Breaking News
July 17, 2018 - Women Often Unaware of Their Hospital’s Religious Affiliation
July 17, 2018 - CRISPR editing reduces repetitive behavior in mice with a form of autism
July 17, 2018 - Scientists use magnets to detect cancer
July 17, 2018 - Microfluidic chip to detect sepsis proves successful in clinical study
July 17, 2018 - Research provides better understanding of mechanisms underlying memory storage
July 17, 2018 - A Multi-Modal Approach for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer
July 17, 2018 - Mailing colorectal cancer tests to patients increases screening rates, report researchers
July 17, 2018 - Scientists find possible sources of medicinal and antimicrobial drugs
July 17, 2018 - Molecules formed when the body metabolizes omega-3 fatty acids may inhibit cancer
July 17, 2018 - Efficient communication between hospitals improves patient safety and reduces mortality
July 17, 2018 - Study highlights potential of fetal gene therapy to prevent lethal neurodegenerative disease
July 17, 2018 - For Americans, in Science They Trust
July 17, 2018 - Combating HIV/AIDS | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine
July 17, 2018 - Study shows minorities widely underrepresented in autism diagnoses
July 17, 2018 - Multigene testing replacing BRCA tests for breast cancer risk | News Center
July 17, 2018 - Pre-clinical pilot study shows promising results of ‘concussion pill’
July 17, 2018 - Researchers reduce size of tumors in mice by artificially activating the brain’s reward system
July 17, 2018 - New study documents symptoms of people before they acquire multiple sclerosis
July 17, 2018 - Researchers discover why CRISPR gene editing sometimes fails
July 17, 2018 - New finding may hold key to better understand the complexities of neurological disorders
July 17, 2018 - The Current issue of “The view from here” is concerned with Novel Targets.
July 17, 2018 - Fighting the Flu with a Universal Vaccine
July 17, 2018 - Key social reward circuit in the brain impaired in kids with autism | News Center
July 17, 2018 - Insight into causes, types and treatment of aphasia
July 16, 2018 - Quark Pharmaceuticals, Inc Announces First Patient Dosed in Phase 3 Clinical Trial of QPI-1002 for Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury Following Cardiac Surgery
July 16, 2018 - NSAIDs shown to have causal role in cardiovascular risk of patients with osteoarthritis
July 16, 2018 - PET scan tracer predicts success of cancer ‘vaccine’ | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Parents struggle with what to do when their child has headache, shows study
July 16, 2018 - Outrageous or overblown? HHS announces another round of ACA navigator funding cuts
July 16, 2018 - Weight loss surgery may impact individual’s risk of developing cancer, shows study
July 16, 2018 - Alexion Submits Application for Priority Review and Approval of ALXN1210 as a Treatment for Patients with Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) in the U.S.
July 16, 2018 - Restoring epigenetic balance reinstates memory in flies with Alzheimer’s disease symptoms
July 16, 2018 - Magnetized wire could be used to detect cancer in people | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Non-surgical management found to be feasible option for penetrating kidney trauma
July 16, 2018 - California clinic screens asylum seekers for honesty
July 16, 2018 - FDA Approves Xtandi (enzalutamide) for the Treatment of Men with Non-Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC)
July 16, 2018 - Can nanotechnology help treat Alzheimer’s?
July 16, 2018 - Researchers identify protein essential for making stem cells | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Severe childhood infections linked with lower school achievement in adolescence
July 16, 2018 - Radiologist discusses causes, treatments of varicose veins
July 16, 2018 - Researchers develop nanostructured surface to accelerate wound healing after dental implants
July 16, 2018 - New non-invasive procedure to reposition kidney stones could benefit astronauts
July 16, 2018 - Attending Surgeon Influences Genetic Testing in Breast Cancer
July 16, 2018 - Medical doctors with addictions fear professional repercussions if they seek treatment
July 16, 2018 - 5 Questions: John Ioannidis calls for more rigorous nutrition research | News Center
July 16, 2018 - University of Illinois buys 3D-Bioplotter for regenerative biology, tissue engineering research
July 16, 2018 - Charité’s researchers integrate open-source platform into the ‘Human Brain Project’
July 16, 2018 - SUSU scientists develop rehabilitation device for people with lower limbs injuries
July 16, 2018 - Researchers find definite increase in scooter-related injuries
July 16, 2018 - Researchers solve mystery of final blood group system
July 16, 2018 - Researchers develop near-infrared fluorophores-based PDT to cure cancer with less side effects
July 16, 2018 - Traumatic brain injury biomarker could help predict patient prognosis
July 16, 2018 - Researchers to investigate role of hormones in mosquito’s ability to use human blood for egg production
July 16, 2018 - AHA: Doctor Makes Lifesaving House Call in His Own Home
July 16, 2018 - Nearsightedness – Genetics Home Reference
July 16, 2018 - Study shows biomarker panel boosts lung cancer risk assessment for smokers
July 16, 2018 - Researchers find link between bereavement during pregnancy, child’s mental health | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Legalizing same-sex marriage has meaningful effects on health care access for sexual-minority men
July 16, 2018 - New York to allow medical marijuana as substitute to opioids
July 16, 2018 - Reducing tapeworm infection could improve academic performance, reduce poverty | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Researchers describe key role of enzyme in regulating immune response against Chagas disease parasite
July 16, 2018 - Johnson & Johnson Announces Publication in The Lancet Highlighting Robust Immune Response to Janssen’s Mosaic-based Preventive Vaccine Regimen for HIV
July 16, 2018 - Do Racial and Gender Disparities Exist in Newer Glaucoma Treatments?
July 16, 2018 - Antibodies may predict transplant rejection risk
July 16, 2018 - New center sets out to stop disease before it starts | News Center
July 16, 2018 - FDA warns consumers about criminals sending fake warning letters
July 16, 2018 - Residential segregation linked with racial disparities in firearm homicide fatalities
July 16, 2018 - UW-Madison researchers develop new method to track Parkinson’s damage in the heart
July 16, 2018 - New approach to cultivate hypoallergenic tomato and strawberry varieties
July 16, 2018 - Smoking associated with delayed shinbone healing
July 16, 2018 - Sheila Dolezal, ‘team player extraordinaire,’ wins 2018 Amy J. Blue Award | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Advanced Prostate Cancer Variant More Common Than Thought
July 16, 2018 - New ways to conquer sleep apnea compete for place in bedroom
July 16, 2018 - Renowned microbe hunter Stanley Falkow dies at 84 | News Center
July 15, 2018 - FDA Slaps Stronger Warnings on Potent Class of Antibiotics, Fluoroquinolones
July 15, 2018 - Don’t let depression keep you from exercising
July 15, 2018 - Student research symposium showcases curiosity and scholarship | News Center
July 15, 2018 - Heavy smokers have increased risk of heart rhythm disorder, shows study
July 15, 2018 - Parents who had severe trauma, stresses in childhood more likely to have kids with behavioral health problems
July 15, 2018 - At colloquium, a range of views on value of predictive algorithms | News Center
Smoking and alcohol consumption in OECD countries – country breakdown

Smoking and alcohol consumption in OECD countries – country breakdown

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Both smoking and alcohol consumption have been linked to several deadly diseases include coronary heart disease, ischemic heart disease, strokes, diabetes, several cancers, liver diseases etc. Smoking is directly associated with lung diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Smoking and alcohol exposure among pregnant mothers is associated with severe health consequences for the baby. Reports have shown that smoking is responsible for the most number of healthy life years lost in 15 OECD countries. It ranks second biggest cause of disability and diseased years in 16 OECD countries. At least seven million people worldwide die of tobacco smoking and of these 890,000 die of exposure to second hand smoke.

Smoking statistics

The latest OECD countries report “Health At a Glance 2017” shows that 14 percent of women and 23 percent of men – making up of a little over 18 percent adults smoking in these countries. Highest number of smokers can be found in countries such as Greece, Hungary and Turkey and Indonesia with over a quarter of the population smoking.

Numbers of smokers are least in Mexico and Brazil making up for 10 percent of the population. Highest rates of female smokers are seen in Austria, Greece and Hungary, where over one in five women smoke. Korea, Mexico, China, India and Indonesia have less than 5 percent women smokers.

Among males, almost 40 percent of the population smoke in countries like Turkey, China, Indonesia and Russian Federation. Men smoke least in Iceland and Brazil with less than one in 10 smokers. Gender gap between males and females is least in Denmark and Iceland.

Biggest gaps between number of women and men smokers is seen in Indonesia at 73 points, China at 46 points and the Russian Federation at 34 points.

The report also looked at daily smoking rates in the different countries. In 2015, an average of 18 percent of adults smoked regularly. There was a 28 percent reduction in daily smoking rates since 2000. This from in the fifteen years has been seen maximally in Denmark, Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Brazil, India, Lithuania and the Russian Federation. In these countries the reduction has been over 10 percent points.

Biggest falls in number of daily smokers was seen in Greece, Hungary, Turkey and Indonesia. Least change in the daily smoking rates was seen in Mexico and Brazil.

Government health policies have targeted and focused on measures to reduce and discourage tobacco and alcohol consumption in these countries. Tobacco advertising bans for example have been in place since 2014 in 29 countries. Taxation on tobacco containing products have been in place in 26 countries.

All OECD member countries now have graphic warnings displayed on tobacco product labels to discourage smoking and tobacco consumption. May 31st each year is commemorated as “World No Tobacco Day” to reinforce the no-tobacco messages.

Alcohol consumption statistics

Alcohol use has been associated with several diseases including heart disease, liver damage and several cancers. It leads to death and disease among the working age group of populations. “Health at a glance 2017” report says that alcohol features among the top ten causes of disease and disability that leads to healthy life years lost in 32 of the OECD countries. These countries report higher than global average consumption of alcohol.

Alcohol has caused 2.3 million deaths in 2015 says the report. These are deaths due to heart disease, liver damage, cancers etc. but the causative factor behind them remains alcohol consumption. Heavy drinking has been seen in 20 percent of the population leading to loss of jobs and productivity and wages apart from health damage.

The report shows that the number of litres of alcohol consumed per capita has come down from 9.5 litres to 9 litres since 2000. This is pure alcohol and equivalent to 96 bottles of wine. Consumption of alcohol has significantly increased instead of reducing in 13 OECD countries.

Some of the countries where trends have shown rise in alcohol consumption include China, India, Lithuania and South Africa. The rise is least (0.1 to 1 litres per capita annually) in countries such as Canada, Chile, Israel, Korea, Mexico, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, United States and South Africa.

The rise is steeper in Belgium, Iceland, Latvia, Poland, China, India and Lithuania with up to 5.3 litres rise since 2000. Biggest reduction of alcohol consumption has been seen in Denmark, Ireland, Italy and the Netherlands at over 2 litres per capita per year.

The report assessed regular binge drinking among the population living in the OECD countries. They noted that 12 percent women and 30 percent men indulge in binge drinking bouts on a regular basis (at least once monthly).

Men are more prone to binge drinking than women, The gap between genders is lowest in Spain and Greece while it is the widest in Estonia, Finland and Latvia. Average rates of binge drinking are around 8 percent (lowest) in Hungary and highest in Denmark at 37 percent.

Government health policies are in place to check for excess alcohol use. This includes taxations, public education and awareness programs,  ban of alcoholic beverage advertising, law enforcements etc.

Smoking and alcohol consumption among children of OECD countries

The “Health at a glance” report 2017 shows rise in adolescent smoking and drinking trends in the OECD countries. Starting smoking and alcohol use early, leads to severe health consequences later in life, including respiratory problems, heart disease, liver disease, cancers etc. Growth and development is also severely impaired. Use of tobacco and alcohol also paves way to trying other illegal substances and indulging in risky behaviors.

Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) surveys are a series of surveys among adolescents to study smoking and drinking behaviors. Results reveal that over 15 percent of teenagers over the age of 15 years smoke at least once a week in several countries such as France, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Slovak Republic. Smoking rates are lower among this age group in Iceland and Norway.

Adolescent smokers are around 12 percent of all adolescents in the OECD countries. Boys smoke more than girls in many countries but girls are more in numbers of smokers in countries such as Australia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. There is a wide gap between boys and girls with boys leading in Israel, Lithuania and the Russian Federation.

Adolescent alcohol consumers are around 30 percent in all the OECD countries. One in three 15 year old has been drunk at least twice in countries such as Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary, Slovenia and the United Kingdom and Lithuania. Iceland, Israel, Luxembourg, Switzerland and the Russian Federation show lower number of drinkers among the adolescents.

On an average, 23.5 percent boys and 21.2 percent girls consume alcohol. The gender gap is widest in countries such as Austria, Hungary, Israel, as well as Lithuania and the Russian Federation with boys consuming more alcohol than girls. Canada, Sweden and the United Kingdom girls are more frequently drunk than boys.

The report emphasizes on more stringent laws and regulations to prevent both smoking and drinking among the youth.

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles