Breaking News
November 21, 2017 - Simple test could help predict best treatment for cystic fibrosis patients
November 21, 2017 - Diabetes patients’ immune system can regulate insulin production
November 21, 2017 - Simple mirror technique boosts the performance of diSPIM, study says
November 21, 2017 - FDA raids Florida stores that consumers use to buy drugs from Canada
November 21, 2017 - FDA Alert: Limbrel Capsules by Primus Pharmaceuticals: FDA Advisory
November 21, 2017 - Exploring the genetics of glaucoma and retinal development
November 21, 2017 - Study finds sensors to detect biomarkers
November 21, 2017 - Researchers develop simple test to predict T2D remission after bariatric surgery
November 21, 2017 - Penn researchers find evidence of new malaria species in wild bonobos
November 21, 2017 - Review examines effectiveness of lipid-based products to treat dry eye disease
November 21, 2017 - Pioneering research project aims to develop better diagnostic tests for NAFLD
November 21, 2017 - The Best and Worst Ways to Say ‘I Love You’
November 21, 2017 - Even Partial Breast-Feeding for First Few Months Lowers SIDS Risk: MedlinePlus Health News
November 21, 2017 - Researchers identify protein that plays key role in diabetic blindness
November 21, 2017 - Sensors for identifying biomarkers could help detect myriad of diseases at early stages
November 21, 2017 - Scientists develop new method to study Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the lab
November 21, 2017 - Researchers identify previously unknown breast cell types
November 21, 2017 - Probing living cells with AFM
November 21, 2017 - Streamlined method for using CGM helps patients with diabetes maintain safe, stable glucose levels
November 21, 2017 - Even Advanced Breast Cancer Patients Gain From Exercise: MedlinePlus Health News
November 21, 2017 - Study in mice finds dietary levels of genistein may adversely affect female fertility
November 21, 2017 - Disordered eating has detrimental effects to long-term health of young adults, study finds
November 21, 2017 - Babies know more than we think they do find researchers
November 21, 2017 - New technique may reveal clues about role of centromeres in Down syndrome, other birth defects
November 21, 2017 - IUD May Lower Cervical Cancer Risk: MedlinePlus Health News
November 21, 2017 - U.S. preemie birth rates rise two years in a row
November 21, 2017 - Heart rate variability measured by electrocardiogram can help differentiate bipolar from major depression
November 21, 2017 - $10 million gift creates new center at Northwestern University to study effects of environment on genes
November 21, 2017 - Uncontrolled lung diseases could lead to costly A&E visits and hospital stays
November 21, 2017 - New study explores patients’ and family members’ views on overlapping surgeries
November 21, 2017 - KNAUER celebrates 55th anniversary and awards science prize
November 21, 2017 - Researchers find new way to boost cancer-destroying ability of T-cells
November 21, 2017 - Maintaining adequate vitamin D may help prevent onset of inflammatory diseases
November 21, 2017 - What NPs Can Do in the Opioid Crisis
November 21, 2017 - Gun Injuries Getting More Severe, Experts Say: MedlinePlus Health News
November 21, 2017 - That music playing in your head is a real conundrum for scientists
November 21, 2017 - Researcher awarded $1.5 million to study role of tumor necrosis factor in IBD
November 21, 2017 - Digital pills can help track opioid use patterns
November 21, 2017 - UZH leads Europe’s largest research on aging
November 21, 2017 - Experts endorse recommendations for restrictive blood transfusions
November 21, 2017 - New Hemophilia A Treatment, Hemlibra (Emicizumab-kxwh), Stems Bleeding Episodes
November 21, 2017 - Shining a light on the nervous system to thwart disease
November 21, 2017 - Use of Prostate Health Index cuts down need for uncomfortable biopsies
November 21, 2017 - Drugstore pain pills as effective as opioids in ER patients
November 21, 2017 - Experts explain why lead found in fidget spinners is no idle threat
November 21, 2017 - Over-the-counter decongestant found to be effective inhibitor of tumor stroma
November 21, 2017 - Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale shows dose-response relationship with adverse outcomes
November 21, 2017 - Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants linked to reduced kidney risks
November 21, 2017 - New technique holds promise to screen cancer cells for drug susceptibility
November 21, 2017 - AstraZeneca wins US approval for lymphoma drug
November 21, 2017 - Mother’s diet can protect nursing newborns against food allergies, research shows
November 21, 2017 - Cystic fibrosis patients have more good and bad bacteria in their lungs, study finds
November 21, 2017 - Patient-centered medical home model effective at improving chronic disease outcomes
November 21, 2017 - Enterovirus vaccine protects against virus-induced diabetes in mouse model
November 20, 2017 - First-of-its-kind study combines smoking cessation with personalized medicine
November 20, 2017 - FDA Approves Sutent (sunitinib malate) for Adjuvant Treatment of Adult Patients at High Risk of Recurrent Renal Cell Carcinoma
November 20, 2017 - Researchers produce the first draft cell atlas of the small intestine
November 20, 2017 - Study explores feasibility of mainstreaming genetic counseling for ovarian cancer
November 20, 2017 - AAP and The Obesity Society jointly address weight stigma in childhood obesity
November 20, 2017 - Researchers identify three specific molecules that accurately indicate pre-diabetes
November 20, 2017 - Study estimates health care costs, injuries, and deaths due to motorcycle accidents
November 20, 2017 - Face It: Drinking, Smoking Takes Toll on Looks
November 20, 2017 - Women have lower tolerance to alcohol following gastric sleeve surgery, study finds
November 20, 2017 - Salt, inflammation and hypertension
November 20, 2017 - Electrochemistry method provides easy access to important classes of compounds
November 20, 2017 - Cancer drugs may offer new way to control high blood pressure
November 20, 2017 - Small molecules in saliva may offer clues to diagnose and predict duration of concussions
November 20, 2017 - New poll demonstrates challenge of finding childcare options that meet parent’s safety criteria
November 20, 2017 - Canadians root for an underdog U.S. health policy idea
November 20, 2017 - KAIST researchers identify principles of gene network for colon tumorigenesis
November 20, 2017 - Pregnant mother in a coma wakes three months after delivery
November 20, 2017 - VTT researcher develops disposable optical test substrate for microbial detection
November 20, 2017 - Benzodiazepines linked to increased risk of death among Alzheimer’s disease patients
November 20, 2017 - Women are advised that sleeping on their side could reduce stillbirth risk
November 20, 2017 - The skinny on lipid immunology
November 20, 2017 - Study sheds light on changes in young people’s sexual practices
November 20, 2017 - Study highlights need for early identification, treatment of PTSD in cancer survivors
November 20, 2017 - FDA approves remote programming feature for Nucleus Cochlear Implant System via telemedicine
November 20, 2017 - The One Patient That We Neglect Too Often
November 20, 2017 - The battle between cancer and the immune system—who switches the off signals off?
Smoking and alcohol consumption in OECD countries – country breakdown

Smoking and alcohol consumption in OECD countries – country breakdown

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Both smoking and alcohol consumption have been linked to several deadly diseases include coronary heart disease, ischemic heart disease, strokes, diabetes, several cancers, liver diseases etc. Smoking is directly associated with lung diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Smoking and alcohol exposure among pregnant mothers is associated with severe health consequences for the baby. Reports have shown that smoking is responsible for the most number of healthy life years lost in 15 OECD countries. It ranks second biggest cause of disability and diseased years in 16 OECD countries. At least seven million people worldwide die of tobacco smoking and of these 890,000 die of exposure to second hand smoke.

Smoking statistics

The latest OECD countries report “Health At a Glance 2017” shows that 14 percent of women and 23 percent of men – making up of a little over 18 percent adults smoking in these countries. Highest number of smokers can be found in countries such as Greece, Hungary and Turkey and Indonesia with over a quarter of the population smoking.

Numbers of smokers are least in Mexico and Brazil making up for 10 percent of the population. Highest rates of female smokers are seen in Austria, Greece and Hungary, where over one in five women smoke. Korea, Mexico, China, India and Indonesia have less than 5 percent women smokers.

Among males, almost 40 percent of the population smoke in countries like Turkey, China, Indonesia and Russian Federation. Men smoke least in Iceland and Brazil with less than one in 10 smokers. Gender gap between males and females is least in Denmark and Iceland.

Biggest gaps between number of women and men smokers is seen in Indonesia at 73 points, China at 46 points and the Russian Federation at 34 points.

The report also looked at daily smoking rates in the different countries. In 2015, an average of 18 percent of adults smoked regularly. There was a 28 percent reduction in daily smoking rates since 2000. This from in the fifteen years has been seen maximally in Denmark, Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Brazil, India, Lithuania and the Russian Federation. In these countries the reduction has been over 10 percent points.

Biggest falls in number of daily smokers was seen in Greece, Hungary, Turkey and Indonesia. Least change in the daily smoking rates was seen in Mexico and Brazil.

Government health policies have targeted and focused on measures to reduce and discourage tobacco and alcohol consumption in these countries. Tobacco advertising bans for example have been in place since 2014 in 29 countries. Taxation on tobacco containing products have been in place in 26 countries.

All OECD member countries now have graphic warnings displayed on tobacco product labels to discourage smoking and tobacco consumption. May 31st each year is commemorated as “World No Tobacco Day” to reinforce the no-tobacco messages.

Alcohol consumption statistics

Alcohol use has been associated with several diseases including heart disease, liver damage and several cancers. It leads to death and disease among the working age group of populations. “Health at a glance 2017” report says that alcohol features among the top ten causes of disease and disability that leads to healthy life years lost in 32 of the OECD countries. These countries report higher than global average consumption of alcohol.

Alcohol has caused 2.3 million deaths in 2015 says the report. These are deaths due to heart disease, liver damage, cancers etc. but the causative factor behind them remains alcohol consumption. Heavy drinking has been seen in 20 percent of the population leading to loss of jobs and productivity and wages apart from health damage.

The report shows that the number of litres of alcohol consumed per capita has come down from 9.5 litres to 9 litres since 2000. This is pure alcohol and equivalent to 96 bottles of wine. Consumption of alcohol has significantly increased instead of reducing in 13 OECD countries.

Some of the countries where trends have shown rise in alcohol consumption include China, India, Lithuania and South Africa. The rise is least (0.1 to 1 litres per capita annually) in countries such as Canada, Chile, Israel, Korea, Mexico, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, United States and South Africa.

The rise is steeper in Belgium, Iceland, Latvia, Poland, China, India and Lithuania with up to 5.3 litres rise since 2000. Biggest reduction of alcohol consumption has been seen in Denmark, Ireland, Italy and the Netherlands at over 2 litres per capita per year.

The report assessed regular binge drinking among the population living in the OECD countries. They noted that 12 percent women and 30 percent men indulge in binge drinking bouts on a regular basis (at least once monthly).

Men are more prone to binge drinking than women, The gap between genders is lowest in Spain and Greece while it is the widest in Estonia, Finland and Latvia. Average rates of binge drinking are around 8 percent (lowest) in Hungary and highest in Denmark at 37 percent.

Government health policies are in place to check for excess alcohol use. This includes taxations, public education and awareness programs,  ban of alcoholic beverage advertising, law enforcements etc.

Smoking and alcohol consumption among children of OECD countries

The “Health at a glance” report 2017 shows rise in adolescent smoking and drinking trends in the OECD countries. Starting smoking and alcohol use early, leads to severe health consequences later in life, including respiratory problems, heart disease, liver disease, cancers etc. Growth and development is also severely impaired. Use of tobacco and alcohol also paves way to trying other illegal substances and indulging in risky behaviors.

Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) surveys are a series of surveys among adolescents to study smoking and drinking behaviors. Results reveal that over 15 percent of teenagers over the age of 15 years smoke at least once a week in several countries such as France, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Slovak Republic. Smoking rates are lower among this age group in Iceland and Norway.

Adolescent smokers are around 12 percent of all adolescents in the OECD countries. Boys smoke more than girls in many countries but girls are more in numbers of smokers in countries such as Australia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. There is a wide gap between boys and girls with boys leading in Israel, Lithuania and the Russian Federation.

Adolescent alcohol consumers are around 30 percent in all the OECD countries. One in three 15 year old has been drunk at least twice in countries such as Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary, Slovenia and the United Kingdom and Lithuania. Iceland, Israel, Luxembourg, Switzerland and the Russian Federation show lower number of drinkers among the adolescents.

On an average, 23.5 percent boys and 21.2 percent girls consume alcohol. The gender gap is widest in countries such as Austria, Hungary, Israel, as well as Lithuania and the Russian Federation with boys consuming more alcohol than girls. Canada, Sweden and the United Kingdom girls are more frequently drunk than boys.

The report emphasizes on more stringent laws and regulations to prevent both smoking and drinking among the youth.

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles