Breaking News
February 22, 2019 - Lower Self-Perception Observed in Children With Amblyopia
February 22, 2019 - Up to 15 percent of children have sleep apnea, yet 90 percent go undiagnosed
February 22, 2019 - Rare pulmonary defect prompts parents’ nationwide search for answers | News Center
February 22, 2019 - Lesbian and bisexual women at greater risk of being overweight, study finds
February 22, 2019 - UQ research may explain why vitamin D is essential for brain health
February 22, 2019 - Heart Attacks Rising Among Younger Women
February 22, 2019 - How your smartphone is affecting your relationship
February 22, 2019 - Orthopaedic surgeon receives prestigious award, $10 million grant | News Center
February 22, 2019 - New sepsis test could save thousands of lives
February 22, 2019 - Cervical cancer could be eradicated by 2100
February 21, 2019 - Sustained smoking cessation can lower risk of seropositive RA
February 21, 2019 - Thousands with chronic UTIs are not receiving the treatment they need
February 21, 2019 - Are teens getting high on social media? The surprising study seeking the pot-Instagram link
February 21, 2019 - Stanford expands biobank services | News Center
February 21, 2019 - Scientists identify link between drinking contexts and early onset intoxication among adolescents
February 21, 2019 - Strong social support may reduce cardiovascular disease risk in postmenopausal women
February 21, 2019 - Rapid expansion of interventions could prevent up to 13 million cases of cervical cancer within 50 years
February 21, 2019 - Motif Bio Receives Complete Response Letter From The FDA
February 21, 2019 - Researchers map previously unknown disease in children
February 21, 2019 - A skeptical look at popular diets: Going gluten-free
February 21, 2019 - Podcast: KHN’s ‘What The Health?’ How Safe Are Your Supplements?
February 21, 2019 - Factors associated with increased risk of developing surgical site infections
February 21, 2019 - Anticipatory signals in eye movements can help measure attentive capacity, learning with greater precision
February 21, 2019 - Study explores daily exposure to indoor air pollutants
February 21, 2019 - Evening exercise does not negatively affect sleep, may also reduce hunger
February 21, 2019 - Artificial intelligence technique can be used to identify alcohol misuse in trauma setting
February 21, 2019 - Overweight, obesity in adolescence associated with increased risk of renal cancer later in life
February 21, 2019 - BGU develops new AI platform for monitoring and predicting ALS progression
February 21, 2019 - Researchers discover a new promising target to improve HIV vaccines
February 21, 2019 - Brief Anesthesia in Infancy Does Not Mar Neurodevelopment
February 21, 2019 - Gaming system helps with autism diagnosis
February 21, 2019 - Heart Disease: Six Things Women Should Know
February 21, 2019 - More States Say Doctors Must Offer Overdose Reversal Drug Along With Opioids
February 21, 2019 - Researchers explore case studies focused on industries that kill more people than employed
February 21, 2019 - Only half of GP practice buildings are fit for purpose
February 21, 2019 - Intense exercise, fasting and hormones can enhance waste-protein removal, study shows
February 21, 2019 - Scientists can monitor brain activity to predict epileptic seizures few minutes in advance
February 21, 2019 - Study quantifies hepatic and intestinal mRNA expression of Ugt isoforms in rats
February 21, 2019 - ‘Apple-Shaped’ Body? ‘Pear-Shaped’? Your Genes May Tell
February 21, 2019 - Can we repair the brain? The promise of stem cell technologies for treating Parkinson’s disease
February 21, 2019 - Trump Plan To Beat HIV Hits Rough Road In Rural America
February 21, 2019 - PENTAX Medical introduces new electrosurgical and argon plasma coagulation platforms
February 21, 2019 - Trump plan to beat HIV hits rough road in rural America
February 21, 2019 - Eating blueberries every day could help decrease blood pressure
February 21, 2019 - ‘No Second Chances’ report calls for new measures to combat cardiovascular disease in Australia
February 21, 2019 - Mayo clinic researchers discuss local case studies of leprosy
February 21, 2019 - Scientists demonstrate key role of salt in allergic immune reactions
February 21, 2019 - Experts propose revising the criteria for diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease
February 21, 2019 - The med student and the machine
February 21, 2019 - Hey, Hey! Ho, Ho! Is Striking For School Nurses The Way To Go?
February 21, 2019 - Latest research encourages children to move out and learn through physical activity
February 21, 2019 - Proper oral hygiene and regular visits to dentist can promote heart health
February 21, 2019 - New, versatile technique for remote control of transplanted cells in Parkinson’s
February 21, 2019 - Why melanoma tumors in the brain may be worse?
February 21, 2019 - New project aims to improve lung disease care in Appalachia
February 21, 2019 - Drug increases melanin production in some people with albinism
February 21, 2019 - Over 1 in 3 adults miss the mark on protein, finds study
February 21, 2019 - CymaBay Therapeutics Announces Seladelpar Granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation by the FDA for the Treatment of Primary Biliary Cholangitis
February 21, 2019 - A correlation between obesity and income has only developed in the past 30 years
February 21, 2019 - Baby, then work: An effort to help resident-parents in emergency medicine
February 21, 2019 - Heavy cigarette smoking could damage vision, say researchers
February 21, 2019 - Some drug combinations may be more effective than others for schizophrenic patients
February 21, 2019 - Combination of common antibiotics can eliminate multi-drug resistant E. coli
February 21, 2019 - Number of calls to U.S. Poison Control regarding kratom exposure increased
February 21, 2019 - New computational tool searches for factors that cause specific diseases
February 21, 2019 - New method to assess effectiveness of psychotherapies for social anxiety disorder
February 21, 2019 - New technology measures hormones that influence reproductive health efficiently
February 21, 2019 - Bat influenza viruses could potentially attack the cells of humans and livestock
February 21, 2019 - Immunotherapeutic antibody therapy to kill cancer has now progressed to patient testing
February 21, 2019 - Johns Hopkins scientists find new compound that may prevent reperfusion injury
February 21, 2019 - Researchers develop new way to deliver treatment for cartilage regeneration
February 21, 2019 - Study sheds new light on left ventricular dysfunction in ischemic heart disease
February 21, 2019 - New technique could expedite cancer diagnosis, lead to better patient outcomes
February 21, 2019 - New map of infant brain may aid early diagnosis of autism
February 21, 2019 - Human consciousness depends on the brain’s ability to maintain dynamics of neural activity
February 21, 2019 - Harmony Biosciences Announces File Acceptance Of Its New Drug Application For Pitolisant
February 21, 2019 - Medications could fill treatment gap for adolescents with obesity
February 21, 2019 - New antibiotics are desperately needed: Machine learning could help | News Center
February 21, 2019 - Researchers develop new computer game for dementia carers
February 21, 2019 - University of Dundee partners with Takeda to develop new treatments for tau pathology
Arizona EMTs have 39% higher risk for suicide than general public

Arizona EMTs have 39% higher risk for suicide than general public

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Arizona emergency medical technicians’ risk for suicide is 39-percent higher than the general public, according to a new study conducted by University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix researchers.

Neil Vigil, a second-year UA medical student, and Bentley Bobrow, MD, associate director of the Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center – Phoenix and professor in emergency medicine at the UA College of Medicine – Phoenix, recently completed the first peer-reviewed publication that specifically studied EMTs.

“Although we were bracing ourselves to find an increase in suicides among our EMTs, I was really shocked that it was that large,” said Vigil, who is also a Tillman Scholar. “These findings help move the discussion of EMT suicide beyond the anecdotal and personal experiences and adds hard data showing there is a problem that needs to be addressed.”

After seeing the surprising results, Vigil said he wanted to act immediately to find effective solutions. Working with the Arizona Department of Health Services (AZDHS), they developed an EMS resiliency website that presents educational materials and resources to help build resiliency and reduce EMS suicide.

Then he teamed up with the Golder Ranch Fire District near Tucson’s Mount Lemmon to measure the effectiveness of resiliency training.

Vigil and Dr. Bobrow also are exploring the potential to incorporate resiliency and suicide-prevention training into the EMT certification process at the state level.

Suicide rates among the general population steadily have increased, with suicide now ranking in the nation’s top 10 overall causes of death. Although the EMS profession has abnormally high suicide rates, as the results clearly showed, very little peer-reviewed research exists on the topic.

“On the worst days of our life, we know that firefighters and EMS professionals stand ready to respond at a moment’s notice, even at the risk of their own personal safety,” Vigil said.

“They are community heroes who sacrifice an incredible amount to be there for us in our time of need. I feel that it’s our community’s duty to help identify and minimize the risks associated with their service. As a former U.S. Army medic and EMT myself, this subject really connects with me on a personal level.”

In 2014, a large North American survey conducted by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians was published, suggesting EMTs have a 10-fold higher incidence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Around the same time, the Arizona community had experienced several EMT suicide deaths.

“We started by asking the basic question, ‘What is the suicide rate of EMTs in Arizona?'” Dr. Bobrow said. “As our research team began to try to answer this question, we realized that while simple, it was not an easy question to answer because there is no sole-source EMT suicide database. So we attempted to answer the question utilizing a combination of Arizona Death Record Data (searching for occupation fields in the Death Registry corresponding to EMT). It was extremely laborious, and imperfect, but it was a way we at least could estimate the true scope of this problem.”

Their data set covers a five-year period ending in December 2015. Vigil started the research last fall as part of his UA College of Medicine – Phoenix “scholarly project,” with Dr. Bobrow, serving as his mentor. The study was presented at the 2018 National Association of Emergency Medical Services Physician’s meeting and recently published online in Prehospital Emergency Care. (DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2018.1514090)

“We were surprised at how many actual EMT suicides we found every year in Arizona – on average nine per year,” Dr. Bobrow said. “Each one is a tremendous tragedy and made our study very personal for us. We were very motivated to publish this paper and to work toward improving this horrible situation.”

They hypothesize that the causes of the high suicide rates are multi-factorial and likely are related to work stress, shift work, a culture of not wanting to ask for help, repeated exposure to seeing suicide and other tragedies, among other factors.

“Physicians not only are clinicians, but also scientists,” Vigil said. “Our role as physicians is not only to practice medicine, but also to conduct research that adds to the body of knowledge that evidence-based medicine is drawn from. The scholarly project requirement at the UA College of Medicine – Phoenix does an excellent job pairing students with community mentors and providing guidance through the entire research process. I know I’ll carry the skills I’m learning with my scholarly project into my career as a physician.”

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles