uncoupling obesity from diabetes
August 15, 2018 - Clinical study shows how EarlySense system effectively detects opioid-induced respiratory depression
August 15, 2018 - A class of proteins shown to be effective in reducing drug-seeking behaviors
August 15, 2018 - FundamentalVR launches first-of-its-kind SaaS software platform for surgical simulation
August 15, 2018 - Gemphire Announces Termination of Phase 2a Clinical Trial of Gemcabene in Pediatric NAFLD
August 15, 2018 - Rheumatoid arthritis in pregnancy associated with low birth weight and premature birth
August 15, 2018 - Study may help increase effectiveness of antibiotics against drug-resistant bacteria
August 15, 2018 - Analyzing resident-to-resident incidents in dementia may hold the key to reducing future fatalities
August 15, 2018 - Robotic walking frame aims to help maintain mobility of older adults
August 15, 2018 - Simple intervention during routine care reduces alcohol consumption in men with HIV
August 15, 2018 - Genetics Home Reference: gout
August 15, 2018 - Scientists ID genesis of disease, focus efforts on shape-shifting tau
August 15, 2018 - OncoThira and NDSU enter into license agreement to develop, market cancer compounds
August 15, 2018 - Scientists unravel the mystery behind ovarian cancer with high-grade serous carcinoma
August 15, 2018 - Common signs that indicate vision problems in children
August 15, 2018 - Removing the cancer label – overhaul in cancer classification proposed
August 15, 2018 - Prams may expose babies and toddlers to more air pollution finds study
August 15, 2018 - Duke researchers track missing T-cells in glioblastoma patients
August 15, 2018 - Cardiac Profiles Up With Exercise, Less Sitting in Early Old Age
August 15, 2018 - Precision medicine offers a glimmer of hope for Alzheimer’s disease
August 15, 2018 - Immunovia’s new blood-based testing platform accurately detects non-small cell lung cancer
August 15, 2018 - New method provides a ‘big picture’ of genetic influences on traits and diseases
August 15, 2018 - Early Onset Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Heart Disease, Shorter Life
August 14, 2018 - SMURF1 provides targeted approach to preventing cocaine addiction relapse
August 14, 2018 - Genetic testing pushed for hereditary high cholesterol disease
August 14, 2018 - Researchers discover new genes involved in Alzheimer’s Disease
New research project aims at developing effective interventions for kids with DLD

New research project aims at developing effective interventions for kids with DLD

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

In an average kindergarten class of 30 students, about two are experiencing developmental language disorder, meaning they learn language more slowly than their peers. While DLD is just as common as dyslexia or ADHD, fewer people have heard of the disorder, and less research and funding go into developing effective interventions.

“I think it’s hidden,” said Holly Storkel, professor of speech-language-hearing and director of the Word & Sound Learning Lab at the University of Kansas. “People don’t necessarily recognize when children are having problems with language. These are kids who talk — so if you ask a parent, they might not realize we’re looking for something subtler. Children with DLD won’t use specific words as often. They might say ‘put the thing over here’ or use gestures. A parent will understand what the child wants to happen — but the child isn’t using specific, sophisticated language consistent with their age. You need a pretty good ear for what kids do at that age to pick up on their challenges.”

Storkel leads a research project aimed at developing effective interventions for kids with DLD called KAW Story. The project just earned a $1.5 million grant from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders to continue research with 60 Kansas kindergarteners across several school districts.

Building on results from an earlier grant, the KAW Story project will use one-on-one book reading to expose children with DLD to new words and test the kids’ ability to retain new vocabulary in order to improve the teaching techniques.

“The point of the grant is to use book reading as a way of teaching children with DLD new words,” said Storkel, who also serves as associate dean for academic innovation and student success at KU’s College of Liberal Arts & Sciences. “In the first grant, we were trying to figure out the basic structure of the book reading — what we know about book reading already is if you read the book cover-to-cover, that’s not as good as if you read the book and pause and talk about the book while you’re reading. When you pause it’s important to intentionally teach the words to help the child learn the word — maybe explain the word or relate it to something that happened recently.”

“What was successful from the first grant was that children learned pretty well during treatment with book reading, but the challenge was once we stopped and checked if they were remembering the words, some weren’t remembering them well,” she said.

Beyond reading, the KU researcher said the new grant would focus on testing kids’ ability to understand and retain new words to determine if that would improve memory of the words.

“Testing has powerful effects on learning and remembering,” said Storkel. “The idea is you’re practicing what you need to do to use the word. That’s an important part of memory, of calling up information you need. We want to find out how much testing kids need. We don’t think children we’re working with enjoy testing — I mean, who does? –this already is hard for them, and testing will make it harder. We want to find an amount of testing that might be optimal for them — an amount of testing that helps them learn but not so much that it makes them dread the activity.” According to Storkel, other aims of the new grant work will address a finding that all children in the previous study did not benefit equally from interactive book reading.

“Not all children learned words well within the treatment — some children, a small minority, didn’t learn at all,” she said. “There was another group that learned an average number of words and another group that was outstanding. It’s certainly true that even with typically developing kids there’s a wide range of performance. In groups with communication disorders, we see a wider range.”

Under the new award, Storkel and her team will identify pre-treatment characteristics of children with DLD associated with how quickly they learn words during treatment or how slowly they forget words after treatment. Moreover, they’ll select a pre-treatment set of tests to sample a wide array of skills likely to be associated with learning in the moment or forgetting over time.

After treatment, the KU team will classify each child’s response and compare it with earlier performance to determine when treatment and post-treatment outcomes can be predicted.

A team of KU graduate-student researchers will carry out the majority of evaluations, book-reading sessions and tests at schools in Kansas. Some of the sites are in rural areas surrounding KU, such as Oskaloosa, Overbrook and Basehor. The graduate students gain required research experience and earn salaries that help fund their studies.

“It’s mostly Ph.D. students or master’s students in speech-language-hearing who as graduate research assistants are paid from the grant to drive to the schools in these far-reaching areas,” Storkel said.

But the ultimate beneficiaries of the new grant will be the students experiencing DLD, who without effective intervention face greater educational and professional challenges than many of their peers.

“Some of the long-term follow-up studies show children with DLD can struggle academically,” said Storkel. “Fewer go to college. They tend to have less-skilled, less high-paying jobs as a group. Of course, there are individual stories of great success. But as a group they have poorer outcomes in education and employment.”

If parents suspect their child may be experiencing DLD, Storkel said states provide evaluation services.

“People can get free testing of kids from a variety of services depending on their age,” she said. “In Kansas we have Tiny K. All states have these services for children up to age three — you call in and say you have a concern, and they listen to your concerns and send out a professional to your home to do an evaluation. Once kids are preschool age, they can be served by their local elementary school. Early on in development, you see a lot of variation in language learning, so it makes it difficult to determine if your particular child has an issue or not. The formal evaluation really helps there.”

Source:

https://news.ku.edu/2018/05/22/research-hones-interventions-kids-developmental-language-disorder

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles