Breaking News
September 23, 2018 - Removing tobacco product display from shops reduced number of children buying cigarettes
September 23, 2018 - Random fraction of specialized immune cells leads the charge in battling invaders
September 23, 2018 - Few minutes of sprinting exercise may be as effective as longer exercise sessions
September 23, 2018 - Researchers use neutrons to make first direct observations of water in lipid bilayers
September 23, 2018 - Researchers demonstrate pre-clinical success for universal flu vaccine in new paper
September 23, 2018 - Study reveals surprising gaps in some HIV medical providers’ knowledge of ACA
September 23, 2018 - Oxehealth secures European medical device accreditation for vital signs measurement software
September 23, 2018 - HTN Tx Intensification Common Upon Discharge in U.S. Vets
September 23, 2018 - Fibre can strengthen the intestinal barrier
September 23, 2018 - New platform examines infectious pathogens that may spread from animals to humans
September 23, 2018 - Demographers create detailed color map of population aging in Europe
September 23, 2018 - New type of fatty acid can slow down overreactive immune system
September 23, 2018 - Innovative procedure could provide breakthrough in treating early-stage lung cancer
September 23, 2018 - Research finds drop in number of measles cases in the EU/EEA since March 2018
September 23, 2018 - Researchers acquire new insights into DNA polymerases
September 23, 2018 - Alzheimer’s diagnosis might become simpler with new brain imaging method
September 23, 2018 - Reports Warn of Growing Opioid Crisis Among Seniors
September 23, 2018 - Researchers unravel why people with HIV suffer from more neurologic diseases
September 23, 2018 - Human brain structured to make best possible decision with limited resources
September 23, 2018 - KHN’s ‘What the Health?’ Health on the hill
September 23, 2018 - Bad air and inadequate data prove an unhealthy mix
September 23, 2018 - Regular bedtime and wake time important for heart, metabolic health even among adults
September 23, 2018 - HIV and a tale of a few cities
September 23, 2018 - NIH launches clinical trial to test infusions of combination antibodies in people with HIV
September 23, 2018 - Researchers develop new system to detect consumption of synthetic cannabinoids
September 23, 2018 - Vax-Hub to influenze radical change in development and manufacturing of vaccines
September 23, 2018 - People who have slept lesser than seven hours have higher risks of car crashes
September 23, 2018 - an ancient art may work best to prevent falls in old age
September 23, 2018 - Consumption of foods with lower nutritional quality related to increased cancer risk
September 23, 2018 - Patient Health Information Often Shared Electronically
September 23, 2018 - Can machine learning bring more humanity to health care?
September 23, 2018 - Body organs undergo structural changes in response to diet
September 23, 2018 - Genetic polymorphisms linked with muscle injury and stiffness
September 23, 2018 - As states try to rein in drug spending, feds slap down one bold Medicaid move
September 22, 2018 - Why Eczema Is Tougher to Treat for Black Patients
September 22, 2018 - Team reveals that human genome could contain up to 20 percent fewer genes
September 22, 2018 - USC research uncovers previously unknown genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease
September 22, 2018 - Novel method achieves accurate and precise temperature estimation in fat-containing tissues
September 22, 2018 - BSI accredits Oxehealth’s vital signs measurement software as Class IIa medical device
September 22, 2018 - Evolution of psychiatric disorders and human personality traits
September 22, 2018 - Obesity in early puberty doubles asthma risk for boy’s future offspring
September 22, 2018 - World’s most advanced real-time patient monitoring platform receives key US patent
September 22, 2018 - Study explores connection between sexuality and cognitive status in older adults
September 22, 2018 - LSTM partners with TB Alliance to develop novel TB drug regimens
September 22, 2018 - Annual wellness visits improve delivery of preventive services in elderly population
September 22, 2018 - CHMP provides positive opinion to Cabometyx for previously-treated patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
September 22, 2018 - Hispanic communities with high proportions of Hispanics face more cardiovascular-related death
September 22, 2018 - Vici syndrome – Genetics Home Reference
September 22, 2018 - Single-dose drug can shorten flu symptoms by about a day, studies suggest
September 22, 2018 - AMSBIO launches circulating tumor DNA Reference Standards
September 22, 2018 - Sandalwood mimicking odorant could stimulate hair growth in humans
September 22, 2018 - Overlooked immune cells could play a key role in cancer immunotherapy, claims new study
September 22, 2018 - Study reveals prevalence of diagnosed type 1 and type 2 diabetes among American adults
September 22, 2018 - Researchers develop fast detection strategy to know type of virus acquired by patients
September 22, 2018 - Global Prevalence of Insufficient Activity 27.5 Percent
September 22, 2018 - Strategies to protect bone health in hematologic stem cell transplant recipients
September 22, 2018 - Brigham Genomic Medicine program unravels 30 medical mysteries
September 22, 2018 - New system harnesses power of bubbles to destroy dangerous biofilms
September 22, 2018 - Inflammation plays crucial role in preventing heart attacks and strokes, study reveals
September 22, 2018 - Calorie dense, nutrient deficient meals common across the world
September 22, 2018 - Researchers develop technology to study behavior of implants without animal testing
September 22, 2018 - First gut bacteria in newborns may have lasting effect on ability to ward off chronic diseases
September 22, 2018 - Detection of BFD virus in parrots in 8 new countries raises concerns for threatened species
September 22, 2018 - Insulin treatment shows great potential against chronic bowel inflammation
September 22, 2018 - ‘Liking Gap’ Might Stand in Way of New Friendships
September 22, 2018 - Simple factors that can avoid harmful side effects in type 2 diabetes
September 22, 2018 - ALSAM Foundation invests additional $2 million for drug discovery and development projects
September 22, 2018 - Study findings may advance discussion of how to effectively curb human-wildlife conflict
September 22, 2018 - Dopamine neurons may involve in conditions ranging from Parkinson’s disease to schizophrenia
September 22, 2018 - Protein C and Protein S Tests: MedlinePlus Lab Test Information
September 22, 2018 - Obesity and diabetes—two reasons why we should be worried about the plastics that surround us
September 22, 2018 - Concern over fussy eating prompts parents to use non-responsive feeding practices
September 22, 2018 - Novel mathematical approach uncovers existence of unsuspected biological cycles
September 22, 2018 - Cancer Research UK invests £14 million to transform London into cancer biotherapeutics hub
September 22, 2018 - Scientists predict how well the body will fight lung cancer by analyzing immune cell shapes
September 22, 2018 - New outbreak of rare eye disease identified in contact lens wearers
September 22, 2018 - Iterum Initiates SURE 2 and SURE 3 Phase 3 Clinical Trials of IV and Oral Sulopenem in Complicated Urinary Tract and Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections
September 22, 2018 - Research finds divide in dental health accessibility between city and regional areas
September 22, 2018 - Premature babies show better brain development when fed breast milk, finds study
September 22, 2018 - Novel system uses AI to detect abnormalities in fetal hearts
After the Big Game, Don’t Forget About CV Risk in Football

After the Big Game, Don’t Forget About CV Risk in Football

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Just before the Super Bowl, a study came out suggesting that career football players in the National Football League were not at increased risk of death because of their profession per se, and that their biggest killer was in fact cardiometabolic disease. Here’s how a few cardiologists reacted to the study.

“It’s important to emphasize that the overall event rate was relatively low, but regardless of this fact the most common reason for death was from cardiometabolic disease,” said James Januzzi, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. “This is hardly surprising, given the frequent build of NFL players, and the vulnerable populations that often play football (who often come with predisposition to diseases such as diabetes and hypertension).”

“Though there has been substantial attention given to risks associated with head trauma relative to the development of CTE [chronic traumatic encephalopathy] — a diagnosis we have yet to develop strategies to treat — it’s necessary to point out that the cardiometabolic issues that develop later in life in many NFL retirees may be entirely preventable through aggressive care of sugar, lipids, blood pressure, and weight,” said Januzzi, who also serves as cardiology consultant to the Boston Red Sox baseball team. “Thus, it is even more troubling to see these figures.”

Martha Gulati, MD, MS, of University of Arizona-Phoenix, noted that heart disease remains the number one killer of men (and women) “and even NFL players — this is not surprising and [is] expected. If the cause of death can be relied on, it seems consistent with what we know for both those regularly in the NFL and the NFL replacement players.”

Gulati pointed out that the study, which compared NFL professional and replacement players, did not provide adequate information on other cardiac events besides death or baseline risk factors. Even body mass index only pulled from initial stats when players started with the NFL.

“The comparison groups makes it impossible to really say if playing for the NFL for years is good or bad for you, since there are no differences in the two groups,” said Peter Block, MD, of Emory University in Atlanta. “But there are serious confounders, and the numbers are small, making the study underpowered for many outcomes.”

Added Gulati: “Yes, we do have to worry about CTE in the NFL and other sports with risk for brain injury, but heart disease is the leading killer, and yet more than 80% of heart disease is preventable. But it doesn’t get the same attention, not just in athletes, but overall. Additionally, much of the U.S. population watches football. Athletes are role models, long after the game is over. They can be the role models of heart health too.

“This should inform NFL players that heart disease is the most common cause of death in their community and they need to be screen for this throughout their lifetime. Much of heart disease is preventable if you treat risk factors.”

Deepak Bhatt, MD, MPH, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, said: “In particular, younger players should be targeted for aggressive cardiovascular prevention efforts. While these results apply directly to the NFL players studied, the lessons also likely apply to weekend warriors, who would benefit from thinking more about controlling cardiometabolic risk factors.”

“The lessons we see here are the same for anyone, whether an NFL player or not,” Januzzi added. “It reiterates how common metabolic diseases such as diabetes — which predisposes to and complicates heart disease — really are. Indeed, obesity and diabetes are approaching epidemic proportion in the United States; this has led to a leveling off of the previously dropping rates of incident heart disease, with an expected upturn in rates of heart attack. It’s greatly concerning.

“For those playing football, it is a reminder there is life after the game, and attention to one’s health should not change whether in the game or after it,” he said. “Careful attention to weight, sugars, blood pressure, lipids, and other cardiac risk factors are critical. There’s no reason to wait until later in life.”

2018-05-02T00:00:00-0400

last updated

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles