Breaking News
December 19, 2018 - Researchers uncover genes that play a key role in the inactivation of X chromosomes
December 19, 2018 - The case for the federal minister of health to recall them
December 19, 2018 - Regular theatre and cinema visits keeps depression away in seniors finds study
December 19, 2018 - Personalization techniques give a new lease of life to anticancer vaccines
December 19, 2018 - Research opens door to development of drug or vaccine for late-onset Alzheimer’s
December 19, 2018 - Single workout can boost metabolism for days
December 19, 2018 - UI study leads to better understanding of signaling capacity between neurons
December 19, 2018 - Gut microbiome plays role in immune system regulation, study finds
December 19, 2018 - How MAPK translocation leads to drug resistance in melanoma
December 19, 2018 - Increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance in the U.S. linked with occasional use
December 19, 2018 - Mind-body exercises may improve cognition in older adults
December 19, 2018 - Hepatitis C drug can eliminate chikungunya, yellow fever virus
December 19, 2018 - Separating male and female mice changes the way they smell, shows study
December 19, 2018 - FDA Approves Genentech’s Tecentriq in Combination With Avastin and Chemotherapy for the Initial Treatment of Metastatic Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
December 19, 2018 - Mediterranean Diet for Osteoarthritis | About OA
December 19, 2018 - Successful bladder repair using silk fibroid scaffolds
December 19, 2018 - Quidel receives CE mark to use Sofia 2 Lyme+ Fluorescent Immunoassay with Sofia 2 analyzer
December 19, 2018 - Horizon Discovery partners with C4XD to validate novel synthetic lethal oncology targets
December 19, 2018 - Research suggests a promising therapeutic target to treat or prevent metabolic disorders
December 19, 2018 - Split liver transplants could save children on wait list finds study
December 19, 2018 - Michigan-based food manufacturer ordered to discontinue operations after recurrent food safety violations
December 19, 2018 - HPV discovery could lead to new treatments for cervical cancer
December 19, 2018 - Real-time neurofeedback controls Parkinson’s brainwaves
December 19, 2018 - Incorrect prescribing warnings in electronic prescribing systems
December 19, 2018 - New $1.6 million NIH grant supports study on a gene vital to circadian rhythms
December 19, 2018 - Racial Disparities Seen Among Teens Undergoing Flu Vaccination
December 19, 2018 - To resolve inflammation, location matters
December 19, 2018 - Dancing could help older women to perform their daily tasks
December 19, 2018 - Research identifies new therapeutic target for cancer treatment and tissue regeneration
December 19, 2018 - Energy costs, social isolation contribute to health risk of older adults in extreme weather
December 19, 2018 - Potential combination therapy against rare disease of the bone marrow could improve treatment
December 19, 2018 - Researchers aim to improve cognition, reverse weight gain in schizophrenia
December 19, 2018 - UC San Diego Health offers new DRG stimulation device for phantom limb pain
December 19, 2018 - Study examines relationship between growth restriction and risk of childhood mortality
December 19, 2018 - New study provides insights on increased risk of suicide in young patients visiting ED
December 19, 2018 - AHA: Thyroid Problems Linked to Worsening Heart Failure
December 19, 2018 - World-first coeliac disease vaccine enters Phase 2 trials
December 19, 2018 - RNA sequencing offers novel insights into the microbiome
December 19, 2018 - A promising, effective vaccine for common respiratory disease
December 19, 2018 - Protein may slow progression of emphysema, study finds
December 19, 2018 - Studying atrial fibrillation — and exploring new frontiers in precision health
December 19, 2018 - A New Way To Get College Students Through A Psychiatric Crisis — And Back To School
December 19, 2018 - Optum, UnitedHealthcare take action to help people affected by North Carolina winter storms
December 18, 2018 - Weight change in middle-aged, elderly Chinese Singaporeans related to increased risk of death
December 18, 2018 - Immune cells sacrifice themselves to protect us from invading bacteria
December 18, 2018 - Watching brain cells fire, with a twist of gravitational waves
December 18, 2018 - 2018 in Review
December 18, 2018 - Getting the Most Out of the CLARITY Technique
December 18, 2018 - NVF shoes provide a viable option for track and road racing
December 18, 2018 - CRISPR may restore effectiveness of chemotherapies used to treat lung cancer
December 18, 2018 - New app accurately measures and charts progression of skin wounds
December 18, 2018 - Persistent Discrimination ID’d Among Physician Mothers
December 18, 2018 - Cellphone technology developed to detect HIV
December 18, 2018 - A Stanford doctor hits the field with the 49ers — as their airway management physician
December 18, 2018 - The Rise of Anxiety Baking
December 18, 2018 - Just one night of sleep deprivation increases the urge to eat
December 18, 2018 - Study reveals mechanism behind failed remyelination in MS
December 18, 2018 - New genetic testing method increases the precision of biomarker analysis
December 18, 2018 - Simple technique to effectively treat underdiagnosed cause of debilitating chest pain
December 18, 2018 - Barbershop-based medical intervention can successfully lower blood pressure, new data shows
December 18, 2018 - Food labels have caused changes in consumers’ intake and industry’s use of key additives
December 18, 2018 - Sickest children could benefit from split liver transplants
December 18, 2018 - Scientists create patient-specific model to identify most effective treatment for appendix cancer
December 18, 2018 - ‘Little Foot’ endocast reveals a small brain combining ape-like and human-like features
December 18, 2018 - New therapy for childhood blindness shows ‘very promising’ results
December 18, 2018 - Researchers discover promising new compound against Buruli ulcer
December 18, 2018 - Study finds significant use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicines in Sub-Saharan Africa
December 18, 2018 - California Farm Implicated in Outbreak of E. coli Tied to Romaine Lettuce
December 18, 2018 - Mobile health has power to transform HIV/AIDS nursing
December 18, 2018 - Celiac Vaccine in Clinical Trials at Columbia
December 18, 2018 - Research into mental health first aid prompts practical guidance and resources for workplace
December 18, 2018 - Researcher conducts study to investigate peripheral blood markers of Alzheimer’s disease
December 18, 2018 - Researchers identify link between mucus in the small airways and pulmonary fibrosis
December 18, 2018 - EU Commission’s Health Policy Platform to host EKHA program on transplantation
December 18, 2018 - Survivors of childhood Hodgkin lymphoma have high risk of developing solid tumors
December 18, 2018 - Small changes to cafeteria design can get kids to eat healthier, new assessment tool finds
December 18, 2018 - From Machines to Cyclic Compounds
December 18, 2018 - New study reveals best assessment tools to establish delirium severity
December 18, 2018 - Rice University scientists develop synthetic protein switches to control electron flow
December 18, 2018 - Home-based pulmonary function monitoring for teens with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Epidural stimulation aids in recovery of individuals with spinal cord injury

Epidural stimulation aids in recovery of individuals with spinal cord injury

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

For the first time since 2009, Stefanie Putnam is able to prepare – and eat – meals for herself, put the vest on her service dog, Kaz, and drive herself to activities with her horse without losing consciousness or gasping for breath.

“My whole life has opened up for me again!” Putnam said.

A C4 spinal cord injury in 2009 left Putnam paralyzed from the neck down and suffering from chronic low blood pressure. She relied on medication and tight corsets to maintain her blood pressure, but she still passed out five or six times a day.

Her new lease on life is the result of spinal cord epidural stimulation (scES) she received as a participant in research at the University of Louisville’s Kentucky Spinal Cord injury Research Center (KSCIRC) to aid recovery for individuals with spinal cord injury. Research published today in JAMA Neurology describes the improvements Putnam and three other research participants experienced in blood pressure and heart rate regulation during and after scES. All four participants had chronic, complete cervical spinal cord injury, persistent low resting blood pressure and blood pressure decrease when sitting up prior to receiving scES.

“From a quality of life perspective, orthostatic hypotension, or low blood pressure when sitting up, is truly life limiting,” said Glenn A. Hirsch, M.D., a cardiologist with the UofL School of Medicine and co-author of the study.

Spinal cord epidural stimulation uses an implanted electrode array to deliver electrical signals to the lumbar spine. For this study, research participants received stimulation using specific configurations selected to target cardiovascular function, monitoring blood pressure and cardiovascular function throughout, for an average of 89 daily, two-hour sessions. Earlier research showed the benefits of scES in controlling cardiovascular function during stimulation, but this data reveals participants’ blood pressure and heart rate remained stabilized between sessions, showing an enduring effect.

“What was most surprising was that only having it on for a few hours a day, we were noticing participants having normal blood pressure through longer periods of each day,” Hirsch said. “We are noticing it now across the research participants who had that problem, that there is a prolonged stabilizing effect even after the stimulator is turned off.”

Since receiving scES for her cardiovascular symptoms, Putnam said she enjoys increased independence and alertness, and she no longer needs medication to increase her blood pressure.

“I am an active member in my own life instead of merely existing. I am really living! I can prepare and cook my own meals. I can feed myself and carry on a conversation. Without the disruption of passing out or gasping for breaths in the middle of a task or having to stop and be back in my chair for two hours at a time, I can accomplish so much more. Now I can live my best life with energy to focus on my future.” Putnam said.

Research at UofL using scES, led by Susan Harkema, Ph.D., associate director of KSCIRC and professor of neurosurgery at UofL, began with the goal of restoring motor function. However, researchers and participants soon noticed stimulation led to improvements in cardiovascular and autonomic systems as well.

“In our motor system studies, we observed that we could actually regulate blood pressure without activating the motor system. That launched us into another area of research,” Harkema said. “Many people don’t realize that walking in many cases is not really the aspect that makes their daily lives most difficult because they have cardiovascular dysfunction and problems with respiratory, bowel, bladder, and sexual function. All of those things are disrupted so every day is incredibly difficult for people with spinal cord injury.”

In ongoing research to explore further the life-enhancing effects of epidural stimulation, the UofL researchers are conducting a six-year study with 36 participants with chronic, complete spinal cord injuries.

Source:

Recovery of cardiovascular function in spinal-cord-injured people sustained following epidural stimulation training

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles