Breaking News
December 13, 2018 - Research findings could lead to new targets for cancer-fighting therapeutics
December 13, 2018 - Butantan Institute signs collaboration agreement with MSD to develop dengue vaccines
December 13, 2018 - Study explores how patients want to discuss symptoms with doctors
December 13, 2018 - RUDN medics first to gather scattered data on hepatitis morbidity in Somalia
December 13, 2018 - Age and gender disparities found in use of bed nets to prevent malaria in sub-Saharan Africa
December 13, 2018 - Caffeine therapy benefits developing brains of premature babies
December 13, 2018 - New review focuses on electrospinning techniques used in musculoskeletal tissue engineering
December 13, 2018 - A new division focused on human immune system
December 13, 2018 - Zogenix Announces Positive Phase 3 Trial Results on the Efficacy and Safety of Fintepla (ZX008) in Dravet Syndrome
December 13, 2018 - BCR ABL Genetic Test: MedlinePlus Lab Test Information
December 13, 2018 - Caffeinated beverages during pregnancy linked to lower birth weight babies
December 13, 2018 - Stanford Medicine Health Trends Report examines opportunity to democratize health care
December 13, 2018 - Obsessive-compulsive disorder may protect individuals from obesity
December 13, 2018 - Scientists investigate how a painful event is processed in the brain
December 13, 2018 - Genetic study reveals new insights into underlying causes of moderate-to-severe asthma
December 13, 2018 - Vitamin C supplementation for pregnant smokers may reduce harm to infants’ lungs
December 13, 2018 - New study reveals yin-yang personality of dopamine
December 13, 2018 - Children with high levels of callous traits show widespread differences in brain structure
December 13, 2018 - Long-term Benefit of Steroid Injections for Knee Osteoarthritis Challenged
December 13, 2018 - Adding new channels to the brain remote control
December 13, 2018 - In the Spotlight: A different side of neuroscience
December 13, 2018 - Medical Marvels: Using immunotherapy for melanoma that spread to the brain
December 13, 2018 - Puzzles do not keep dementia away finds study
December 13, 2018 - New mouse model shows potential for rapid identification of promising muscular dystrophy therapies
December 13, 2018 - Study reveals urban and rural differences in prenatal exposure to essential and toxic elements
December 13, 2018 - New collaborative partnership in quest of novel antibiotics
December 13, 2018 - Single tau molecule holds clues to help diagnose neurodegeneration in its earliest stages
December 13, 2018 - AHA Scientific Statement: Low Risk of Side Effects for Statins
December 13, 2018 - What Is Acute Flaccid Myelitis?
December 13, 2018 - How bereaved people control their thoughts without knowing it
December 13, 2018 - Health care democratization underway, according to 2nd annual Stanford Medicine Health Trends Report | News Center
December 13, 2018 - Going Beyond a Single Color
December 13, 2018 - London-based startup launches ‘thedrug.store’ aiming to clean up CBD industry
December 13, 2018 - Loss of tight junction barrier protein results in gastric cancer development
December 13, 2018 - Novel way to efficiently deliver anti-parasitic medicines
December 13, 2018 - RKI publishes new data on disease prevention and utilization of medical services
December 13, 2018 - High-tech, flexible patches sewn into clothes could help to stay warm
December 13, 2018 - The CCA releases three reports on requests for medical assistance in dying
December 13, 2018 - Restoring Hair Growth on Scarred Skin? Mouse Study Could Show the Way
December 13, 2018 - Probiotic use may reduce antibiotic prescriptions, researchers say
December 13, 2018 - Drug repositioning strategy identifies potential new treatments for epilepsy
December 13, 2018 - Chronic rhinitis associated with hospital readmissions for asthma and COPD patients
December 13, 2018 - Food poisoning discovery could save lives
December 13, 2018 - Cloned antibodies show potential to treat, diagnose life-threatening fungal infections
December 13, 2018 - Exercise may reduce colorectal cancer risk after weight loss
December 13, 2018 - Russian scientists create hardware-information system for brain disorders treatment
December 13, 2018 - Moderate alcohol consumption linked with lower risk of hospitalization
December 13, 2018 - Nurturing Healthy Neighborhoods | NIH News in Health
December 13, 2018 - Rise in meth and opioid use during pregnancy
December 13, 2018 - Researchers gain new insights into pediatric tumors
December 13, 2018 - FSU study finds racial disparity among adolescents receiving flu vaccine
December 13, 2018 - Study investigates attitudes toward implementation of ‘sex as a biological variable’ policy
December 13, 2018 - Drug cocktail induces cancer cell death by switching off energy supply
December 13, 2018 - Baculovirus virion completely eliminates liver-stage parasites in mouse model
December 13, 2018 - Researchers create noninvasive technology that detects when nerve cells fire
December 13, 2018 - Allen Institute for Immunology to partner with CU Anschutz to understand dynamics of human immune system
December 13, 2018 - Inability to do daily living tasks delays discharge of mental health patients
December 13, 2018 - Treating patients with hypertension induced albuminuria
December 13, 2018 - New substance could improve efficacy of established breast cancer treatments
December 13, 2018 - Scientists develop new stem cell line to study conversion of stem cells into muscle
December 13, 2018 - Re-programming the body’s energy pathway boosts kidney self-repair
December 13, 2018 - Research findings could help improve treatment of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorders
December 13, 2018 - The Microbiome Movement announce Microbiotica as official industry partner
December 13, 2018 - New study reveals potential benefits of cEEG monitoring for infant ICU patients
December 13, 2018 - Whole-body imaging PET/MRI offers information to guide treatment options for prostate cancer
December 13, 2018 - International investigators fight against the negative campaign on benzodiazepines
December 13, 2018 - Targeting biochemical pathway may lead to new therapies for alleviating symptoms of anxiety disorders
December 13, 2018 - FDA Approves Tolsura (SUBA®-itraconazole capsules) for the Treatment of Certain Fungal Infections
December 13, 2018 - Are scientists studying the wrong kind of mice?
December 13, 2018 - Computer memory: A scientific team builds a virtual model of a key brain region
December 13, 2018 - Visual inspection alone is insufficient to diagnose skin cancer
December 13, 2018 - Paternal grandfather’s access to food associated with grandson’s mortality risk
December 13, 2018 - Our brain senses angry voices in a flash, study shows
December 13, 2018 - PM2.5 Exposure Linked to Asthma Rescue Medication Use
December 13, 2018 - Can’t exercise? A hot bath may help improve inflammation, metabolism, study suggests
December 13, 2018 - Can artificial intelligence help doctors with the human side of medicine?
December 13, 2018 - Virginia Tech and UC San Diego researchers team up to develop nonopioid drug for chronic pain
December 13, 2018 - NIH offers support for HIV care and prevention research in the southern United States
December 12, 2018 - Activating brain region could revive the urge to socialize among opioid addicts
December 12, 2018 - Relationship impairment appears to interfere with seeking mental health treatment in men
HIV epidemic raging across Europe finds report

HIV epidemic raging across Europe finds report

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

A new report has found that there is an HIV epidemic across Europe especially in Eastern Europe. The new diagnoses rose in 2017 the report said but the speed of rise has slowed. The report was released by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control and the WHO Regional Office for Europe.

The report finds that there have been 160,000 new diagnosis in 2017. The reports were highest in the Eastern European region at 130,000. The report states that in the East there are 51.1 new cases diagnosed per 100,000 people while there are 6.4 new cases per 100,000 people and 3.2 diagnoses per 100,000 people in Central Europe. The report calls the rates in Eastern Europe “disproportionately higher”. There is a 68 percent rise since 2008 in the region, the report adds.  

Further Russia reported a very high rate of new diagnosis at 71 new cases per 100,000 people. Ukraine and Belarus followed closely. Over the last 30 years there have been over 2.32 million HIV diagnoses in Europe and according to WHO 36.9 million people are living with HIV across the world in 2017. Of these Africa seems to be the worst hit with 25.7 million HIV positive individuals in 2017.

The WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS has targeted “90-90-90 target by 2020” which means 90 percent of HIV positive people being diagnosed and 90 percent people to be provided with antiretroviral therapy and 90 percent of those treated achieve viral suppression. This target is part of the “Sustainable Development Goal of eliminating HIV in Europe, and worldwide, by 2030.”

Dr. Masoud Dara, coordinator of communicable diseases and HIV team lead at WHO Europe in a statement said, “We are quite far behind achieving those targets, particularly in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The significance in this report is that we can see a sharp difference between Eastern Europe and the European Union where the number of HIV infection numbers is dropping.” The report adds that to meet these targets the infection rates need to come down to 78 percent by 2020.

According to Dara the main reasons behind high rates of HIV in Eastern Europe is the lack of adequate preventive strategies. He said, “The most important thing is to make sure that people … injecting drug users, commercial sex workers and men who have sex with men have good preventative measures in place. For injecting drug users, they need to have clear needle exchange programs. We do not have many of these in Eastern European countries as opposed to Western Europe.” He also added that early testing of HIV is essential to prevent transmission. Treatment of HIV positive patients and preventing transmission is the key to bringing down numbers he said. While unprotected male homosexual sexual intercourses remain the main cause of transmission in European Union and European Economic Area, intravenous drug use and heterosexual sex was the main mode of HIV transmission in Eastern Europe, the report stated. Around 59 percent of cases in Eastern Europe are due to heterosexual contact the report finds.

WHO Regional Director for Europe Zsuzsanna Jakab has called forth the governments to “scale up” their responses. There should be adequate investments in prevention, treatment and detection, the report adds. Dr. Anton Pozniak, president of the International AIDS Society also called for removal of the stigma around HIV AIDS. “Policies that reduce social marginalisation, stigma and discrimination are needed as are increased funding for prevention and testing… In the East, particularly in Russia, the shift away from progressive policies towards socially conservative legislation is a barrier to implementing HIV prevention and treatment,” Pozniak said in a statement.

Vytenis Andriukaitis, the European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, in a statement said, “Despite our efforts, HIV still damages the lives of so many people, and causes not only much suffering and illness, but also discrimination and stigmatisation. A lot of progress has been made, but there is still much more we must do. We need to capitalise on the full potential of our joint and sustained actions, as well as increased collaboration with our partners across borders if we want to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of eliminating HIV – in Europe and worldwide – by 2030.”

These data and reports along with the warnings come ahead of the World AIDS Day on December 1.

Source:

http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/communicable-diseases/hivaids/news/news/2018/11/countries-of-eastern-europe-and-central-asia-improve-access-to-hiv,-tb-and-viral-hepatitis-diagnostic-technologies-and-medicines

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles