Breaking News
January 17, 2018 - Bariatric surgery extends lifespan in obese patients, shows study
January 17, 2018 - Bristol-Myers Squibb Receives FDA Approval for Opdivo (nivolumab) as Adjuvant Therapy in Patients with Completely Resected Melanoma with Lymph Node Involvement or Metastatic Disease
January 17, 2018 - Ewww Moments in the ER: That’s Improbable!
January 17, 2018 - Booze may help or harm the heart, but income matters
January 17, 2018 - Top nutrients needed to boost mood and energy levels on Blue Monday
January 17, 2018 - Scientists develop unique technique to map elasticity of cell components
January 17, 2018 - Obesity surgery reduces the risk of death by half finds new study
January 17, 2018 - Raw Meat Not the Safest Choice for Your Dog or for You
January 17, 2018 - Men who lack HSD17B4 gene may be more susceptible to treatment-resistant prostate cancer
January 17, 2018 - High-Dose Aspirin Preferred for Kawasaki’s
January 17, 2018 - Study suggests risk management approach to combat EMS fatigue
January 17, 2018 - A new therapy against obesity
January 17, 2018 - Doctors warn against holding your nose and closing your mouth to contain a sneeze
January 17, 2018 - Measles outbreak alarms public health officials
January 17, 2018 - FDA Slaps Class Warning on Gadolinium Contrast Agents
January 17, 2018 - Distinct human mutations can alter the effect of medicine
January 17, 2018 - ASIT biotech’s new article presents clinical results of gp
January 17, 2018 - Alternative tobacco use by adolescents associated with greater odds of future cigarette smoking
January 17, 2018 - A High-Salt Diet Produces Dementia In Mice
January 17, 2018 - Scientists provide insights into crucial interaction for DNA repair
January 17, 2018 - Sanofi and Regeneron Announce Positive Topline Pivotal Results for PD-1 Antibody Cemiplimab in Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
January 17, 2018 - Morning Break: Pfizer Kills AD/PD Pipeline; Trump Affirms His Mental Health; Humira Pricing Strategy
January 17, 2018 - Researchers see gene influencing performance of sleep-deprived people
January 17, 2018 - Fast food triggers the immune system making it hyperactive
January 17, 2018 - Scientists find increased risk of HIV outbreaks in Ukraine due to war-related migration
January 17, 2018 - New universal flu vaccine moves to clinical trial phase and could be a reality soon
January 17, 2018 - Cocaine de-addiction breakthrough shows promise
January 17, 2018 - FDA Accepts New Drug Application for Seysara (sarecycline) for the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Acne
January 17, 2018 - Robotic Telestenting; BP Cuff Smartwatch; Medicare Bundled Care
January 17, 2018 - New cellular approach found to control progression of chronic kidney disease
January 17, 2018 - Lamprey genes provide clues to repair spinal cord damage, finds study
January 17, 2018 - Tissue-based soft robot could lead to advances in bio-inspired robotics
January 17, 2018 - Mostly the healthy and wealthy Americans use mobile phone apps to track sleep habits
January 17, 2018 - FDA Alert: Varubi (rolapitant) Injectable Emulsion: Health Care Provider Letter
January 16, 2018 - NeuroBreak: Rough Days for Neuroscience Research; Another Migraine Drug Advances
January 16, 2018 - The ‘greatest pandemic in history’ was 100 years ago – but many of us still get the basic facts wrong
January 16, 2018 - Serena Williams Shares Childbirth Ordeal
January 16, 2018 - The Artificial Brain as Doctor
January 16, 2018 - Type 2 diabetes has hepatic origins
January 16, 2018 - Expert discusses how to identify, support individuals with drug or alcohol addiction in workplace
January 16, 2018 - Starting menstruation early increases risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke in later life
January 16, 2018 - CapsoVision receives CE Mark approval for use of CapsoCam Plus System in pediatric patients
January 16, 2018 - Researchers develop new dynamic statistical model to follow gene expressions over time
January 16, 2018 - Alzheimer’s ‘looks like me, it looks like you’
January 16, 2018 - By the Numbers: Physicians’ Economic Impact
January 16, 2018 - Sound Health | NIH News in Health
January 16, 2018 - Modifying baby formula doesn’t prevent type 1 diabetes in children
January 16, 2018 - Energy drinks dangerous for kids
January 16, 2018 - When you need a breast screening, should you get a 3-D mammogram?
January 16, 2018 - Johns Hopkins gets approval to perform HIV positive to HIV positive living donor kidney transplants
January 16, 2018 - The Salk Institute and Indivumed collaborate for cutting-edge cancer research
January 16, 2018 - Study reveals negative long-term effects of heavy cannabis use on brain function and behavior
January 16, 2018 - Many gym-goers injure themselves by pushing harder to be better than friends
January 16, 2018 - Risankizumab Meets All Primary Endpoints Reporting Positive Results in Fourth Pivotal Phase 3 Psoriasis Study
January 16, 2018 - Federal Junk Food Tax Feasible, Study Says
January 16, 2018 - Do girls have stronger teeth than boys?
January 16, 2018 - New high-sensitivity blood tests could aid faster diagnosis and treatment for heart attack
January 16, 2018 - How fatal mitochondrial diseases may strike offspring of families with no history of the conditions
January 16, 2018 - TherapeuticsMD Announces FDA Acceptance of New Drug Application and Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) Date for TX-004HR
January 16, 2018 - Morning Break: Food Pharmacies; Obamacare Sign-ups Dip; Top Pot Studies
January 16, 2018 - Blood pressure declines 14 to 18 years before death
January 16, 2018 - ViLim Ball technology helps reduce uncontrollable shaking hands
January 16, 2018 - Researchers use immune-mimicking biomaterial scaffolds to fast track T cell therapies
January 16, 2018 - In Wisconsin, hopes rise for production of a lifesaving radioactive isotope
January 16, 2018 - Researchers develop software to better predict risk of leakage around aortic stents
January 16, 2018 - Bile acids could directly burn away lipids in the fat depots
January 16, 2018 - Cycling does not negatively impact sexual and urinary health finds study
January 16, 2018 - Severe peer victimization in childhood may contribute to mental health issues in adolescence
January 16, 2018 - Exelixis Announces U.S. FDA Approval of Cabometyx (cabozantinib) Tablets for Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma
January 16, 2018 - Just How Often Do Patients Turn Post-Surgical Opioids Into a Habit?
January 16, 2018 - Opioid addiction – Genetics Home Reference
January 16, 2018 - Incomplete revascularization in PCI linked to higher mortality
January 16, 2018 - Machine learning algorithm uses brain scans to predict language ability in deaf children
January 16, 2018 - Penn scientists identify new therapeutic target for treatment of melanoma
January 16, 2018 - The London Clinic exhibits innovative technology to treat Parkinson’s disease at Arab Health
January 16, 2018 - Early influenza testing is critical to prevent serious complications
January 16, 2018 - Study Gets to the Core of Back Pain in Runners
January 16, 2018 - Year in Review: Ophthalmology | Medpage Today
January 16, 2018 - ClinicalTrials.gov: Marijuana Use
January 16, 2018 - Researchers create novel compound targeting melanoma cells
Flu season: UAB experts recommend everyone to receive their yearly influenza vaccine

Flu season: UAB experts recommend everyone to receive their yearly influenza vaccine

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Flu season is here.

The contagious respiratory illness caused by viruses that infect the nose, throat and lungs can cause mild to severe illness and at times may lead to death. People of every age -; including people in good health -; are at risk for flu.

Approximately 970,000 Americans were hospitalized due to the flu in 2014, and more than 40 million were affected by flu-related illnesses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Although a majority of hospitalizations and deaths occur in people 65 years and older, even healthy young children and younger adults can have severe disease or even die from influenza. Nearly 100 deaths from influenza among children are reported each year to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

These data, say UAB experts, are reason enough for Americans to receive their yearly influenza vaccine.

The most common symptoms of the flu are fever, chills, fatigue, muscle aches, stuffy or runny nose, and sore throat, and symptoms typically last a week. A wide range of complications can be caused by influenza virus infection of the upper and lower respiratory tracts. Complications of flu can include bacterial pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections, dehydration and worsening of chronic medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma or diabetes.

Forecasting flu season

Recent reports show that Australia has seen its worst flu season on record. Kevin Harrod, Ph.D., the Benjamin Monroe Carraway Endowed Chair and professor in the UAB Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, says what happens in the southern hemisphere is usually indicative of what type of flu season will occur in the northern hemisphere.

“These data tell us that we should see a worse than average flu season,” Harrod said. “But, with all things influenza, there’s a lot we don’t know.”

Harrod says this year’s vaccines are combating the H3N2 strain and B strains of influenza. He added that H3N2 viruses cause worse disease in the elderly and young children, and that they are associated with a high hospitalization rate.

With all the knowledge and scientific research about influenza, Harrod says it is extremely difficult to perfectly forecast which strains are used to create vaccines.

“There are always a few strains circulating that aren’t predominant, but can become predominant -; especially in populations of high immunization,” he said. “So, it’s difficult for public health officials to predict which strains will circulate. For that reason, not every vaccine is a perfect match.”

Vaccines for everyone

In his lab, Harrod -; who has been studying influenza and other respiratory viruses for 20 years -; and his team research the effectiveness and development of novel antivirals against influenza. Because it is ever-changing, scientists are always looking for new and better ways to fight the severity and frequency of influenza.

Harrod says the best way to prevent flu from spreading and becoming more serious is by getting vaccinated.

“While getting the flu shot may not keep you from getting the flu, it will limit the severity and duration of the illness, and provide you with some protection against future infections in subsequent seasons,” Harrod said. “Even in years when the flu vaccine is a ‘bad match,’ there is partial protection because one’s immune system can make antibodies that still recognize and bind to the influenza virus even when new strains emerge unexpectedly.”

Leah Leisch, M.D., assistant professor in the UAB Division of General Internal Medicine, says it is imperative everyone receives influenza vaccines because any flu vaccine can offer some protection against the virus.

“The CDC recommends all people ages 6 months and above -; including pregnant women -;receive an annual flu vaccination,” Leisch said. “It is especially important for people at high risk for flu-related complications. This includes, but is not limited to, pregnant women, children younger than 5, adults older than 65 and people with certain medical conditions. The flu vaccine is not recommended for infants less than 6 months old.”

Harrod says the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices does not recommend the use of the live attenuated influenza vaccine, also known as the “nasal spray” flu vaccine, in the 2017-2018 influenza season.

The aftermath of flu

Once someone is infected with the virus, Leisch notes, there are two recommended courses of treatment.

“During flu season, if you experience flu-like symptoms, it is wise to let your doctor know within 24 to 48 hours of when the symptoms began,” she said. “However, your doctor may not prescribe any medications, as most -; otherwise healthy -; adults under age 65 do not require prescription medication for flu.”

In fact, Leisch says, for most people, the best therapy is to stay at home -; away from others -; and get plenty of rest and fluids. Young children, adults older than 65 and adults with certain medical problems may require treatment with an anti-viral medication to help prevent flu-related complications.

The other recommended course of treatment is with anti-viral medication.

“These medications are good at preventing complications of flu and shortening the duration of flu by one or two days,” Leisch said. “However, they will not make the symptoms go away immediately.”

She added that most healthy adults under age 65 do not require prescription medication for flu.

Source:

https://www.uab.edu/news/youcanuse/item/8823-physicians-react-to-flu-forecasts-recommend-preparing-now-for-flu-season

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles