One center is using 3-D models of aortic valves to predict how an implant would function. “We can model various therapies, positions and types of valves to better understand problems such as leakage, clotting or coronary obstruction,” a biomedical engineer there said. (Becker’s Hospital Review) Turkish company Alvimedica hopes to manufacture stents domestically and export […]Continue Reading ...
Combining CryoEM and CryoET lets researchers see the C1 complex in 3D (coloured model) bound to antibodies in a native state (background) Credit: Thom Sharp/Leiden University Medical Center Researchers at Utrecht University and Leiden University Medical Center, the Netherlands, have imaged an important immune system on-switch. Their novel technical approach has led to the discovery […]Continue Reading ...
An emotional state mainly activates wide, overlapping neural networks. When comparing groups of emotions, positive emotions activate the anterior prefrontal cortex, negative basic emotions tend to activate the somatomotor and subcortical regions, and negative social emotions activate brain areas that process motor and social information. Credit: Heini Saarimäki The brain mechanisms of basic emotions such […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: UC Berkeley Haas Charities often emphasize the desperation and dependence of those they assist—as in heart-tugging videos of starving children in Africa. Yet a focus on helplessness may change how we choose to help those in need, and not necessarily for the better, according to research by UC Berkeley Haas assistant professor Juliana Schroeder. […]Continue Reading ...
A drug used to treat opioid addiction could cause breathing problems in some obese patients, according to a new study from UT scientists. Buprenorphine is a Schedule III drug with a lower abuse potential than methadone. It is one of three drugs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to help patients undergoing treatment […]Continue Reading ...
Lipid reduction using an FDA-approved glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor (GCSi) reduces pathological alpha-synuclein in cell bodies (top) and neurites (bottom) of Parkinson’s patient neurons. Yellow staining indicates pathological alpha-synuclein. Credit: Northwestern University Northwestern Medicine investigators have discovered how a gene mutation results in buildup of a toxic compound known to cause Parkinson’s disease symptoms, defining for […]Continue Reading ...
Routine body CT scans may help clinicians estimate an individual’s risk of future osteoporotic fracture, according to new study results published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.Continue Reading ...
When it comes to the new social media fad in which mostly young people dare each other to eat laundry detergent pods, most pediatricians are pretty circumspect. “Kids have been daring each other to do stupid stuff since there have been kids or stupid stuff to do on this earth,” Stephen Cook, MD, of the […]Continue Reading ...
Action Points Note that this large analysis of French bariatric surgery patients found that, compared with matched controls, the rate of discontinuation of diabetes medications was markedly higher in the bariatric surgery group. While discontinuation of diabetes medication is not necessarily a perfect marker of resolution of the disease, it is nevertheless a strong signal […]Continue Reading ...
Autoimmune diseases such as lupus—in which the body attacks its own cells and tissues—are on the rise, according to A*STAR’s Anna-Marie Fairhurst. Her team is the first to observe that patients with lupus exhibit an increased number of a specific type of protein on the surface of certain white blood cells. This finding may help […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: Drexel University To reach your New Year’s fitness goals, a bit of reverse psychology might be in order. Telling people that weight loss is extremely challenging—rather than imparting a “You can do it!” mantra—motivated them to shed more weight, according to a new study by psychologists at Drexel University. However, the strategy did not […]Continue Reading ...
Vaccine effectiveness numbers for this year’s flu season have yet to be released, but experts are already looking at flaws in the vaccination process, and how improvements can be made. “We’ve become a little bit used to the idea that the flu vaccine is not a great vaccine,” Marc Lipsitch, DPhil, professor of epidemiology at […]Continue Reading ...
Families who move to counties with a high obesity rate are more likely to be overweight themselves, according to a USC study done on military families. Credit: iStock The old real estate adage of “location, location, location” may also apply to obesity. A new study by USC and the RAND Corp. suggests that people who […]Continue Reading ...
Dermatologists should take ownership of screening patients for mental health concerns associated with their skin condition, according to the authors of a Viewpoint article in JAMA Dermatology. Skin conditions can lead to psychiatric disorders in 30% of patients, particularly adolescents; patients being treated for facial lesions and scars; patients suffering from insomnia; and patients with […]Continue Reading ...
Action Points Season may affect gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence, possibly leading to misdiagnosis. The study findings suggest the need to take into consideration environmental temperature during interpretation of test results used to diagnosed GDM. The season may affect gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence, possibly leading to misdiagnosis, according to Greek researchers. In a retrospective […]Continue Reading ...
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