Jessica McDermott, M.D., and colleagues show 7 percent opioid use six months after head and neck cancer treatment ends. Credit: University of Colorado Cancer Center Cancer patients are often prescribed pain medications, for example during recovery from surgical procedures. However, for many cancer patients, the use of opioid pain medications during treatment can be a […]Continue Reading ...
Pancreaticoduodenectomy, or the Whipple operation, is one of the most complex abdominal surgeries, and is commonly prescribed as a first line of therapy for cancer located within the pancreatic head. It remains the most effective treatment method associated with prolonged survival. The surgery involves removal of parts of the pancreas, bile duct, and small intestine, […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new study reveals that during stressful moments in the operating room, surgeons make up to 66 percent more mistakes on patients. Using a technology that captured the electrical activity of a surgeon’s heart, researchers found that during intervals of short-term stress, which can be triggered by a negative thought or […]Continue Reading ...
A cellular culprit—as well as a possible treatment—for a common, sometimes life-threating post-surgical complication has been identified by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The condition arises when abnormal fibrous connections called adhesions form after abdominal surgery, tethering our normally slippery organs together or anchoring them to the abdominal wall. Symptoms can include […]Continue Reading ...
In Uganda, one surgery can not only save the life of an infant or child, it also can extend it, providing a better quality of life. This can have a dramatic impact not only on the patient, but on the patient’s friends and family as well. Credit: Yale University Nasser Kakembo, MD, is a pediatric […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Prophylactic mesh implantation reduces the incidence of hernia formation among patients undergoing elective open abdominal surgery but increases early postoperative pain and leads to prolonged wound healing of surgical site infection, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in JAMA Surgery. Andreas Kohler, M.D., from Bern University Hospital in Switzerland, and colleagues performed a […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain African Americans and Hispanic Americans who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are at greater risk to regain weight as compared to Caucasians. To date, no study has addressed the effect of race on weight regain over the long term. Identifying the risk factors for weight regain is an important first […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain Treating appendicitis with antibiotics as an alternative to surgical removal of the inflamed organ was found to be more costly in the long term and result in higher rates of hospital readmissions, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. “People treated with antibiotics alone have […]Continue Reading ...
Gastric bypass surgery improves relative muscle strength and physical performance in people with obesity, according to a study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Bariatric surgery helps people who have severe obesity to lose a lot of weight and improve their health. Gastric bypass is one of the most common […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain Using a unique bioinformatics technique developed at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, UAB researchers have detected the emergence of new strains of microbes in the human fecal microbiota after obesity surgery. These new strains emerged after surgical disruption of the stomach and upper small intestine. In contrast, the researchers found […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with several improved outcomes in men but not women, according to a study recently published in the British Journal of Surgery. Laura Koskenvuo, M.D., Ph.D., from Helsinki University Hospital, and colleagues randomly assigned men and women aged 60 to 69 years to the […]Continue Reading ...
Gastrointestinal surgeons Laura Koskenvuo (left) and Ville Sallinen at work. Credit: V Sallinen While screening for colorectal cancer does not reduce mortality, it does reduce the need for chemotherapy and emergency surgeries among male patients, according to a recent Finnish study. Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer in the world. Every […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Prescription opioid medications are overprescribed after simple arthroscopic meniscectomy, according to a study recently published in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. Vance Gardner, M.D., from Hoag Orthopedics in Irvine, California, and colleagues examined postoperative pain medication consumption among 102 patients undergoing arthroscopic knee meniscectomy who filled a prescription opioid medication. Postoperative medication consumption […]Continue Reading ...
A team of surgeons from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania are the first in the world to use a surgical robot to assist with a bilateral free flap breast reconstruction—a procedure in which tissue is taken from the lower abdomen—similar to a “tummy tuck—and used to rebuild the breast. The […]Continue Reading ...
Parkinson’s disease, osteoarthritis, rheumatic diseases, alcoholism and mental health disorders increase the risk of surgical complications after a hip fracture surgery. Credit: Heikki Kröger Parkinson’s disease, osteoarthritis, rheumatic diseases, alcoholism and mental health disorders increase the risk of surgical complications after a hip fracture surgery, a new Finnish study analysing nationwide registers finds. 4.6 percent […]Continue Reading ...
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- Researchers say auditory testing can identify children for autism screening
- New method analyzes how single biological cells react to stressful situations
- WVU gynecologic oncologist investigates novel treatment for cervical and vaginal cancers
- ADHD diagnoses poorly documented
- Majority of gender minority youth do not identify with traditional sexual identity labels
- AbbVie, Teneobio enter into strategic transaction to develop potential treatment for multiple myeloma
- Lower Birth Weight May Up Risk for Psychiatric Disorders
- Scientists identify reversible molecular defect underlying rheumatoid arthritis
- Moffitt researchers shed light on how CAR T cells function mechanistically
- Female Anatomy May Play Big Role in Sperm’s Success
- BMI may mediate inverse link between fiber intake, knee OA
- Movement impairments in autism can be reversed through behavioral training
- Studies address racial disparities in postpartum period and cardiovascular health
- Scientists implicate hidden genes in the severity of autism symptoms
- Decreased deep sleep linked to early signs of Alzheimer’s disease
- Neuroscientists show how the brain responds to texture
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