Breaking News
August 21, 2018 - National Foundation for Cancer Research receives Safeway Foundation grant
August 21, 2018 - Protein aggregation in neurons linked to gene regulation in Huntington’s disease
August 21, 2018 - Aravive Biologics gains Fast Track Designation for AVB-S6-500 from U.S. FDA
August 21, 2018 - FDA Approves Opdivo (nivolumab) for Certain Patients with Previously Treated Small Cell Lung Cancer
August 21, 2018 - Success of blood test for autism affirmed
August 21, 2018 - Diabetic patients with disrupted sleep may need more time to heal their wounds
August 21, 2018 - AADE honors six educators for achievements in diabetes education
August 21, 2018 - Scientists find two molecules that may combat cancer and chronic infections
August 21, 2018 - Two Strategies for Preventing Diabetes in Minority Patients
August 21, 2018 - Living as a Gallbladder Cancer Survivor
August 21, 2018 - Can we predict the long-term outcome of boys with ADHD?
August 21, 2018 - GBCA creates model for developing scientist-advocate collaborations in cancer research
August 21, 2018 - Healthy diet could help promote healthy cellular aging in women
August 21, 2018 - Researchers develop gene expression predictor for immunotherapy response in melanoma
August 21, 2018 - MDI Biological Laboratory introduces Morris Scientific Discovery Fund for eligible research programs
August 21, 2018 - Micro-flow model reveals complex interactions between the brain’s blood vessels and nerve cells
August 21, 2018 - Study investigates impact of osteoporosis on risk of developing dementia
August 21, 2018 - Federal method fails to detect most stores that sell cigarettes to minors
August 21, 2018 - Workers in open office seating have less stress than those in private offices and cubicles
August 21, 2018 - 1 in 4 in U.S. Has a Disability, CDC Reports
August 21, 2018 - Studies provide new insights into the role of sleep in chronic pain
August 21, 2018 - Study shows that rogue proteins may underlie some ALS and frontotemporal dementia cases
August 21, 2018 - Elevated LDL cholesterol levels linked to higher risk of CVD death in young, healthy people
August 21, 2018 - Measles cases on the rise in Europe
August 21, 2018 - CURE Media Group welcomes CancerCare to Strategic Alliance Partnership Program
August 21, 2018 - Blood management program associated with fewer transfusions in orthopedic patients
August 21, 2018 - Researchers create the world’s first artificial retina
August 21, 2018 - Yale researchers identify racial disparities in prescribing opioids for chronic pain
August 21, 2018 - BOOST-3 clinical trial aims to improve outcomes for severe TBI patients
August 21, 2018 - New study highlights Alzheimer’s herpes link, experts say
August 21, 2018 - Airline crew don’t have significantly elevated risk of thyroid cancer, new study finds
August 21, 2018 - States leverage federal funds to help insurers lower premiums
August 21, 2018 - New badge course explores research around skeletal muscle as an endocrine organ
August 21, 2018 - TG Therapeutics Announces Completion of Target Enrollment in the ULTIMATE Phase 3 Trials in Multiple Sclerosis
August 21, 2018 - Increased levels of human herpesvirus ID’d in Alzheimer’s
August 21, 2018 - To help patients quash pain, researcher develops practical guide for health care providers
August 20, 2018 - Medicine on the front line to be presented at Medical Innovation 2018
August 20, 2018 - Harbour Biomed and Kelun-Biotech collaborate to develop, commercialize anti-PD-L1 antibody
August 20, 2018 - The man who sold America on vitamin D — and profited in the process
August 20, 2018 - Finding the light in antimicrobials
August 20, 2018 - Unique pain program helps surgical patients wean off opioids safely and effectively
August 20, 2018 - Strawberries could mitigate colonic inflammation
August 20, 2018 - FDA Accepts New Drug Application (NDA) to Review Midazolam Nasal Spray, an Investigational Product for the Acute Treatment of Seizure Clusters
August 20, 2018 - Using Facebook to help young adults quit smoking
August 20, 2018 - ‘Liquid biopsy’ predicts lymphoma therapy success within days | News Center
August 20, 2018 - 5 Questions with Jordan Orange, Chair of Pediatrics
August 20, 2018 - New assay may help improve both sarcoma diagnosis and treatment
August 20, 2018 - New information on the brain regions related to metacognition, tactile sense
August 20, 2018 - New class of insect repellents to fight against mosquito-borne diseases
August 20, 2018 - ACA Coverage Gains Include Workers Without Insurance
August 20, 2018 - 3-D printed biomaterials for bone tissue engineering
August 20, 2018 - Current surveillance system does not quickly pick up most listeriosis cases in the EU, study reveals
August 20, 2018 - Prenatal exposure to acute stress can affect cognitive function in children of low-income households
August 20, 2018 - New study examines scope of state policies targeting drug use by pregnant women
August 20, 2018 - Researchers find long-term structural, functional brain abnormalities in individuals with AUDs
August 20, 2018 - Shortage of insurance fraud cops sparks campaign debate
August 20, 2018 - Researchers find STAT3 as therapeutic target for chronic active EBV infection
August 20, 2018 - Health Tip: Keep Diabetic Feet Healthier
August 20, 2018 - FDA approves brain stimulation device for OCD
August 20, 2018 - NYU Langone’s Perlmutter Cancer Center expands Blood and Marrow Transplant Program
August 20, 2018 - New drug shows potential to prevent painful side effect of therapy
August 20, 2018 - RDMD raises $3 million in seed funding to accelerate rare disease research, drug development
August 20, 2018 - Illicit drug use is higher during celebratory events, may be worse than previously thought
August 20, 2018 - Exploring the relationship between fever and cancer incidence
August 20, 2018 - Study reveals how socioeconomic status affects racial, ethnic disparities in childhood cancer survival
August 20, 2018 - Brain tumors trap immune cells needed to fight cancer in the bone marrow, finds research
August 20, 2018 - Three factors that contribute to physician burnout
August 20, 2018 - Babies dependent on opioids need touch, not tech
August 20, 2018 - Understanding How Antibodies Shape the Gut Microbiome
August 20, 2018 - Cara Therapeutics Doses First Patient in Second Pivotal Phase 3 Efficacy Trial of Korsuva (CR845/difelikefalin) Injection in Hemodialysis Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease-Associated Pruritus
August 20, 2018 - Kidney transplant chains more effective in saving lives
August 20, 2018 - Study unravels cellular and molecular mechanisms behind dermal condensate formation
August 20, 2018 - New integrated gene logic-chips could have great value in medical care
August 20, 2018 - FDA Advisory Committee Recommends Approval of Paratek’s Omadacycline
August 20, 2018 - Total, open repairs decline for abdominal aortic aneurysms
August 20, 2018 - Novel system can pinpoint ingestible implants inside the body using wireless signals
August 20, 2018 - Infection rates of high risk oral HPV in England found to be lower than expected
August 20, 2018 - Making robots as valuable and trustworthy assistants for medical therapies
August 20, 2018 - Patients with low-risk blood clots can be better treated at home than at hospital
August 20, 2018 - Passive smoking exposure among kids greatly increases COPD risk late in life
Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and affects later cognition in children

Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and affects later cognition in children

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

According to a new study published this week in the journal Pediatrics, quite a few breast feeding women are not abstaining from alcohol and are thus causing exposure of their babies to alcohol. They write in their study that children who are exposed to alcohol in the breast milk that they take are likely to have lower cognitive abilities.

Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and affects later cognition in children. Image Credit: By vchal / Shutterstock

Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and affects later cognition in children. Image Credit: By vchal / Shutterstock

According to a team of researchers from the Macquarie University in Australia, “This is the first study in which associations between alcohol exposure through breast milk and cognition in children are examined.”

For this study the team of researchers looked at 5,107 Australian infants recruited since 2004. These children were evaluated once in two years till they were of the age 11 years. The mothers of these children were provided with a modified questionnaire devised by the World Health Organization asking them about their alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking during their pregnancy and breast feeding months. The children, on each of the visits, were checked on for their nonverbal reasoning, vocabulary and cognitive abilities.

Results showed that children of mothers who had higher consumption of alcohol during pregnancy and breastfeeding had lower nonverbal reasoning scores. These low performing children were mainly 6 to 7 year olds who had been breastfed. This was not seen among children of mothers who consumed alcohol but had not breastfed. Other factors that could have contributed to the lower nonverbal reasoning power among these children included alcohol consumption during pregnancy, sex of the child, age of the mother at pregnancy, birth weight and duration of breast feeding. The low cognitive abilities however evened out by the time the children were 10 or 11 years of age, the researchers noted. Experts say that this could be because of the environmental factors that determined cognitive abilities as the child grew up. As the education levels rose, the effects of alcohol exposure during prenatal and breast feeding months declined said the researchers. The clinical effects of alcohol consumption in the mother on the children were not significant unless the mother drank too much, they noted.

The study also noted that maternal smoking during breastfeeding and pregnancy did not have a significant effect on the child’s cognitive abilities. They compared women smoking 1.06 cigarettes a day with those smoking 2.84 cigarettes a day. Authors as well as experts are quick to point out that women should not take this a green light to go ahead and smoke during pregnancy and breast feeding. They explain that cigarette smoking may not affect the cognitive abilities in the child but have the potential to cause harm to several other organs and organ systems. These toxins may remain on the mother’s body and clothes and the baby might be exposed to them say the researchers.

Another finding that came out of the study results was that 91.7 percent of the children had been breast fed at some point of their infancy and only 8.2 percent had never been breast fed. Breastfeeding rates in Australia are higher than those in the United States say the experts and alcohol use is also different. While only one in ten American woman drinks during her pregnancy, at least 40 to 80 percent of women from Australia, New Zealand and United Kingdom drink during their pregnancy. This can cause harm to the baby state experts.

According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) drinking alcohol is not recommended among pregnant mothers. However moderate alcohol consumption up to one drink per day is not known to be harmful for the infant provided at least a two hour gap between the drink and nursing the baby is provided. Alcohol content in breast milk peaks half an hour to an hour after the drink and stays in the milk for at least two to three hours. Many mothers tend to pump and discard the milk after a drink thinking that it gets rid of the alcohol in the milk. The CDC says that it does not rid the milk of alcohol and traces of alcohol can be found in the milk for hours.

A commentary was published along with the study in the same issue. It was written by Dr. Lauren M. Jansson, director of pediatrics at the Center for Addiction and Pregnancy and an associate professor of pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. She writes, “Previous recommendations that reveal limited alcohol consumption to be compatible with breastfeeding during critical periods of development, such as the first months of life, may need to be reconsidered in light of this combined evidence.” She said other substance abuse among pregnant and breast feeding mothers such as use of marijuana also needs to be studied in details. She said that this study is important because it shows the “complex neurobiological and developmental vulnerability of the substance-exposed child.”

Source:

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2018/07/26/peds.2017-4266

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles