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October 15, 2018 - Birthing Options for Full-Term Pregnancy
October 15, 2018 - Stressed, toxic, zombie cells seen for first time in Alzheimer’s
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October 15, 2018 - Neuropsychiatric symptoms related to earliest stages of Alzheimer’s brain pathology
October 15, 2018 - Neck collar device may help protect the brain of female high school soccer players
October 15, 2018 - Research reveals how the inner ear processes speech
October 15, 2018 - Many parents still skeptical about safety and effectiveness of flu shot, survey finds
October 15, 2018 - Payer Policies May Discourage Non-Pharma Tx for Low Back Pain
October 15, 2018 - Exercise may delay cognitive decline in people with rare Alzheimer’s disease
October 15, 2018 - Researchers modify CRISPR to reorganize genome | News Center
October 15, 2018 - Innovative brain tumor operation set to tailor to patients’ needs
October 15, 2018 - Findings offer new insight into early changes that occur during AD pathology
October 15, 2018 - Neurons regulating reproductive hormone release have different activity in epileptic mice
October 15, 2018 - More parents are concerned about taking babies swimming in public pools
October 15, 2018 - Health Tip: Know the Risk Factors for Lower Back Pain
October 15, 2018 - Study shows cigarillo flavors enhanced by high-intensity sweeteners
October 15, 2018 - Study traces hospital-acquired bloodstream infections to patients’ own bodies | News Center
October 15, 2018 - Abnormal vision in childhood can affect development of brain areas responsible for attention
October 15, 2018 - Color-changing contact lens could help doctors to monitor eye disease medications
October 15, 2018 - Tobacco heating products cause less staining to teeth than conventional cigarettes
October 15, 2018 - Young adults who are obese can expect to lose up to 10 years in life expectancy
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October 15, 2018 - Andrea Califano and Jordan Orange Elected to National Academy of Medicine
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October 15, 2018 - Researchers to study the use of CRISPR on human liver on-a-chip platform
October 15, 2018 - Sub-concussive impacts not associated with decline in neurocognitive function
October 15, 2018 - Researchers find potential treatment to halt premature labor and birth
October 15, 2018 - As U.S. suicides rates rise, Hispanics show relative immunity
October 15, 2018 - FDA Issues a Complete Response Letter to Acacia Pharma for Barhemsys
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October 15, 2018 - First-of-its-kind study to test a personalized vaccine in cancer patient
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October 15, 2018 - FDA Approves Xarelto to Reduce the Risk of Major Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Chronic Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) or Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
October 15, 2018 - Promising new therapeutic approach against Ebola virus identified
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October 14, 2018 - Previous Endologix AFX Safety Notice classified by FDA as Class I recall
October 14, 2018 - Legal scholars sound alarm on academies’ report about returning research results to participants
October 14, 2018 - UNIST selects six extraordinary scholars to be induced as ‘Rising-star Distinguished Professor’
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October 14, 2018 - Funding requests are being accepted by BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee Community Trust
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September 2018 Briefing – Nursing

September 2018 Briefing – Nursing

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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for September 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Tenth-Graders Use Combustible, Edible, Vaporized Cannabis

FRIDAY, Sept. 28, 2018 — Among 10th-grade students using cannabis, edible and vaporized products are used in addition to combustible products, with 61.7 percent reporting multiple administration methods, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: Congenital Syphilis More Than Doubled Since 2013

FRIDAY, Sept. 28, 2018 — The number of cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is continuing to increase, with an associated increase in the number of cases of congenital syphilis, according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Press Release
2017 STD Surveillance Report

Implementing EMRs Affects Time Spent With Patients in Clinic

FRIDAY, Sept. 28, 2018 — Following a six-month learning period to implement an electronic medical record (EMR) system, outpatient orthopedic clinics return to pre-implementation efficiency, but there may be other lasting effects on productivity, according to a study published in the Sept. 19 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract/ Full Text

No Benefit to Negative Pressure Wound Therapy After C-Section

FRIDAY, Sept. 28, 2018 — For obese women, use of prophylactic negative pressure wound therapy versus standard dressings does not reduce superficial surgical site infections after cesarean section, according to a study published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract/Full Text

AAP Provides Recommendations for Teen Drivers, Parents

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — In a policy statement published online Sept. 24 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented to help pediatricians provide guidance for teenage drivers and their families.

Abstract/Full Text

80,000 Americans Died From Influenza Over Last Year

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — Influenza was deadlier last season than it has been for at least four decades, killing 80,000 Americans. So said the head of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention late Tuesday in an interview with the Associated Press.

AP News Article

Final Update on Salmonella-Tainted Honey Smacks Cereal

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — A total of 135 people across 36 states fell ill with Salmonella after eating Kellogg’s Honey Smacks cereal, according to a final update from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More Information

Opioid Bill Gets Bipartisan Support

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — In a rare bipartisan move, both the House and Senate have reached a compromise on legislation to address the opioid epidemic.

The New York Times Article

Newer Hormonal Contraception May Cut Ovarian Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — There is a reduction in ovarian cancer risk associated with use of contemporary combined hormonal contraceptives, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Having Hospital Palliative Care Doesn’t Impact Tx Intensity

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — For adult patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), the availability of hospital-based palliative care is not associated with in-hospital treatment intensity, according to a study published in the September issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Time to Defib Not Linked to Survival in Pediatric IHCA

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — For pediatric patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), time to first defibrillation attempt is not associated with survival, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Practices Should Set Rules for Staff Social Media Use

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — Medical practices can take steps to avoid problems related to use of social media by staff members, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

Abstract/Full Text

Grip Strength Tied to Pulmonary Function in Older Women

THURSDAY, Sept. 27, 2018 — For older Korean women, handgrip strength is positively associated with pulmonary function, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract
Full Text

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by ‘Pod Mods’

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26, 2018 — “Pod mods,” which are small, rechargeable devices that aerosolize liquid solutions containing nicotine encapsulated in cartridges, pose a danger to adolescent users, according to a perspective article published in the Sept. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Policies Should Encourage Healthy Food Consumption

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26, 2018 — Diet is an important component that impacts cardiovascular risk, and policies should be implemented to improve dietary composition, according to an article published in the Aug. 21 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Countries Failing on Non-Communicable Dz Death Targets

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26, 2018 — Many countries are falling short on targets to reduce mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), according to a study published in the Sept. 22 issue of The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Total Diabetes at 14 Percent in U.S. Adults for 2013-2016

TUESDAY, Sept. 25, 2018 — The prevalence of diabetes was 14.0 percent among U.S. adults in 2013 to 2016, with prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes 4.3 percent, according to a September data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

In 2016, Proportion of Uninsured Americans Down to 10 Percent

TUESDAY, Sept. 25, 2018 — From 2013 to 2016 there was a reduction in uninsurance among Americans from 17 to 10 percent, according to a report published in September by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the Urban Institute.

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Positive Link Between Air Pollution, Diagnosis of Dementia

TUESDAY, Sept. 25, 2018 — There is a positive association between residential levels of air pollution and being diagnosed with dementia, according to a study published in the September issue of BMJ Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Interpreter Services Critical for Emergency Care

MONDAY, Sept. 24, 2018 — Emergency department interpreters are vital to quality care, according to an article published in the October issue of the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Participation Up With Online Diabetes Prevention Program

MONDAY, Sept. 24, 2018 — For overweight/obese veterans with prediabetes, participation is higher for online Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs), but weight loss is similar for online and in-person DPPs, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Patients Report Poorer Dialysis Service in Certain Settings

MONDAY, Sept. 24, 2018 — Patient-reported experiences at dialysis facilities vary by patient, facility, and geographic characteristics, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prenatal, Postnatal Homelessness Tied to Poor Health in Children

MONDAY, Sept. 24, 2018 — Homelessness is associated with an increased risk of adverse pediatric outcomes regardless of whether it occurs prenatally or postnatally, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Heart Failure Patients Enrolled in Hospice Use Less Health Care

MONDAY, Sept. 24, 2018 — Patients with advanced heart failure enrolled in hospice have fewer emergency department visits, hospital days, and intensive care unit (ICU) stays, according to a study published in the September issue of JACC: Heart Failure.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Actigraphy May Overestimate Sleep in ICU Setting

MONDAY, Sept. 24, 2018 — Using actigraphy as a measure of sleep, critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) show wide ranges of sleep quality and quantity, and actigraphy may estimate higher sleep durations than other measures, according to a review published in the September issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Some Clinicians, Patients Record Clinic Visits for Patient Use

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 — A considerable proportion of clinicians and patients report having recorded a clinic visit for the patient’s personal use, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

Abstract/Full Text

Ground Beef Recalled After E. Coli Outbreak

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 — More than 132,000 pounds of ground beef have been recalled by a Colorado company following a suspected outbreak where one person was killed and 17 were sickened by Escherichia coli after eating the meat.

AP News Article
Cargill Statement

Long-Term Outcomes of Breast Implants Explored

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 — The long-term outcomes of breast implants include increased rates of certain conditions for silicone implants, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in the Annals of Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Dozens of Medical Groups Join Forces to Improve Diagnoses

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 — Every nine minutes, a patient in a U.S. hospital dies because a diagnosis was wrong or delayed — resulting in 80,000 deaths a year. That sobering estimate comes from the Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine (SIDM).

More Information

HbA1c Variability Is a Strong Predictor of Mortality in T2DM

FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 — Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) variability may be a more powerful predictor of all-cause mortality with type 2 diabetes than average HbA1c, according to a study published in the August issue of Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Black Individuals at Highest Risk of Legal Intervention Injury

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 — Black males were at the highest risk of legal intervention injury per capita from 2005 to 2015, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Study Provides Estimates of U.S. Prevalence of Type 1, 2 Diabetes

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 — The prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes is 0.5 and 8.5 percent, respectively, among U.S. adults, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Educational Disabilities More Likely With Neonatal Abstinence

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 — Children with a history of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are more likely to be referred for a disability evaluation and meet criteria for a disability, according to a study published in the September issue of Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hospitals Charge 479 Percent of Cost of Drugs on Average

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 — On average, hospitals mark up drugs by 479 percent of their cost, according to a report from The Moran Company, commissioned by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA).

More Information

Gestational Diabetes Tied to Subsequent Glucose Disorders

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 — Untreated gestational diabetes (GD) is associated with development of subsequent glucose metabolism disorders in mothers, but is not significantly associated with the composite outcome of childhood overweight/obesity in long-term follow-up of offspring, according to a study published in the Sept. 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Few Yogurt Products Qualify As Low-Sugar

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 — There is considerable variability in the sugar content of yogurts, with very few yogurts qualifying as low-sugar, according to a study published in the August issue of BMJ Open.

Abstract/Full Text

>60 Percent of Adults Report Adverse Childhood Experiences

THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 — More than 60 percent of adults report having had at least one adverse childhood experience (ACE), and almost 25 percent report three or more, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Patient-Directed IV Remifentanil Cuts Epidural Conversions

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — Compared with intramuscular pethidine, use of intravenous remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in labor reduces the proportion of epidural conversions, according to a study published in the Aug. 25 issue of The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

California Lawsuit Claims AbbVie Paid Doctors to Prescribe Humira

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — A lawsuit filed Tuesday in California claims that pharmaceutical company AbbVie used cash, gifts, and services to induce doctors to overprescribe the widely used drug Humira (adalimumab), ignoring the medicine’s potentially lethal side effects.

More Information

HTN Tx Intensification Common Upon Discharge in U.S. Vets

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — Fourteen percent of older adults hospitalized with non-cardiac conditions are discharged with intensified antihypertensive treatment, of whom more than half had previously well-controlled outpatient blood pressure, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

USPSTF Recommends Intensive Behavioral Change for Obesity

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — Primary care physicians should offer or refer obese patients to intensive behavioral interventions, according to a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) final recommendation statement published in the Sept. 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Recommendation Statement
Evidence Report
Editorial 1
Editorial 2

Global Prevalence of Insufficient Activity 27.5 Percent

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — In 2016 the age-standardized prevalence of insufficient physical activity was 27.5 percent, according to a study published in the October issue of The Lancet Global Health.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Second HPV-Related Primary Cancers Common in Survivors

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — The risk of human papillomavirus-associated second primary cancers (HPV-SPCs) among survivors of HPV-associated cancers is significant, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Opioid Deaths 1999 to 2015 May Be Dramatically Underestimated

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — States may be greatly underestimating the effect of opioid-related overdose deaths because of incomplete cause-of-death reporting, according to a study recently published in Public Health Reports.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Patient Health Information Often Shared Electronically

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — The most common electronically sent and received types of patient health information (PHI) include laboratory results and medication lists, according to a report published Aug. 15 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

20% of Children, Adolescents Use Prescription Medications

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — Almost 20 percent of children and adolescents used prescription medications in 2013 to 2014, and 8.2 percent of concurrent users of prescription medications in 2009 to 2014 were at risk for a potentially major drug-drug interactions (DDIs), according to a study published in the September issue of Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Socioeconomic Status Lower Among U.S. Sexual Minorities

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — Sexual minorities, especially females, are of lower socioeconomic status (SES) than their heterosexual counterparts, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sport Specialization Tied to Pediatric Overuse Injury

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — Sport specialization in children and adolescents is associated with an increased risk of overuse musculoskeletal injuries, according to a review published in the September issue of Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Active Choice Intervention Tied to Increase in Flu Shot Rates

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — An active choice intervention is associated with an increase in influenza vaccination rates, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

FDA Ad Campaign Hopes to Halt E-Cigarette Use Among Teens

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday launched a new ad campaign aimed at curbing rampant e-cigarette use among American teens.

More Information

U.S. Senate Passes Opioids Bill

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — The Senate on Monday passed on a 99-1 vote legislation aimed at curbing the nation’s ongoing opioid addiction crisis.

CBS News Article

Scribes Improve Physician Workflow, Patient Interaction

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — Use of medical scribes is associated with decreased physician documentation burden, improved work efficiency, and improved patient interactions, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Many Middle, High Schoolers Report E-Cigarette Cannabis Use

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — Nearly one in 11 U.S. middle and high school students used cannabis in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in 2016, according to a research letter published online Sept. 17 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Drug Prices Increase More Than Expected After Shortages

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — Prices for drugs under shortage increase more than twice as quickly as expected in the absence of a shortage, according to a research letter published online Sept. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Compliance With Requirement to Report Results on EUCTR Is Poor

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — Half of trials on the European Union Clinical Trials Register (EUCTR) are non-compliant with the European Commission’s requirement that all trials post results to the registry within 12 month of completion, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

2006 to 2015 Saw Increase in Severe Maternal Morbidity

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — From 2006 to 2015, the proportion of women experiencing severe maternal morbidity increased 45 percent, according to a statistical brief published by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Abstract/Full Text

Tips for Advising Patients Living in Highly Polluted Settings

TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 2018 — Clinicians advising families living overseas in highly polluted settings should understand their patients’ concerns and have a network of resources to draw upon for guidance, according to an article published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Foster Kids Inappropriately Prescribed Psychiatric Drugs

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 — A new report finds that foster children are often given powerful psychiatric medicines without regard for proper safeguards.

AP News Article
Office of Inspector General Report

Decrease in Infant Walker-Related Injuries Since 2010

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 — Following implementation of a federal mandatory safety standard on infant walkers in 2010, there was a decrease in the number of infant walker-related injuries, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Factors Predictive of Escalated Care in Infant Bronchiolitis ID’d

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 — Variables have been identified that predict escalated care for infants with bronchiolitis, according to a study published in the September issue of Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Use of Aspirin in Healthy Elderly Questioned in Three Studies

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 — Low-dose aspirin appears to have limited effect on healthy life span in older people, according to three studies published online Sept. 16 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text 1
Abstract/Full Text 2
Abstract/Full Text 3

Mercury in Traditional Tibetan Medicine Could Be Harmful

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 — The high mercury (Hg) concentration contained in traditional Tibetan medicine (TTM) could be harmful to humans and contribute to the environmental Hg burden in Tibet, according to a study published in the Aug. 7 issue of Environmental Science & Technology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Association Health Plans Can Help Small Businesses Offer Coverage

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 — Association health plans (AHPs) will provide small businesses with more choices, access, and coverage options, although critics warn that they may undermine the Affordable Care Act (ACA) marketplace, according to an article published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

More Information

No Evidence for Milk Increasing Mucus Production From Lungs

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 — There is no evidence to support the myth that milk increases mucus production from the lungs, according to a review published online Sept. 6 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Potentially Inappropriate Opioid Prescribing Tied to Overdose

MONDAY, Sept. 17, 2018 — Potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) of opioids is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality and fatal and nonfatal overdose, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Poor Maternal Bonding for Women Denied Abortion

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 — Poor maternal bonding is more common for children born to women who are denied access to abortion, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Final CDC Update on Salmonella Linked to Backyard Poultry

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 — At least 334 people in 47 states have been sickened in Salmonella outbreaks linked to contact with live poultry in backyard flocks, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More Information

FDA Finds Another Carcinogen in Certain Valsartan Heart Meds

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns that it has found a second impurity in three lots of Torrent Pharmaceuticals’ valsartan drug products.

More Information

CDC: Some Sexual Minorities Have Higher Sexual Risk Behaviors

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 — Bisexual females and “not sure” male students report higher prevalences for many sexual risk behaviors than heterosexual students, according to research published in the Sept. 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Extreme Flooding Can Up Exposure to Pathogens

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 — Extreme flooding, such as was seen in Hurricane Harvey, can increase exposure to pathogens, according to a research letter published recently in Environmental Science & Technology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sales of Flavored E-Cigarette Products Up Since 2012

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 — Sales of flavored electronic cigarette products have increased dramatically since 2012, according to a study published online Aug. 23 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Preventing Chronic Disease.

Abstract/Full Text

Recommendations Issued for Enhancing ICU Diagnostic Safety

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 — Identifying and reducing diagnostic errors in the intensive care unit (ICU) should be a top priority, according to a perspective article published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Situation Framing, Language Can Influence Decision-Making

FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 — How a situation is framed and the language used to describe risks can influence patients’ decision-making, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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No Apparent Short-Term Cancer Risk From Recalled Valsartan

THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 2018 — Users of valsartan contaminated with N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) seem not to have increased cancer risk, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

CDC: About One in Five U.S. Adults Have Chronic Pain

THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 2018 — About 20.4 percent of U.S. adults have chronic pain and 8.0 percent have high-impact chronic pain, according to research published in the Sept. 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

AHA: Resistant Hypertension Diagnosis, Tx Guidelines Updated

THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 2018 — A correct diagnosis of resistant hypertension is necessary to avoid overmedicating, according to a scientific statement from the American Heart Association published online Sept. 13 in Hypertension.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Infant Mortality Rate Varies Greatly Among States

THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 2018 — Infant mortality rates in the United States vary substantially by state, according to a QuickStats report published in the Aug. 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

More Information

Gains in Insurance Coverage Seen for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Adults

THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 2018 — Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults report continued problems affording care despite coverage gains offered by the Affordable Care Act, according to a study published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pediatricians Have a Role in Encouraging Play Among Children

THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 2018 — Pediatricians should encourage parents to ensure their children play, according to a clinical report published in the September issue of Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Parents’ Technology Use Can Negatively Impact Children

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 2018 — Parents’ use of digital devices may exacerbate their child’s poor behavior, according to a study recently published in Pediatric Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 2018 — Calling the use of electronic cigarettes a burgeoning epidemic among teens, the U.S Food and Drug Administration today announced a crackdown on the sale of Juuls and other flavored e-cigarette devices to minors.

Press Release
Statement From FDA Commissioner

High-Touch Surfaces at Airports Often Covered in Pathogens

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 2018 — Many frequently touched surfaces at airports are contaminated with respiratory virus pathogens, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in BMC Infectious Diseases.

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Six-Step Analysis Can Help Improve Practice Logistics

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 2018 — A six-step analysis can help redesign and improve the outpatient health care process, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Single, Fixed-Dose Combo Pills Improve Hypertension Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 2018 — Single-pill, fixed-dose combination (FDC) treatment may be more effective for improving blood pressure control in older patients, according to a study recently published in PLOS Medicine.

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Tai Chi Effective at Reducing Number of Falls in Older Adults

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 — Tai chi is more effective than conventional exercise at preventing falls among high-risk, older adults, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Shift Seen From EDs to Urgent Care for Low-Acuity, Acute Care

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 — From 2008 through 2015, there was a substantial shift in venue in which acute care for low-acuity conditions was sought, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Medicaid Work Requirements Don’t Impact Many Enrollees

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 — Medicaid work requirements will only impact a small proportion of persons and may only generate minimal savings, according to two research letters published online Sept. 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text – Goldman
Abstract/Full Text – Silvestri
Editorial

Data Age in Clinical Trials Is About Three Years at Publication

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 — The median data age in clinical trials in journals with a high impact factor is about three years at publication, according to a study published in the Aug. 10 issue of JAMA Network Open.

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Total of 43,371 New Cases of HPV-Associated Cancers in 2015

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 — A total of 43,371 new cases of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers were reported in 2015, with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) being the most common HPV-associated cancer, according to research published in the Aug. 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Nurse-Led Call After Discharge Doesn’t Cut Peds Urgent Care

MONDAY, Sept. 10, 2018 — A one-time nurse-led telephone call does not decrease the 30-day reutilization rate of urgent health care services in children discharged from the hospital, according to a study published in the Sept. 4 issue of JAMA: Pediatrics.

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Gender Minorities Less Engaged in Health-Promoting Behaviors

MONDAY, Sept. 10, 2018 — Lesbian and bisexual women and transgender adults have lower participation in health-related behaviors than heterosexual men and women, according to research published in the Aug. 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Maternal Holding With Glucose or Breastfeeding Best Analgesic

MONDAY, Sept. 10, 2018 — Maternal holding of newborns, combined with oral glucose and in breastfeeding, is associated with the greatest analgesic effect in infants, according to a study published in the September issue of Pediatrics.

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Docs, Consumers Agree on Benefits of Virtual Care

MONDAY, Sept. 10, 2018 — Physicians and consumers agree on the benefits of virtual care, but physician adoption of virtual care technologies is low, according to a report on the Deloitte 2018 Survey of U.S. Physicians.

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American Academy of Pediatrics Updates Car Seat Guidance

FRIDAY, Sept. 7, 2018 — The American Academy of Pediatrics’ updated car seat guidelines recommend children remain in a rear-facing car safety seat as long as possible, according to policy statement published online Aug. 30 in Pediatrics.

Technical Report
Policy Statement

AAP Updates Recommendations for Pediatric Flu Vaccination

FRIDAY, Sept. 7, 2018 — All children and adolescents are advised to undergo annual influenza immunization, ideally with an inactivated influenza vaccine, according to a policy statement published online Sept. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

FRIDAY, Sept. 7, 2018 — Supplementation with n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) in pregnancy leads to higher body mass index (BMI) in offspring at age 6 years, but no increase in the proportion of obese children, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in The BMJ.

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Social Determinants Linked to Provision of Primary Care

FRIDAY, Sept. 7, 2018 — Social determinants are associated with provision of primary care services, according to a study recently published in the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Personalized Weighting Could Enhance Hospital Rating Tools

FRIDAY, Sept. 7, 2018 — The weighting systems that underlie hospital performance rating tools should incorporate the needs, values, and preferences of patients, according to a perspective article published in the Aug. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Better Training Needed to Boost LGBTQ Patient Health Care

THURSDAY, Sept. 6, 2018 — High-quality health care needs to be provided to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) patients, and improved training is necessary to deliver that care, according to a report published in the American Medical Association’s AMA Wire.

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Hospital Groups Launch Own Generic Drug Company

THURSDAY, Sept. 6, 2018 — Three U.S. health care foundations and seven hospital groups have formed a generic drug company to combat high prices and chronic shortages of medicines.

AP News Article

Hospitals Using Two Strategies to Up Quality, Lower Costs

THURSDAY, Sept. 6, 2018 — Hospitals receiving bundled payments are reducing skilled nursing facility (SNF) use and improving care integration to improve quality and control costs, according to a report published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

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Goop Reaches Settlement in False Advertising Lawsuit

THURSDAY, Sept. 6, 2018 — A $145,000 settlement will be paid by actress Gwyneth Paltrow’s company, Goop, in a lawsuit over unfounded claims that some of its products improve women’s sexual and emotional health.

CBS News Article

Perinatal Mortality Rates Remain Unchanged From 2014 to 2016

THURSDAY, Sept. 6, 2018 — Rates of perinatal mortality remained unchanged from 2014 to 2016, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics.

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Widespread Statin Use Not Recommended in Old, Very Old

THURSDAY, Sept. 6, 2018 — Statin use is not associated with reduced risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) or all-cause mortality among older adults without type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

130 Now Sickened by Salmonella-Tainted Honey Smacks Cereal

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5, 2018 — One hundred thirty people across 36 states have now fallen ill with Salmonella after eating Kellogg’s Honey Smacks cereal, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

FDA Outbreak Alert
CDC Press Release

Baloxavir Superior to Placebo for Alleviating Flu Symptoms

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5, 2018 — The selective inhibitor of influenza cap-dependent endonuclease, baloxavir marboxil, is superior to placebo for alleviating influenza symptoms, according to a study published in the Sept. 6 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Recent Increase in Contraception Use Noted Among U.S. Teenagers

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5, 2018 — Among U.S. adolescents, there were increases in contraceptive use from 2007 to 2014, including dual-method use and long-acting reversible contraception, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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WHO Issues Recommendations for Tx Intensification in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5, 2018 — Recommendations have been developed by the World Health Organization for treatment intensification in type 2 diabetes. The recommendations were published online Sept. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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~3,000 Excess Deaths Estimated Due to Hurricane Maria

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5, 2018 — The total excess mortality attributed to Hurricane Maria is estimated at 2,975 deaths, according to a report issued by George Washington University.

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CDC: HPV Vaccination Rates Increasing Among Adolescents

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5, 2018 — Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage increased 5.1 percentage points from 2016 to 2017, and there was also an increase in the number of adolescents up to date with HPV vaccinations, according to research published in the Aug. 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Clinicians Should Learn to Engage With Transgender Patients

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — Clinicians should learn how to engage with transgender patients and be prepared to manage unique clinical issues, according to a review published online Aug. 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Poor, Non-English Speaking Cancer Patients Need Support

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — There are steps health care providers can take to better support cancer patients who do not speak English, are underinsured, and may face other major financial challenges, according to an article published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

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Enrollment in High-Deductible Health Plans Up From ’07 to ’17

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — Enrollment in high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) has increased among adults with employment-based insurance coverage, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics.

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Patient Distressed by Overturn of California End of Life Option Act

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — The decision to overturn the End of Life Option Act has added stress and anxiety to terminally ill patients, including those with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to a patient testimonial published online Sept. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Self-Injury Tops Diabetes As Cause of Death in United States

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — In the United States, self-injury mortality (SIM) exceeded diabetes as a cause of death in 2015, with the gap expanding in 2016, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in Injury Prevention.

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CDC: Increase in Rate of STDs for Fourth Consecutive Year in U.S.

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — Nearly 2.3 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were diagnosed in the United States in 2017, marking a fourth consecutive year of sharp increases in these sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Adding Pharmacist to Team Can Improve Patient Outcomes

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — Integration of pharmacists into team-based care practice models can improve patient outcome, especially in chronic diseases, such as diabetes, according to a report published in the American Medical Association’s AMA Wire.

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Breast Cancer Surgery Outcomes Poor for Nursing Home Residents

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — For female nursing home residents who undergo breast cancer surgery, rates of one-year mortality and functional decline are high, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in JAMA Surgery.

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Editorial

USPSTF Reaffirms Screening for Syphilis in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening all pregnant women for syphilis infection. These findings form the basis of a reaffirmation recommendation statement published in the Sept. 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Recommendation Statement
Evidence Report
Editorial

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Posted: October 2018

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