A Norwegian study shows that general practitioners in Norway show little competency in understanding different cultures. Researcher Esperanza Diaz at the University of Bergen asks for mandatory training.
A study conducted at the Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care (IGS), University of Bergen (UiB), concluded that Norwegian family doctors show little cultural competency when dealing with patients from an immigrant background.
“We need a new strategy on immigrant health, which should include an obligatory component in medical training in cultural competency,” says Associate Professor Esperanza Diaz, at IGS. She is co-author on the study.
Need reflection on cultural differences
The researchers studied a group of general practitioners that were either training to become specialists or were already specialists. The study participants were asked questions about what kind of strategies they used in meetings with patients from immigrant backgrounds.
The doctors responded that they treated these patients similarly to patients without immigrant backgrounds. In follow-up discussions, the participating doctors recognised that they had experienced cultural differences between the different patient groups.
“We discovered that there Norwegian doctors engage in relatively little reflection about cultural differences and the potential impact of such differences. It is as though they think they, themselves, represent the normal zero point, and this concerns us,” Diaz says.
Need training in cultural competency in medical education
Diaz underlines that cultural competency should be a part of the medical education curriculum.
“Today, cultural competency depends on medical students taking personal initiatives, such as by joining special courses or engaging in voluntary activities. Cultural competency should be part of the ordinary medical education curriculum,” says Esperanza Diaz.