Breaking News
March 26, 2019 - Mental health issues associated with income inequalities in Indigenous people
March 26, 2019 - Participation in sports linked with fewer depressive symptoms in children
March 26, 2019 - Brain process common to sleep and aging discovered
March 26, 2019 - People under age 50 with hearing loss more likely to misuse alcohol and drugs
March 26, 2019 - People with and without cancer use different dosages of cannabis formulations, study shows
March 26, 2019 - Young people at risk of addiction show differences in key brain region
March 26, 2019 - In virtual exchange, students in California and Lebanon unite to improve refugee health
March 26, 2019 - Trump Administration Changes Course, Asks Court To Strike Down ACA
March 26, 2019 - People with untreated diabetes develop signs of Alzheimer’s disease at a faster rate
March 26, 2019 - Study explains how bright colors evolved and diversified in male guppies
March 26, 2019 - Savings from lower insurance costs of growth hormone drugs not passed on to patients
March 26, 2019 - Study highlights the need to pay more attention on specific nutritional needs of female athletes
March 26, 2019 - Sleep quality varies throughout menstrual cycle in young women
March 26, 2019 - Younger Female Blood Donors Vulnerable to Iron Deficiency
March 26, 2019 - Finding the elusive drinking ‘brake’
March 26, 2019 - Using the Mastermind strategy in brain research
March 26, 2019 - Synthetic biological logic gate could one day be used to modify cellular function
March 26, 2019 - Damage to anxiety-associated brain region heightens monkeys’ defensive response
March 26, 2019 - Researchers uncover large-scale brain patterns and networks which control sleep
March 26, 2019 - Scientific Symposium at LABVOLUTION focuses on key issues in life sciences
March 26, 2019 - Screen time plus snacking could increase risk for metabolic syndrome in teens
March 26, 2019 - Attention, Seniors: Drink More Water and Head Off Disease
March 26, 2019 - Peptide shows promise for protecting kidneys from nephritis
March 26, 2019 - Causes of diabetes decline or disappear when ‘zombie cells’ are removed, shows study
March 26, 2019 - Scientists identify common genetic variants associated with post-stroke recovery
March 26, 2019 - Study finds link between menopause and changes in body composition
March 26, 2019 - Higher levels of sex hormones in older men related to lower biological age
March 26, 2019 - Research links participation in team sports to larger hippocampal volumes in children
March 26, 2019 - Cerveau announces research collaboration agreement with Eisai for novel tau imaging agent
March 26, 2019 - New technique measures frequency of sounds emitted from biological structures
March 26, 2019 - Removal of ‘zombie cells’ alleviates causes of diabetes in obese mice
March 26, 2019 - Women exposed to deepwater horizon oil spill continue to experience PTSD symptoms
March 26, 2019 - Shaping new treatments for tuberculosis
March 26, 2019 - Understanding genetic interactions holds key to new personalized therapies
March 26, 2019 - Nervous system relies on guidance cues for neuronal axons to reach destinations
March 26, 2019 - Altering gut microbiome may be potential treatment option for PCOS
March 26, 2019 - Moleculin Files with FDA for Expedited Approval Pathway for Annamycin
March 26, 2019 - GPs play pivotal role in ensuring success of new Faster Diagnosis Standard for Cancer
March 26, 2019 - New clues discovered to lung transplant rejection
March 26, 2019 - New study offers insight into development of delusions
March 26, 2019 - Children’s ball pits full of pathogenic microbes
March 26, 2019 - Exploring pathophysiological factors that link sleep problems and Alzheimer’s disease
March 26, 2019 - Walking downhill after meals can reduce bone resorption in postmenopausal women with diabetes
March 26, 2019 - USA LESS Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of LEOPARD Miracle Honey Due to Presence of Undeclared Sildenafil
March 26, 2019 - CT scan prior to spine fusion finds almost half of patients had undiagnosed osteoporosis
March 26, 2019 - After 2 Apparent Student Suicides, Parkland Grieves Again
March 25, 2019 - Inherited form of rickets improves more with new injectable medicine than conventional therapy
March 25, 2019 - Trastuzumab Tied to Higher Long-Term Risk for Heart Failure
March 25, 2019 - Personal context directly affects CPAP use
March 25, 2019 - Mosquito tracking key to preventing disease outbreaks
March 25, 2019 - Scientists Detect Hidden Signals from Beneficial Bacteria
March 25, 2019 - Treating women with thyroid antibodies with Levothyroxine do not increase live birth rate
March 25, 2019 - Brain area that only processes spoken, not written words identified
March 25, 2019 - Race and ethnicity influence fracture risk in diabetic patients
March 25, 2019 - Researchers report new regenerative medicine approach for treating osteoarthritis of the knee
March 25, 2019 - Exposure to dim light at night may contribute to spread of breast cancer to bones
March 25, 2019 - Benefits of osteoporosis treatment in postmenopausal women outweigh the perceived risks
March 25, 2019 - Researchers find evidence of Cryptosporidium parasite in Minnesota’s public water systems
March 25, 2019 - Three Clues to Raised Risk of Miscarriage
March 25, 2019 - Structured play helps toddlers self-regulate, altering their life course
March 25, 2019 - Translating horror into justice: Stanford psychiatrist advocates for human rights
March 25, 2019 - HORIBA Medical introduces D-Dimer reagent for Yumizen G hemostasis range
March 25, 2019 - Recurrent pregnancy loss may be caused by sperm DNA damage, finds study
March 25, 2019 - Special Collection tracks development of new diagnostic tests for tuberculosis
March 25, 2019 - Air Force develops genetic test to predict mental performance
March 25, 2019 - To abort or not to abort—making difficult choices alone
March 25, 2019 - Computer vision technology could aid ICU care by spotting movement
March 25, 2019 - IONTAS wins ‘Small Business of the Year’ category at Cambridge News Business Excellence Awards 2019
March 25, 2019 - First postpartum depression drug gets FDA nod
March 25, 2019 - Research Recognition Award will help improve lives of young people with absence epilepsy
March 25, 2019 - Bisphosphonates to treat osteoporosis appears to be beneficial for all women
March 25, 2019 - Time-restricted eating may prove to be a dietary intervention against breast cancer
March 25, 2019 - Researchers develop new augmented reality app to assess spatial memory
March 25, 2019 - Dolomite Bio releases new Drop-seq datasets for single-cell RNA sequencing
March 25, 2019 - Hemoglobin A1c blood test may underestimate prevalence of diabetes
March 25, 2019 - Immune system errors linked to development of childhood leukemia
March 25, 2019 - Eating leafy green vegetables may help maintain muscle strength and mobility
March 25, 2019 - BMA secures state-backed clinical negligence indemnity scheme for GP trainees
March 25, 2019 - Biohaven Announces Completion of Pre-NDA Meeting With FDA for Oral CGRP Receptor Antagonist Rimegepant
March 25, 2019 - Adding breakfast to classrooms may have a health downside
Penn and CHOP receive major grant to help curb distracted driving

Penn and CHOP receive major grant to help curb distracted driving

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Research team provides smartphone-based “nudges” to drivers in project funded by the Federal Highway Administration

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 3,450 drivers are killed each year from distracted driving. M. Kit Delgado, MD, MS, an assistant professor of Emergency Medicine and Epidemiology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and an associate fellow at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention (CIRP) at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and a team from Penn and CHOP have received a major grant from the Federal Highway Administration, an agency within the United States Department of Transportation, to help curb distracted driving. The team will investigate strategies — such as redesigning insurance discounts — for reducing cell phone use while driving. The $2.3 million project, which includes $1.84 million in federal funds in addition to contributed funding from several participating organizations, is one of the largest federally-funded research projects to address driving and cell phone use.

The objective of the grant is to translate findings from the field of behavioral economics to interventions that can be delivered through smartphones to “nudge” drivers to reduce distracted driving arising from cell phone use. Behavioral economics combines insights and findings from psychology and economics to explain, and try to correct, counter-productive or predictably irrational decision-making.

“Typing and swiping on your phone while driving is something that everyone knows is dangerous and usually illegal, yet people continue to do it. Because it has become a common, impulsive, and almost subconscious behavior, they may not even know how much they are doing it,” said Delgado. “By bringing together a team with experience in behavioral economics and behavioral design, traffic safety, statistics, and epidemiology, we’ll be able to determine whether these strategies successfully address these other problem areas and can help reduce the dangerous and potentially lethal behavior of using a cell phone while driving,”

The study, a collaboration between researchers in Penn’s Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, the Penn Injury Science Center, the Wharton School, and CHOP’s Center for Injury Research and Prevention, will build on previous innovative and successful work conducted at Penn for testing behavioral economic strategies to change difficult health behaviors such as quitting smoking, staying fit, and taking medications as prescribed.

The project has two parts. First, the collaborators will seek to discover strategies that can be deployed in usage-based insurance (UBI) programs using data collected by Progressive based on an app developed by TrueMotion, a smartphone telematics platform. Progressive Insurance is the first and one of the largest providers of usage-based insurance in the United States, while TrueMotion is a leading provider of the technology or platform services for UBI programs.

Unlike typical insurance policies where rates are based on traditional ratings variables such as a customer’s demographics, UBI uses in-vehicle devices or smartphone apps to understand actual driving behavior. In-vehicle devices and smartphone UBI apps capture driving data such as hard braking, speed, accelerations, time of day, and miles driven. More advanced smartphone telematics technology automatically detects distracting phone use like calls and other types of hand-held or hands-free phone use. Insurers can factor these new distraction events into programs offering safe driving discounts.

“Distracted driving is a nationwide epidemic that threatens everyone on the road. The good news is that advanced smartphone telematics platforms can measure this behavior and give insurers the ability to apply behavioral modification strategies to reduce distraction,” said Ted Gramer, CEO of TrueMotion. “Dr. Delgado and the team at Penn and CHOP are at the forefront of behavioral research, and Progressive is a true innovator in auto insurance and UBI. We’re excited to partner with them to find new solutions to reduce distracted driving and save lives on the road.”

Customers who have already enrolled in Progressive’s Snapshot Mobile, a smartphone usage-based insurance program using an app developed by TrueMotion, will be invited to participate with a goal of recruiting 1,500 drivers nationally. The drivers will be randomly assigned to six study groups, with circumstances varying in each group to allow the research team to determine which behavioral strategies are most effective in reducing hand-held cell phone use while driving.

Strategies to be tested include encouraging adoption of phone settings that automatically silence notifications while driving, providing feedback on the amount of phone use while driving relative to other customers in the same demographic, and awarding various financial incentives for staying off the phone. The goal is to develop insights on how safe driving discounts, which do not currently factor in phone use while driving, could be redesigned to be more salient and effective, thereby rewarding safer drivers with lower insurance premiums and also making all insurance customers safer behind the wheel.

Additionally, using UBI technology, the researchers will partner with large employers to test strategies to lower cell phone use among employees while driving. Teams of drivers will “compete” with each other to register the lowest levels of phone use, with social recognition for high-performing groups serving as key motivator. Financial incentives may be used as well. This part of the study potentially includes both company and private vehicles. The details of this study will be announced separately.

“Through data gained from Snapshot, we know that actual driving behavior is the leading variable in predicting a driver’s risk for insurance purposes,” said James Haas, Progressive’s Business Leader of Usage Based Insurance. “Mobile phone use continues to rise and we’re excited to see if the strategies Dr. Delgado’s team at Penn and CHOP use will lead to fewer distractions while driving and encourage safer driving behaviors. “

Forty-six states have banned texting while driving and 16 have banned using a handheld cell phone while in the car. “Given that the impact of current strategies so far has been limited, we hope our research will lead to solutions that can make a difference on a wide scale as use of technology in auto-insurance programs becomes more common,” Delgado said.

Delgado also heads Penn’s Behavioral Science & Analytics for Injury Reduction (BeSAFIR) lab, which applies data science and behavioral economics toward injury prevention and trauma and emergency care improvement. Collaborators on the project include Scott Halpern, Kevin Volpp, and Roy Rosin from Penn’s Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, Catherine C. McDonald, from the Penn School of Nursing and CIRP, Doug Wiebe from the Penn Injury Science Center, Ian Barnett from Penn’s department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics, Dylan Small from the Wharton School, and Flaura Winston from the CIRP.

Source:

https://www.pennmedicine.org/news/news-releases/2018/november/penn-and-chop-team-receives-grant-to-study-best-practices-for-curbing-cell-phone-use-while-driving

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles