Breaking News
July 17, 2018 - Long-term survival worse for black survivors of in-hospital cardiac arrest
July 17, 2018 - Stanford data analyst’s childhood inspires his research: A Q&A
July 17, 2018 - Preventability of hospital readmissions changes over time, study reveals
July 17, 2018 - Nursing notes can help predict if ICU patients will survive
July 17, 2018 - Okayama University research could improve prognosis of diabetic kidney disease
July 17, 2018 - Study identifies new genes linked to heart function and development
July 17, 2018 - NeuroTrauma Sciences and Henry Ford join hands to advance exosome technology
July 17, 2018 - Improved methods to measure enterococci concentrations in recreational water
July 17, 2018 - White adolescent boys experiencing early puberty have high risk for substance use
July 17, 2018 - Celgene and Acceleron Announce Luspatercept Achieved Primary and All Key Secondary Endpoints in Phase III ‘BELIEVE’ Study in Adults with Transfusion-Dependent Beta-Thalassemia
July 17, 2018 - Roots of leukemia reveal possibility of predicting people at risk
July 17, 2018 - Summer med program embraces low-income students’ potential
July 17, 2018 - New research lays foundation to create standards for RNA sequencing
July 17, 2018 - CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing can cause greater genetic damage than previously thought
July 17, 2018 - Democrats rally against threats to the ACA to block Trump’s Supreme Court nominee
July 17, 2018 - Staggering prices slow insurers’ coverage of CAR-T cancer therapy
July 17, 2018 - How proteins involved in neurodegeneration enter cells
July 17, 2018 - New super-resolution ‘nanoscope’ provides insight into progression of Alzheimer’s disease
July 17, 2018 - FDA Advisory Committee Endorses the Effectiveness and Safety of Single-Dose Tafenoquine for the Radical Cure of P. vivax Malaria
July 17, 2018 - Uncovering the evolutionary history of IBD-associated colorectal cancer
July 17, 2018 - Is nutrition research dependable? Stanford’s John Ioannidis weighs in
July 17, 2018 - New machine learning framework predicts effects of genetic mutations in ‘dark matter’ regions
July 17, 2018 - Plant-based products fail to have positive impact on blood pressure during clinical studies
July 17, 2018 - Electronic system to speed up facial pain diagnosis may improve quality of life and save money
July 17, 2018 - Study delves into the role played by Protein Kinase C in synaptic plasticity
July 17, 2018 - Women Often Unaware of Their Hospital’s Religious Affiliation
July 17, 2018 - New AASM guideline recommends use of actigraphy for sleep disorders
July 17, 2018 - CRISPR editing reduces repetitive behavior in mice with a form of autism
July 17, 2018 - Scientists use magnets to detect cancer
July 17, 2018 - Microfluidic chip to detect sepsis proves successful in clinical study
July 17, 2018 - Research provides better understanding of mechanisms underlying memory storage
July 17, 2018 - A Multi-Modal Approach for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer
July 17, 2018 - Mailing colorectal cancer tests to patients increases screening rates, report researchers
July 17, 2018 - Scientists find possible sources of medicinal and antimicrobial drugs
July 17, 2018 - Molecules formed when the body metabolizes omega-3 fatty acids may inhibit cancer
July 17, 2018 - Efficient communication between hospitals improves patient safety and reduces mortality
July 17, 2018 - Study highlights potential of fetal gene therapy to prevent lethal neurodegenerative disease
July 17, 2018 - For Americans, in Science They Trust
July 17, 2018 - Combating HIV/AIDS | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine
July 17, 2018 - Study shows minorities widely underrepresented in autism diagnoses
July 17, 2018 - Multigene testing replacing BRCA tests for breast cancer risk | News Center
July 17, 2018 - Pre-clinical pilot study shows promising results of ‘concussion pill’
July 17, 2018 - Researchers reduce size of tumors in mice by artificially activating the brain’s reward system
July 17, 2018 - New study documents symptoms of people before they acquire multiple sclerosis
July 17, 2018 - Researchers discover why CRISPR gene editing sometimes fails
July 17, 2018 - New finding may hold key to better understand the complexities of neurological disorders
July 17, 2018 - The Current issue of “The view from here” is concerned with Novel Targets.
July 17, 2018 - Fighting the Flu with a Universal Vaccine
July 17, 2018 - Key social reward circuit in the brain impaired in kids with autism | News Center
July 17, 2018 - Insight into causes, types and treatment of aphasia
July 16, 2018 - Quark Pharmaceuticals, Inc Announces First Patient Dosed in Phase 3 Clinical Trial of QPI-1002 for Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury Following Cardiac Surgery
July 16, 2018 - NSAIDs shown to have causal role in cardiovascular risk of patients with osteoarthritis
July 16, 2018 - PET scan tracer predicts success of cancer ‘vaccine’ | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Parents struggle with what to do when their child has headache, shows study
July 16, 2018 - Outrageous or overblown? HHS announces another round of ACA navigator funding cuts
July 16, 2018 - Weight loss surgery may impact individual’s risk of developing cancer, shows study
July 16, 2018 - Alexion Submits Application for Priority Review and Approval of ALXN1210 as a Treatment for Patients with Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) in the U.S.
July 16, 2018 - Restoring epigenetic balance reinstates memory in flies with Alzheimer’s disease symptoms
July 16, 2018 - Magnetized wire could be used to detect cancer in people | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Non-surgical management found to be feasible option for penetrating kidney trauma
July 16, 2018 - California clinic screens asylum seekers for honesty
July 16, 2018 - FDA Approves Xtandi (enzalutamide) for the Treatment of Men with Non-Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC)
July 16, 2018 - Can nanotechnology help treat Alzheimer’s?
July 16, 2018 - Researchers identify protein essential for making stem cells | News Center
July 16, 2018 - Severe childhood infections linked with lower school achievement in adolescence
July 16, 2018 - Radiologist discusses causes, treatments of varicose veins
July 16, 2018 - Researchers develop nanostructured surface to accelerate wound healing after dental implants
July 16, 2018 - New non-invasive procedure to reposition kidney stones could benefit astronauts
July 16, 2018 - Attending Surgeon Influences Genetic Testing in Breast Cancer
July 16, 2018 - Medical doctors with addictions fear professional repercussions if they seek treatment
July 16, 2018 - 5 Questions: John Ioannidis calls for more rigorous nutrition research | News Center
July 16, 2018 - University of Illinois buys 3D-Bioplotter for regenerative biology, tissue engineering research
July 16, 2018 - Charité’s researchers integrate open-source platform into the ‘Human Brain Project’
July 16, 2018 - SUSU scientists develop rehabilitation device for people with lower limbs injuries
July 16, 2018 - Researchers find definite increase in scooter-related injuries
July 16, 2018 - Researchers solve mystery of final blood group system
July 16, 2018 - Researchers develop near-infrared fluorophores-based PDT to cure cancer with less side effects
July 16, 2018 - Traumatic brain injury biomarker could help predict patient prognosis
July 16, 2018 - Researchers to investigate role of hormones in mosquito’s ability to use human blood for egg production
July 16, 2018 - AHA: Doctor Makes Lifesaving House Call in His Own Home
Kidney stones on the rise among Americans, finds study

Kidney stones on the rise among Americans, finds study

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

According to a new study, there is an increasing incidence of kidney stones among men and women living in the United States. The study is published this week in the latest issue of the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Nephrolithiasis - Closeup shot of a kidney stone (renal calculus or nephrolith) on black background. Image Credit: AjayTvm / Shutterstock

Nephrolithiasis – Closeup shot of a kidney stone (renal calculus or nephrolith) on black background. Image Credit: AjayTvm / Shutterstock

The team of researchers looked at the prevalence of kidney stones among over 10,000 residents of Minnesota between 1984 and 2012. They noted that there was an over four times rise of kidney stones among women and the incidence had doubled among men over these three decades. They broke up the prevalence of kidney stones based on age groups and saw that the highest rise of cases of kidney stones was among women aged between 18 and 39 years. In this age group the numbers rose from 62 to 352 cases per 100,000 person-years during the study period.

One person-year is a term used to describe a year lived by each of the participants during the study period. Dr. John Lieske, lead authors and professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota said that there is a combination of things that have led to this steep rise in the incidence of kidney stones among both males and females. He explained that the final numbers among men and women are similar. The rise seems steeper among women because the prevalence of stones was lower among women at the start of the study.

Studies have shown that around 10 percent individuals are at risk of kidney stones at some point in their lives. These are essentially solid crystallized materials containing calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate that may obstruct the flow in kidney, ureters or bladder. The causes of these stones may be genetic or environmental. Genes for example may cause increased calcium in the urine that causes an increased propensity to develop stones. Low fluid intake and diet also plays a role he explained. The stones may get stuck in the passages leading to painful renal colic that may appear as waves and spread from the lower back to the inner thighs. This pain may be excruciating and may require heavy-duty pain relievers for management according to experts. Calcium oxalate stones make up for 75 percent of all kidney stones cases recorded in this study. Lieske said these days improved radiological imaging including ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scans can accurately detect kidney stones. This may have caused a rise in the number of detected cases from earlier.

Lieske said diet could play an important role in causing kidney stones. Oxalates for example are normally found in high amounts in beets, chocolates, nuts and tea. Consuming these in large amounts over years may lead to an increased risk of stones. What most experts agree upon is that low fluid intake is linked to kidney stones. Drinking around 2 to 3 quarts of water per day can help prevent formation of stones and also help to flush out smaller stones that are less than 3 mm in diameter. Larger stones usually require surgery or sound waves to break them said Lieske.

Authors write that there has been no notable rise in the presence of struvite and uric acid stones. The struvite stones are usually associated with urinary tract infections and uric acid stones are seen among patients with gout and those who consume excess amounts of animal proteins.  High salt intake has also been linked to higher risk of stones.

Source:

http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(17)30844-3/fulltext

037bed19-77b0-4297-b2df-8d16df1175f6|0|.0

Posted in: Men’s Health News | Medical Condition News | Women’s Health News

Tags: Bladder, Calcium, Colic, CT, Diet, Genes, Genetic, Gout, Kidney, Nephrology, Pain, Surgery, Tea, Ultrasound, Uric Acid

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles