With a new crew arriving at the International Space Station, astronauts will be relieved to know that they won’t have to worry about a major aspect of their immune system being compromised. While researchers know a lot about astronauts’ skeletal and muscular health during spaceflight and when they return to Earth, much less is known […]Continue Reading ...
A general concept in biology is that cells use two different systems to transport substances across their membrane: selective pores, which allow passive transport driven by a concentration gradient, and active transport complexes, which use energy to transport substances against a gradient. Now scientists from the University of Groningen, together with colleagues from Germany and […]Continue Reading ...
UVA pediatrician Dr. Mark DeBoer, above, and a colleague from the University of Florida suggest that a scoring system might motivate people with pre-diabetes to make lifestyle changes. Credit: Dan Addison, University Communications A simple scoring system can track the reduction in diabetes risk produced by lifestyle changes and medication in people with pre-diabetes, a […]Continue Reading ...
Nov 20 2018 SCHILLER is proud to present the latest five new products in Düsseldorf at MEDICA. Not there? Take a first glance here. SCHILLER’s medilog®AR Holter system locates atrial fibrillation in zero seconds, analyses respiratory episodes and shows high-resolution HRV. It is shock- and splash-proof, easy to clean and works for over two weeks […]Continue Reading ...
An interview with Dr Grischa Chandy, conducted at SfN 2018 by Alina Shrourou, BSc. How can 3D imaging and analysis improve our understanding of the brain? The ability to acquire and analyze 3D dimensions provides a more physiologically relevant model to study. With 3D imaging and analysis, researchers can study physiology and pathophysiology in the […]Continue Reading ...
Immune cells called Gamma Delta T cells can act independently to identify and kill cancer cells, defying the conventional view of the immune system, reveals new research from the Francis Crick Institute and King’s College London. The study, published in Nature Immunology, reveals that Gamma Delta T cells possess a unique two-pronged device, allowing them […]Continue Reading ...
Mapping of a certain group of cells, known as oligodendrocytes, in the central nervous system of a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS), shows that they might have a significant role in the development of the disease. The discovery can lead to new therapies targeted at other areas than just the immune system. The results […]Continue Reading ...
The selection of a first-line chemotherapy drug to treat many types of cancer is often a clear-cut decision governed by standard-of-care protocols, but what drug should be used next if the first one fails? That’s where Georgia Institute of Technology researchers believe their new open source decision support tool could come in. Using machine learning […]Continue Reading ...
Demyelination by MS. The CD68 colored tissue shows several macrophages in the area of the lesion. Original scale 1:100. Credit: Marvin 101/Wikipedia Mapping of a certain group of cells, known as oligodendrocytes, in the central nervous system of a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS), shows that they might have a significant role in the […]Continue Reading ...
Searching through the mountains of published cancer research could be made easier for scientists, thanks to a new AI system. The system, called LION LBD and developed by computer scientists and cancer researchers at the University of Cambridge, has been designed to assist scientists in the search for cancer-related discoveries. It is the first literature-based […]Continue Reading ...
EPFL scientists have discovered how a dysfunction in the immune system can cause an overload of a gut bacterium. The bacterium produces excess lactic acid, which in turn triggers the production of reactive oxygen species that cause damage to cells and many age-related pathologies. There is no doubt that gut bacteria have become one of […]Continue Reading ...
A team of researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine have been awarded $3.4 million by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study the role of the gastrointestinal (GI) lymphatic system in dietary nutrient absorption and the transport of signaling molecules. The lymphatic system is a network of vascular channels that […]Continue Reading ...
Researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) and Albany Medical College, along with corporate partners GE Global Research and Acoustic MedSystems Inc., have received a five-year, $3.5 million award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) through the National Cancer Institutes’ (NCI) Academic-Industrial Partnership program, to continue development of an innovative robotic system that, operating within […]Continue Reading ...
The immune system of a pregnant woman is altered during pregnancy, but not in the way previously believed, according to results from a study at Linköping University, Sweden. This study, published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, shows that the thymus, an organ of the immune system located close to the heart, plays […]Continue Reading ...
B cells are important in helping the immune system fight pathogens. However, in the case of the neurological autoimmune disease Multiple Sclerosis (MS) they can damage nerve tissue. When particular control cells are missing, too many B cells accumulate in the meninges, resulting in inflammation of the central nervous system. A team from the Technical […]Continue Reading ...
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