Breaking News
May 3, 2019 - Vaping and Smoking May Signal Greater Motivation to Quit
May 3, 2019 - Dementia looks different in brains of Hispanics
May 3, 2019 - Short-Staffed Nursing Homes See Drop In Medicare Ratings
May 3, 2019 - Study of teens with eating disorders explores how substance users differ from non-substance users
May 3, 2019 - Scientists develop new video game that may help in the study of Alzheimer’s
May 3, 2019 - Arc Bio introduces Galileo Pathogen Solution product line at ASM Clinical Virology Symposium
May 3, 2019 - Cornell University study uncovers relationship between starch digestion gene and gut bacteria
May 3, 2019 - How to Safely Use Glucose Meters and Test Strips for Diabetes
May 3, 2019 - Anti-inflammatory drugs ineffective for prevention of Alzheimer’s disease
May 3, 2019 - Study tracks Pennsylvania’s oil and gas waste-disposal practices
May 3, 2019 - Creating a better radiation diagnostic test for astronauts
May 3, 2019 - Vegans are often deficient in these four nutrients
May 3, 2019 - PPDC announces seed grants to develop medical devices for children
May 3, 2019 - Study maps out the frequency and impact of water polo head injuries
May 3, 2019 - Research on Reddit identifies risks associated with unproven treatments for opioid addiction
May 3, 2019 - Good smells may help ease tobacco cravings
May 3, 2019 - Medical financial hardship found to be very common among people in the United States
May 3, 2019 - Researchers develop multimodal system for personalized post-stroke rehabilitation
May 3, 2019 - Study shows significant mortality benefit with CABG over percutaneous coronary intervention
May 3, 2019 - Will gene-editing of human embryos ever be justifiable?
May 3, 2019 - FDA Approves Dengvaxia (dengue vaccine) for the Prevention of Dengue Disease in Endemic Regions
May 3, 2019 - Why Tonsillitis Keeps Coming Back
May 3, 2019 - Fighting the opioid epidemic with data
May 3, 2019 - Maggot sausages may soon be a reality
May 3, 2019 - Deletion of ATDC gene prevents development of pancreatic cancer in mice
May 2, 2019 - Targeted Therapy Promising for Rare Hematologic Cancer
May 2, 2019 - Alzheimer’s disease is a ‘double-prion disorder,’ study shows
May 2, 2019 - Reservoir bugs: How one bacterial menace makes its home in the human stomach
May 2, 2019 - Clinical, Admin Staff From Cardiology Get Sneak Peek at Epic
May 2, 2019 - Depression increases hospital use and mortality in children
May 2, 2019 - Vicon and NOC support CURE International to create first gait lab in Ethiopia
May 2, 2019 - Researchers use 3D printer to make paper organs
May 2, 2019 - Viral infection in utero associated with behavioral abnormalities in offspring
May 2, 2019 - U.S. Teen Opioid Deaths Soaring
May 2, 2019 - Opioid distribution data should be public
May 2, 2019 - In the Spotlight: “I’m learning every single day”
May 2, 2019 - 2019 Schaefer Scholars Announced
May 2, 2019 - Podcast: KHN’s ‘What The Health?’ Bye-Bye, ACA, And Hello ‘Medicare-For-All’?
May 2, 2019 - Study describes new viral molecular evasion mechanism used by cytomegalovirus
May 2, 2019 - SLU study suggests a more equitable way for Medicare reimbursement
May 2, 2019 - Scientists discover first gene involved in lower urinary tract obstruction
May 2, 2019 - Researchers identify 34 genes associated with increased risk of ovarian cancer
May 2, 2019 - Many low-income infants receive formula in the first few days of life, finds study
May 2, 2019 - Global study finds high success rate for hip and knee replacements
May 2, 2019 - Taking depression seriously: What is it?
May 2, 2019 - With Head Injuries Mounting, Will Cities Put Their Feet Down On E-Scooters?
May 2, 2019 - Scientists develop small fluorophores for tracking metabolites in living cells
May 2, 2019 - Study casts new light into how mothers’ and babies’ genes influence birth weight
May 2, 2019 - Researchers uncover new brain mechanisms regulating body weight
May 2, 2019 - Organ-on-chip systems offered to Asia-Pacific regions by Sydney’s AXT
May 2, 2019 - Adoption of new rules drops readmission penalties against safety net hospitals
May 2, 2019 - Kids and teens who consume zero-calorie sweetened beverages do not save calories
May 2, 2019 - Improved procedure for cancer-related erectile dysfunction
May 2, 2019 - Hormone may improve social behavior in autism
May 2, 2019 - Alzheimer’s disease may be caused by infectious proteins called prions
May 2, 2019 - Even Doctors Can’t Navigate Our ‘Broken Health Care System’
May 2, 2019 - Study looks at the impact on criminal persistence of head injuries
May 2, 2019 - Honey ‘as high in sugars as table sugar’
May 2, 2019 - Innovations to U.S. food system could help consumers in choosing healthy foods
May 2, 2019 - FDA Approves Mavyret (glecaprevir and pibrentasvir) as First Treatment for All Genotypes of Hepatitis C in Pediatric Patients
May 2, 2019 - Women underreport prevalence and intensity of their own snoring
May 2, 2019 - Concussion summit focuses on science behind brain injury
May 2, 2019 - Booker’s Argument For Environmental Justice Stays Within The Lines
May 2, 2019 - Cornell research explains increased metastatic cancer risk in diabetics
May 2, 2019 - Mount Sinai study provides fresh insights into cellular pathways that cause cancer
May 2, 2019 - Researchers to study link between prenatal pesticide exposures and childhood ADHD
May 2, 2019 - CoGEN Congress 2019: Speakers’ overviews
May 2, 2019 - A new strategy for managing diabetic macular edema in people with good vision
May 2, 2019 - Sagent Pharmaceuticals Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Ketorolac Tromethamine Injection, USP, 60mg/2mL (30mg per mL) Due to Lack of Sterility Assurance
May 2, 2019 - Screen time associated with behavioral problems in preschoolers
May 2, 2019 - Hormone reduces social impairment in kids with autism | News Center
May 2, 2019 - Researchers synthesize peroxidase-mimicking nanozyme with low cost and superior catalytic activity
May 2, 2019 - Study results of a potential drug to treat Type 2 diabetes in children announced
May 2, 2019 - Multigene test helps doctors to make effective treatment decisions for breast cancer patients
May 2, 2019 - UNC School of Medicine initiative providing unique care to dementia patients
May 2, 2019 - Nestlé Health Science and VHP join forces to launch innovative COPES program for cancer patients
May 2, 2019 - Study examines how our brain generates consciousness and loses it during anesthesia
May 2, 2019 - Transition Support Program May Aid Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes
May 2, 2019 - Study shows how neutrophils exacerbate atherosclerosis by inducing smooth muscle-cell death
May 2, 2019 - Research reveals complexity of how we make decisions
A sense of rhythm—why do we have it and what does it mean to us?

A sense of rhythm—why do we have it and what does it mean to us?

Almost everything we do incorporates rhythm. At the University of Oslo 50 researchers from all over the world will provide us with some new answers about the meaning of rhythm for people – and possibly also develop the world’s best dancing robot.

“If we can understand more about rhythm, we will understand more about how people function,” says Professor Anne Danielsen.

Professor Danielsen and Associate Professor Alexander Jensenius are jointly responsible for running the RITMO Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Rhythm, Time and Motion. 

RITMO is a centre for excellence in research (CER) at which the Department of Musicology, the Department of Informatics (MatNat) and the Department of Psychology (SV) are engaged in cooperation. The Centre was officially opened on Thursday 15 November.

“We are excited and really looking forward to getting properly started,” says Professor Jensenius.

Running and drinking coffee

Over the course of the next 10 years, the researchers at RITMO will conduct research on all general aspects of rhythm – not just in music, but in all areas of life.

“Many people probably don’t think about it much, but rhythm is extremely important in almost everything we do. Rhythm is necessary for understanding events in time, for engaging in dialogue and for coordinating and synchronising ourselves with one another,” says Professor Danielsen.

The Centre is aiming to identify the mechanisms which lie behind how people perceive and use rhythm.

“Just take walking for example. Or running. These involve two different types of rhythm. If you run in the company of others, you start to synchronise your steps with theirs. If you listen to music, then you may have an extra dimension to synchronise with,” says Professor Jensenius.

“Or even drinking a cup of coffee,” continues Professor Danielsen.

“The movement involved in lifting a cup, taking it up to your mouth, inclining your body, leaning back again and gently placing it back on the table. There is rhythm in that too. You know when the cup reaches your mouth and when it touches the table surface again, and your adjust your movements accordingly,” she says.

Human robot dance

One example of this is this interactive music dance (see the video below). Instead of the dancer dancing to the music, the dancer creates the music with the dance. Credit: University of Oslo

The researchers at the RITMO Centre will not just be using technology in order to understand rhythms. They will also use it to develop rhythms which will enable computers or robots to move rhythmically and to co-exist with people rhythmically.

“At present robots move in a very “meh meh” sort of way,” says Professor Jensenius, as he demonstrates chopping movements with his arms.

“At the moment robots are not very good at adapting to whatever is taking place around them. If you think about the complexity involved in human movements – for example, simply lifting a cup of coffee – it is incredibly hard to make a robot do that. This is the sort of thing we want to investigate and understand,” he says.

“We are absolutely motivated to make a dancing robot. Not a humanoid robot, but one with movements which will incorporate human qualities. Maybe it will become a world champion robotic dancer,” he smiles.

Soft and hard

Both professors point out the Centre’s interdisciplinary attributes as being a decisive factor for acquiring a better understanding of rhythm. 

“Thanks to our background in the humanities we possess extremely good expertise on interpreting and drawing up interesting and relevant questions. In order to test and engage in experimental work, we also have people at the Centre who are highly skilled in respect of technology and experimental neuroscientific studies,” says Professor Danielsen.

“We have people who are engaged in the softest of the soft to the hardest of the hard,” he adds.

Small details

RITMO consists of around 50 researchers – not just from Norway, but also from countries such as China, Germany, England and Turkey. 

“This is basic research which we are building up piece by piece, so it is fantastic to have the opportunity to gather so many people and work on this over a long period of time. The more we work on this, the more complex we see that it is,” says Professor Jensenius.

The researchers at RITMO also need to find new methods and develop new technology, because they are addressing questions which have never previously been investigated.

“We are working a lot with microtime and micromovement, which means that we are pushing ing our systems to the extreme. We have purchased the best equipment currently available in the world, but even so we are being challenged by trying to measure the small details that we are looking for. We are talking about milliseconds and millimetres,” he says.


Explore further:
Clapping Music app reveals that changing rhythm isn’t so easy

Provided by:
University of Oslo

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles