Credit: CC0 Public Domain As populations age and hospitalization and long-term care become more common, healthcare-associated infections, including many caused by drug-resistant pathogens, are increasing in importance and pose a significant threat to patient safety. Patients who are discharged to the community and later re-hospitalized can spread infection and colonization from one healthcare facility to […]Continue Reading ...
Electron micrographs of hepatitis C virus purified from cell culture. Scale bar is 50 nanometers. Credit: Center for the Study of Hepatitis C, The Rockefeller University. Nine patients at Penn Medicine have been cured of the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) following lifesaving heart transplants from deceased donors who were infected with the disease, according to […]Continue Reading ...
A new study of antibiotic prescribing finds that one-third of patients discharged from 48 Michigan hospitals for pneumonia or urinary tract infections received prescription for a fluoroquinolone antibiotic — a powerful group of drugs that carries the risk of serious side effects. The rate of prescribing the drugs was higher at hospitals that reported they […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain A randomized clinical study of adolescent boys with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) found that a diet low in free sugars (those sugars added to foods and beverages and occurring naturally in fruit juices) resulted in significant improvement in NAFLD compared to a usual diet. The study was conducted at Emory […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain In addition to regulating the body’s fluid balance by excreting greater or smaller amounts of urine, the kidneys also maintain the proper balance of electrolytes (salts) and the pH (an acid-base equilibrium) of the body. Excess acid is secreted into the urine by healthy kidneys. This process takes place in a […]Continue Reading ...
“Spit here, please.” Will this become the instruction we receive upon entering clinics, schools, apothecaries and ports of entry throughout the globe? One of the main factors enabling the continued transmission of malaria are individuals who are free from symptoms but carry the malaria parasite in their blood. However, the parasite numbers in the blood […]Continue Reading ...
Ectopic localization of embedded sand fleas on the back of the hand. Credit: Feldmeier, et al. (2018) Tungiasis, a tropical disease associated with poverty, is caused by the penetration of female sand fleas into a person’s skin, usually in their toes or feet. This week in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, researchers report five cases of […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain New research by the University of Bristol in collaboration with Medical Detection Dogs has found that the best trained alert dogs have the potential to vastly improve the quality of life of people living with Type 1 diabetes. As reported in PLOS One, on average trained dogs alerted their owners to […]Continue Reading ...
Carlos Ruiz Wills, Andy Luis Olivares, Simone Tassani, Mario Ceresa, Veronika Zimmer, Miguel A. González Ballester, Luis Miguel del Riu, Ludovic Humbert, Jérôme Noailly (2019),”3D patient-specific finite element models of the proximal femur based on DXA towards the classification of fracturi and non-fracturi cases.” Credit: UPF Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease in which there is […]Continue Reading ...
This photomicrograph of a blood smear contains a macro- and microgametocyte of the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. Credit: Wikipedia. Mosquitoes that landed on surfaces coated with the anti-malarial compound atovaquone were completely blocked from developing Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum), the parasite that causes malaria, according to new research led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public […]Continue Reading ...
A TEM micrograph showing Dengue virus virions (the cluster of dark dots near the center). Image: CDC Researchers at Duke-NUS Medical School have demonstrated for the first time a physical interaction between two types of immune cells that plays an important role in the early fight against dengue virus infection. Dengue virus is widespread in […]Continue Reading ...
Scanning electron micrograph of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, which cause TB. Credit: NIAID A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. and one in France has found a molecule that is effective against tuberculosis. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group identifies the molecule and describes how well it worked when tested […]Continue Reading ...
Boris Hinz, a distinguished professor at the Faculty of Dentistry, was the principal investigator of the study that identified the mechanisms underlying the development of fibrosis in the lungs. Credit: University of Toronto Researchers have long known that fibrosis – scarred tissue and organs – is caused by a wound healing mechanism that goes awry […]Continue Reading ...
As a raft of new treatments for HIV infection have come on the market in the past 20 years, AIDS patients got access to drugs that allowed them to live longer. “These drugs are miracles,” said Dr. Richard N. Greenberg, an infectious disease specialist at the University of Kentucky. “Before the advent of anti-retroviral drugs, […]Continue Reading ...
Electron microscopy of influenza virus. Credit: CDC In patients with kidney failure, influenza-like illness (ILI) likely contributes to more than 1,000 deaths per year. The finding, which comes from a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), points to the importance of protection against, surveillance of, […]Continue Reading ...
- Scientists reverse alcohol-seeking behavior in rats with flip of a switch
- Researchers hope blood test that accurately diagnoses fibromyalgia could be available within five years
- New Planmeca ProScanner 2.0 offers fast and dependable intraoral imaging
- A new option for reducing LDL cholesterol in patients at high risk for heart attack, stroke
- Common medications to treat heartburn linked to increased risks for kidney failure
- Current HBV genome sequences help deduce ancient human population movements into Australia
- Pure omega-3 prescription drug significantly reduces the occurrence of ischemic events
- Researchers use big data to gain better understanding of hepatitis E virus
- Use of synthetic psychedelic linked to improvements in depression and anxiety
- Knee Pain Not Tied to Activity Levels in Knee Osteoarthritis
- Study shows benefits of delayed cord clamping in healthy babies
- Pharmacists can undertake overall clinical responsibility for patients, shows study
- A cell’s “self-destruct” function could yield new therapies
- Latest advances and perspectives of all AI types used in pharmaceutical R&D
- Prophylactic cranial irradiation used as standard approach for patients with NSCLC
- Sugar-sweetened beverages may be linked with increased risk of cardiovascular mortality
- AHA News: Black Woman in Their 50s Face Especially High Stroke Risk
- Secrets of early life revealed from less than half a teaspoon of blood
- Immune cells engineered to tattle on suspicious cells in the body
- Heart attack patients who are taken to heart care centres directly survive longer