Breaking News
January 18, 2019 - New study shows link between secondhand smoke and cardiac arrhythmia
January 18, 2019 - DZIF scientists reveal problems with available diagnostics for Zika and chikungunya virus
January 18, 2019 - Breast cancers more likely to metastasize in young women within 10 years of giving birth
January 18, 2019 - Blood vessels can now be created perfectly in a petri dish
January 18, 2019 - Study identifies prominent socioeconomic and racial disparities in health behavior in Indiana
January 18, 2019 - Young-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Tied to Increased Hospitalization Risk
January 18, 2019 - For-profit nursing schools associated with lower performance on nurse licensure test
January 18, 2019 - Considering the culture of consent in medicine
January 18, 2019 - Researchers identify comprehensive guidelines for managing severe atopic dermatitis
January 18, 2019 - Analyzing proteins in blister fluid may classify burn severity more accurately
January 18, 2019 - Study finds higher suicide rates among youth who were Medicaid enrollees
January 18, 2019 - Opioid drugs often overprescribed to children for pain relief, say CHOP surgeons
January 18, 2019 - New biodegradable wound dressing material accelerates healing
January 18, 2019 - Life in Space May Take Toll on Spinal Muscles
January 18, 2019 - Bulldogs’ screw tails linked to human genetic disease
January 18, 2019 - Immunotherapy target identified for pediatric cancers
January 18, 2019 - Financial stress may increase heart disease risk in African Americans
January 18, 2019 - Scientists solve another piece of Ebola virus puzzle
January 18, 2019 - New project finds how endocrine disruptors interfere with thyroid functions
January 18, 2019 - Research finds decline in ketone body utilization when coronary circulation is reduced
January 18, 2019 - Let’s map our DNA and save billions each year in health costs
January 18, 2019 - AI demonstrates potential to identify irregular heart rhythms as well as humans
January 17, 2019 - Study shows link between air pollution and increased risk of sleep apnea
January 17, 2019 - Neck-strengthening exercises can protect athletes from concussions
January 17, 2019 - Computer model shows how to better control MRSA outbreaks
January 17, 2019 - Pain is unpleasant, and now scientists have identified the set of responsible neurons
January 17, 2019 - CUIMC Celebrates 2018-2019
January 17, 2019 - Study reveals potential pathway for endothelial cells to avoid apoptosis
January 17, 2019 - Hamilton Storage launches LabElite DeCapper SL to expand LabElite product family
January 17, 2019 - Location of epigenetic changes co-locate with genetic signal causing psychartric disorder
January 17, 2019 - Researchers awarded 6.1 million euros to address female fertility problems
January 17, 2019 - Counseling appointments fail to reduce weight gain during pregnancy, shows study
January 17, 2019 - Contraceptive patch that could provide 6 months of contraception within seconds
January 17, 2019 - Yeast model may pave way for development of novel therapies for metabolic disorders
January 17, 2019 - Study determines impact of antibiotic perturbation of the gut microbiome on skeletal health
January 17, 2019 - Cardiometabolic Risk Up With Tourette, Chronic Tic Disorder
January 17, 2019 - Hong Kong scientists claim ‘broad-spectrum’ antiviral breakthrough
January 17, 2019 - Researchers discover the brain cells that make pain unpleasant | News Center
January 17, 2019 - Hepatitis Is Common in New Cancer Patients
January 17, 2019 - Podcast: KHN’s ‘What The Health?’ Drug Prices Are Rising Again. Is Someone Going To Do Something About It?
January 17, 2019 - Smoking significantly increases your biological age, study shows
January 17, 2019 - B-group vitamins may be beneficial for people with first episode psychosis
January 17, 2019 - Researchers demonstrate how manganese produces parkinsonian syndrome
January 17, 2019 - Researchers suggest link between personality type and attitude towards others’ bodies
January 17, 2019 - Mutant mice administered with cocaine failed to exhibit hyperactivity, shows study
January 17, 2019 - Health Tip: Understanding a Heart Murmur
January 17, 2019 - Gut protein mutations shield against spikes in glucose
January 17, 2019 - Engineered immune cells target broad range of pediatric solid tumors in mice | News Center
January 17, 2019 - Study provides comprehensive description of associations between mental disorders
January 17, 2019 - Study finds link between high pesticide exposure and poor sense of smell among farmers
January 17, 2019 - Many cancer patients have undiagnosed hepatitis
January 17, 2019 - New study finds only 13% of outpatient antibiotic prescriptions to be appropriate
January 17, 2019 - Stem cell-based approach to diabetes offers hope for treatment
January 17, 2019 - New project receives €8.65 million from EU and Canada to ease genomic, health data sharing
January 17, 2019 - Improvements in pharmacological study to fight cognitive impairment in schizophrenia
January 17, 2019 - Study looks at trends over time in oral antibiotic prescribing by dermatologists
January 17, 2019 - Most substance use disorder treatment facilities do not offer medication treatment
January 17, 2019 - Multiple sclerosis could benefit from stem cell therapy
January 17, 2019 - Researchers manipulate T cells to improve transplant success
January 17, 2019 - Put away your rulers and reach for your phone
January 17, 2019 - Mindfulness linked with fewer menopausal symptoms
January 17, 2019 - Integrated care to women with PMADs offered at several levels
January 17, 2019 - Researchers identify MANF as a rejuvenating factor in parabiosis
January 17, 2019 - Truncal mutations study suggests new direction in origins of cancer
January 17, 2019 - Beckman Coulter launches new ClearLLab 10C System for clinical flow cytometry lab
January 17, 2019 - Effects of linoleic acid on the body are largely dependent on genes, shows study
January 17, 2019 - Pre-injury exercise reduces damage to both muscles and nerves, study finds
January 17, 2019 - Minimizing Antibody Size to Maximize Research Potential
January 17, 2019 - Research finds large genome in tiny forest defoliator
January 17, 2019 - Technology helps reduce the yearning for unhealthy food
January 17, 2019 - Imec develops prototype cardiovascular device
January 17, 2019 - New Drug Application for Insomnia Disorder Treatment Lemborexant Submitted in the United States
January 17, 2019 - What you should know about teeth whitening
January 17, 2019 - Why Older Adults Should Eat More Protein (And Not Overdo Protein Shakes)
January 17, 2019 - Colorectal cancer mortality rates predicted to increase globally
January 17, 2019 - Scientists discover mutational signatures of tumor hypoxia
January 17, 2019 - New evidence shows how fever alters immune cells
January 17, 2019 - Researchers find new class of blood pressure-regulating peptides in vampire bat venom
January 17, 2019 - Promega to exhibit new Maxwell RSC48 platform at 2019 Festival of Genomics
January 17, 2019 - Study pinpoints immune cells that could be key to tackling hypertension
Despite lower risk factors, black men have higher rates of recidivism

Despite lower risk factors, black men have higher rates of recidivism

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

People of color are incarcerated at disproportionately higher rates than White people, and men of all races have higher rates of recidivism. A new study that estimated the effects of risk factors for Black and White men and women found that Black men were reincarcerated more often and more quickly than all others, despite having lower risk scores on nearly all of the variables on a standardized tool that assesses risk.

The study, by researchers at Florida State University, the University of Connecticut, and the University of Iowa, appears in Justice Quarterly, a publication of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.

“By looking solely at recidivism rates, we don’t consider the heterogeneity of the people released from jails or prisons,” explains Stephanie C. Kennedy, assistant professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Connecticut, who coauthored the study. “This view obscures the influence of race and gender on recidivism.”

“In our study, the most potent predictor of recidivism was being a Black male, even though Black men had less contact with the criminal justice system and few of the risk factors traditionally associated with recidivism,” Kennedy adds. “This suggests that beyond individual risk, other factors, including racism and implicit bias, as well as poverty and employment opportunities in the local community, are driving recidivism.”

The study estimated the effects of various risk factors on the time it took 21,462 Black men, White men, Black women, and White women released from North Carolina state prisons from 2000 to 2001 to return to prison. The risk factors included individual-level risk factors drawn from a standardized risk assessment tool used by most state correctional systems.

Risk factors included individuals’ prior convictions, financial situation, marital status, attitude (as provided by an officer’s subjective opinion of the offender’s motivation to change), history of drug addiction, employment in the past year and currently, high school completion or dropout, age of entry, and gender. The researchers removed the gender variable from their risk assessments and calculated the level of risk for recidivism, from minimal/low to high. The study also looked at the type of crime individuals had committed, the total number of offenses, alcohol problems, and mental health diagnoses, as well as whether individuals had children and the size of the county where they were released.

More than 58% of Black men in the study were reincarcerated in a North Carolina state prison within the 8-year follow-up period, compared to fewer than half of the White men and White women, and just over 41% of the Black women released during the same time frame. That occurred even though Black men were less likely to be identified as high risk and had lower scores on all but two risk factors that are thought to drive recidivism–age at intake and marital status.

Moreover, White women were more likely to be identified as high risk (the result of higher number of current offenses; lower rates of high school graduation, past and current employment, and financial self-sufficiency; a greater likelihood of having a history of drug addiction, alcohol problems, or to have been intoxicated at the time of arrest). But they had the lowest rates of recidivism and the longest time to reincarceration of any of the groups examined.

The ways that race and gender influenced each other served as an independent risk factor for Black men, in a way that was not reflected among other groups. The effects of all other risk factors included in the models were statistically insignificant but marginal, suggesting that these risk factors did little to meaningfully predict the likelihood of recidivism.

“In light of our findings, we need to look beyond individual-level risk and begin to explore the individual, community, and policy-level factors–including pervasive racism and increased surveillance–that result in reincarceration for people of color, and specifically for Black men,” suggests Katie Ropes Berry, doctoral candidate in the School of Social Work at Florida State University, who led the study.

“As we move work to end mass incarceration, we need to offer anti-racism training at every level of the criminal justice system as a vehicle for destabilizing deeply ingrained implicit and explicit racial biases. And we need to work toward an equitable system that honors human dignity and ensures public safety.”

Summarized from Justice Quarterly, Intersectional Effects on Time to Reincarceration by Berry, KR (Florida State University), Kennedy, SC (University of Connecticut), Lloyd, M (University of Connecticut), Veeh, CA (University of Iowa), and Tripodi, SJ (Florida State University). Copyright 2018 The Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. All rights reserved.

Source:

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles