Breaking News
January 17, 2018 - Raw Meat Not the Safest Choice for Your Dog or for You
January 17, 2018 - High-Dose Aspirin Preferred for Kawasaki’s
January 17, 2018 - Study suggests risk management approach to combat EMS fatigue
January 17, 2018 - A new therapy against obesity
January 17, 2018 - Doctors warn against holding your nose and closing your mouth to contain a sneeze
January 17, 2018 - Measles outbreak alarms public health officials
January 17, 2018 - FDA Slaps Class Warning on Gadolinium Contrast Agents
January 17, 2018 - Distinct human mutations can alter the effect of medicine
January 17, 2018 - ASIT biotech’s new article presents clinical results of gp
January 17, 2018 - Alternative tobacco use by adolescents associated with greater odds of future cigarette smoking
January 17, 2018 - A High-Salt Diet Produces Dementia In Mice
January 17, 2018 - Scientists provide insights into crucial interaction for DNA repair
January 17, 2018 - Sanofi and Regeneron Announce Positive Topline Pivotal Results for PD-1 Antibody Cemiplimab in Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
January 17, 2018 - Morning Break: Pfizer Kills AD/PD Pipeline; Trump Affirms His Mental Health; Humira Pricing Strategy
January 17, 2018 - Researchers see gene influencing performance of sleep-deprived people
January 17, 2018 - Fast food triggers the immune system making it hyperactive
January 17, 2018 - Scientists find increased risk of HIV outbreaks in Ukraine due to war-related migration
January 17, 2018 - New universal flu vaccine moves to clinical trial phase and could be a reality soon
January 17, 2018 - Cocaine de-addiction breakthrough shows promise
January 17, 2018 - FDA Accepts New Drug Application for Seysara (sarecycline) for the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Acne
January 17, 2018 - Robotic Telestenting; BP Cuff Smartwatch; Medicare Bundled Care
January 17, 2018 - New cellular approach found to control progression of chronic kidney disease
January 17, 2018 - Lamprey genes provide clues to repair spinal cord damage, finds study
January 17, 2018 - Tissue-based soft robot could lead to advances in bio-inspired robotics
January 17, 2018 - Mostly the healthy and wealthy Americans use mobile phone apps to track sleep habits
January 17, 2018 - FDA Alert: Varubi (rolapitant) Injectable Emulsion: Health Care Provider Letter
January 16, 2018 - NeuroBreak: Rough Days for Neuroscience Research; Another Migraine Drug Advances
January 16, 2018 - The ‘greatest pandemic in history’ was 100 years ago – but many of us still get the basic facts wrong
January 16, 2018 - Serena Williams Shares Childbirth Ordeal
January 16, 2018 - The Artificial Brain as Doctor
January 16, 2018 - Type 2 diabetes has hepatic origins
January 16, 2018 - Expert discusses how to identify, support individuals with drug or alcohol addiction in workplace
January 16, 2018 - Starting menstruation early increases risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke in later life
January 16, 2018 - CapsoVision receives CE Mark approval for use of CapsoCam Plus System in pediatric patients
January 16, 2018 - Researchers develop new dynamic statistical model to follow gene expressions over time
January 16, 2018 - Alzheimer’s ‘looks like me, it looks like you’
January 16, 2018 - By the Numbers: Physicians’ Economic Impact
January 16, 2018 - Sound Health | NIH News in Health
January 16, 2018 - Modifying baby formula doesn’t prevent type 1 diabetes in children
January 16, 2018 - Energy drinks dangerous for kids
January 16, 2018 - When you need a breast screening, should you get a 3-D mammogram?
January 16, 2018 - Johns Hopkins gets approval to perform HIV positive to HIV positive living donor kidney transplants
January 16, 2018 - The Salk Institute and Indivumed collaborate for cutting-edge cancer research
January 16, 2018 - Study reveals negative long-term effects of heavy cannabis use on brain function and behavior
January 16, 2018 - Many gym-goers injure themselves by pushing harder to be better than friends
January 16, 2018 - Risankizumab Meets All Primary Endpoints Reporting Positive Results in Fourth Pivotal Phase 3 Psoriasis Study
January 16, 2018 - Federal Junk Food Tax Feasible, Study Says
January 16, 2018 - Do girls have stronger teeth than boys?
January 16, 2018 - New high-sensitivity blood tests could aid faster diagnosis and treatment for heart attack
January 16, 2018 - How fatal mitochondrial diseases may strike offspring of families with no history of the conditions
January 16, 2018 - TherapeuticsMD Announces FDA Acceptance of New Drug Application and Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) Date for TX-004HR
January 16, 2018 - Morning Break: Food Pharmacies; Obamacare Sign-ups Dip; Top Pot Studies
January 16, 2018 - Blood pressure declines 14 to 18 years before death
January 16, 2018 - ViLim Ball technology helps reduce uncontrollable shaking hands
January 16, 2018 - Researchers use immune-mimicking biomaterial scaffolds to fast track T cell therapies
January 16, 2018 - In Wisconsin, hopes rise for production of a lifesaving radioactive isotope
January 16, 2018 - Researchers develop software to better predict risk of leakage around aortic stents
January 16, 2018 - Bile acids could directly burn away lipids in the fat depots
January 16, 2018 - Cycling does not negatively impact sexual and urinary health finds study
January 16, 2018 - Severe peer victimization in childhood may contribute to mental health issues in adolescence
January 16, 2018 - Exelixis Announces U.S. FDA Approval of Cabometyx (cabozantinib) Tablets for Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma
January 16, 2018 - Just How Often Do Patients Turn Post-Surgical Opioids Into a Habit?
January 16, 2018 - Opioid addiction – Genetics Home Reference
January 16, 2018 - Incomplete revascularization in PCI linked to higher mortality
January 16, 2018 - Machine learning algorithm uses brain scans to predict language ability in deaf children
January 16, 2018 - Penn scientists identify new therapeutic target for treatment of melanoma
January 16, 2018 - The London Clinic exhibits innovative technology to treat Parkinson’s disease at Arab Health
January 16, 2018 - Early influenza testing is critical to prevent serious complications
January 16, 2018 - Study Gets to the Core of Back Pain in Runners
January 16, 2018 - Year in Review: Ophthalmology | Medpage Today
January 16, 2018 - ClinicalTrials.gov: Marijuana Use
January 16, 2018 - Researchers create novel compound targeting melanoma cells
January 16, 2018 - FDA grants approval for first drug to treat inherited breast cancer
January 16, 2018 - Researchers develop remote-controlled mechanogenetics system to target and kill cancer cells
January 16, 2018 - Fresh, Frozen Embryos Equal in IVF
January 16, 2018 - Research shows biological clocks could improve brain cancer treatment
January 16, 2018 - Dire view from within accident and emergency wards of England and Wales
January 16, 2018 - Study reveals how devastating mitochondrial diseases strike families without any previous history
January 16, 2018 - Experts look for ways to standardize treatments for pediatric rheumatic diseases
January 16, 2018 - Teens who watch TV shows with ads likely to eat more junk food
Study characterizes hypertensive population with excess weight or obesity and sedentary habits

Study characterizes hypertensive population with excess weight or obesity and sedentary habits

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

A study by the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has characterized the overweight or obese hypertensive population

For the last seven years, researchers in the UPV/EHU’s Department of Physical and Sports Education have been studying the hypertensive population with excess weight/obesity and sedentary habits. In a recent publication, this group has determined the state of health of this population through various key physical, physiological, clinical and nutritional markers and has separated them by sex and physical condition.

Obesity and high blood pressure frequently coexist in the same individual and are recognised as the main cardiovascular risk factor. The prevalence of hypertension, defined as systolic arterial pressure of ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic arterial pressure of ≥90 mmHg and/or the prescribing of antihypertensive pharmacological therapy, is to be found in 30-45% of the general population. What is more, it is estimated right now that 69% of the population are overweight or obese and that 35% are obese individuals. That is why when controlling and preventing hypertension as well as cardiovascular disease, it is necessary to quantify cardiovascular risk since, even though a very small fraction of the hypertensive population has only high blood pressure, the vast majority display additional risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, physical inactivity, etc.

Gender difference is known to exert a different effect on the development of hypertension and cardiovascular risk. However, whether this difference could be taken as an additional factor in the prognosis and management of the disease has yet to be clarified. Yet experimental studies have determined that physical fitness or cardiorespiratory fitness is a vital sign strongly associated with cardiovascular risk (low cardiorespiratory fitness is correlated with an increase in this risk), as is an unhealthy dietary pattern.

That is why researchers in the UPV/EHU’s Department of Physical and Sports Education, in collaboration with IMQ-Amárica (Vitoria-Gasteiz) and the Clinical Testing Unit (Tecnalia, Vitoria-Gasteiz), have specified the clinical, physical, physiological state as well as the dietary pattern of the overweight/obese population, in addition to physical inactivity and a hypertension diagnosis, and have also characterized them in terms of sex and cardiorespiratory fitness prior to embarking on therapeutic, non-pharmacological treatment.

Characterizing the population

209 people, 141 men and 68 women, aged between 24 and 70 participated in the study conducted in Vitoria-Gasteiz and led by Sara Maldonado-Martin.  All the participants were assessed through measurements at rest and under stress (anthropometric, body composition, physiological, biochemical and dietary measurements).

According to Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, lead author of the paper published and a pre-doctoral student, “thanks to this work carried out over the last seven years, it has been possible to observe that the population studied, classified as metabolically, unhealthy obese individuals, display a profile of high cardiovascular risk”. This profile includes a hypertension diagnosis, excess weight/obesity, high glucemic level, unhealthy values in the lipid and hepatic enzyme profile, systemic inflammation, poor cardiovascular fitness, hypertension values during physical effort and adherence to an atherogenic dietary pattern, in other words, an unhealthy dietary pattern with an unsuitable diet or eating habits that lead to the formation of fat in the arteries. What is more, even though the women displayed better biochemical and dietary pattern profiles compared with the men, their physical and physiological characteristics were poorer.

Finally, it was confirmed that greater cardiorespiratory fitness contributes towards the lessening of some cardiovascular risks, such as a high body mass index, high hepatic fat and a non-dipping nocturnal blood pressure pattern. So according to Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, “the identifying of the clinical, physical, physiological and dietary patterns of this population clearly indicates the need to propose lifestyle changes, such as nutritional quality and regular physical exercise, which have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular risk factors with a view to obtaining a healthy population”.

Source:

http://www.ehu.eus/en/en-content/-/asset_publisher/l57S/content/n_20171020-inves-ilargi-gorostegi?redirect=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ehu.eus%2Fen%2Fen-home%3Fp_p_id%3D101_INSTANCE_eFh7%26p_p_lifecycle%3D0%26p_p_state%3Dnormal%26p_p_mode%3Dview%26p_p_col_id%3Dcolumn-2%26p_p_col_pos%3D1%26p_p_col_count%3D3

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles