A cellular culprit—as well as a possible treatment—for a common, sometimes life-threating post-surgical complication has been identified by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The condition arises when abnormal fibrous connections called adhesions form after abdominal surgery, tethering our normally slippery organs together or anchoring them to the abdominal wall. Symptoms can include […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with several improved outcomes in men but not women, according to a study recently published in the British Journal of Surgery. Laura Koskenvuo, M.D., Ph.D., from Helsinki University Hospital, and colleagues randomly assigned men and women aged 60 to 69 years to the […]Continue Reading ...
Gastrointestinal surgeons Laura Koskenvuo (left) and Ville Sallinen at work. Credit: V Sallinen While screening for colorectal cancer does not reduce mortality, it does reduce the need for chemotherapy and emergency surgeries among male patients, according to a recent Finnish study. Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer in the world. Every […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Prescription opioid medications are overprescribed after simple arthroscopic meniscectomy, according to a study recently published in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. Vance Gardner, M.D., from Hoag Orthopedics in Irvine, California, and colleagues examined postoperative pain medication consumption among 102 patients undergoing arthroscopic knee meniscectomy who filled a prescription opioid medication. Postoperative medication consumption […]Continue Reading ...
A team of surgeons from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania are the first in the world to use a surgical robot to assist with a bilateral free flap breast reconstruction—a procedure in which tissue is taken from the lower abdomen—similar to a “tummy tuck—and used to rebuild the breast. The […]Continue Reading ...
Parkinson’s disease, osteoarthritis, rheumatic diseases, alcoholism and mental health disorders increase the risk of surgical complications after a hip fracture surgery. Credit: Heikki Kröger Parkinson’s disease, osteoarthritis, rheumatic diseases, alcoholism and mental health disorders increase the risk of surgical complications after a hip fracture surgery, a new Finnish study analysing nationwide registers finds. 4.6 percent […]Continue Reading ...
A JAMA Surgery study found that patients are likely to base their weight loss surgery choice on expected out-of-pocket costs, and how much weight they can lose—not risk of complications or recovery time. They appeared less influenced by a procedure’s related risks. Michigan Medicine researchers used a methodology that helps understand consumer preferences before products […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Patients with nasal airway obstruction have health utility values (HUVs) below the mean Australian norm, with improvement noted after open septorhinoplasty, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. Richard Tjahjono, M.D., from the University of New South Wales in Sydney, and colleagues conducted a prospective case series study at […]Continue Reading ...
In Uganda, one surgery can not only save the life of an infant or child, it also can extend it, providing a better quality of life. This can have a dramatic impact not only on the patient, but on the patient’s friends and family as well. Credit: Yale University Nasser Kakembo, MD, is a pediatric […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Prophylactic mesh implantation reduces the incidence of hernia formation among patients undergoing elective open abdominal surgery but increases early postoperative pain and leads to prolonged wound healing of surgical site infection, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in JAMA Surgery. Andreas Kohler, M.D., from Bern University Hospital in Switzerland, and colleagues performed a […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain African Americans and Hispanic Americans who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are at greater risk to regain weight as compared to Caucasians. To date, no study has addressed the effect of race on weight regain over the long term. Identifying the risk factors for weight regain is an important first […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain Treating appendicitis with antibiotics as an alternative to surgical removal of the inflamed organ was found to be more costly in the long term and result in higher rates of hospital readmissions, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. “People treated with antibiotics alone have […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain Analyzing data from more than 2,400 obese patients who underwent bariatric weight-loss surgery, researchers identified at least four different patient subgroups that diverge significantly in eating behaviors and rate of diabetes, as well as weight loss in three years after surgery. “There probably isn’t one magic bullet for obesity—if there is […]Continue Reading ...
A representation of the proportion of prescribed opioid pain medication that surgical patients actually took, in a statewide study in Michigan. Prescription size was the main predictor of how many opioid pills patients took after surgery. Credit: University of Michigan Many surgeons write prescriptions for opioid pain medications four times larger than what their patients […]Continue Reading ...
J. Alejandro Rauh-Hain, M.D. Credit: MD Anderson Cancer Center When comparing standard-of-care surgical options for women with early-stage cervical cancer, two studies led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center discovered that minimally invasive radical hysterectomy is associated with higher recurrence rates and worse overall survival (OS), compared to abdominal radical […]Continue Reading ...
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