Breaking News
March 21, 2019 - MIT announces creation of the Alana Down Syndrome Center
March 21, 2019 - Next-generation LVAD device clinically superior, safer for heart failure patients
March 21, 2019 - Allergan Announces FDA Approval of Avycaz (ceftazidime and avibactam) for Pediatric Patients
March 21, 2019 - Mutations in noncoding genes could play big role in regulating cancer, study finds
March 21, 2019 - A medical student’s thoughts on Match Day
March 21, 2019 - Are eggs good or bad for you?
March 21, 2019 - New analysis reveals precision oncology insights for colorectal cancer
March 21, 2019 - Pollutants appear to weaken immune system and increase pathogen virulence
March 21, 2019 - Researchers develop and validate scale for rating severity of mononucleosis
March 21, 2019 - Scientists identify generation of key immune response in mice on introducing solid food
March 21, 2019 - New nanomaterial could restore internal structure of damaged bones
March 21, 2019 - Selective destruction of prostate tumor as effective as complete prostate removal
March 21, 2019 - 2011 to 2015 Saw Increase in Psychiatric ED Visits for Youth
March 21, 2019 - Tapeworm drug targets common vulnerability in tumor cells
March 21, 2019 - Off the beaten path for global health residency
March 21, 2019 - European Parliament’s report calls on EU to develop policies to regulate endocrine-disrupting chemicals
March 21, 2019 - Women with undiagnosed diabetes in pregnancy more likely to experience stillbirths
March 21, 2019 - Fish consumption can help prevent asthma, study reveals
March 21, 2019 - Royal Holloway professors to lead new to research into curing Neurofibromatosis type 1
March 21, 2019 - NSF offers grant to improve treatment approaches for pelvic organ prolapse
March 21, 2019 - Your Apple Watch Might Help Spot a Dangerous Irregular Heartbeat
March 21, 2019 - Research team uncovers critical new clues about what goes awry in autistic brains
March 21, 2019 - From March Madness to medicine with help from mentors
March 21, 2019 - Mental health disorders among young adults may be on the increase
March 21, 2019 - New study examines smarter automatic defibrillator
March 21, 2019 - UC Riverside research shows how natural selection favors cheaters
March 21, 2019 - Mother’s diet during pregnancy can impact lung-specific genes of her offspring
March 21, 2019 - AeroForm Tissue Expanders makes breast reconstruction after mastectomy more comfortable
March 21, 2019 - New project focuses on creating more responsive, intuitive prosthetics
March 21, 2019 - New case study describes adolescent patient with rapid-onset schizophrenia and Bartonella infection
March 21, 2019 - Umass Amherst food scientist honored with 2019 Young Scientist Research Award
March 21, 2019 - Smell of skin could lead to early diagnosis for Parkinson’s
March 21, 2019 - Difference in brain connectivity may explain autism spectrum disorder
March 21, 2019 - Untangling the microbiome — with statistics
March 21, 2019 - Human microbiome metabolites enhance colon injury by enterohemorrhagic E. coli, study shows
March 21, 2019 - Written media can improve citizens’ understanding of palliative care
March 21, 2019 - New research aims to find how asthma symptoms are aggravated
March 21, 2019 - New $9.7 million NIH grant project seeks to improve hearing restoration
March 21, 2019 - Researchers measure brain metabolite levels in people with mild memory problems
March 21, 2019 - FDA approves first drug for treatment of postpartum depression in adult women
March 20, 2019 - Gene editing and designer babies experiments face global moratorium
March 20, 2019 - Major scientific study of wound care dressings wins ‘Best Clinical or Preclinical Research Award’
March 20, 2019 - Biohaven Enrolls First Patient In Phase 3 Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Trial Of Troriluzole
March 20, 2019 - Big data study identifies drugs that increase risk of psychosis in youth with ADHD
March 20, 2019 - Mystery novel and dream spur key scientific insight into heart defect | News Center
March 20, 2019 - Study measures impact of policies designed to reduce air pollution in two mega-cities
March 20, 2019 - Mild sleep apnea during pregnancy changes sugar levels and may affect infant growth patterns
March 20, 2019 - SSB and Novasep collaborate to develop new membrane chromatography systems
March 20, 2019 - Leaky valve repair improves quality of life in heart failure patients
March 20, 2019 - Diattenuation Imaging offers structural information of difficult to access brain regions
March 20, 2019 - Early sports specialization linked to increased injury rates during athletic career
March 20, 2019 - Study brings clarity about milk intake for children with Duarte galactosemia
March 20, 2019 - Allergan Announces FDA Acceptance of New Drug Application for Ubrogepant for the Acute Treatment of Migraine
March 20, 2019 - Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases risk of ADHD among offspring up to three-fold
March 20, 2019 - Pioneering pediatric kidney transplant surgeon Oscar Salvatierra dies at 83 | News Center
March 20, 2019 - F.D.A. Approves First Drug for Postpartum Depression
March 20, 2019 - TB remains a major public health challenge in the European region
March 20, 2019 - Most pills contain common allergens, warn experts
March 20, 2019 - Researchers discover previously unknown mechanism by which cells can sense oxygen
March 20, 2019 - World’s leading source of data on diagnosis, treatments for aortic dissection
March 20, 2019 - Breast cancer relapse predictor may soon be a reality
March 20, 2019 - Researchers identify origin of chronic pain in humans
March 20, 2019 - Two-drug combinations containing calcium channel blocker significantly lowers BP
March 20, 2019 - King’s scientists to monitor air quality exposure of 250 children
March 20, 2019 - Active substance from plant could turn into a ray of hope against eye tumors
March 20, 2019 - Preventative cardioverter defibrillator implantation is of little benefit to kidney dialysis patients
March 20, 2019 - New method based on neurofeedback may reduce anxiety
March 20, 2019 - Study explores whether alcohol consumption can have an effect on arthritis
March 20, 2019 - Merck to collaborate with GenScript for plasmid and virus manufacturing in China
March 20, 2019 - FDA Approves Zulresso (brexanolone) for the Treatment of Postpartum Depression
March 20, 2019 - Study examines long-term opioid use in patients with severe osteoarthritis
March 20, 2019 - Retired Stanford professor Edward Rubenstein, pioneer in intensive care medicine, dies at 94 | News Center
March 20, 2019 - Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center to Join Columbia University
March 20, 2019 - Call for halt to human gene editing and designer babies experiments
March 20, 2019 - Study illuminates how hot spots of genetic variation evolved in the human genome
March 20, 2019 - Roundworm study suggests alternatives for treatment of schizophrenia
March 20, 2019 - Sphingotec reports new applications of bio-ADM at 39th ISICEM
March 20, 2019 - Preventing falls through free community-based screenings for older adults
March 20, 2019 - AAOS: Supplement Use Low in Patients With Osteoporosis, Hip Fracture
March 20, 2019 - Does intensive blood pressure control reduce dementia?
Study finds factors underlying current rise in radicalization among European youth

Study finds factors underlying current rise in radicalization among European youth

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

A study published in European Psychiatry reports on factors underlying the current rise in radical conversions among European youth. Compared to previous groups such as Al-Qaïda, ETA, or Hamas, which have been studied in the past, today’s radical groups are smaller, less hierarchical, and are mainly composed of young, homegrown individuals. This review delves into the profiles of today’s European adolescents and young adults who have embraced the cause of radical Islamism and looks into the role that psychiatry can play in dealing with this issue.

This study presents two major findings: there are no specific psychological or social pathology profiles that are unique to the radicalized youth; and similarities do exist between the psychological manifestations of adolescence and the factors that make individuals vulnerable to the radicalization process.

“Studies with empirical data are limited and radicalization criteria vary from one study to another,” explained lead investigator, Nicolas Campelo, MS, Service de Psychiatrie de l’Enfant et de l’Adolescent, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France. “Therefore, it was important to better define radicalization, look more carefully at the population examined, and focus on the growing incidence of the radicalization phenomenon. Taking these parameters into account is critical for preventing radicalization more effectively in the future.”

The study focused on adolescents and young adults in Western Europe who have embraced the cause of radical Islamism since 2010. Twenty-two key studies published in the fields of psychology, sociology, medicine, education, and anthropology were identified using databases including PubMed and PsycINFO, as well as MIVILUDES, a database produced by a French government agency with responsibility for monitoring groups perceived to constitute a threat to public order or that violate French law.

“Our comprehensive review of leading multidisciplinary research suggests that adolescent psychopathology plays a role in the radicalization process,” noted Mr. Campelo, “although there is no unique profile, and psychotic disorders are rare among this population.”

The study details the dynamic of how adolescent mechanisms and radical influences can dovetail in vulnerable individuals: “The turbulence and personal uncertainty that characterizes an adolescent’s experience, when combined with triggering events, can leave them more open to extremist groups and ideology. The sense of purpose, belonging, and moral certainty of these groups may at first ease the discomfort of separation and individuation conflicts that often occur at this stage of life,” explained Mr. Campelo.

Using the multiple risk factors found in the research they reviewed, the investigators developed a comprehensive three-level model to explain the phenomenon of radicalization among young Europeans (Individual, Micro-Environmental, and Macro-Environmental), with a view towards guiding the development of more effective prevention programs. In addition to adolescence itself, risk factors can include a psychiatric condition, psychological vulnerability, abandonment issues, perceived injustice, and personal uncertainty.

The three-level model offers a holistic, multidisciplinary approach to bring together the different fields working together in the fight against the radicalization phenomena. According to Mr. Campelo, “One single field of knowledge inevitably provides an incomplete panorama and cannot account for the complexity of this phenomenon. Prevention of radicalization should consider each level of risk factors to develop the most tailored and effective interventions.”

Despite the rarity of psychotic disorders found among the radicalized youth, the similarities between psychopathological manifestations of adolescence and mechanisms at stake during the radicalization process underline the specific role of mental health professionals. Mr. Campelo and his co-investigators suggest that mental health professionals can effectively intervene to help young people to understand the meaning of radical commitment and the personal needs it serves. These professionals can also become involved in deradicalization programs by offering adolescent minds a way out of the radical commitment.

The investigators recommend additional research, in particular in females and in non-Muslim communities to better understand the phenomenon and to propose recommendations for prevention and treatment.

Source:

https://www.elsevier.com/

About author

Related Articles