Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new study has identified unique functional brain networks associated with characteristic behaviors of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in 12- and 24-month old children at risk for developing ASD. The study is published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. The findings help pinpoint brain regions involved in particular aspects of […]Continue Reading ...
The NLRP3 inflammasome (green) is expressed by immune cells (red) in the brains of people with Parkinson’s disease. Credit: University of Queensland A promising new therapy to stop Parkinson’s disease in its tracks has been developed at The University of Queensland. UQ Faculty of Medicine researcher Associate Professor Trent Woodruff said the team found that […]Continue Reading ...
Image of pyramidal neurons in mouse cerebral cortex expressing green fluorescent protein. The red staining indicates GABAergic interneurons. (Source PLoS Biology). Image via Wikimedia Commons. Unlike old dogs, old adults can indeed learn new tricks thanks to a protein molecule called netrin. Netrin is known to help set up the healthy nervous system in an […]Continue Reading ...
UCLA biologists have discovered how head injuries adversely affect individual cells and genes that can lead to serious brain disorders. The life scientists provide the first cell “atlas” of the hippocampus — the part of the brain that helps regulate learning and memory — when it is affected by traumatic brain injury. The team also […]Continue Reading ...
Dr. Marise Parent, professor and associate director of the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University, has received a three-year, $1.2 million federal grant to study how brain areas involved in memory control eating behavior. The grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health will be […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new study from Johns Hopkins shows that individuals with early onset Alzheimer’s disease—those under the age of 65—don’t benefit from deep brain stimulation, a treatment already proven to be effective for easing motor symptoms of people with Parkinson’s disease. “Our results suggest that as we look at deep brain stimulation […]Continue Reading ...
Ball-and-stick model of the dopamine molecule, a neurotransmitter that affects the brain’s reward and pleasure centers. Credit: Jynto/Wikipedia Scientists have made a major advance in untangling the brain circuits that lead to the powerful addictive effects of heroin, a study in the open-access journal eLife reports. The discovery could lead to more effective treatments for […]Continue Reading ...
Researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) and Albany Medical College, along with corporate partners GE Global Research and Acoustic MedSystems Inc., have received a five-year, $3.5 million award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) through the National Cancer Institutes’ (NCI) Academic-Industrial Partnership program, to continue development of an innovative robotic system that, operating within […]Continue Reading ...
Whether gut or brain hormones are more important for the regulation of appetite and metabolism is not clearly defined. Imbalances in the control of appetite and metabolism can lead to obesity and diabetes, which have a negative impact on people’s health and healthcare costs. In a live debate to be held at the Society for […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: Australian National University Australian researchers have developed ground-breaking new technology which could prove crucial in treating brain injuries and have multiple other applications, including testing the success of cancer therapies. Associate Professor David Nisbet from The Australian National University (ANU) and Dr. Richard Williams from RMIT have developed a 3-D tool to model brain […]Continue Reading ...
Researchers at the University of Utah have discovered that the symptoms seen in autism may be linked to how regions of the brain communicate. Andrii Vodolazhskyi | Shutterstock The study, which has recently been published in the journal JAMA Network Open, suggests that the symptoms may be the result of sustained connections between brain regions. […]Continue Reading ...
A 15-minute scan could help diagnose brain damage in babies up to two years earlier than current methods. In a study of over 200 babies at seven hospitals across the UK and the USA, researchers found the brain scan, called magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy, predicted damage with 98 per cent accuracy. Brain damage affects around […]Continue Reading ...
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by communication disorders, altered social interactions and sensory and behavioral abnormalities. Research in genetics and brain imaging suggests that abnormalities in the development of the brain concerning, in particular, the formation of neural networks and the functioning of synapses could be involved in the onset of ASD. […]Continue Reading ...
Brains. Credit: Kai Schreiber Surgeons could soon eavesdrop on a patient’s brain activity during surgery to remove their brain tumour, helping improve the accuracy of the operation and reduce the risk of impairing brain function. Patients with low-grade gliomas in their brains – a slow-spreading, but potentially life-threatening tumour – will usually receive surgery to […]Continue Reading ...
An interdisciplinary team of School of Medicine researchers has received a four-year, $9.6 million grant to probe the interactions between the brain and blood vessels in order to develop a better understanding of age-related brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. The Stanford team, which includes 13 faculty members, is one of only three groups nationwide […]Continue Reading ...
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