Breaking News
September 25, 2018 - Antibiotics best paediatric treatment for children’s chronic wet cough
September 25, 2018 - Looking beyond opioids: Stanford pain psychologist briefs Congress
September 25, 2018 - Organs actively fighting back against autoimmune diseases, finds study
September 25, 2018 - Lancaster professor aims to understand how genes affect smoking cessation
September 25, 2018 - Human-oriented perspective needed to better understand Parkinson’s disease
September 25, 2018 - Physical activity may have beneficial effects for people with rare Alzheimer’s disease
September 25, 2018 - FDA Updates on Valsartan Recalls
September 25, 2018 - 3-D-printed tracheal splints used in groundbreaking pediatric surgery
September 25, 2018 - Who is the designated driver, or proxy, for your health decisions?
September 25, 2018 - New chemo-optogenetic method enables multi-directional activity control of cellular processes
September 25, 2018 - Study explores link between genetic predisposition to Alzheimer’s and cardiometabolic risk factors
September 25, 2018 - NeoTract presents new clinical data from studies of UroLift System for patients with BPH
September 25, 2018 - Statins Improve Long-Term Survival After AAA Repair
September 25, 2018 - Novel brain network linked to chronic pain in Parkinson’s disease
September 25, 2018 - Researchers reassess negative pressure wound therapy as its benefit and harm remain unclear
September 25, 2018 - Older adults with ‘fall plan of care’ less likely to suffer fall-related hospitalizations
September 25, 2018 - FDA lifts partial clinical hold that paused enrollment of new patients in tazemetosta clinical trials
September 25, 2018 - IME Medical Electrospinning establishes state-of-the-art manufacturing lab facilities
September 25, 2018 - Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials of entrectinib drug in ROS1-positive NSCLC show promising results
September 25, 2018 - How to Protect Your Eyesight
September 25, 2018 - Novel approach allows researchers to define how cells in the retina respond to diabetes
September 25, 2018 - Columbia University announces winners of 2018 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize
September 25, 2018 - Clinical trial investigators found non-compliant with requirement to report results on EU register
September 25, 2018 - Study analyzes quality of protein supplements in function of source, treatment and storage
September 25, 2018 - FDA grants Orphan Drug Designation to Myelo001 for treatment of Acute Radiation Syndrome
September 25, 2018 - U.S. Alzheimer’s Cases to Nearly Triple by 2060
September 25, 2018 - Improving cell replacement therapy for Parkinson’s disease
September 25, 2018 - Genervon reports new findings that drug candidate GM6 attenuates Alzheimer’s disease in mice model
September 25, 2018 - FDA approves new 5 mm diameter drug-eluting stent from Cook Medical
September 25, 2018 - New $17.8 million grant ensures USC at forefront of research on tobacco-related health risks
September 25, 2018 - Researchers analyze response to combination immunotherapy for patients with rare skin cancer
September 25, 2018 - Study sheds light on how brain protein may be involved neurodevelopmental disorders
September 25, 2018 - Where to draw the line on incentives
September 25, 2018 - Solid fuel use linked with increased risk of hospitalization or death from respiratory diseases
September 25, 2018 - ‘Trouble Brewing’ report highlights steps that governments can take to reduce alcohol-related harms
September 25, 2018 - Recurrence risk of VTE appears similar for patients with cancer and those with unprovoked VTE
September 25, 2018 - Global leaders must make bold commitments at first-ever UN tuberculosis summit
September 25, 2018 - Brief sleep intervention works long-term to prevent child obesity
September 25, 2018 - Vaping among kids and teens a growing concern
September 25, 2018 - Public launch of products and application solutions from Porvair Laboratory Division
September 25, 2018 - Harmful H. pylori may play a role in Parkinson’s disease
September 25, 2018 - Researchers develop way to measure different types of fear of falling in patients with Parkinson’s
September 25, 2018 - Fracture causes bone density losses throughout the body
September 25, 2018 - Researchers highlight potential therapy for treating rare, deadly blood-clotting disorder
September 25, 2018 - Hybrid theranostic complex shows high therapeutic efficacy against tumor cells
September 25, 2018 - FDA Issues Statement Reaffirming the Positive Benefit-Risk Profile of Nuplazid (pimavanserin) for Patients with Hallucinations and Delusions Associated with Parkinson’s Disease Psychosis
September 25, 2018 - Toxicological evaluation and dosimetry estimation of potential PET radiotracer
September 25, 2018 - 5 obstacles parents commonly face in child obesity treatment and how to overcome them
September 25, 2018 - Immunologist to study how Chikungunya causes devastating effects in older adults
September 25, 2018 - Rural borderland communities vulnerable to high stress impacting mental and physical health
September 25, 2018 - SNMMI announces recipients of 2018-2020 Wagner-Torizuka Fellowship
September 25, 2018 - Common painkiller not effective in controlling chronic pain after traumatic nerve injury
September 25, 2018 - New therapeutic vaccine helps immune cells fight HPV-related head and neck cancer
September 25, 2018 - Environmentally-induced gene activity influences IQ test performance
September 25, 2018 - Biogen and Eisai announce results of LTE Phase 1b study of aducanumab for treating MCI
September 25, 2018 - FDA Approves Copiktra (duvelisib) Capsules for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma and Follicular Lymphoma
September 25, 2018 - Medical device company settles US case over false claims
September 25, 2018 - Trying to get answers: One woman’s quest for a diagnosis
September 25, 2018 - Lung cancer patients treated with invasive surgery more likely to become chronic opioid users
September 25, 2018 - Oxford VR raises £3.2m to boost innovation in VR for mental health problems
September 25, 2018 - Gene therapy approach could help treat mitochondrial diseases
September 25, 2018 - Few Yogurt Products Qualify As Low-Sugar
September 25, 2018 - Eye disease can cause blindness, and it’s on the rise
September 25, 2018 - Pawnshop density linked to gun-related suicides, Stanford study finds
September 25, 2018 - Pioneering procedure for common prostate condition offered by The London Clinic
September 25, 2018 - Number of people with respiratory diseases likely to increase if UK air pollution remains unchecked
September 25, 2018 - FARXIGA receives positive results in Phase III DECLARE-TIMI 58 cardiovascular outcomes trial
September 25, 2018 - New program to reduce harmful stress effectively improves mood in cancer patients
September 24, 2018 - Florence’s Lingering Threat: Mold – Drugs.com MedNews
September 24, 2018 - For professional baseball players, faster hand-eye coordination linked to batting performance
September 24, 2018 - Bill for later school start times is defeated, but Stanford sleep specialist isn’t
September 24, 2018 - For Heart Failure Patients, Mitral Valve Procedure Improved Outcomes
September 24, 2018 - Successful recovery from addiction means more than achieving abstinence
September 24, 2018 - New nanoplatform technology may reverse drug-resistance in renal cell carcinoma
September 24, 2018 - October 1918 marks the centenary of Spanish Flu that claimed more lives than World War I
September 24, 2018 - LGBT community reports more number of poor mental health days than general population
September 24, 2018 - New research suggests power of zebrafish as tool for cancer drug discovery
September 24, 2018 - New study finds height as possible risk factor for developing varicose veins
September 24, 2018 - Researchers compare weight loss results of online and in-person diabetes prevention program
September 24, 2018 - New HER2 PET Study Uses Affibody’s ABY-025 Tracer to Individualize Breast Cancer Treatment
What men need to know: Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of prostate cancer

What men need to know: Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of prostate cancer

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men. Next to skin cancers, prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in American men.

“Men’s health and prostate cancer are topics that many tend to shy away from, but they need to be discussed more openly,” said Soroush Rais-Bahrami, M.D., assistant professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham in the Department of Urology and co-director for the UAB Program for Personalized Prostate Cancer Care. “One out of eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his life.”

The prostate is a reproductive gland in men located between the bladder and the penis. The fluid from the prostate is discharged into the urethra at the time of ejaculation as part of the semen to nourish and stabilize sperm for reproductive purposes.

Prevention
Men ages 50 and older should be screened during their annual physical exam with a discussion regarding prostate cancer risk. A routine blood test can measure a biomarker called prostate-specific antigen or PSA, which can identify a man’s risk of prostate cancer along with a digital rectal exam. Concern based on the PSA blood test level or digital rectal exam can prompt a biopsy of the prostate gland, which can be further evaluated to determine the presence of prostate cancer and, if found, the aggressiveness of the cancer.

“Many men do not know their family history of prostate cancer because men tend not to talk about their health concerns, even with children and other family members,” Rais-Bahrami said. “It is important to discuss family history due to the significantly higher risk for men with a first-degree relative who has been diagnosed with prostate cancer.”

Certain men may have a higher risk of prostate cancer based on family history or ethnicity, race, and ancestry, and should receive their first screening discussions at the age of 40.

Diagnosis
Symptoms of prostate cancer are rare, and many men show no symptoms before being diagnosed. Once a blood test shows signs of higher PSA levels, a tissue biopsy is required to help determine the grade and stage of the prostate cancer.

In advanced stages, symptoms may affect quality of life, ranging from pain in the bones to bloody urine, blood in the semen, blockage in the urinary tract and renal failure.

Once a man has been diagnosed with cancer, Rais-Bahrami recommends asking these questions to learn more about a path toward a cure:
 

  • How will my personal health be affected?

  • What grade or level of aggressiveness is my specific cancer?

  • What stage or level of progression does my cancer have?

  • Are there any additional staging studies that should be done for me?

  • What are my treatment options?

  • What are the side effects of each treatment option?

“When a patient has received a positive prostate cancer diagnosis, it is important he communicates with his family and his doctor about the different types of treatment and understands what will be faced through this journey of treatment,” Rais-Bahrami said.

Treatment
The patient and physician should look at the options available to treat his prostate cancer and develop a personalized road map to manage symptoms and cure his cancer.

“Treatment is based on the patient’s overall health and what works best in treating the patient to ultimately cure the cancer and help the patient preserve an excellent quality of life,” Rais-Bahrami said.

In the earliest stages of low-grade prostate cancer, and with the consultation of a physician, men can opt for active surveillance, which is when the doctor does not prescribe immediate treatment, but watches the cancer cells closely to postpone treatment with curative intent, perhaps for years. Other treatment options include:

  • Surgery, which includes removing the entire prostate gland and occasionally regional lymph node tissues

  • Radiation therapy, or beams of radiation focused on the prostate

  • Hormone therapy, which reduces levels of male hormones to stop them from affecting prostate cancer cells

  • High-intensity, focused ultrasound therapy, or high-energy sound waves that destroy cancer cells

  • Cryosurgery, or the use of extreme cold temperatures to freeze and kill cancer cells

“Prostate cancer is a treatable disease and can be cured if caught in early stages,” Rais-Bahrami said. “This is why it is important to receive routine screenings and have early detection when present.”

If the cancer is diagnosed in later stages and has spread to other parts of the body, it becomes more aggressive and more difficult to treat in most cases.

To help with personalized care of patients, UAB offers magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound fusion-guided biopsy. The image fusion allows doctors to target a direct tissue sampling of an individual based on imaging areas of concern that can be tested for prostate cancer.

Current research
New research for prostate cancer is on the horizon, including the ongoing search for better biomarkers that indicate the presence of prostate cancer. Researchers are now searching for prostate cancer biomarkers that have specific implications for improved diagnosis and prediction of cancer aggressiveness and patient prognosis.

“With the serum PSA, a red flag is raised as a potential prostate cancer diagnosis; but it is not specific in diagnosing an individual’s prostate cancer,” Rais-Bahrami said. “Serum PSA can detect abnormalities with the prostate that are not exclusive to prostate cancer. Biomarker research is important to achieve a more individualized diagnosis.”

At UAB, prostate cancer research is focused on advanced imaging and biomarker development, and hopes of defining the best way toward focal therapy of prostate cancer . UAB has become one of two beta sites in the United States to receive the iSR’obotTM Mona Lisa machine. This machine helps surgeons diagnose prostate cancer in earlier stages with imaging guidance and provides precise location mapping to help with targeting cancer cells for treatment.

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles