Visualization on sample whole-slide images of the lung cancer histologic patterns identified by pathologists compared to those detected by a new machine learning model developed by researchers at Dartmouth’s Norris Cotton Cancer Center. The team rendered the image by overlaying color-coded dots on patches based on decisions generated by their computer model. A subjective qualitative […]Continue Reading ...
Researchers have identified that dysfunction of a specific immune cell, called B cells, underlies lung disease that affects patients with the rare immunological disorder known as common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). Therapeutically targeting these B cells improved the lung disease in all patients they treated. This was the largest study ever conducted for treatment of CVID […]Continue Reading ...
Specialized lung cells appearing very early in development are key Specialized lung cells appear in the developing fetus much earlier than scientists previously thought. A new animal study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reports how cells that become alveoli, the tiny compartments in which gas exchange occurs in […]Continue Reading ...
A new program will use telehealth to bring together a University of Virginia Health System team with primary care providers in the Appalachian region of Virginia to improve lung disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment. UVA will partner with Stone Mountain Health Services and The Health Wagon – which serve patients in Wise, Russell, Dickenson, Washington, […]Continue Reading ...
Specialized lung cells appear in the developing fetus much earlier than scientists previously thought. A new animal study reports how cells that become alveoli, the tiny compartments in which gas exchange occurs in the lung, begin their specialized roles very early in prenatal life. The researchers say that investigating the fetal signaling pathways active in […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain MIT cancer biologists have discovered a new mechanism that lung tumors exploit to promote their own survival: These tumors alter bacterial populations within the lung, provoking the immune system to create an inflammatory environment that in turn helps the tumor cells to thrive. In mice that were genetically programmed to develop […]Continue Reading ...
After receiving a lung transplant, patients face the likely chance that their body’s immune system will reject the transplanted organ. Rejection can happen at any time due to a variety of factors such as a lung infection or an injury to the lungs during transplant surgery. The most deadly type of rejection is chronic lung […]Continue Reading ...
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 — The rates of complications after invasive diagnostic procedures for lung abnormalities are higher in the community setting than in clinical trials, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine. Jinhai Huo, Ph.D., M.D., from the University of Florida in Gainesville, and colleagues conducted a retrospective cohort […]Continue Reading ...
Using recent advances in machine learning, a Dartmouth research team has developed a deep neural network to classify different types of a common form of lung cancer on histopathology slides at an accuracy level shown to be on par with pathologists Machine learning has improved dramatically in recent years and shown great promise in the […]Continue Reading ...
Children and young adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) whose lung infections were treated with suboptimal doses of antibiotics had fewer changes in lung microbial diversity during the IV treatment, and their microbial diversity levels were higher 30 days later, a multi-institutional study that includes Children’s researchers shows. By contrast, patients who were treated with therapeutic […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain A study co-directed by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) and the French Institute for Health and Biomedical Research (INSERM), in collaboration with other European teams, concludes that early life exposure to parabens, phthalates and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) is associated with reduced lung function in children. The study, published in […]Continue Reading ...
Scientists from Weill Cornell Medicine have developed a stem-cell-based model of small cell lung cancer that will help them understand how the disease is initiated and how it progresses. Shutterstock | David Litman The model has already enabled lead author Joyce Chen and colleagues to make an important discovery about two tumor suppressor genes that […]Continue Reading ...
A free, simple screening for lung cancer can save a patient money, while building a healthy relationship for any medical needs they may have in the future. The research, published in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery, shows the partnership can be beneficial for patients looking for cardiology specialists, family medical care and other health-related issues, […]Continue Reading ...
The world’s first genetic sequencing of precancerous lung lesions could pave the way for very early detection and new treatments, reports a new study led by UCL researchers. Before lung cancer develops, precancerous lesions are found in the airway, but only half of these will actually become lung cancer, while others will disappear or remain […]Continue Reading ...
Jan 16 2019 How well we breathe as adults may depend on the amount of fat mass and lean body mass, or muscle, we have as children, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. In “Childhood Body Composition Trajectories and Adolescent Lung Function: […]Continue Reading ...
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