Breaking News
April 20, 2019 - Texas A&M AgriLife becomes the newest member of NutriRECS international consortium
April 20, 2019 - In most states, insurance won’t cover addiction treatments
April 20, 2019 - Computer-based memory games may be beneficial for individuals with fragile X syndrome
April 20, 2019 - Timing of food intake influences molecular clock in the liver of mice
April 20, 2019 - Precise decoding of breast cancer cells paves way for new treatment option
April 20, 2019 - Scientists use 3D imaging to help model complex processes performed by placenta
April 20, 2019 - MediciNova Announces Plans to Move Forward with a Phase 3 Trial of MN-166 (ibudilast) in ALS
April 20, 2019 - Genetic variants that protect against obesity could aid new weight loss medicines
April 20, 2019 - New technology developed for microscopic imaging in living organisms
April 20, 2019 - when quitting cigarettes, consider using more nicotine, not less
April 20, 2019 - Key proteins can block Listeria without triggering the death of host cells
April 20, 2019 - Researchers create a working model of cerebral tract to study brain function
April 20, 2019 - New study shows that microbes can help break toxic chemical in dust
April 20, 2019 - Scientists use NIR light and injected DNA nanodevice to guide stem cells to injury
April 20, 2019 - Microbial Features ID’d for Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome
April 20, 2019 - Study reveals patterns of drug intoxication deaths, organ donors across the US
April 20, 2019 - Scientists deploy CRISPR gene-editing tool to engineer multiple edits
April 20, 2019 - AHA News: Here’s How Middle-Aged People — Especially Women — Can Avoid a Heart Attack
April 20, 2019 - Charcot foot: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
April 20, 2019 - France to ban popular breast implants over cancer risk: media
April 20, 2019 - Researchers explore whether time of day can affect the body’s response to physical exertion
April 20, 2019 - CPAP brings longer life for obese people with sleep apnea: Study
April 20, 2019 - New discovery transforms conventional microfluidics into open-space microfluidics
April 20, 2019 - An accurate estimation of the overall cost of bacterial resistance in French hospitals during 2015 and 2016
April 20, 2019 - ‘PRO-cision Medicine’ approach helps personalize care for patients with cancer
April 19, 2019 - TG Therapeutics Receives Orphan Drug Designation for Umbralisib from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the Treatment of Marginal Zone Lymphoma
April 19, 2019 - Screen time—even before bed—has little impact on teen well-being: study
April 19, 2019 - Cytosurge’s first FluidFM User Conference
April 19, 2019 - New study finds that previously described differences among endoscopists are not true
April 19, 2019 - Study compares effectiveness and cost of gene therapy and HSCT in major beta-thalassemia
April 19, 2019 - Scientific breakthrough provides new hope for people living with multiple sclerosis
April 19, 2019 - New Virtual Reality Therapy game could offer relief for patients with chronic pain, mobility issues
April 19, 2019 - Emergency medicine doctors find better way to treat severe epileptic seizures in children
April 19, 2019 - MedlinePlus: Cholesterol Good and Bad
April 19, 2019 - For busy medical students, two-hour meditation study may be as beneficial as longer course
April 19, 2019 - Music therapy helps young patients feel better
April 19, 2019 - Molecular target UNC45A is essential for cancer cell proliferation and tumor growth
April 19, 2019 - Crackling and wheezing could be the sounds of a progressing lung disease
April 19, 2019 - Key research takeaways from ECCMID 2019
April 19, 2019 - AI Can Identify Model of Cardiac Rhythm Device From Chest X-Ray
April 19, 2019 - New way to combat childhood anxiety: treat the parents
April 19, 2019 - Women getting C-sections best judge of own pain medication needs | News Center
April 19, 2019 - Light-intensity physical activity associated with healthy brain aging
April 19, 2019 - Immune responses that prevent fungal infections may eliminate Trichinella spiralis
April 19, 2019 - Exercising in the morning, rather than at night, may yield better results, shows study
April 19, 2019 - Why eating ‘right’ could cause you to stray from your diet
April 19, 2019 - Health Tip: Antidepressant Precautions – Drugs.com MedNews
April 19, 2019 - Bigger portions lead to preschoolers eating more over time
April 19, 2019 - Specific strains of Staphylococcus aureus linked to wounds that do not heal
April 19, 2019 - Morning exercise may burn more calories
April 19, 2019 - Revolutionary discovery paves new way for treatment of necrotizing enterocolitis
April 19, 2019 - Drug that treats high blood pressure shows promise against neurodegenerative diseases
April 19, 2019 - More care is needed for patients after kidney transplantations, reports research
April 19, 2019 - Virtual reality offers benefits for Parkinson’s disease patients
April 19, 2019 - Liver Illness Strikes Latino Children Like A ‘Silent Tsunami’
April 19, 2019 - Disruptive behaviors in autistic children linked to reduced brain connectivity
April 19, 2019 - New insights into how vitamin D affects immune system
April 19, 2019 - Research sheds light on how hepatitis B virus establishes chronic infection
April 19, 2019 - New scoring system based on genetic markers predicts obesity risk at birth
April 19, 2019 - Pfizer Announces Presentation of Data from a Phase 2 Study of its 20-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Candidate Being Investigated for the Prevention of Invasive Disease and Pneumonia in Adults Aged 18 Years and Older
April 19, 2019 - Exercise can improve non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
April 19, 2019 - Phasefocus to launch new cell imaging system
April 19, 2019 - KZFPs play a key role in the regulation of human genome
April 19, 2019 - DWK Life Sciences offers Workflow Solutions to improve productivity
April 19, 2019 - Bedfont wins 2nd accolade at the South East FSB Awards 2019
April 19, 2019 - Extracts of ginkgo seeds show antibacterial activity on pathogens that cause skin infections
April 19, 2019 - Groundbreaking experiment in pigs challenges the notion about brain damage
April 19, 2019 - Improving the quality of digital pathology imaging
April 19, 2019 - Scientists get closer to injecting artificial lymph nodes into people to fight disease
April 19, 2019 - Exercises and swimming goggles may reduce adverse effects on eye during long spaceflights
April 19, 2019 - Review suggests a reciprocal relationship between obesity and self-control
April 19, 2019 - Synthetic biologists add analog-to-digital signal processing to genetic circuitry of living cells
April 19, 2019 - Study identifies how enterococci bacteria cause antibiotic-resistant bloodstream infections
April 19, 2019 - Triple negative breast cancer develop resistance to chemotherapy by turning on molecular pathway
April 19, 2019 - Researchers identify key clues to brain and pancreas development
April 19, 2019 - Metformin May Cut Risk for Prematurity, Miscarriage in PCOS
April 19, 2019 - Obese mouse mothers trigger heart problems in offspring
April 19, 2019 - Research sheds light on how leukemia cells become resistant to drugs
April 19, 2019 - Health Tip: Stopping Nosebleeds – Drugs.com MedNews
April 19, 2019 - Pediatric endocrinologist gives iconic ‘Mona Lisa’ a second medical opinion
Modulating stiffness of blood-forming stem cells could facilitate mobilization procedures

Modulating stiffness of blood-forming stem cells could facilitate mobilization procedures

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Scientists at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Georgia Tech have found that modulating blood-forming stem cells’ stiffness could possibly facilitate mobilization procedures used for stem cell-based transplants.

Temporary squishiness could help drive blood-forming stem cells out of the bone marrow and into the blood, but the cells need to be stiff to stay put and replenish the blood and immune system, the researchers have found. The results from animal research were published on March 14 in the journal Cell Stem Cell.

How deformable cells are, and thus how stiff or squishy they are, plays an important role in retaining blood-forming stem cells in their marrow niches and thus preserving their long-term repopulation capabilities, says lead author Cheng-Kui Qu, MD, PhD. The research provides insights into how alterations in blood stem cell biomechanics can be associated with certain blood disorders, including leukemias.

“Bone marrow transplants”, as part of a treatment strategy for cancer, don’t usually involve physically extracting bone marrow. Instead, doctors use a drug (G-CSF) that encourages blood-forming stem cells to leave the bone marrow and enter the blood, because it generally gives a higher yield. However, that is not the case for about a third of patients, for whom mobilization is insufficient. Qu says one of the experiments in the paper was a “proof-of-concept” for a strategy that could supplement conventional approaches.

Qu is professor of pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine, Winship Cancer Institute and Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta. The first author of the paper is postdoctoral fellow Fang Ni, MD, PhD.

Qu and his colleagues were studying an enzyme, Ptpn21, which is highly expressed in blood stem cells and helps reshape parts of a cell’s internal skeleton. The scientists generated mice without Ptpn21, and in the bone marrow of the mutant mice. There were fewer stem cells and early progenitor cells. In addition, blood-forming stem cells tended to be further away (twice as far) from the niches where they usually reside.

The mutant mice were very sensitive to chemotherapy drugs, but it was also easier to spur blood stem cells out of their bone marrow. These observations suggested deformability as an explanation. Blood stem cells from mutant mice could more easily squeeze through narrow pores.

“Our initial observations led to a wonderful collaboration with the Lam and Sulchek labs,” Qu says.

Qu approached Wilbur Lam and Todd Sulchek, biomedical engineers who are experts on studying the mechanical characteristics of cells. The Ptpn21-mutant cells were indeed squishier, and the scientists were able to measure exactly how much.

Qu’s lab performed additional experiments to pin down how the loss of Ptpn21 affects cell deformability. They found they could make cells lacking Ptpn21 stiff again by interfering with the function of another protein, Septin1. In addition, they showed that treating normal mice with blebbistatin, which interferes with parts of a cell’s internal skeleton, also results in mobilization of stem cells into the blood. Qu cautions that blebbistatin may also be having systemic effects on the mice.

“Our findings are that normal blood-forming stem cells are stiffer and less deformable than differentiated blood cells,” Qu says. “This helps us better understand the pathogenesis of blood disorders associated with loss of stem cell quiescence. In addition, our findings suggest that cell biomechanics can be leveraged to improve current mobilization regimens for stem cell-based therapy.”

Lam is a clinical hematologist-bioengineer at the Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center of Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, associate professor of pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine and a faculty member in the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory. Sulchek is associate professor of mechanical engineering at Georgia Tech.

Source:

http://news.emory.edu/stories/2019/03/qu_deformable_stem_cells/

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles