February 24, 2018 Police officers rarely use force in apprehending suspects, and when they do they seldom cause significant injuries to those arrested, according to a multi-site study published in the March issue of the Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. “The use of force by police can result in serious injuries and fatalities, […]Continue Reading ...
Action Points In difficult-to-treat amblyopia (“lazy eye”) among older children, teenagers, and adults, binocular video game treatment proved to be no more effective than treatment with a placebo video game in a randomized clinical trial. Note that while adherence to the active video game treatment was poor in this study and in an earlier pediatric […]Continue Reading ...
Action Points Note that this randomized trial of an educational intervention for Bangladeshi patients with diabetes had a modest beneficial effect on certain hemoglobin A1C metrics. Given the rather unique population studied, broader generalizability is not assured. A culturally tailored educational program delivered by community health workers helped Bangladeshi immigrants living in New York City […]Continue Reading ...
February 1, 2018 The levels of hormones that control hunger and fullness(satiety) both rise after weight loss, but individuals may only experience an increase in hunger, according to a new study. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology-;Endocrinology and Metabolism. A team of researchers studied adult volunteers with severe […]Continue Reading ...
February 2, 2018 Twenty-five to 35 percent of adolescents in Germany have intentionally inflicted injuries to themselves at least once in their lives—some self-injure on a regular basis. These figures make Germany one of the European countries with the highest prevalence rates. In the current issue of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, Paul L. Plener and his […]Continue Reading ...
Action Points Hysteroscopic sterilization was linked with an increased risk of gynecological complications over 1 year and 3 years compared with laparoscopic sterilization. Note that the risk of medical outcomes (such as all types of allergy; autoimmune diseases; thyroid disorder; use of analgesics, anti-migraines, antidepressants, benzodiazepines; outpatient visits; sickness absence; suicide attempts; death) was not […]Continue Reading ...
Scanning electron micrograph of a human T cell from the immune system of a healthy donor. Credit: NIAID For the first time, scientists have shown a relationship between the proportion of key immune cells that display high levels of a gut-homing protein called alpha-4 beta-7 at the time of HIV infection and health outcomes. Previous […]Continue Reading ...
Introducing an abuse-deterrent formulation of oxycodone had no impact on reducing opioid-related harms in Australia, researchers found. In the NOMAD study, an analysis of 17 datasets plus a cohort of more than 600 injection-drug users, there were no differences in hospital admissions, emergency department presentations, or overdoses before and after abuse-deterrent oxycodone hit the market, […]Continue Reading ...
As a proxy for liver congestion, liver stiffness measured with ultrasound elastography has important prognostic value among patients with heart failure, a Japanese study suggested. Patients in the highest tertile of liver stiffness were at higher risk of mortality and heart failure rehospitalization (HR 3.57, 95% CI 1.93-6.83) over follow-up of more than 6 months, […]Continue Reading ...
Researchers confirmed in a retrospective study that pulmonary embolism is unlikely to cause syncope that results in a trip to the emergency room. Fewer than 1% of nearly 1.7 million patients treated at emergency departments for syncope had pulmonary embolism, according to databases from Canada, Denmark, Italy, and the U.S., reported Giorgio Constantino, MD, of […]Continue Reading ...
January 29, 2018 Bottom Line: A blood clot in the lungs was rarely identified in patients who went to the emergency department after fainting. Why The Research Is Interesting: Fainting (known as syncope) is a common symptom people can experience. A blood clot in the lungs (known as a pulmonary embolism or PE) has been […]Continue Reading ...
Children who are fitter and whose fitness improves during childhood and adolescence have better lung function as young adults, according to a large study published in the European Respiratory Journal. Good lung function in early adult life is believed to lower the risk of developing chronic lung disease later in life, but until now, there […]Continue Reading ...
January 30, 2018 Preterm birth is the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The causes for preterm birth are complex and not fully understood, however emerging data suggest that the presence of certain bacteria in a woman’s vagina and cervix may increase her risk of premature birth. In a study to be presented […]Continue Reading ...
A new report released today by the BioIndustry Association (BIA) and Informa Pharma Intelligence reveals that the UK has the strongest clinical and preclinical pipeline in Europe. It also shows that more UK biotech companies are maturing and moving through the financing life cycle, with UK biotech company IPOs raising more than twice as much […]Continue Reading ...
WASHINGTON — The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) needs more funding to effectively prepare for public health emergencies, an HHS official said at a Senate hearing Wednesday. “We can’t do more things with limited resources,” Robert Kadlec, MD, HHS assistant secretary for preparedness and response, told members of the Senate Health, Education, Labor, […]Continue Reading ...
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