Breaking News
October 20, 2018 - Eye discovery to pave way for more successful corneal transplants
October 20, 2018 - New analysis examines the importance of location in the opioid crisis
October 20, 2018 - Green filters increase reading speed for children with dyslexia
October 19, 2018 - Bariatric Sx Cuts Macrovascular Complications in Obesity, T2DM
October 19, 2018 - Better assessments for early age-related macular degeneration
October 19, 2018 - Visible and valued: Stanford Medicine’s first-ever LGBTQ+ Forum | News Center
October 19, 2018 - Understanding of metal-free enzymes used by bacteria could lead to new effective antibiotics
October 19, 2018 - Beckman Coulter Life Sciences announces new research-focused website
October 19, 2018 - Study finds link between refined soluble fibers, gut microbiota and liver cancer
October 19, 2018 - Social media reduces risk of depression among seniors with pain
October 19, 2018 - Newly developed synthetic DNA molecule may one day be used as ‘vaccine’ for prostate cancer
October 19, 2018 - Preoperative weight loss may not provide health benefits after surgery
October 19, 2018 - U.S. Birth Rates Continue to Drop as Age of New Moms Rises
October 19, 2018 - New technology can keep an eye on babies’ movements in the womb
October 19, 2018 - Juul e-cigarettes pose addiction risk for young users | News Center
October 19, 2018 - Gene sequencing reveals crucial molecular aspects of Trypanosoma brucei
October 19, 2018 - New DNA vaccine strategy protects mice against lethal challenge by multiple H3N2 viruses
October 19, 2018 - Study shows close link between cytokine interleukin-1ß and obesity-promoted colon cancer
October 19, 2018 - Muscle mass plays a critical role in health, shows research
October 19, 2018 - Study finds undiagnosed prediabetes in many infertile men
October 19, 2018 - The Current issue of “The view from here” is concerned with Nanotherapeutic strategies
October 19, 2018 - Delay in replacing the Pap smear with HPV screening is costing lives
October 19, 2018 - Physicians battle pediatric diseases of ear, nose, throat in Zimbabwe | News Center
October 19, 2018 - Researchers investigate why some cancers affect only young women
October 19, 2018 - Drugmakers funnel millions to lawmakers; a few dozen get $100,000-plus
October 19, 2018 - Unselfish people tend to have more children and receive higher salaries
October 19, 2018 - New findings reveal potential cellular players in tumor microenvironment
October 19, 2018 - Human brain cell transplant offers insights into neurological conditions
October 19, 2018 - Parental education associated with increased family health care spending
October 19, 2018 - New statistical method estimates long- and short-term risk of recurrence of breast cancer in US women
October 19, 2018 - Father’s exposure to nicotine may cause cognitive deficits in descendants
October 19, 2018 - Could we prevent Alzheimer’s disease by treating herpes?
October 19, 2018 - Nurse-led care can be more successful in managing gout
October 19, 2018 - Trump administration, pharma exchange verbal volleys on drug-price transparency
October 19, 2018 - Duke researchers find way to detect blood doping in athletes
October 19, 2018 - Many primary care doctors are still prescribing sedative drugs for older adults
October 19, 2018 - Finger length can predict sexuality in women say researchers
October 19, 2018 - Study finds differences in side-effects experienced by male and female OG cancer patients
October 19, 2018 - Few Seniors Who Self-Harm Referred for Mental Health Care
October 19, 2018 - Don’t sweat the sweet stuff
October 19, 2018 - URMC researchers discover new approach to deliver therapeutics to the brain
October 19, 2018 - Speech Pathology Australia raises awareness about Developmental Language Disorder
October 19, 2018 - Middlemen suppliers can increase drug prices and hospital bills, say Johns Hopkins researchers
October 19, 2018 - Survey finds high prevalence of HTLV-1 infection among teens and adults in Gabon
October 19, 2018 - Bliss funds research to find whether parental touch can help alleviate pain in premature infants
October 19, 2018 - Human neurons employ highly compartmentalized signaling, study shows
October 19, 2018 - Ultromics expands multiple clinical trials for coronary heart disease to the U.S.
October 19, 2018 - $11 million NIH grant for Clemson University helps launch new center for musculoskeletal research
October 19, 2018 - A new approach identified to control Zika virus, dengue fever
October 19, 2018 - Head Blows Without Concussion May Not Damage Brain, Study Claims
October 19, 2018 - US opioid use not declined, despite focus on abuse and awareness of risk
October 19, 2018 - Next-generation RNA sequencing technology sheds new light on human mitochondrial diseases
October 19, 2018 - UT Southwestern biochemist receives 2019 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences for innate immunity discovery
October 19, 2018 - The immune system also plays a key role in day-to-day function of healthy organs
October 19, 2018 - New tool may reveal how the brain structure impacts brain activity, human behavior
October 19, 2018 - Trump Administration announces ‘Winning on Reducing Food Waste’ initiative
October 19, 2018 - For-profit nursing home residents more likely to experience health issues caused by substandard care
October 19, 2018 - Incidence of stroke has risen steadily among marijuana users, show studies
October 19, 2018 - Conceptual framework proposed to examine role of exercise in multiple sclerosis
October 19, 2018 - Near infrared spectroscopy technique for accurate evaluation of chondral injuries
October 19, 2018 - Scientists receive $5.1 million grant to develop stem cell-based therapy for blinding retinal conditions
October 19, 2018 - Shorter physician encounters associated with antibiotic prescribing
October 19, 2018 - In the Spotlight: Enjoying research and exploring opportunities
October 19, 2018 - Physical activity lowers cardiovascular mortality risk in frail older adults
October 19, 2018 - New imaging tool helps visualize how sound-induced vibrations travel through the ear
October 19, 2018 - Key insights into the application, production of bioactive materials
October 19, 2018 - New urea sorbent could speed up the development of wearable artificial kidney
October 19, 2018 - Intensive care patients’ muscles less able to use fats for energy
October 19, 2018 - FDA Advisory Committee Recommends Approval of Dsuvia for the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Acute Pain
October 19, 2018 - 48,XXXY syndrome – Genetics Home Reference
October 19, 2018 - Physical exercise improves the elimination of toxic proteins from muscles
October 19, 2018 - How a new system improved wait times for Stanford kidney transplant patients
October 19, 2018 - Nutrition has bigger positive impact on bone mass and strength than exercise
October 19, 2018 - Study finds lack of progress in media representation of nurses over last 20 years
October 19, 2018 - Many people have trouble understanding differences between OCD and OCPD
October 19, 2018 - New family planning app found to be as effective as modern methods
October 19, 2018 - Gastric Banding, Metformin Similar for Improving Glycemia
October 19, 2018 - Physiologist publishes findings on the role of the protein titin in muscle contraction
October 19, 2018 - What digital health companies need to do to succeed
October 19, 2018 - N. Carolina Sees Alarming Spike in Heart Infections Among Opioid Users
Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and affects later cognition in children

Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and affects later cognition in children

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

According to a new study published this week in the journal Pediatrics, quite a few breast feeding women are not abstaining from alcohol and are thus causing exposure of their babies to alcohol. They write in their study that children who are exposed to alcohol in the breast milk that they take are likely to have lower cognitive abilities.

Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and affects later cognition in children. Image Credit: By vchal / Shutterstock

Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and affects later cognition in children. Image Credit: By vchal / Shutterstock

According to a team of researchers from the Macquarie University in Australia, “This is the first study in which associations between alcohol exposure through breast milk and cognition in children are examined.”

For this study the team of researchers looked at 5,107 Australian infants recruited since 2004. These children were evaluated once in two years till they were of the age 11 years. The mothers of these children were provided with a modified questionnaire devised by the World Health Organization asking them about their alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking during their pregnancy and breast feeding months. The children, on each of the visits, were checked on for their nonverbal reasoning, vocabulary and cognitive abilities.

Results showed that children of mothers who had higher consumption of alcohol during pregnancy and breastfeeding had lower nonverbal reasoning scores. These low performing children were mainly 6 to 7 year olds who had been breastfed. This was not seen among children of mothers who consumed alcohol but had not breastfed. Other factors that could have contributed to the lower nonverbal reasoning power among these children included alcohol consumption during pregnancy, sex of the child, age of the mother at pregnancy, birth weight and duration of breast feeding. The low cognitive abilities however evened out by the time the children were 10 or 11 years of age, the researchers noted. Experts say that this could be because of the environmental factors that determined cognitive abilities as the child grew up. As the education levels rose, the effects of alcohol exposure during prenatal and breast feeding months declined said the researchers. The clinical effects of alcohol consumption in the mother on the children were not significant unless the mother drank too much, they noted.

The study also noted that maternal smoking during breastfeeding and pregnancy did not have a significant effect on the child’s cognitive abilities. They compared women smoking 1.06 cigarettes a day with those smoking 2.84 cigarettes a day. Authors as well as experts are quick to point out that women should not take this a green light to go ahead and smoke during pregnancy and breast feeding. They explain that cigarette smoking may not affect the cognitive abilities in the child but have the potential to cause harm to several other organs and organ systems. These toxins may remain on the mother’s body and clothes and the baby might be exposed to them say the researchers.

Another finding that came out of the study results was that 91.7 percent of the children had been breast fed at some point of their infancy and only 8.2 percent had never been breast fed. Breastfeeding rates in Australia are higher than those in the United States say the experts and alcohol use is also different. While only one in ten American woman drinks during her pregnancy, at least 40 to 80 percent of women from Australia, New Zealand and United Kingdom drink during their pregnancy. This can cause harm to the baby state experts.

According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) drinking alcohol is not recommended among pregnant mothers. However moderate alcohol consumption up to one drink per day is not known to be harmful for the infant provided at least a two hour gap between the drink and nursing the baby is provided. Alcohol content in breast milk peaks half an hour to an hour after the drink and stays in the milk for at least two to three hours. Many mothers tend to pump and discard the milk after a drink thinking that it gets rid of the alcohol in the milk. The CDC says that it does not rid the milk of alcohol and traces of alcohol can be found in the milk for hours.

A commentary was published along with the study in the same issue. It was written by Dr. Lauren M. Jansson, director of pediatrics at the Center for Addiction and Pregnancy and an associate professor of pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. She writes, “Previous recommendations that reveal limited alcohol consumption to be compatible with breastfeeding during critical periods of development, such as the first months of life, may need to be reconsidered in light of this combined evidence.” She said other substance abuse among pregnant and breast feeding mothers such as use of marijuana also needs to be studied in details. She said that this study is important because it shows the “complex neurobiological and developmental vulnerability of the substance-exposed child.”

Source:

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2018/07/26/peds.2017-4266

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles