Breaking News
December 19, 2018 - Gut microbiome plays role in immune system regulation, study finds
December 19, 2018 - How MAPK translocation leads to drug resistance in melanoma
December 19, 2018 - Increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance in the U.S. linked with occasional use
December 19, 2018 - Mind-body exercises may improve cognition in older adults
December 19, 2018 - Hepatitis C drug can eliminate chikungunya, yellow fever virus
December 19, 2018 - Separating male and female mice changes the way they smell, shows study
December 19, 2018 - FDA Approves Genentech’s Tecentriq in Combination With Avastin and Chemotherapy for the Initial Treatment of Metastatic Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
December 19, 2018 - Mediterranean Diet for Osteoarthritis | About OA
December 19, 2018 - Successful bladder repair using silk fibroid scaffolds
December 19, 2018 - Quidel receives CE mark to use Sofia 2 Lyme+ Fluorescent Immunoassay with Sofia 2 analyzer
December 19, 2018 - Horizon Discovery partners with C4XD to validate novel synthetic lethal oncology targets
December 19, 2018 - Research suggests a promising therapeutic target to treat or prevent metabolic disorders
December 19, 2018 - Split liver transplants could save children on wait list finds study
December 19, 2018 - Michigan-based food manufacturer ordered to discontinue operations after recurrent food safety violations
December 19, 2018 - Real-time neurofeedback controls Parkinson’s brainwaves
December 19, 2018 - Incorrect prescribing warnings in electronic prescribing systems
December 19, 2018 - New $1.6 million NIH grant supports study on a gene vital to circadian rhythms
December 19, 2018 - Racial Disparities Seen Among Teens Undergoing Flu Vaccination
December 19, 2018 - To resolve inflammation, location matters
December 19, 2018 - Dancing could help older women to perform their daily tasks
December 19, 2018 - Research identifies new therapeutic target for cancer treatment and tissue regeneration
December 19, 2018 - Energy costs, social isolation contribute to health risk of older adults in extreme weather
December 19, 2018 - Potential combination therapy against rare disease of the bone marrow could improve treatment
December 19, 2018 - Researchers aim to improve cognition, reverse weight gain in schizophrenia
December 19, 2018 - UC San Diego Health offers new DRG stimulation device for phantom limb pain
December 19, 2018 - Study examines relationship between growth restriction and risk of childhood mortality
December 19, 2018 - New study provides insights on increased risk of suicide in young patients visiting ED
December 19, 2018 - AHA: Thyroid Problems Linked to Worsening Heart Failure
December 19, 2018 - World-first coeliac disease vaccine enters Phase 2 trials
December 19, 2018 - RNA sequencing offers novel insights into the microbiome
December 19, 2018 - A promising, effective vaccine for common respiratory disease
December 19, 2018 - Protein may slow progression of emphysema, study finds
December 19, 2018 - Studying atrial fibrillation — and exploring new frontiers in precision health
December 19, 2018 - A New Way To Get College Students Through A Psychiatric Crisis — And Back To School
December 19, 2018 - Optum, UnitedHealthcare take action to help people affected by North Carolina winter storms
December 18, 2018 - Weight change in middle-aged, elderly Chinese Singaporeans related to increased risk of death
December 18, 2018 - Immune cells sacrifice themselves to protect us from invading bacteria
December 18, 2018 - Watching brain cells fire, with a twist of gravitational waves
December 18, 2018 - 2018 in Review
December 18, 2018 - Getting the Most Out of the CLARITY Technique
December 18, 2018 - NVF shoes provide a viable option for track and road racing
December 18, 2018 - CRISPR may restore effectiveness of chemotherapies used to treat lung cancer
December 18, 2018 - New app accurately measures and charts progression of skin wounds
December 18, 2018 - Persistent Discrimination ID’d Among Physician Mothers
December 18, 2018 - Cellphone technology developed to detect HIV
December 18, 2018 - A Stanford doctor hits the field with the 49ers — as their airway management physician
December 18, 2018 - The Rise of Anxiety Baking
December 18, 2018 - Just one night of sleep deprivation increases the urge to eat
December 18, 2018 - Study reveals mechanism behind failed remyelination in MS
December 18, 2018 - New genetic testing method increases the precision of biomarker analysis
December 18, 2018 - Simple technique to effectively treat underdiagnosed cause of debilitating chest pain
December 18, 2018 - Barbershop-based medical intervention can successfully lower blood pressure, new data shows
December 18, 2018 - Food labels have caused changes in consumers’ intake and industry’s use of key additives
December 18, 2018 - Sickest children could benefit from split liver transplants
December 18, 2018 - Scientists create patient-specific model to identify most effective treatment for appendix cancer
December 18, 2018 - ‘Little Foot’ endocast reveals a small brain combining ape-like and human-like features
December 18, 2018 - New therapy for childhood blindness shows ‘very promising’ results
December 18, 2018 - Researchers discover promising new compound against Buruli ulcer
December 18, 2018 - Study finds significant use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicines in Sub-Saharan Africa
December 18, 2018 - California Farm Implicated in Outbreak of E. coli Tied to Romaine Lettuce
December 18, 2018 - Mobile health has power to transform HIV/AIDS nursing
December 18, 2018 - Celiac Vaccine in Clinical Trials at Columbia
December 18, 2018 - Research into mental health first aid prompts practical guidance and resources for workplace
December 18, 2018 - Researcher conducts study to investigate peripheral blood markers of Alzheimer’s disease
December 18, 2018 - Researchers identify link between mucus in the small airways and pulmonary fibrosis
December 18, 2018 - EU Commission’s Health Policy Platform to host EKHA program on transplantation
December 18, 2018 - Survivors of childhood Hodgkin lymphoma have high risk of developing solid tumors
December 18, 2018 - Small changes to cafeteria design can get kids to eat healthier, new assessment tool finds
December 18, 2018 - From Machines to Cyclic Compounds
December 18, 2018 - New study reveals best assessment tools to establish delirium severity
December 18, 2018 - Rice University scientists develop synthetic protein switches to control electron flow
December 18, 2018 - Home-based pulmonary function monitoring for teens with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
December 18, 2018 - Researchers identify potential target for new breast cancer treatments
December 18, 2018 - National Biofilms Innovation Centre award grant to Neem Biotech for novel anti-biofilm drug development
December 18, 2018 - Artificial intelligence and the future of medicine
December 18, 2018 - Montana State doctoral student receives grant for her work to improve neuroscience tool
December 18, 2018 - Early postpartum initiation of opioids associated with persistent use
December 18, 2018 - Russian scientists identify molecular ‘switch’ that could be target for treatment of allergic asthma
December 18, 2018 - Surgeons make more mistakes in the operating room during stressful moments, shows study
December 18, 2018 - Immune cells explode themselves to inform about the danger of invading bacteria
AHA: Preterm Birth Could Warn of Mom’s Future Heart Risks

AHA: Preterm Birth Could Warn of Mom’s Future Heart Risks

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (American Heart Association) — A preterm birth may serve as an early warning of a woman’s future risk of a heart attack or stroke, according to a new study.

The findings, published May 23 in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension, found that women who gave birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy may be more likely to see their blood pressure rise throughout their childbearing years. That trajectory resulted in a strong risk of coronary artery calcification, a predictor of heart attacks and stroke.

Janet Catov, lead author of the University of Pittsburgh-led study, called the findings a “surprising” new development in the understanding of preterm deliveries. Full-term pregnancies usually last about 40 weeks.

“Until recently, we knew preterm delivery had really serious consequences for the baby, but we thought it wasn’t linked to long-term risk in the mom. Our study demonstrates that that may not be the case,” said Catov, an associate professor at the University of Pittsburgh’s School of Medicine and a researcher at Magee-Womens Research Institute.

She said the study was motivated by updates made by the AHA in 2011 to its guidelines for preventing cardiovascular disease in women. The updates added pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes as risk factors.

Researchers looked at data from 1,049 mothers in Chicago, Minneapolis, Oakland, Calif., and Birmingham, Ala., across 25 years of follow-up. About half of the women in the study were white, and the other half were black.

“It turns out African-American women have a particularly high risk for these patterns we describe — higher risk for preterm birth, higher risk for increasing blood patterns, and higher risk for calcium in the heart,” Catov said.

Dr. JoAnn Manson, chief of the Division of Preventive Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, said “pregnancy itself can be considered a stress test for a woman’s vascular health … and this paper makes an important contribution by confirming that preterm birth is another pregnancy complication linked to maternal cardiovascular risk.”

Manson, who was not involved in the study, said the results underscore the importance of doctors asking women about their pregnancy history, checking for it in their charts, and monitoring their blood pressure on a regular basis.

Women who have had a preterm delivery, preeclampsia or gestational diabetes should be proactive about their cardiovascular health, according to a recent joint advisory from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the AHA that urged better collaboration between cardiologists and OB-GYNs.

“[Women] might want to consider self-monitoring their blood pressure in addition to the clinic measurements,” Manson said. “They can reduce their risk of hypertension by being physically active, maintaining a healthy weight and a having a heart-healthy diet, especially a diet high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains and low in processed foods, red meat and salt.”

About one in every 10 babies born in the U.S. was delivered preterm in 2017, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preterm birth rates decreased from 2007 to 2014, due partly to the decline in the number of teen births, but has since risen the past three years, federal data show.

Along with age and ethnicity, many other factors are associated with preterm delivery, such as having twins, smoking, previous preterm birth, stress, and medical problems with the uterus, cervix or placenta.

Manson said she would like to see future research on how nutrition, lifestyle and genetic factors influence the relationship between preterm deliveries and cardiovascular disease. Catov said more in-depth studies are needed to determine which subgroups of women are affected, and how soon after pregnancy women should be screened for high blood pressure.

“The important takeaway from this study is that women should tell their doctors their pregnancy history,” Catov said. “Preterm births or hypertension in pregnancy could be a flag similar to risk factors like smoking or obesity.”

© 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: May 2018

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles