Current treatments for tuberculosis (TB) are very effective in controlling TB infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). They don’t, however, always prevent reinfection. Why this happens is one of the long-standing questions in TB research. So why are our bodies unable to generate permanent immunity to TB, – the leading infectious disease killer worldwide? A […]Continue Reading ...
Why do blood vessels naturally stiffen and degrade as we age, boosting cardiovascular disease risk? New University of Colorado Boulder research has identified a surprising new culprit–and it lives in your gut. “This is the first study to show that changes in the gut microbiome with aging have an adverse impact on vascular health,” said […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain Whether gut or brain hormones are more important for the regulation of appetite and metabolism is not clearly defined. Imbalances in the control of appetite and metabolism can lead to obesity and diabetes, which have a negative impact on people’s health and healthcare costs. In a live debate to be held […]Continue Reading ...
People who suffer from stress-related Irritable Bowel Syndrome have a distinctive microbial signature in their gut. However, holistic, psychosomatic therapy using hypnosis is significantly more effective at treating their condition than symptomatic or probiotic treatment alone. This is the finding of studies conducted by a research group at MedUni Vienna’s Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. […]Continue Reading ...
Food, microbes, and medicine all clump together as they move through our gut. Sticky molecules secreted into our intestines bind the gut particles in the same way that flour holds a ball of dough together. Now a new mice-based study from Caltech is showing that dietary fiber also plays a role in clumping. This is […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain The makeup of bacteria and other microbes in the gut may have a direct association with dementia risk, according to preliminary research to be presented in Honolulu at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2019. Researchers studying the population of bacteria and microbes in the intestines, known as gut microbiota, […]Continue Reading ...
Bacteria in the gut do far more than help digest food in the stomachs of their hosts, they can also tell the genes in their mammalian hosts what to do. A study published today in Cell describes a form of “interspecies communication” in which bacteria secrete a specific molecule–nitric oxide–that allows them to communicate with […]Continue Reading ...
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 — Scientists say nearly 2,000 previously unknown types of bacteria in the human gut have been identified. The human gut hosts many species of microbes, collectively referred to as the gut microbiota. Scientists are working to identify the individual species and understand the roles they play in human health. While investigators […]Continue Reading ...
A group of researchers from ITMO University and Knomics company studied how gut microbiota of 150 volunteers changed after a month of regular consumption of yogurt fortified with probiotics. The study showed that such diet increases the proportion of beneficial gut bacteria, which, in turn, can positively affect state of the whole organism. The work […]Continue Reading ...
Mar 6 2019 Dietary modifications are frequently used to treat inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). In new research in mice, researchers from the University of Southern California have shown that one strategy, known as the fasting-mimicking diet (FMD), changes the gut microbiota in a manner that reduces IBD pathology. The results of the murine study were […]Continue Reading ...
Only a few vaccines – for example, against polio and rotavirus – can be given orally. Most must be delivered by injection. Weizmann Institute of Science researchers suggest this may be, in part, because the training program of the immune cells in the gut takes place under harsh conditions. Dr. Ziv Shulman and research student […]Continue Reading ...
New detail about what happens when a key cellular process is impaired in cells that are vital for a healthy gut have been uncovered by a wide-ranging analysis. Paneth cells are found at the bottom of crypts in the lining of the gut. They help defend against pathogenic microbes, as well as protecting the integrity […]Continue Reading ...
After years of research, UMass Amherst food scientist zeroes in on powerful interplay between gut bacteria and fruit compounds University of Massachusetts Amherst Professor Hang Xiao, Clydesdale Scholar of Food Science, has received a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study how substances produced in the gut from citrus compounds […]Continue Reading ...
Peer-reviewed experimental & modeling study on animals and cells Elevated levels of the key cellular process of apoptosis have been implicated in intestinal inflammation and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in a new study from the Quadram Institute. IBD is a long-term, painful and debilitating condition characterized by inflammation in the gut. Over 300,000 people in […]Continue Reading ...
Feb 15 2019 Bacteria, often synonymous with infection and disease, may have an unfair reputation. Research indicates there are as many, if not more, bacterial cells in our bodies as human cells, meaning they play an important role in our physiology. In fact, a growing body of evidence shows that greater gut microbiota diversity (the […]Continue Reading ...
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