Breaking News
April 22, 2018 - AYOXXA to develop multiplex immunoassay to support treatment of sepsis patients
April 22, 2018 - New Drug Combo Ups Survival in HER2/neu Uterine Serous Cancer
April 22, 2018 - Researchers chart a new way to look at concussion
April 22, 2018 - Every parent needs to know fundamental red flags for autism
April 22, 2018 - Anatotemp expands anatomic dental implant healing abutments with 4Side anti-rotational connection
April 22, 2018 - Gene Twist Can Make Your Blood Pressure Spike From Salt
April 22, 2018 - Study suggests failed osteoarthritis drug could help treat opioid addiction
April 22, 2018 - More Americans aware of growing problem of opioid addiction
April 22, 2018 - KHN’s ‘What the Health?’ Nothing in health care ever goes away
April 22, 2018 - BGS to promote high-quality sterilization services at Health GB in Manchester
April 22, 2018 - New integrated POC tool detects biomarkers of heart failure rapidly and precisely
April 22, 2018 - Direct electrical current can be delivered to nerves for blocking pain signals
April 22, 2018 - Newly Published Phase 2 Study Found Esketamine Demonstrated Significantly Rapid Improvements in Depressive Symptoms and Suicidality
April 22, 2018 - Healthy red blood cells owe their shape to muscle-like structures
April 22, 2018 - Researchers present case study of management of rheumatic mitral regurgitation in woman contemplating pregnancy
April 22, 2018 - New black Porvair Krystal UV Quartz microplates for Circular Dichroism measurements
April 22, 2018 - Advanced flow chemistry modules enhance control of nanoprecipitation
April 22, 2018 - Look! Down in the petri dish! It’s a superplatelet!
April 22, 2018 - Research reveals why people with tetraplegia more likely to suffer from sleep apnea
April 21, 2018 - New non-invasive nerve stimulation may offer relief for people with hand tremor
April 21, 2018 - Smartphone App May Up Medication Adherence in HTN
April 21, 2018 - Western diet depletes artery-protecting immune cells
April 21, 2018 - Excelitas Technologies launches new powerful LED light source for fluorescence microscopy
April 21, 2018 - Academia and high tech companies join forces to increase production capacity for microfluidic systems
April 21, 2018 - Developing cooking skills as young adult may have long-term health benefits
April 21, 2018 - Study compares survival outcomes of different drugs for type 2 diabetes
April 21, 2018 - More Than 40 Percent of Americans Breathe Dirty Air: Report
April 21, 2018 - Obstructive sleep apnea – Genetics Home Reference
April 21, 2018 - More evidence shows exposure to traffic and outdoor air pollution increases risk of asthma
April 21, 2018 - Novel gold nanoparticle technology could guide cancer treatment in real-time
April 21, 2018 - News coverage of Ebola impacted public’s perception on disease and survivors
April 21, 2018 - S.Africa’s DIY battle against HIV
April 21, 2018 - Children with autism have gastrointestinal and immune system deregulation, research finds
April 21, 2018 - Human brain processes sight and sound in the same way, shows study
April 21, 2018 - Evolutionary history of tumor helps predict severity of prostate cancer
April 21, 2018 - Pepper plant metabolizes antibiotic in personal care products
April 21, 2018 - Tradeshow Talks with Integra
April 21, 2018 - EPFL becomes part of Chan Zuckerberg’s project to develop Human Cell Atlas
April 21, 2018 - Pfizer Announces Positive Topline Results From Phase 3 ATTR-ACT Study Of Tafamidis In Patients With Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy
April 21, 2018 - Breaking through the HIV vaccine ‘logjam’
April 21, 2018 - IntelliCyt introduces new QSol buffer to enable robust, consistent sampling
April 21, 2018 - Scientists publish comprehensive lineage tree of whole adult animal in Science journal
April 21, 2018 - Innovative method based on FluidFM technology could revolutionize biological research
April 21, 2018 - Americans world’s biggest TV addicts, watching four hours a day
April 21, 2018 - Investigational drug may help increase protein levels in babies with spinal muscular atrophy
April 21, 2018 - Study shows distinctions between age groups in predicting and responding to stress at home
April 21, 2018 - Aziyo Biologics, BIOTRONIK enter into US co-distribution agreement
April 21, 2018 - Opiate Use Linked to Early Mortality in IBD Patients
April 21, 2018 - Online ads help pregnant smokers quit
April 21, 2018 - Opioid pain medications may not be safe for hemodialysis patients
April 21, 2018 - Rare variants in non-coding DNA inherited from parents heighten autism risk
April 21, 2018 - A needleless glucose monitor for diabetes patients
April 21, 2018 - BD introduces new informatics and automation solutions for clinical laboratories
April 21, 2018 - Turn Chores Into a Fitness Routine
April 21, 2018 - DNA methylation plays key role in stem cell differentiation
April 21, 2018 - Scientists find link between soil metals and cancer mortality
April 21, 2018 - Experts discuss implications of low calcium intake in global population
April 21, 2018 - GNA Biosolutions to display Pharos V8 Laser PCR instrument at Analytica trade fair
April 21, 2018 - People with vitamin D deficiency may be at greater risk of diabetes
April 21, 2018 - Study findings could open new possibilities for treating cancer with adenovirus
April 21, 2018 - People who use medical marijuana have higher rates of prescription drug use, study finds
April 21, 2018 - Study debunks ‘myth’ that strenuous exercise dampens immunity
April 21, 2018 - FDA approves marijuana based medication for epilepsy treatment
April 21, 2018 - Researchers find novel genes for longevity in mammals
April 21, 2018 - GNA Biosolutions and project partners launch new research project to develop TB diagnostic platform for POC applications
April 21, 2018 - $2 million funding boosts progress of UAB biomedical startup
April 21, 2018 - Scientists identify gene responsible for evolution of recombination rates
April 21, 2018 - UConn researchers develop new composite for healing broken load-bearing bones
April 21, 2018 - Study examines how higher-order gene combinations help maintain normal cell physiology
April 21, 2018 - Study challenges use of whole-brain radiation for small-cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases
April 21, 2018 - Researchers discover blood biomarkers that may help detect, confirm mild traumatic brain injury
April 21, 2018 - People who become physically active after heart attack more likely to live longer, shows research
April 21, 2018 - CPRIT awards $2 million grant to push forward breast cancer research in West Texas
April 21, 2018 - Unhealthy diet damages the development of immature fat cells, study shows
April 21, 2018 - Consumption of protein supplements with meals may provide better weight control
April 21, 2018 - 4 Types of Foods to Help Boost Your Memory
April 21, 2018 - How did gonorrhea become a drug-resistant superbug?
April 21, 2018 - DePuy Synthes announces clinical results related to use of CORAIL Hip System Femoral Stems
April 21, 2018 - New initiative launched to support goals of Human Cell Atlas
April 20, 2018 - Teen patient gets a new lease on life
Kidney stones on the rise among Americans, finds study

Kidney stones on the rise among Americans, finds study

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

According to a new study, there is an increasing incidence of kidney stones among men and women living in the United States. The study is published this week in the latest issue of the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Nephrolithiasis - Closeup shot of a kidney stone (renal calculus or nephrolith) on black background. Image Credit: AjayTvm / Shutterstock

Nephrolithiasis – Closeup shot of a kidney stone (renal calculus or nephrolith) on black background. Image Credit: AjayTvm / Shutterstock

The team of researchers looked at the prevalence of kidney stones among over 10,000 residents of Minnesota between 1984 and 2012. They noted that there was an over four times rise of kidney stones among women and the incidence had doubled among men over these three decades. They broke up the prevalence of kidney stones based on age groups and saw that the highest rise of cases of kidney stones was among women aged between 18 and 39 years. In this age group the numbers rose from 62 to 352 cases per 100,000 person-years during the study period.

One person-year is a term used to describe a year lived by each of the participants during the study period. Dr. John Lieske, lead authors and professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota said that there is a combination of things that have led to this steep rise in the incidence of kidney stones among both males and females. He explained that the final numbers among men and women are similar. The rise seems steeper among women because the prevalence of stones was lower among women at the start of the study.

Studies have shown that around 10 percent individuals are at risk of kidney stones at some point in their lives. These are essentially solid crystallized materials containing calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate that may obstruct the flow in kidney, ureters or bladder. The causes of these stones may be genetic or environmental. Genes for example may cause increased calcium in the urine that causes an increased propensity to develop stones. Low fluid intake and diet also plays a role he explained. The stones may get stuck in the passages leading to painful renal colic that may appear as waves and spread from the lower back to the inner thighs. This pain may be excruciating and may require heavy-duty pain relievers for management according to experts. Calcium oxalate stones make up for 75 percent of all kidney stones cases recorded in this study. Lieske said these days improved radiological imaging including ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scans can accurately detect kidney stones. This may have caused a rise in the number of detected cases from earlier.

Lieske said diet could play an important role in causing kidney stones. Oxalates for example are normally found in high amounts in beets, chocolates, nuts and tea. Consuming these in large amounts over years may lead to an increased risk of stones. What most experts agree upon is that low fluid intake is linked to kidney stones. Drinking around 2 to 3 quarts of water per day can help prevent formation of stones and also help to flush out smaller stones that are less than 3 mm in diameter. Larger stones usually require surgery or sound waves to break them said Lieske.

Authors write that there has been no notable rise in the presence of struvite and uric acid stones. The struvite stones are usually associated with urinary tract infections and uric acid stones are seen among patients with gout and those who consume excess amounts of animal proteins.  High salt intake has also been linked to higher risk of stones.

Source:

http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(17)30844-3/fulltext

037bed19-77b0-4297-b2df-8d16df1175f6|0|.0

Posted in: Men’s Health News | Medical Condition News | Women’s Health News

Tags: Bladder, Calcium, Colic, CT, Diet, Genes, Genetic, Gout, Kidney, Nephrology, Pain, Surgery, Tea, Ultrasound, Uric Acid

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles