Endoscopic image of a bowel section known as the sigmoid colon afflicted with ulcerative colitis. The internal surface of the colon is blotchy and broken in places. Credit: Samir/Wikipedia Poo transplant or “Faecal microbiota transplantation” (FMT) can successfully treat patients with ulcerative colitis, new research from the University of Adelaide shows. The randomised, double-blind study—published […]Continue Reading ...
Illustration showing tightening of gut barrier cells and reduced inflammation due to UroA Credit: Praveen Kumar Vemula, Ph.D., Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, India, and Venkatakrishna Jala, Ph.D., UofL Scientists at the University of Louisville have shown that a microbial metabolite, Urolithin A, derived from a compound found in berries and pomegranates, […]Continue Reading ...
Many people use the term irritable bowel syndrome to describe general symptoms of gut and bowel dysfunction. But diagnosis requires meeting strict, diagnostic criteria. Known as the ROME criteria, these require a person to be experiencing abdominal pain, on average, at least one day per week. The pain must be associated with two or more […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain New research by a team from the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering has discovered that a type of adult stem cell found in a variety of tissues can be manipulated to enhance tissue regeneration and potentially treat inflammatory diseases. Teng Ma, chair of the FAMU-FSU Department of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, and […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Loss to follow-up is common with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and both low C-reactive protein levels and long travel time to the hospital are predictors of follow-up loss, according to a study published in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Dae Hyung Woo, from the Yeungnam University College of Medicine in South Korea, and colleagues […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: Marek Skupinski Children who develop inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease) have an increased risk of death, both in childhood and later in life, a study from Karolinska Institutet published in the journal Gastroenterology reports. It is therefore important that patients who are diagnosed as children are carefully monitored, argue the researchers […]Continue Reading ...
Credit : Susanna M. Hamilton, Broad Communications A study of gut microbes from more than 400 children points to how the microbiome behaves in this inflammatory bowel disease. The gastrointestinal tract hosts a complicated set of relationships involving a variety of host cells (e.g., epithelial cells, immune cells) and the array of microbes that make […]Continue Reading ...
High magnification micrograph of Crohn’s disease. Biopsy of esophagus. H&E stain. Credit: Nephron/Wikipedia Crohn’s disease is a lifelong condition characterized by a fluctuating course of gastro-intestinal inflammation with repeated flares and remissions. Any part of the alimentary tract from the mouth to the anus can be affected resulting in diverse symptoms including abdominal pain, watery […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: Konstantinos Votis In Europe alone, there are almost 30 million people who suffer from asthma. The myAirCoach project provides an innovative smart inhaler device along with integrated mobile Health (mHealth) personalised asthma monitoring services for empowering and guiding patients with asthma to manage their own health on a daily basis. Asthma, a chronic inflammatory […]Continue Reading ...
Dr. Fan is senior author on the Inflammation article and an assistant professor in the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at MUSC who studies vascular dysfunction in sepsis. Dr. Jones Buie, a postdoctoral fellow at MUSC, was the first author on the Inflammation article. Credit: Sarah Pack, Medical University of South Carolina One in […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain What treatments are available for patients with the rare inflammatory disease known as urticarial vasculitis? How effective are these treatments? Researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin embarked on a systematic review and meta-analysis to address these questions. Recently published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, the results of this […]Continue Reading ...
High magnification micrograph of Crohn’s disease. Biopsy of esophagus. H&E stain. Credit: Nephron/Wikipedia In the first study of its kind, cannabis oil has been shown to significantly improve the symptoms of Crohn’s disease and the quality of life of sufferers but, contrary to previous medical thinking, has no effect on gut inflammation. In a randomised, […]Continue Reading ...
Kidney infection with the fungal pathogen Candida albicans causes tissue damage. In wild-type mice, DNGR-1 expressed on dendritic cells detects this injury, and this triggers a reduction in the production of Mip-2, a chemokine that attracts neutrophils. Mice lacking DNGR-1 do not recognize the tissue injury and therefore do not reduce Mip-2 production. The resulting […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain Increased physical activity is now being emphasized as a treatment option for the gastric intestinal disease known as IBS. Research at Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden, indicates improvements in both intestinal function and self-esteem of patients who exercise more. “Increased physical activity is associated with an improvement in gastrointestinal symptoms and, in the […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers Researchers have performed a comprehensive review of the current state and future potential of using biologic medications to treat asthma in children. They evaluated a broad scope of approved biologics, the available information for each, and whether predictive or monitoring biomarkers are available for each biologic drug, presenting that […]Continue Reading ...
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