Breaking News
January 20, 2018 - Morning Break: Missing Maria Deaths; N.J. Doc Charged in Wife’s Murder; Viva Vaseline!
January 20, 2018 - No interventions proven to prevent late-life dementia
January 20, 2018 - Judge orders new Olympus trial over superbug death
January 20, 2018 - Don’t Rely on Just One Blood Pressure Test for Kids: Study
January 20, 2018 - Going Off the Deep End About Water
January 20, 2018 - Parental attention can reduce risk of drug abuse in adolescence
January 20, 2018 - Mast Uri System offers efficient and cost-friendly diagnostic solution
January 20, 2018 - International SOS, Chatham House sign partnership agreement to further advance Global Health Security Agenda
January 20, 2018 - Study offers way to predict onset of lung disease in children with cystic fibrosis
January 20, 2018 - C-Suite Must Lead in Ending Sexual Harassment
January 20, 2018 - Researchers find a way to ‘starve’ cancer
January 20, 2018 - Applied math can help predict genesis and evolution of different cancers
January 20, 2018 - UCLA researchers describe herpes virus structure associated with Kaposi’s sarcoma
January 20, 2018 - New study enrolls first patient to evaluate potential of WaveCrest LAAO System
January 20, 2018 - New review explores effects of exposing developing brains to general anesthesia
January 20, 2018 - GW Pharmaceuticals Announces Acceptance of NDA Filing for Epidiolex (cannabidiol) in the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome
January 20, 2018 - Weight-Loss Surgery Approaches Offer Similar Results
January 20, 2018 - Free online access to millions of documents on chemical toxicity
January 20, 2018 - CE marked MAST Toxoreagent kit for detection of Toxoplasma antibodies
January 20, 2018 - DNA study sheds light on longstanding puzzle of cell division
January 20, 2018 - Montefiore provides specialized medical care to parents of adopted children
January 20, 2018 - Enzyme discovery provides new horizon of therapeutic opportunities across disease spectrum
January 20, 2018 - New smartphone app successfully enables remote monitoring of surgical wounds
January 20, 2018 - Liquid Biopsy Shows Promise for Colon Cancer
January 20, 2018 - Surgery death rates in Africa are twice global average: study
January 20, 2018 - New isothermal amplification kit using LAMP technology
January 20, 2018 - Pretreatment improves outcomes in high-risk stage 3 melanoma, study shows
January 20, 2018 - Health Highlights: Jan. 17, 2018
January 20, 2018 - House Opioid Task Force has Big Plans for 2018
January 20, 2018 - Perfectionism among young people significantly increased since 1980s, study finds
January 20, 2018 - Evidensia Sweden orders Sectra cloud-based PACS for reviewing all medical images
January 20, 2018 - Researchers test new anti-malaria medication
January 20, 2018 - Small Joint Surgeries Drop among RA Patients
January 20, 2018 - Young people with shared residency have fewer mental problems
January 20, 2018 - Childhood physical activity may have far-reaching implications
January 20, 2018 - Overweight female kidney donors of childbearing age may have greater preeclampsia risk
January 20, 2018 - MSU scientists seek to identify brain mechanisms related to psychosis
January 20, 2018 - CBT is cost-effective treatment in primary care setting, Kaiser Permanente study finds
January 20, 2018 - Scientists find how potential new eczema treatment could also alleviate asthma
January 20, 2018 - Older hospitalized patients less likely to be tested for influenza
January 20, 2018 - Syndax Pharmaceuticals Announces Clinical Collaboration to Evaluate Entinostat in Combination with anti-PD-L1 Cancer Immunotherapy in Breast Cancer
January 20, 2018 - Endoscopes Over Microscopes in Retinal Surgery: Ophthalmology Times
January 20, 2018 - Technology not taking over children’s lives despite screen-time increase
January 20, 2018 - Study finds extensive contamination around lead battery recycling plants in 7 African countries
January 20, 2018 - Flu may pass to others through exhaled breath, study shows
January 20, 2018 - Neuronal loss very limited in Alzheimer’s disease, new study shows
January 20, 2018 - Novel robot can aid treatment of rare birth defect
January 19, 2018 - TherapeuticsMD Announces Submission of New Drug Application for TX-001HR
January 19, 2018 - Fighting Infant Mortality | Medpage Today
January 19, 2018 - Researchers offer new evidence on four-year-old children’s knowledge about ecology
January 19, 2018 - Analysis finds overlooked crucial factor in determining prognosis for DIPGs
January 19, 2018 - Review explores consequences of genetic testing and cancer risk-reducing surgery
January 19, 2018 - Morning Break: HHS Div. of Religious Freedom; Trump’s Heart Health; Minister of Loneliness
January 19, 2018 - Parkinson’s disease ‘jerking’ side effect detected by algorithm
January 19, 2018 - New analysis finds dramatic increases in maternal mortality rates
January 19, 2018 - Study provides more evidence for link between increased cancer risk and advanced gum disease
January 19, 2018 - Study reveals key mechanism of how cancer metastasis happens
January 19, 2018 - Weight-Loss Surgery’s Benefits Wane Over Time for Diabetics
January 19, 2018 - Cath Lab Recap: Sapien 3 Delivery System Recall; Transatlantic PCI Smackdown
January 19, 2018 - Parkinson’s treatment could be more effective, student finds
January 19, 2018 - New vaccine approach offers effective protection against tuberculosis
January 19, 2018 - Home care agencies often wrongly deny Medicare help to the chronically ill
January 19, 2018 - One hundred percent fruit juice does not alter blood sugar levels
January 19, 2018 - Prebiotics could enhance learning and memory skills in infants
January 19, 2018 - CMS May Cover MRI With Cardiac Devices Across the Board
January 19, 2018 - As income rises, women get slimmer—but not men
January 19, 2018 - Researchers develop adhesive materials to prevent bracket stains on teeth
January 19, 2018 - Flu can be spread without coughs and sneezes
January 19, 2018 - AMSBIO’s new recombinant protein shows great promise for organoid culture
January 19, 2018 - AbbVie’s Upadacitinib Granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for Atopic Dermatitis
January 19, 2018 - ASH: Pomalidomide Dose Escalation Improves Response
January 19, 2018 - AMSBIO offers isogenic panels of neuronal iPSC derivatives
January 19, 2018 - Is your child’s school an obesity risk?
January 19, 2018 - Scientists describe groundbreaking training effect on the innate immune system
January 19, 2018 - MAST announces new AmpC, ESBL & Carbapenemase Detection Set
January 19, 2018 - Signaling molecules likely involved in concussions, rodent studies show
January 19, 2018 - Mast introduces Carba plus for CPE and OXA-48 confirmation
January 19, 2018 - Paleolithic diet helps overweight women maintain weight loss
January 19, 2018 - Agios Submits New Drug Application to the FDA for Ivosidenib for the Treatment of Patients with Relapsed/Refractory AML and an IDH1 Mutation
January 19, 2018 - This Flu Season, Don’t Forget About Tamiflu
Review finds poor compliance with helmet use in baseball and softball

Review finds poor compliance with helmet use in baseball and softball

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print
Dr. Michael Cusimano, neurosurgeon and scientist at St. Michael’s Hospital and lead author of the study. Credit: St. Michael’s Hospital.

Despite lower rates of traumatic brain injuries in baseball and softball, there is poor compliance overall with helmet use and return-to-play guidelines following a concussion across all levels of play, according to a new systematic review.

The review, published online today in Frontiers in Neurology, examined 29 studies that collectively identified 242,731 baseball-and-softball related traumatic brain injuries sustained between 1982 and 2015.

The researchers found that although baseball and softball had the lowest rate of traumatic head injuries of 15 other sports, serious brain injuries occurred once in about every 2,000 games.

“Our review demonstrates that traumatic brain injury in baseball and softball affects players of all levels and all positions,” said Dr. Michael Cusimano, a neurosurgeon and scientist at St. Michael’s Hospital and lead author on the study. “Although the risk for traumatic brain injury is lower in baseball than other, high-contact sports like hockey and football, because the injuries can lead to very serious injuries like skull fractures and bleeding in the brain caused by balls or bats, it should be considered equally as serious and addressed in a way that reflects that.”

The review showed that all the formal baseball and softball leagues examined in the studies had rules that require helmets, but in the five studies that examined the use of protective equipment during traumatic brain injuries, players were wearing helmets in only seven per cent of baseball and softball-related traumatic brain injuries that required a visit to an emergency department, according to the authors.

For youth baseball, traumatic brain injuries accounted for six per cent of all baseball-related injuries. Concussions were also among the top 10 injuries that caused players to miss games, and the most common cause of catastrophic injury in professional baseball, according to the review.

Other key findings from the review, according to the authors, include:

  • Among younger players, the most common mechanism of injury was being struck by a bat. For children ages 5-9, being hit by a bat accounted for 54 per cent of traumatic brain injuries in boys and 61 per cent in girls.
  • Among older players (ages 10-19 and beyond), the most common mechanism of injury was being struck by the baseball for both male and female players
  • Across all ages and for both male and female players, rates of traumatic brain injury were four times higher in games than in practices

Based on this review of these injuries, the authors are calling for mandatory helmet use at all positions at all levels of youth baseball and softball.

“There is enough evidence to lead me to believe that if all players in all positions wore helmets, these severe injuries could be largely eliminated,” said Dr. Cusimano.

In addition, the authors recommended educating athletes, parents and coaches about traumatic brain injury, its symptoms and importance in preventing and reporting injuries.

They added that leagues, parents and coaches should be compliant with current return to school and return to sport guidelines after concussions.

Dr. Cusimano said that further advances in the safety of the game would require universal helmet use, engineering of new helmet, ball and bat designs to minimize the force of an impact, economic incentives and deterrents including fines, insurance rates and the price of equipment, as well as continued surveillance and evaluation of injury prevention strategies.

“All players, parents, coaches, trainers, teachers, league officials, and sponsors must come together to reduce these preventable injuries,” he said.


Explore further:
New study aims to prevent sports-related brain injury in youngsters

Journal reference:
Frontiers in Neurology

Provided by:
St. Michael’s Hospital

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles