Download PDF Neoadjuvant immunotherapy with the PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab is safe and feasible prior to surgery for early lung cancer, researchers reported at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen. \”Until now nivolumab and the other anti-PD-1 and anti-PD-L1 drug studies have only been reported in metastatic or advanced lung cancer,\” said lead author Dr Patrick […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum München and Technische Universität München have developed a \’smart\’ drug that safely clears the liver of fat and prevents blood vessels from clogging up. Similar to a trojan horse, the drug enters the liver with a trick: It uses the pancreatic hormone glucagon as vehicle to shuttle thyroid hormone […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Assessing the cell \’ecosystems\’ at sites where ovarian cancer has spread round the body strongly predicts the chances of surviving from the disease, a new study reports. A new computerised test using software designed to study plant and animal ecosystems measures diversity among cells in the environment around secondary tumours, or metastases, after […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Scientists have identified a \’molecular barcode\’ in the blood of patients with Ebola virus disease that can predict whether they are likely to survive or die from the viral infection. The results, published in Genome Biology, identified a small number of genes whose expression accurately predicts patient survival, independent of viral load. A […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Healthy young people may be able to help prevent the onset of high blood pressure by eating diets rich in omega-3 fatty acids, according to a preliminary study presented at the American Heart Association\’s Scientific Sessions 2016. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats, mostly found in fish and some types of plant oils. […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF A global review of school-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and pregnancy in adolescents shows sex education programmes have no impact in lowering numbers of young people affected, although staying on at school can reduce pregnancy and some STIs. Researchers from the University of York, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Chemotherapy drug cisplatin is used to treat breast, prostate, neuroblastoma, melanoma and many other cancers. The chemotherapy drug cisplatin can kill cancer, but it can also cause permanent hearing loss. The drug can kill the sensory cells of the inner ear, a phenomenon that is likely more severe in individuals with Cockayne syndrome, […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Migraine is the third commonest disorder in the world and ranks sixth amongst more than 300 diseases when it comes to the burden it represents. \”Determining the factors that trigger migraine attacks is an important, albeit difficult, step in managing migraine,\” explains Christian Wöber, head of the section specializing in headaches at MedUni […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF According to a new study published in the journal Neurosurgery, \”the vast majority\” of neurosurgeons operating in the US conduct additional procedures and tests out of fear of malpractice lawsuits rather than necessarily for the benefit of the patient. Neurosurgeons in high-risk states pay almost twice as much in malpractice insurance premiums as […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF The intriguing story of the recently-discovered protein, zonulin, advances a chapter today as Italian scientists announce the results of their latest research linking zonulin with two common inflammatory bowel conditions.1 The researchers have discovered that people with non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have higher than normal blood levels of […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Granulomas are tissue nodules of immune cells that occur in diseases such as tuberculosis and sarcoidosis and can damage many organs. For the first time, a team of researchers at MedUni Vienna has identified what causes them to form. It is the chronic activation of the metabolic sensor mTOR (mammalian Target Of Rapamycin) […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have shown that the core of the protein clumps found in the brains of people with Huntington\’s disease have a distinctive structure, a finding that could shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the neurodegenerative disorder. The findings were published this week in the […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Many of us were told to \”eat our greens\” as children. Now, new research suggests that we should eat our microgreens, after finding that the red cabbage variety of the tiny vegetable may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Researchers found that red cabbage microgreens significantly reduced circulating levels of \’bad\’ cholesterol in […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF United States\’ out-of-hospital births increased to nearly 60,000 in 2014, continuing a decade-long increase. Data from the National Center for Health Statistics indicates that out-of-hospital births increased from 0.87% of US births in 2004 to 1.50% in 2014, an increase of 72%. Out-of-hospital birth rates increased for all race/ethnic groups, but most rapidly […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Gout is on the rise among U.S. men and women, and this piercingly painful and most common form of inflammatory arthritis is turning out to be more complicated than had been thought. The standard way to check for gout is by drawing fluid or tissue from an affected joint and looking for uric […]Continue Reading ...
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