Breaking News
May 3, 2019 - Vaping and Smoking May Signal Greater Motivation to Quit
May 3, 2019 - Dementia looks different in brains of Hispanics
May 3, 2019 - Short-Staffed Nursing Homes See Drop In Medicare Ratings
May 3, 2019 - Study of teens with eating disorders explores how substance users differ from non-substance users
May 3, 2019 - Scientists develop new video game that may help in the study of Alzheimer’s
May 3, 2019 - Arc Bio introduces Galileo Pathogen Solution product line at ASM Clinical Virology Symposium
May 3, 2019 - Cornell University study uncovers relationship between starch digestion gene and gut bacteria
May 3, 2019 - How to Safely Use Glucose Meters and Test Strips for Diabetes
May 3, 2019 - Anti-inflammatory drugs ineffective for prevention of Alzheimer’s disease
May 3, 2019 - Study tracks Pennsylvania’s oil and gas waste-disposal practices
May 3, 2019 - Creating a better radiation diagnostic test for astronauts
May 3, 2019 - Vegans are often deficient in these four nutrients
May 3, 2019 - PPDC announces seed grants to develop medical devices for children
May 3, 2019 - Study maps out the frequency and impact of water polo head injuries
May 3, 2019 - Research on Reddit identifies risks associated with unproven treatments for opioid addiction
May 3, 2019 - Good smells may help ease tobacco cravings
May 3, 2019 - Medical financial hardship found to be very common among people in the United States
May 3, 2019 - Researchers develop multimodal system for personalized post-stroke rehabilitation
May 3, 2019 - Study shows significant mortality benefit with CABG over percutaneous coronary intervention
May 3, 2019 - Will gene-editing of human embryos ever be justifiable?
May 3, 2019 - FDA Approves Dengvaxia (dengue vaccine) for the Prevention of Dengue Disease in Endemic Regions
May 3, 2019 - Why Tonsillitis Keeps Coming Back
May 3, 2019 - Fighting the opioid epidemic with data
May 3, 2019 - Maggot sausages may soon be a reality
May 3, 2019 - Deletion of ATDC gene prevents development of pancreatic cancer in mice
May 2, 2019 - Targeted Therapy Promising for Rare Hematologic Cancer
May 2, 2019 - Alzheimer’s disease is a ‘double-prion disorder,’ study shows
May 2, 2019 - Reservoir bugs: How one bacterial menace makes its home in the human stomach
May 2, 2019 - Clinical, Admin Staff From Cardiology Get Sneak Peek at Epic
May 2, 2019 - Depression increases hospital use and mortality in children
May 2, 2019 - Vicon and NOC support CURE International to create first gait lab in Ethiopia
May 2, 2019 - Researchers use 3D printer to make paper organs
May 2, 2019 - Viral infection in utero associated with behavioral abnormalities in offspring
May 2, 2019 - U.S. Teen Opioid Deaths Soaring
May 2, 2019 - Opioid distribution data should be public
May 2, 2019 - In the Spotlight: “I’m learning every single day”
May 2, 2019 - 2019 Schaefer Scholars Announced
May 2, 2019 - Podcast: KHN’s ‘What The Health?’ Bye-Bye, ACA, And Hello ‘Medicare-For-All’?
May 2, 2019 - Study describes new viral molecular evasion mechanism used by cytomegalovirus
May 2, 2019 - SLU study suggests a more equitable way for Medicare reimbursement
May 2, 2019 - Scientists discover first gene involved in lower urinary tract obstruction
May 2, 2019 - Researchers identify 34 genes associated with increased risk of ovarian cancer
May 2, 2019 - Many low-income infants receive formula in the first few days of life, finds study
May 2, 2019 - Global study finds high success rate for hip and knee replacements
May 2, 2019 - Taking depression seriously: What is it?
May 2, 2019 - With Head Injuries Mounting, Will Cities Put Their Feet Down On E-Scooters?
May 2, 2019 - Scientists develop small fluorophores for tracking metabolites in living cells
May 2, 2019 - Study casts new light into how mothers’ and babies’ genes influence birth weight
May 2, 2019 - Researchers uncover new brain mechanisms regulating body weight
May 2, 2019 - Organ-on-chip systems offered to Asia-Pacific regions by Sydney’s AXT
May 2, 2019 - Adoption of new rules drops readmission penalties against safety net hospitals
May 2, 2019 - Kids and teens who consume zero-calorie sweetened beverages do not save calories
May 2, 2019 - Improved procedure for cancer-related erectile dysfunction
May 2, 2019 - Hormone may improve social behavior in autism
May 2, 2019 - Alzheimer’s disease may be caused by infectious proteins called prions
May 2, 2019 - Even Doctors Can’t Navigate Our ‘Broken Health Care System’
May 2, 2019 - Study looks at the impact on criminal persistence of head injuries
May 2, 2019 - Honey ‘as high in sugars as table sugar’
May 2, 2019 - Innovations to U.S. food system could help consumers in choosing healthy foods
May 2, 2019 - FDA Approves Mavyret (glecaprevir and pibrentasvir) as First Treatment for All Genotypes of Hepatitis C in Pediatric Patients
May 2, 2019 - Women underreport prevalence and intensity of their own snoring
May 2, 2019 - Concussion summit focuses on science behind brain injury
May 2, 2019 - Booker’s Argument For Environmental Justice Stays Within The Lines
May 2, 2019 - Cornell research explains increased metastatic cancer risk in diabetics
May 2, 2019 - Mount Sinai study provides fresh insights into cellular pathways that cause cancer
May 2, 2019 - Researchers to study link between prenatal pesticide exposures and childhood ADHD
May 2, 2019 - CoGEN Congress 2019: Speakers’ overviews
May 2, 2019 - A new strategy for managing diabetic macular edema in people with good vision
May 2, 2019 - Sagent Pharmaceuticals Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Ketorolac Tromethamine Injection, USP, 60mg/2mL (30mg per mL) Due to Lack of Sterility Assurance
May 2, 2019 - Screen time associated with behavioral problems in preschoolers
May 2, 2019 - Hormone reduces social impairment in kids with autism | News Center
May 2, 2019 - Researchers synthesize peroxidase-mimicking nanozyme with low cost and superior catalytic activity
May 2, 2019 - Study results of a potential drug to treat Type 2 diabetes in children announced
May 2, 2019 - Multigene test helps doctors to make effective treatment decisions for breast cancer patients
May 2, 2019 - UNC School of Medicine initiative providing unique care to dementia patients
May 2, 2019 - Nestlé Health Science and VHP join forces to launch innovative COPES program for cancer patients
May 2, 2019 - Study examines how our brain generates consciousness and loses it during anesthesia
May 2, 2019 - Transition Support Program May Aid Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes
May 2, 2019 - Study shows how neutrophils exacerbate atherosclerosis by inducing smooth muscle-cell death
May 2, 2019 - Research reveals complexity of how we make decisions
U.S. Teen Opioid Deaths Soaring

U.S. Teen Opioid Deaths Soaring

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 — The number of American children and teens who have lost their lives to opioids has nearly tripled since 1999, a new report shows.

Based on data gathered by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the investigators found that the misuse of painkillers and/or illicit opioids (heroin and fentanyl) claimed the lives of nearly 9,000 American youths between 1999 and 2016.

Fatalities rose particularly sharply between 2013 and 2016, when some parts of the country saw five times the number of youth succumbing to opioids.

“While every region of the country has seen an increase in pediatric deaths from opioids, certain regions of the country have been hit particularly hard,” said lead study author Julie Gaither, an instructor in the department of pediatrics at Yale University.

For example, while opioid-related death rates among Americans under the age of 20 were highest in the Northeast in both 1999 and 2016, the death rate most rapidly increased in the Midwest, which saw an under-20 fatality jump of nearly 430%.

By contrast, the West only experienced a doubling of its pediatric death rate during the same time frame.

Why the difference?

“This remains an open question,” Gaither said. “Unfortunately, we know little about the circumstances behind fatal opioid poisonings in kids. The vast majority of research on opioid deaths has focused on adults.”

But Linda Richter, director of policy research and analysis with the Center on Addiction in New York City, said the findings “are highly consistent with overall regional differences in opioid misuse, addiction, overdose and deaths in the United States.

“Drug epidemics,” she explained, “are often regional, and the opioid epidemic has primarily hit the Northeast and Midwest due to drug trafficking routes,” with the West exposed to a smaller supply of illicit opioids from regional drug cartels.

“[So], the opioid epidemic has hit the Northeast the hardest, and has been spreading in recent years to the Midwest, as the illegal drug market has begun to hit that region,” Richter added.

Gaither added that there are regional differences in the availability of nalaxone (Narcan) — a prescription drug that rapidly reverses an opioid overdose in progress.

While the higher death rate has a lot to do with the rising use of heroin and painkillers among teens, the team found wide regional differences in that regard.

For example, heroin was the biggest culprit in the Northeast, at the root of nearly a third of all opioid deaths. But in the South it was the least implicated root cause, accounting for only about 18% of deaths.

Similarly, synthetic opioids (mostly fentanyl), were implicated in nearly 18% of pediatric opioid deaths in the Northeast, but just 9% in the South.

In contrast, “the West has not been as affected by these trends, as have other regions of the country,” Gaither said.

“What we do know is that opioids are in virtually every American home, and children are increasingly growing up with parents who are either using or misusing opioids,” she said. “Therefore, children now have greater chance of being exposed to the drugs than in the past.”

And Richter warned that “the more accessible these drugs are, the more likely kids are to try them, either intentionally to get high or, for younger kids, unintentionally because of curiosity or a tendency to put things in their mouths.”

To tackle the issue, Gaither argues that “parents need to be told how to store the medications and what to do with them when they are no longer needed.”

She also suggested that physicians, nurses and pharmacists “should begin to more widely consider whether their adult patients have children in the home, and educate them accordingly.”

The findings were recently presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting, in Baltimore. Research presented at meetings is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers more details about opioids.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: April 2019

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles