Breaking News
March 21, 2019 - Smell of skin could lead to early diagnosis for Parkinson’s
March 21, 2019 - Difference in brain connectivity may explain autism spectrum disorder
March 21, 2019 - Untangling the microbiome — with statistics
March 21, 2019 - Human microbiome metabolites enhance colon injury by enterohemorrhagic E. coli, study shows
March 21, 2019 - Written media can improve citizens’ understanding of palliative care
March 21, 2019 - New research aims to find how asthma symptoms are aggravated
March 21, 2019 - New $9.7 million NIH grant project seeks to improve hearing restoration
March 21, 2019 - Researchers measure brain metabolite levels in people with mild memory problems
March 21, 2019 - FDA approves first drug for treatment of postpartum depression in adult women
March 20, 2019 - Gene editing and designer babies experiments face global moratorium
March 20, 2019 - Major scientific study of wound care dressings wins ‘Best Clinical or Preclinical Research Award’
March 20, 2019 - Biohaven Enrolls First Patient In Phase 3 Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Trial Of Troriluzole
March 20, 2019 - Big data study identifies drugs that increase risk of psychosis in youth with ADHD
March 20, 2019 - Mystery novel and dream spur key scientific insight into heart defect | News Center
March 20, 2019 - Study measures impact of policies designed to reduce air pollution in two mega-cities
March 20, 2019 - Mild sleep apnea during pregnancy changes sugar levels and may affect infant growth patterns
March 20, 2019 - SSB and Novasep collaborate to develop new membrane chromatography systems
March 20, 2019 - Leaky valve repair improves quality of life in heart failure patients
March 20, 2019 - Diattenuation Imaging offers structural information of difficult to access brain regions
March 20, 2019 - Early sports specialization linked to increased injury rates during athletic career
March 20, 2019 - Study brings clarity about milk intake for children with Duarte galactosemia
March 20, 2019 - Allergan Announces FDA Acceptance of New Drug Application for Ubrogepant for the Acute Treatment of Migraine
March 20, 2019 - Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases risk of ADHD among offspring up to three-fold
March 20, 2019 - Pioneering pediatric kidney transplant surgeon Oscar Salvatierra dies at 83 | News Center
March 20, 2019 - F.D.A. Approves First Drug for Postpartum Depression
March 20, 2019 - TB remains a major public health challenge in the European region
March 20, 2019 - Most pills contain common allergens, warn experts
March 20, 2019 - Researchers discover previously unknown mechanism by which cells can sense oxygen
March 20, 2019 - World’s leading source of data on diagnosis, treatments for aortic dissection
March 20, 2019 - Breast cancer relapse predictor may soon be a reality
March 20, 2019 - Researchers identify origin of chronic pain in humans
March 20, 2019 - Two-drug combinations containing calcium channel blocker significantly lowers BP
March 20, 2019 - King’s scientists to monitor air quality exposure of 250 children
March 20, 2019 - Preventative cardioverter defibrillator implantation is of little benefit to kidney dialysis patients
March 20, 2019 - New method based on neurofeedback may reduce anxiety
March 20, 2019 - Study explores whether alcohol consumption can have an effect on arthritis
March 20, 2019 - Merck to collaborate with GenScript for plasmid and virus manufacturing in China
March 20, 2019 - FDA Approves Zulresso (brexanolone) for the Treatment of Postpartum Depression
March 20, 2019 - Study examines long-term opioid use in patients with severe osteoarthritis
March 20, 2019 - Retired Stanford professor Edward Rubenstein, pioneer in intensive care medicine, dies at 94 | News Center
March 20, 2019 - Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center to Join Columbia University
March 20, 2019 - Call for halt to human gene editing and designer babies experiments
March 20, 2019 - Study illuminates how hot spots of genetic variation evolved in the human genome
March 20, 2019 - Roundworm study suggests alternatives for treatment of schizophrenia
March 20, 2019 - Sphingotec reports new applications of bio-ADM at 39th ISICEM
March 20, 2019 - Preventing falls through free community-based screenings for older adults
March 20, 2019 - AAOS: Supplement Use Low in Patients With Osteoporosis, Hip Fracture
March 20, 2019 - Does intensive blood pressure control reduce dementia?
March 20, 2019 - Nut consumption could be key to better cognitive health in older people
March 20, 2019 - Drinking hot tea associated with increased risk of esophageal cancer
March 20, 2019 - Androgen receptor plays vital role in regulating multiple mitochondrial processes
March 20, 2019 - NIH announces funding boost for Detroit Cardiovascular Training Program
March 20, 2019 - Study reveals another surgical option for patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears
March 20, 2019 - New robot-guided video game may be effective and low-cost solution for caregivers
March 20, 2019 - Heart Attacks Fall By One-Third Among Older Americans
March 20, 2019 - Data sharing uncovers five new risk genes for Alzheimer’s disease
March 20, 2019 - Does It Make Sense To Delay Children’s Vaccines?
March 20, 2019 - Lack of health insurance may increase Aging immigrants’ risk for cardiovascular disease
March 20, 2019 - Piece of puzzle unlocked in what drives alcohol addiction
March 20, 2019 - Researchers investigate whether Zika reservoirs are found in the Americas
March 20, 2019 - Compounds found in coffee may inhibit growth of prostate cancer
March 20, 2019 - Lab Innovations returns to the NEC on 30 & 31 October 2019
March 20, 2019 - How genes affect tobacco and alcohol use
March 20, 2019 - Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis have similar impacts on patients
March 20, 2019 - Individuals with infection history have higher risk of developing Sjögren’s syndrome
March 20, 2019 - Nursing home residents benefit from individualized multi-component exercise program
March 20, 2019 - Plant cellulose bone implants are “viable” option to support new bone growth, study finds
March 20, 2019 - Older people living in retirement communities benefit from improved health
March 20, 2019 - UTSA professor helps train first responders to detect prescription opioid overdoses
March 20, 2019 - Biohaven’s Verdiperstat Receives Orphan Drug Designation From FDA For Multiple System Atrophy
March 20, 2019 - Smoking may limit body’s ability to fight dangerous form of skin cancer
March 20, 2019 - Researchers receive $9.7-million grant to develop new hearing-loss treatments for deaf
March 20, 2019 - TGen and ABL sign agreement to distribute new TB test technology
March 20, 2019 - UCD researchers lead development of new urine test to detect prostate cancer
March 20, 2019 - Miniature brains that can move muscles, grown in the lab
March 20, 2019 - Servier and Oncodesign announce research and drug development partnership
March 20, 2019 - FDA warns marketer of unapproved products claiming to treat addiction, chronic pain
March 20, 2019 - TB Medicine Pretomanid Enters Regulatory Review Process in the United States
March 20, 2019 - Breastfeeding can erase effects of prenatal violence for newborns
March 20, 2019 - Tens of Thousands of Heart Patients May Not Need Open-Heart Surgery
Subsidies for infection control to healthcare institutions help reduce infection levels

Subsidies for infection control to healthcare institutions help reduce infection levels

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print
healthcare
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

As populations age and hospitalization and long-term care become more common, healthcare-associated infections, including many caused by drug-resistant pathogens, are increasing in importance and pose a significant threat to patient safety. Patients who are discharged to the community and later re-hospitalized can spread infection and colonization from one healthcare facility to another. Therefore, infection control measures at one hospital may impact risk of infection at other institutions or at community and regional levels. In a landmark paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at CDDEP and Princeton University have called for a regional approach to infection control. That recommendation is now being observed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Incentivizing infection control at any single institution can be difficult in a diverse healthcare system such as in the United States. In this new study, researchers explored whether financial subsidies and other forms of monetary compensation to healthcare facilities could encourage hospital-acquired infection control measures. Researchers at the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP) and Princeton University developed a game-theory model of epidemiology and hospital behavior to assess the impact of different forms of subsidies on hospital infection control.

Researchers compared three types of subsidies: a subsidy tied to the number of uninfected patients (equivalent to a tax on infected patients), a fixed subsidy, and a dollar-for-dollar matching subsidy. Under a limited budget, researchers found that a dollar-for-dollar matching subsidy, in which policymakers match hospital spending for infection control measures, was the most effective at reducing the number of hospital-acquired infections.

In hospitals with high transmission and/or high levels of patients with infections on admission, a matching subsidy resulted in a hospital increasing its own spending. Additionally, in a two-hospital model, researchers demonstrated that subsidies should be preferentially given to hospitals with lower transmission rates in order to improve infection control for both facilities.

“We need to find ways to improve infection control in U.S. hospitals, and financial incentives could provide a strong motivation,” said Ramanan Laxminarayan, CDDEP director and senior author on the study. “The cost of infection control is small compared to the tremendous cost-reduction that could be achieved across the system.”

The study, titled “Incentivizing Hospital Infection Control,” was published on March 11, 2019 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America and is available online here.


Study estimates transmission of deadly C. diff infection


More information:
Sarah E. Drohan et al, Incentivizing hospital infection control, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2019). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1812231116


Provided by
Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy

Citation:
Subsidies for infection control to healthcare institutions help reduce infection levels (2019, March 13)
retrieved 15 March 2019
from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-03-subsidies-infection-healthcare.html

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no
part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles