Alternative Vaccination Strategy for Meningitis in Africa. Credit: Yale University In sub-Saharan Africa, meningococcal meningitis continues to pose a serious health threat, with sporadic epidemics resulting in some 30,000 cases each year. While all people are susceptible, young children are at the highest risk, and over 50 percent of those infected will die if not […]Continue Reading ...
Surgical infections linked to drug-resistant bugs, study suggests. Credit: University of Birmingham Patients having surgery in low income countries are more likely to develop an infection than those in wealthier nations, which may be linked to drug-resistant bacteria, research led by the Universities of Birmingham, Edinburgh and Warwick suggests. Patients in low income nations also […]Continue Reading ...
Alyssa Barry. Credit: Walter and Eliza Hall Institute An international research collaboration published in The Lancet has found crucial evidence that could help to improve the current World Health Organization (WHO) strategy to eradicate yaws—a chronic disfiguring and debilitating infectious disease affecting the skin, bones and joints. Despite efforts the elimination of yaws in a […]Continue Reading ...
Development of de novo donor-specific antibodies (dnDSA) is known to cause graft failure. Therefore, a protocol aimed at prospective monitoring and treating dnDSA—before it can cause graft damage—was developed for kidney transplant recipients at Children National Health System. This helped to decrease dnDSA in 76 percent of pediatric patients and prevented graft failure in the […]Continue Reading ...
Phages—viruses that infect bacteria—are abundant in the bacteria that inhabit the female bladder. This is good news, because phage could be used as alternative treatment when antibiotics become resistant to pathogenic bacteria. The research is reported this week in the Journal of Bacteriology, a publication of the American Society for Microbiology. “Phage have been used […]Continue Reading ...
In this Jan. 16, 2018, file photo, a banner explaining how the yellow fever is transmitted hangs at the entrance of a park in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The World Health Organization says 11 human cases have been confirmed through last week and hundreds more found in monkeys. Sao Paulo closed its zoo and botanical gardens […]Continue Reading ...
Homes in Ecuador destroyed by the 2016 earthquake. The damage left tens-of-thousands displaced across the country. Credit: University of South Florida On April 16, 2016, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake rocked the South American country of Ecuador. It was the most severe seismic event in nearly 40 years – killing roughly 700 people and displacing more […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that extracellular vesicles – tiny protein-filled structures – isolated from amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) can be used to effectively slow the progression of kidney damage in mice with a type of chronic kidney disease. The findings, by a research team at the Saban […]Continue Reading ...
Transmission electron micrograph of influenza A virus, late passage. Credit: CDC Researchers have developed a universal vaccine to combat influenza A viruses that produces long-lasting immunity in mice and protects them against the limitations of seasonal flu vaccines, according to a study led by Georgia State University. Influenza, a contagious respiratory illness that infects the […]Continue Reading ...
David Evans and Ryan Noyce have created a new synthetic virus they hope could lead to the development of a more effective vaccine against smallpox. Credit: Melissa Fabrizio UAlberta researchers created a new synthetic virus that could lead to the development of a more effective vaccine against smallpox. The discovery demonstrates how techniques based on […]Continue Reading ...
MRSA infections cause profound damage to lymph vessels even 260 days after bacterial clearance, as shown by intravital images from MRSA-infected (bottom) and healthy (top) mice. Credit: D. Jones et al., Science Translational Medicine (2018) Infections of the skin or other soft tissues with the hard-to-treat MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria appear to permanently compromise […]Continue Reading ...
This electron microscopic image of two Epstein Barr Virus virions (viral particles) shows round capsids—protein-encased genetic material—loosely surrounded by the membrane envelope. Credit: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0030430.g001 A team led by scientists at Northwestern Medicine has discovered a new epithelial receptor for Epstein-Barr virus, according to a study published recently in Nature Microbiology. The study advances the […]Continue Reading ...
While magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the sacroiliac joints positive for inflammation are not always specific in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), their prevalence in healthy individuals demonstrates the importance of additional diagnostic measures for axSpA, according to new research findings presented this week at the 2017 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting in San Diego. Axial […]Continue Reading ...
Yoshihiro Kawaoka, professor of pathobiological sciences in the School of Veterinary Medicine and a co-founder of FluGen, gives a slide presentation to a group of media representatives touring the Influenza Research Institute. Credit: Jeff Miller Amid predictions that this year’s flu vaccine will offer limited protection, medical researchers are renewing their focus on a universal […]Continue Reading ...
Patients receive care for the Spanish flu at Walter Reed Military Hospital, in Washington, D.C. Credit: origins.osu.edu This year marks the 100th anniversary of the great influenza pandemic of 1918. Between 50 and 100 million people are thought to have died, representing as much as 5 percent of the world’s population. Half a billion people […]Continue Reading ...
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