TITUSVILLE, NJ, OCTOBER 30, 2017 – Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the 10 mg once-daily dose of Xarelto (rivaroxaban) for reducing the continued risk for recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) after completing at least six months of initial anticoagulation therapy. This approval follows a FDA Priority Review and is based on data from EINSTEIN CHOICE, the only clinical study to find that a Factor Xa inhibitor, specifically Xarelto, demonstrates superior efficacy in reducing the continued risk of recurrent VTE and with major bleeding rates similar to aspirin.
VTE includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a blood clot in a deep vein (often the legs), and pulmonary embolism (PE), a clot that travels to the lung. It is the third most common cause of cardiovascular death worldwide, after heart attack and stroke.
“We believe the availability of the 10 mg Xarelto dose will change clinical practice and the management of VTE recurrence,” said Paul Burton, MD, PhD, FACC, Vice President, Medical Affairs, Janssen. “The landmark EINSTEIN program results yet again demonstrate Xarelto is a safe and highly effective option, not only for the initial treatment of a VTE, but also for the continued prevention of a recurrent event.”
With this approval, the Xarelto prescribing information provides instructions for physicians to begin treatment with Xarelto 15 mg, dosed twice daily, for the first 21 days after a VTE occurrence. On day 22 through at least day 180, the daily dose decreases to Xarelto 20 mg once daily. After at least 180 days (6 months), physicians can prescribe Xarelto 10 mg once daily in patients at continued risk for DVT and/or PE.
“If anticoagulation therapy is stopped, up to 20 percent of patients will have a recurrent VTE within three years. To prevent this, physicians have long debated how best to extend anticoagulant use beyond the initial treatment window,” said Jeffrey Weitz, MD, FRCP(C), FACP, Professor, Departments of Medicine and Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, and Executive Director, Thrombosis & Atherosclerosis Research Institute. “The FDA’s approval of the 10 mg dose of Xarelto for preventing recurrent VTE, along with clinical evidence confirming the superiority of Xarelto over aspirin for extended VTE prevention, means we can finally put this debate to rest.”
The FDA’s approval of the Xarelto 10 mg once-daily dose was based on the EINSTEIN CHOICE study results. The EINSTEIN CHOICE study evaluated patients with VTE who were already treated with six to 12 months of initial anticoagulation therapy and then received Xarelto 10 mg once daily, Xarelto 20 mg once daily or aspirin 100 mg once daily for up to an additional 12 months of treatment. Patients taking either Xarelto dose had significantly fewer recurrent VTE compared to those taking aspirin. Specifically, Xarelto 10 mg reduced the risk of recurrent VTE by 74 percent and Xarelto 20 mg by 66 percent. All three treatment groups had low rates of major bleeding (0.4 percent with Xarelto 10 mg, 0.5 percent with Xarelto 20 mg, 0.3 percent with aspirin).
In September 2017, Janssen’s development partner Bayer announced the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use of the European Medicines Agency granted a positive opinion to update the Xarelto label to include the 10 mg once-daily dose in the European Union; the European Commission granted approval on October 19, 2017.
About EINSTEIN CHOICE
EINSTEIN CHOICE is a Phase 3, global, randomized, double-blind, superiority study that compared the efficacy and safety of two doses of Xarelto (10 mg and 20 mg once daily) with aspirin 100 mg once daily for the management of VTE. The study met its primary efficacy endpoint, finding both Xarelto doses to be superior to aspirin in reducing the risk of recurrent VTE. There were 3,365 patients from 31 countries included in the study analysis. People who required extended anticoagulation at therapeutic doses were not included, as the study’s objective was to investigate patients for whom the treating physician was uncertain about the need for continuing anticoagulant therapy.
Data from EINSTEIN CHOICE were presented during a joint American College of Cardiology/Journal of the American Medical Association Late-Breaking Clinical Trials session at the American College of Cardiology’s 66th Annual Scientific Session in March 2017 and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine.
The EXPLORER program is unmatched by any oral anticoagulant in the Factor Xa inhibitor class in its size, scope and ambition. A collaborative effort between Janssen and Bayer, EXPLORER seeks to generate important clinical evidence on the safety and efficacy of Xarelto and its potential role in addressing critical unmet medical needs. Several studies in the program, including EINSTEIN CHOICE, are designed to seek additional indications or expand the label for Xarelto to benefit more patients in need of additional therapies for their cardiovascular disease. By the time of its completion, more than 275,000 patients will have participated in the EXPLORER clinical development program, other completed and ongoing clinical trials, investigative registries and non-interventional studies.
About the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies
At the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, we are working to create a world without disease. Transforming lives by finding new and better ways to prevent, intercept, treat and cure disease inspires us. We bring together the best minds and pursue the most promising science.
We are Janssen. We collaborate with the world for the health of everyone in it. Learn more at www.janssen.com. Follow us on Twitter at @JanssenUS.
Cautions Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains “forward-looking statements” as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 regarding the availability and benefits of the 10 mg dose of XARELTO® (rivaroxaban). The reader is cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations of future events. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or known or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from the expectations and projections of Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., any of the other Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies and/or Johnson & Johnson. Risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: challenges and uncertainties inherent in product research and development, including the uncertainty of clinical success and of obtaining regulatory approvals; uncertainty of commercial success; manufacturing difficulties and delays; competition, including technological advances, new products and patents attained by competitors; challenges to patents; product efficacy or safety concerns resulting in product recalls or regulatory action; changes in behavior and spending patterns of purchasers of health care products and services; changes to applicable laws and regulations, including global health care reforms; and trends toward health care cost containment. A further list and descriptions of these risks, uncertainties and other factors can be found in Johnson & Johnson’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 1, 2017, including under “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” its most recently filed Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including under the caption “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements,” and the company’s subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Copies of these filings are available online at www.sec.gov, www.jnj.com or on request from Johnson & Johnson. Neither the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies nor Johnson & Johnson undertakes to update any forward-looking statement as a result of new information or future events or developments.
Source: Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Posted: October 2017
- FDA Issues Complete Response Letter for Xarelto (rivaroxaban) to Reduce the Risk of Stent Thrombosis in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome – June 28, 2013
- FDA Expands Use of Xarelto to Treat, Reduce Recurrence of Blood Clots – November 2, 2012
- FDA Approves Xarelto to Prevent Stroke in People With Common Type of Abnormal Heart Rhythm – November 4, 2011
- FDA Approves Xarelto (rivaroxaban) to Prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis in Patients Undergoing Knee or Hip Replacement Surgery – July 1, 2011
- New Drug Application Submitted to FDA for Rivaroxaban for Prevention of Stroke in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation – January 5, 2011
- New Drug Application for Rivaroxaban in the U.S. – July 16, 2009
- U.S. FDA Issues Complete Response Letter for Rivaroxaban – May 28, 2009
- FDA Advisory Committee Finds Favorable Risk-Benefit Profile for Oral Anticoagulant Rivaroxaban for Prophylaxis of Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism After Hip or Knee Replacement Surgery – March 20, 2009
- Venous Blood Clot Prevention after Hip or Knee Replacement Surgery: Bayer’s Novel Anticoagulant Rivaroxaban Submitted for Approval in the U.S. – July 30, 2008
Xarelto (rivaroxaban) FDA Approval History