Breaking News
June 19, 2018 - Study finds elevated risk of congenital defects in lithium-exposed infants
June 19, 2018 - Test-Taking Can Be Tough for Kids With Vision Problems
June 19, 2018 - Injections for knee osteoarthritis—’subtle but significant’ impact of revisions in clinical practice guidelines
June 19, 2018 - Researchers develop new approach to assess effectiveness of Men B vaccine
June 19, 2018 - Study shows link between financial literacy and hospitalization risk in older adults
June 19, 2018 - New study examines how the brain plays role in rheumatoid arthritis inflammation
June 19, 2018 - Researchers discover new defense mechanism against oxygen radicals
June 19, 2018 - WVU researcher aims to produce updated whooping cough vaccine
June 19, 2018 - Scientists develop novel computational framework to support personalized cancer treatment
June 19, 2018 - Rate of dementia on the decline—but beware of growing numbers
June 19, 2018 - Microglia play protective role in response to retinal detachment, shows study
June 19, 2018 - Technology breakthrough could enable detection of fetal genetic abnormalities in early pregnancy
June 19, 2018 - Novel chip can be used to identify rhinovirus strains as cause of asthma
June 19, 2018 - Effects of in vitro fertilization depend on genetic variation inherited from parents
June 19, 2018 - Heart attack patients unable to resume work report depression and financial hardship
June 19, 2018 - Study combines gene editing and stem cell technologies to predict person’s risk for heart disease
June 19, 2018 - Weight loss of 20% or greater results in better outcomes for overweight, obese adults with knee osteoarthritis
June 19, 2018 - Alnylam Reports Updated Positive Results from Phase 1/2 Study of Lumasiran in Patients with Primary Hyperoxaluria Type 1 (PH1)
June 19, 2018 - Study predicts most people with earliest Alzheimer’s signs won’t develop dementia associated with the disease
June 19, 2018 - Abnormal sleep duration linked to metabolic syndrome in new study
June 19, 2018 - Researchers develop new method to preserve fertility in boys with prepubertal cancer
June 19, 2018 - Late onset of diabetes could be indicative of pancreatic cancer
June 19, 2018 - WHO releases new International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11)
June 19, 2018 - Skin tone makes big difference in diagnosis and treatment of dermatologic conditions
June 19, 2018 - After addiction, the long road back to good health
June 19, 2018 - High blood pressure could be an early sign of dementia
June 19, 2018 - Innovative drugs and new European treatment guidelines refine, improve MS therapy
June 19, 2018 - BIDMC scientists develop new tool to benefit patients with HCV-associated liver failure
June 19, 2018 - Diabetes diagnosis may come with increased risk of pancreatic cancer for African-Americans, Latinos
June 19, 2018 - Personalized Goals, Cash Motivate Heart Patients to Exercise
June 19, 2018 - Nipah Virus (NiV) | CDC
June 19, 2018 - Genomics offers new treatment options for infants with range of soft tissue tumors
June 18, 2018 - Study shows how moderate consumption of alcohol can protect the heart
June 18, 2018 - Gene editing technology predicts heart disease risk
June 18, 2018 - Who Will and Who Won’t Get the Flu?
June 18, 2018 - Research shows effective responses to online feedback
June 18, 2018 - Scientists to focus on big data and genetics to identify risk factors for dementia
June 18, 2018 - Ultrasound-based technology for assessing overweight adolescents with liver disease
June 18, 2018 - Osteochondral knee defect treated using cell technology
June 18, 2018 - New clinical trial finds no evidence to support use of tamsulosin for kidney stones
June 18, 2018 - Study demonstrates increased levels of gum disease in people at risk of rheumatoid arthritis
June 18, 2018 - Ebola & Marburg | NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
June 18, 2018 - Brains, eyes, testes: off-limits for transplants?
June 18, 2018 - Drug used to treat myelofibrosis can awaken ‘dormant’ lymphomas in the bone marrow
June 18, 2018 - New study focuses on best, cost effective practices to bridge treatment gap for brain disorders
June 18, 2018 - New study highlights predictors that prevent from achieving remission in early RA
June 18, 2018 - Neuroscientists map feeling of cool touch to the brain’s insula in mouse model
June 18, 2018 - Study highlights potential use of blood biomarkers as diagnostic tool for sleep apnea
June 18, 2018 - Eating plant-based diet can reduce risk for heart problems in people with type 2 diabetes
June 18, 2018 - Lenabasum has acceptable safety and tolerability in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis
June 18, 2018 - Study shows link between risky opioid prescriptions and increased odds of death
June 18, 2018 - Bone density scans could help determine likelihood of cardiovascular disease
June 18, 2018 - Mechanical thrombectomy appears to be important therapy for acute stroke in very old patients
June 18, 2018 - Novel compound as effective as FDA-approved antibiotics for treating deadly infections
June 18, 2018 - Ironwood Pharmaceuticals Announces FDA Orphan Drug Designation for Olinciguat for the Treatment of Sickle Cell Disease
June 18, 2018 - Surgical outcomes equivalent whether physician anesthesiologist assisted by nurse anesthetist or AA
June 18, 2018 - Studies provide insight into molecular changes prior to onset of arthritis
June 18, 2018 - Dyaco unveils specialist medical and rehabilitation equipment range in the UK
June 18, 2018 - Engineers develop algorithm to monitor joints of patients with arthritis
June 18, 2018 - Women with higher vitamin D blood levels have lower risk for breast cancer
June 18, 2018 - New studies help elucidate role of sleep in chronic pain
June 18, 2018 - Researchers link red meat sensitivity spread by ticks with heart disease
June 18, 2018 - Research explores role of autopsy in cardiovascular medicine
June 18, 2018 - Motif Bio Submits NDA for Iclaprim
June 18, 2018 - NIH-funded researchers identify target for chikungunya treatment
June 18, 2018 - Negative emotions are murkier, less distinct in adolescence
June 18, 2018 - Gut microbiome may be potential contributor to depression, anxiety in people with obesity
June 18, 2018 - Canakinumab reduces gout rate by more than half in atherosclerosis patients, study shows
June 18, 2018 - What Does the Future Hold?
June 18, 2018 - FDA Approves Keytruda (pembrolizumab) for Treatment of Refractory or Relapsed Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma (PMBCL)
June 18, 2018 - School cliques don’t always click
June 18, 2018 - Three experts from The Tinnitus Clinic contribute to major review on pulsatile tinnitus
June 18, 2018 - Unwieldy health costs often stand between teachers and fatter paychecks
June 18, 2018 - Link between frailty and mortality remains unchanged despite lower death rates, study finds
June 18, 2018 - Sleep disorders appear to be first sign of serious neurological diseases
June 18, 2018 - Childhood, adult obesity raise risk of developing hip and knee osteoarthritis
June 18, 2018 - Study unravels ‘blood stem cell niche’ puzzle
June 18, 2018 - People with heart problems do not take enough exercise, shows study
June 18, 2018 - Strong Link Identified Between T2DM and Parkinson’s Disease
June 18, 2018 - Early childhood interventions show mixed results on child development
Getting Self-Driving Cars on the Road Soon Might Save Lives: MedlinePlus Health News

Getting Self-Driving Cars on the Road Soon Might Save Lives: MedlinePlus Health News

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

HealthDay news image

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The sooner driverless cars make their way onto American roadways, the sooner thousands of lives will be saved each year, a new report suggests.

For that reason, the RAND Corporation research team that did the analysis is cautioning against delaying the introduction of driverless cars — which they call “highly automated vehicles” (HAVs) — under any misplaced premise that current technology might be somewhat less than “perfectly” safe.

“We were surprised by the magnitude of life savings by the introduction of HAVs,” said Nidhi Kalra. She is senior information scientist and director of RAND’s San Francisco office.

The RAND report, released online Tuesday, warns of the cost of forgoing somewhat safer self-driving cars in favor of waiting for hugely safer cars that might take many more years to develop.

The safety record would improve even more by getting self-driving cars on the roadways “so that technology that was only just better than humans when introduced could become much better, much faster,” Kalra said.

Specifically, the introduction of self-driving cars that are just 10 percent safer than cars driven by humans would save perhaps hundreds of thousands of lives over a 15- to 30-year period. Those are lives that would otherwise be lost if such cars were kept off the road in anticipation of ones that are as much as 75 to 90 percent safer than human drivers, the researchers said.

At issue is the fact that driverless cars will probably never be perfectly safe, experts acknowledge. Weather, traffic and cyber security issues are vulnerabilities that will endure, even if risks currently linked to human error get reduced or eliminated.

But when considering when to actually launch self-driving cars on U.S. roads, the question remains: How safe is safe enough?

“Nearly perfect autonomous vehicles may be extremely difficult to achieve without widespread deployment,” Groves said. “Fortunately, the industry and observers are quite confident that autonomous vehicles that are safer on average than humans can be achieved through current development procedures.”

Still, “it may be a very long time before these vehicles can operate in all possible conditions at a performance that is many times better than human drivers,” he stressed. “And yet, they may offer huge benefits in some conditions, even when the improvement over human drivers is modest.”

That’s because human driving can be deeply flawed, undermined by a variety of factors such as fatigue, distraction and drunk driving. The U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says that more than 90 percent of car crashes are the result of driver-related errors.

However, unbridled enthusiasm for driverless cars is somewhat premature, argued Russ Martin, director of government relations for the Governors Highway Safety Association in Washington, D.C.

“Even though we expect that autonomous vehicles will significantly reduce crashes and injuries, RAND’s new analysis is deeply speculative,” Martin said.

“As the report notes, we still lack consensus on how to measure the safety of [automated vehicles] or how to compare them to human drivers,” he explained.

“Higher-level automation still faces a number of technical challenges, and it is too early to generalize about when such technology might come into common use,” Martin said. “Rather, the best available evidence suggests that we are likely looking at a mix of vehicles on the road, with traditional vehicles and vehicles across the spectrum of automation, probably for many decades.”

And within this mix, he cautioned, “human error will continue to be the biggest driver of risk on the road.”

On the other hand, injury expert Christopher Morrison thinks that RAND’s “statistical arguments make good sense.”

But, Morrison said, “as the authors note, statistical arguments are not the only consideration here. And the judgments about the best way forward will be based on many other factors, including people’s tolerance for machine error versus human error.”

Morrison is a postdoctoral fellow in the department of biostatistics, epidemiology and informatics at the University of Pennsylvania’s Injury Science Center.

The RAND Corporation, a nonprofit institution, works to improve policy and decision-making through research and analysis.

Kalra co-authored the new report with David Groves, a senior policy researcher and co-director of RAND’s Water and Climate Resilience Center.

SOURCES: Nidhi Kalra, Ph.D., senior information scientist, director, San Francisco Bay Area office, RAND Corporation, and co-director, RAND’s Center for Decision Making Under Uncertainty, San Francisco; David Groves, Ph.D., senior policy researcher, and co-director, RAND’s Water and Climate Resilience Center; Russ Martin, director, government relations, Governors Highway Safety Association, Washington, D.C.; Christopher Morrison, Ph.D., postdoctoral fellow, department of biostatistics, epidemiology and informatics, Injury Science Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; Nov. 7, 2017, RAND Corporation report, “The Enemy of Good: Estimating the Cost of Waiting for Nearly Perfect Automated Vehicles”

News stories are written and provided by HealthDay and do not reflect federal policy, the views of MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles