Breaking News
March 18, 2019 - Fibromyalgia can be reliably detected in blood samples
March 18, 2019 - Legacy Pharmaceutical Packaging, LLC Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Losartan Potassium Tablets, USP, 25mg, 50mg, And 100mg Due to The Detection of Trace Amounts Of N-Nitroso N-Methyl 4-Amino Butyric Acid (NMBA) Impurity Found in The Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API)
March 18, 2019 - Researchers identify early home and family factors that contribute to obesity
March 18, 2019 - Fate and festivity: Match Day 2019
March 18, 2019 - Study finds TAVR to be as good as open-heart surgery for patients at low surgical risk
March 18, 2019 - EU-funded project is developing new tools for diagnosing cancer
March 18, 2019 - Gluten, lactose, food dyes in pills could be causing side effects finds study
March 18, 2019 - Taking painkillers during pregnancy is not responsible for asthma risk in children, study shows
March 18, 2019 - Prediagnosis Psychiatric Care Linked to Worse Cancer Mortality
March 18, 2019 - Paris hospital halts stool study after donor deluge
March 18, 2019 - Partial oral antibiotic therapy shows efficacy and safety in patients with infectious endocarditis
March 18, 2019 - Olympus improves access to science education through BioBus collaboration
March 18, 2019 - Depression screening does not improve quality of life in heart attack patients
March 18, 2019 - Echocardiography may aid in patient selection for TMVR
March 18, 2019 - Are ‘Inactive’ Ingredients in Your Drugs Really So Harmless?
March 18, 2019 - Wearable technology can safely identify atrial fibrillation
March 18, 2019 - Scientists tackle rare retinal disease in unique research project
March 18, 2019 - Death By A Thousand Clicks
March 18, 2019 - Absorbable, antibiotic-eluting envelope can reduce rate of cardiac device infections
March 18, 2019 - Hormonal treatment associated with depression in men with prostate cancer
March 18, 2019 - Porvair Sciences launches reinforced 96-well deep round microplate
March 18, 2019 - Simplified catheter ablation could slash waiting lists for atrial fibrillation patients
March 18, 2019 - BFR therapy as part of rehabilitation following ACL surgery may slow bone loss
March 18, 2019 - A human model to test implants for cataract surgery
March 18, 2019 - New risk adjustment model could reduce financial penalty for safety net hospitals
March 18, 2019 - NHS cancer patients’ wait to start treatment worrying
March 18, 2019 - Inventiva Announces Results from Phase IIb Clinical Trial with Lanifibranor in Systemic Sclerosis
March 18, 2019 - Cologuard
March 18, 2019 - Researchers find evidence of prenatal environment tuning genomic imprinting
March 18, 2019 - Dolomite Bio launches novel Nadia product family for single-cell research
March 18, 2019 - Intellipharmaceutics Announces Resubmission of New Drug Application to the U.S. FDA for its Oxycodone ER
March 18, 2019 - Excessive gestational weight gain tied to maternal morbidity
March 18, 2019 - RCEM issues position statement on metrics to supplement four-hour standard target
March 17, 2019 - Noncontrast Brain MRI Effective for Monitoring Multiple Sclerosis
March 17, 2019 - Brain region plays key role in regulation of parenting behavior, study finds
March 17, 2019 - Natural speed limit on DNA replication sets pace for life’s first steps
March 17, 2019 - New research reveals overlooked impact of herbicide glyphosate on the environment
March 17, 2019 - Molecular patterns could help predict relapse risk in breast cancer patients
March 17, 2019 - Study confirms sensitivity of microbiological cultures for detecting cholera
March 17, 2019 - Scientists Spot Clues to Predicting Breast Cancer’s Return
March 17, 2019 - Scientists identify gene that keeps PTSD-like behavior at bay in female mice
March 17, 2019 - New method would allow doctors to detect earliest stages of cancers in the lymph nodes
March 17, 2019 - Cholesterol protein discovery raises hope for smarter drugs
March 17, 2019 - New insect medium delivers high viable cell density growth and protein yield
March 17, 2019 - Opioid crisis brings concerns about heart dangers
March 17, 2019 - Resistance Training May Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Progression
March 17, 2019 - Bioluminescence sensors make new approaches to drug discovery possible
March 17, 2019 - New FDA Rules Aim to Keep Kids From Flavored E-Cigarettes
March 17, 2019 - Vitamin B3 analogue boosts production of blood cells
March 17, 2019 - Government cuts to stop smoking services have detrimental impact on public health
March 17, 2019 - Common tool to assess potential adoptive parents lags behind societal changes
March 17, 2019 - Patients’ own cells could be the key to treating Crohn’s disease
March 17, 2019 - Diagnostic delays common in inflammatory bowel disease
March 17, 2019 - Study uncovers dramatic differences in the brains of Hispanics with dementia
March 17, 2019 - Study describes epigenetic loss that changes how cells obtain energy from cancer
March 16, 2019 - Active Bathing in Non-ICU Setting Does Not Cut Infections
March 16, 2019 - How the immune system maintains a healthy gut microbiota
March 16, 2019 - Bacteria ‘trap’ could help in the fight against antimicrobial resistance
March 16, 2019 - Hospital work environment associated with all EHR usability outcomes
March 16, 2019 - Study unravels mystery behind how the brain encodes time when forming long-term memories
March 16, 2019 - Light physical activity may lower risk of cardiovascular disease in older women
March 16, 2019 - USP15 enzyme could potentially lead to new treatments for breast, pancreatic cancer
March 16, 2019 - After Chinese Infant Gene-Editing Scandal, U.S. Health Officials Join Call for a Ban
March 16, 2019 - PACS1 syndrome – Genetics Home Reference
March 16, 2019 - Researchers discover an unexpected organization of antimicrobial molecules that amplifies immune response
March 16, 2019 - With New Study, Era of Open-Heart Surgery for Aortic Stenosis May be Ending
March 16, 2019 - Dolomite Bio introduces high throughput sNuc-Seq protocol for its Nadia Instrument
March 16, 2019 - New course prepares materials scientists for biomedical testing
March 16, 2019 - Finding clues to a functional HIV cure
March 16, 2019 - People with chronic periodontitis have higher risk for dementia
March 16, 2019 - Few heart care recommendations are based on rigorous study
March 16, 2019 - Colorectal cancer diagnosed at early age is distinct from that in older patients
March 16, 2019 - Researchers use MRI and AI techniques at birth to predict cognitive development at age 2
March 16, 2019 - Discarding information from the brain linked to more mental effort, finds study
March 16, 2019 - OTA International supplement provides current snapshot and forward look at global trauma systems
March 16, 2019 - NIH trial to track outcomes of liver transplantation from HIV+ donors to HIV+ recipients
March 16, 2019 - Apple Heart Study shows how wearable technology can help detect heart problem
March 16, 2019 - Researchers determine factors that cause stress development in the human body
March 16, 2019 - Elderly Men Undertreated for Osteoporosis
March 16, 2019 - People with chronic pain are coping with the help of Pinterest, new study reveals
High Blood Pressure in Young Adults Tied to Earlier Strokes

High Blood Pressure in Young Adults Tied to Earlier Strokes

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

TUESDAY, Nov. 6, 2018 — Two new studies suggest that when people under 40 develop high blood pressure, their risk of early heart disease and stroke go up significantly.

The first study found that in a group of about 5,000 young American adults, having high blood pressure was linked to as much as a 3.5 times higher risk of heart disease and stroke.

The second study looked at nearly 2.5 million young adults from Korea, and also found that high blood pressure in young people increased their risk of premature heart disease and stroke by up to 85 percent.

Both studies relied on the new blood pressure guidelines from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. These guidelines set a lower threshold for what’s considered high blood pressure. Stage 1 high blood pressure begins when blood pressure is above 130/80 mm Hg, and is considered stage 2 high blood pressure if it rises above 140/90 mm Hg.

There’s been some debate about whether these new guidelines are too strict, and they haven’t been universally adopted. For example, they aren’t yet being used in Europe.

However, the lead author of the first study, Dr. Yuichiro Yano from Duke University, said their findings show that “the new blood pressure guidelines may help identify young adults at higher risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. The new blood pressure guidelines seem reasonable.”

According to the new guidelines, a normal blood pressure should be less than 120 (systolic)/less than 80 (diastolic).

Editorial co-author Dr. Gregory Curfman, who is deputy editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association, said the findings from the two studies with two very different populations are “really pretty strong evidence” that the new guidelines are identifying worrisome high blood pressure in adults under 40.

What’s surprising under the new guidelines is just how many people have high blood pressure when the lower threshold is used. In the United States, the new guidelines mean that 46 percent of Americans have high blood pressure, up from 32 percent. In China, the number is now 50 percent, up from 25 percent. And in India, it’s now 43 percent where it used to be 29 percent, according to the editorial.

One reason these rates may be so high is that high blood pressure often doesn’t have symptoms.

Curfman’s co-author, Dr. Naomi Fisher from Harvard Medical School, said, “For many patients, high blood pressure is an abstract disease. Unlike a broken bone or headache, hypertension is almost impossible to visualize or localize. Add that it rarely causes symptoms, and that its damage — like heart attack or stroke — often takes years to occur, and it’s easy to understand why the public may underestimate the importance of controlling high blood pressure.”

But Fisher said people can do a lot to control blood pressure.

“We need to engage our patients and help them understand the power they have to control their health,” she said.

One step is regularly monitoring blood pressure at home. People with high blood pressure also need to “prioritize healthy lifestyle changes. Even with medication, healthy living is imperative to control hypertension. This means a healthy diet and a healthy weight, restricted sodium [salt] and alcohol intake, and regular exercise,” Fisher said.

“This work is hard,” she added, “but it pays off.”

Yano noted that if young people with high blood pressure can bring it down, the risk of heart disease and stroke might also come down.

The people in Yano’s study were an average age of 36 when the study began. The study group was almost evenly divided between white and black people. About 230 people had a heart attack, stroke or heart failure during the nearly 19-year follow-up period.

People with elevated blood pressure (120-129/less than 80 mm Hg) had a 67 percent higher risk of heart disease or stroke. Those with stage 1 high blood pressure (130/80 and higher) had a 75 percent higher risk, and those with stage 2 high blood pressure (140/90 and higher) had a 3.5 times higher risk of heart disease or stroke compared to someone with normal blood pressure, the study found.

In the Korean study, the average age was 31 years old. Nearly 45,000 cardiovascular events (heart disease or stroke) were reported during the study’s average 10-year follow-up. Young adults with stage 1 high blood pressure had about a 25 percent higher risk of heart disease or stroke compared to those with normal readings. For those with stage 2 high blood pressure, the risk of heart disease or stroke was 76 percent higher in men and 85 percent higher in women.

Findings from both studies were published in the Nov. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

More information

Learn more about managing high blood pressure from the American Heart Association.

© 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: November 2018

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles