Breaking News
December 18, 2018 - Researchers identify link between mucus in the small airways and pulmonary fibrosis
December 18, 2018 - EU Commission’s Health Policy Platform to host EKHA program on transplantation
December 18, 2018 - Survivors of childhood Hodgkin lymphoma have high risk of developing solid tumors
December 18, 2018 - Small changes to cafeteria design can get kids to eat healthier, new assessment tool finds
December 18, 2018 - From Machines to Cyclic Compounds
December 18, 2018 - New study reveals best assessment tools to establish delirium severity
December 18, 2018 - Rice University scientists develop synthetic protein switches to control electron flow
December 18, 2018 - Home-based pulmonary function monitoring for teens with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
December 18, 2018 - National Biofilms Innovation Centre award grant to Neem Biotech for novel anti-biofilm drug development
December 18, 2018 - Artificial intelligence and the future of medicine
December 18, 2018 - Montana State doctoral student receives grant for her work to improve neuroscience tool
December 18, 2018 - Early postpartum initiation of opioids associated with persistent use
December 18, 2018 - Russian scientists identify molecular ‘switch’ that could be target for treatment of allergic asthma
December 18, 2018 - Surgeons make more mistakes in the operating room during stressful moments, shows study
December 18, 2018 - Immune cells explode themselves to inform about the danger of invading bacteria
December 18, 2018 - Malnutrition in children with Crohn’s disease linked with increased risk of surgical complications
December 18, 2018 - FDA Approves Motegrity (prucalopride) for Adults with Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (CIC)
December 18, 2018 - The long and short of CDK12
December 18, 2018 - Hologic’s Cynosure division introduces TempSure Surgical RF technology in North America
December 18, 2018 - CMR Surgical partners with Nicholson Center to launch U.S.-based training program for Versius
December 18, 2018 - Findings reinforce guidelines for cautious use of antipsychotics in younger populations
December 18, 2018 - Study finds new strains of hepatitis C virus in sub-Saharan Africa
December 18, 2018 - New battery-free, implantable device aids weight loss
December 18, 2018 - Parental alcohol use disorder associated with offspring marital outcomes
December 18, 2018 - Novel Breast Imaging Technique Might Cut Unnecessary Biopsies
December 18, 2018 - What can a snowflake teach us about how cancer spreads in the body?
December 18, 2018 - Management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy costs the NHS more than previously thought
December 18, 2018 - Green leafy vegetables may reduce risk of developing liver steatosis
December 18, 2018 - Veganism linked to nutrient deficiencies and malnutrition if not planned correctly
December 18, 2018 - Coming Soon: A Tiny Robot You Swallow to Help You Stay Healthy
December 18, 2018 - Modified malaria drug proven effective at inhibiting Ebola
December 18, 2018 - Study finds epigenetic differences in the brains of individuals with schizophrenia
December 18, 2018 - Fitness instructors’ motivational comments influence women’s body satisfaction
December 18, 2018 - Study focuses on modification of lipid nanoparticles for successful brain cell targeting
December 18, 2018 - New gut bacteria may be effective against obesity, metabolic and mental disorders
December 18, 2018 - New two-in-one powder aerosol to upgrade fight against deadly superbugs in lungs
December 18, 2018 - Biofilms feed with swirling flows
December 17, 2018 - Study identifies specific neurological changes related to traumatic brain injury
December 17, 2018 - New study confirms geographic bias in lung allocation for transplant
December 17, 2018 - Research focuses on optimization of solid lipid nanoparticle that encapsulates Vinorelbine bitartrate
December 17, 2018 - Carpal tunnel syndrome – Genetics Home Reference
December 17, 2018 - A novel insulin accelerant
December 17, 2018 - Tips for caring for patients with disabilities, from a mother and physician
December 17, 2018 - Menopause-related sexual, urinary problems tied to worse quality of life
December 17, 2018 - In-school nutrition programs among students limit increases in BMI, finds study
December 17, 2018 - Risk for Hospitalization for Heart Failure Greater With Diabetes
December 17, 2018 - Food assistance may help older adults adhere to diabetes meds
December 17, 2018 - Supporting a family’s goals during a difficult pregnancy
December 17, 2018 - Neurons with Good Housekeeping Are Protected from Alzheimer’s
December 17, 2018 - New approach to tumor analysis could improve prognosis for bowel cancer patients
December 17, 2018 - New ‘epigenetics-based’ cervical cancer test outperforms Pap smear and HPV tests
December 17, 2018 - Ten year follow-up after negative colonoscopy related to reduced risk of colorectal cancer
December 17, 2018 - CTF along with NTAP and Sage announce first-ever open data portal for neurofibromatosis
December 17, 2018 - Intimacy: The Elusive Fountain of Youth?
December 17, 2018 - Will saliva translate to a real diagnostic tool?
December 17, 2018 - DFG establishes nine new Research Units and one new Clinical Research Unit
December 17, 2018 - Assisted living’s breakneck growth leaves patient safety behind
December 17, 2018 - America’s teens report dramatic increase in their use of vaping devices in just one year
December 17, 2018 - Enlarged heart linked to a higher risk of dementia
December 17, 2018 - Prostate cancer detection using MRI now first-line investigation tool
December 17, 2018 - Loughborough academics part of new project investigating effectiveness of personalized breast cancer screening
December 17, 2018 - Adolescents who use cognitive reappraisal had better metabolic measures, shows study
December 17, 2018 - Probiotics may offer therapeutic benefits for biopolar patients
December 17, 2018 - Stealth BioTherapeutics Granted Fast Track Designation for Elamipretide for the Treatment of Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration with Geographic Atrophy
December 17, 2018 - Studies reveal role of red meat in gut bacteria, heart disease development
December 17, 2018 - Eisai enters into agreement with Eurofarma for its anti-obesity agent lorcaserin
December 17, 2018 - Researchers use brain connectome to reassess neuroimaging findings of Alzheimer’s disease
December 17, 2018 - “Miracle” baby survives Ebola in Congo and rapid a new Ebola detection device
December 17, 2018 - Mechanisms behind neonatal diabetes uncovered
December 17, 2018 - AHF urges the WHO to expedite approval process for vaccine effective against Ebola
December 17, 2018 - Study finds misuse of benzodiazepines to be highest among young adults
December 17, 2018 - TGen receives PayPal grant to underwrite costs of genetic tests for children with rare disorders
December 17, 2018 - New research highlights why HIV-infected patients suffer higher rates of cancer
December 17, 2018 - Antibiotic-resistant bacteria could soon be targeted with Alzheimer’s drug
December 17, 2018 - Rutgers scientists take an important step in making diseased hearts heal themselves
December 17, 2018 - Tailored Feedback at CRC Screen Improves Lifestyle Behaviors
December 17, 2018 - Loss of two genes drives a deadly form of colorectal cancer, reveals a potential treatment
December 17, 2018 - How the Mediterranean Diet Can Help Women’s Hearts
December 17, 2018 - Sustained connections associated with symptoms of autism
December 17, 2018 - Concussion rates among young football players were higher than previously reported
Diet, smoking and alcohol main causes of death in OECD countries

Diet, smoking and alcohol main causes of death in OECD countries

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

The “Health at a Glance” report 2017 shows that over 10 million deaths have been recorded in the OECD countries in 2015. Thus the number of deaths on an average in these countries is 793 per 100,000 population. The report shows that one third of these deaths were caused by ischemic heart disease, stroke and diseases of the blood vessels. One fourth of all deaths were due to cancers.

Mortality report

The report speculates the leading causes of death indicate the increasing age at death and increased life expectancy. The circulatory system diseases for example rise after 50 years of age. Both dementia and diseases of blood vessels remain the top two causes of death among people over 80 years of age. Deaths due to communicable diseases or infections have decreased compared to deaths due to non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, diabetes etc.

  • The report on deaths due to all causes has shown that there are around 583 deaths per 100,000 population in Japan which is the minimum. On the other hand are the highest death rates seen in Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, the Russian Federation and the Slovak Republic in 2015 at 1,000 deaths per 100,000 population.
  • Blood vessel and circulatory system diseases causing deaths were over 869 deaths per 100,000 in the Russian Federation. Japan had the lowest rates of circulatory system disease related deaths at 152 deaths per 100,000 population.
  • Unhealthy diet, smoking and alcohol consumption were seen to be the most important causes of these deaths
  • Cancer related deaths were also quite significant in the OECD countries ranging between 123 and 286 deaths per 100,000 in 2015.
  • Respiratory system diseases related deaths were highest in Ireland, the United Kingdom, Brazil and Colombia. External causes including trauma and other harm led to most number of deaths in Brazil, Latvia, Lithuania, South Africa and the Russian Federation. HIV/AIDS was significant contributor to death rates in South Africa.
  • Dementia related deaths were most common in women than in men. Lung cancers and accident associated deaths were more common among men than women.

Deaths due to circulatory diseases

These deaths include those due to heart attacks, stroke etc. Results from the report shows:

  • Ischemic heart disease was the reason for 12 percent of all deaths in the OECD countries in 2015.
  • Deaths due to ischemic heart disease and heart attacks were higher for men than in women (by 82 percent)
  • There is a 50 percent reduction in rates of deaths due to ischemic heart disease in all the OECD countries. This reduction is most in some countries such as Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway and Israel falling by over 70 percent. Reduction of smoking and tobacco use could be linked to this reduction. Another reason for these improved numbers is the improvement in health care.
  • Deaths due to ischemic heart disease has risen in Korea unlike in most other OECD countries
  • Stroke is responsible for around 7 percent of all deaths in OECD countries in 2015.
  • Latvia, Hungary and the Slovak Republic have a three times higher rate of deaths due to stroke compared to Switzerland, Canada and France. Russian Federation and South Africa also have high numbers of stroke related deaths.
  • Deaths due to stroke have reduced by over half in most countries. Estonia, Luxembourg, Portugal, the Czech Republic and Austria have seen a 70 percent reduction in rates.

Deaths due to cancer

The “Health at a glance” report 2017 has shown that cancer is the second leading cause of deaths in the OECD countries. It causes 25 percent of all deaths. The number of deaths due to cancer was 15 percent in the 1960s. The report shows:

  • Denmark, France, Japan, the Netherlands, Canada, the United Kingdom, Spain, Belgium and Australia have shown that the number of deaths there due to cancer exceeded those caused by circulatory system diseases such as heart disease.
  • Across the OECD countries the average mortality due to cancer is over 200 per 100,000 population.
  • The death risk due to cancer is lowest in Mexico, Turkey, Finland, Switzerland, Japan, Israel, Korea Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica and South Africa (below 180). The rates are highest in Hungary, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Latvia (over 240)
  • Death rates due to cancer have fallen the most since 1990 in Czech Republic and Switzerland (by average 18 percent).
  • Death rates showed reduction in cancers of stomach, colon and rectum, lung and prostate for males and breast, ovary and cervix for women. The number of deaths rose due to liver, skin and pancreas for both sexes and lung cancers in women.
  • The gender difference was widest in Korea, Turkey, Latvia, Estonia, Spain and Portugal where the rates in men were twice that of women. For men lung cancer claimed most lives (22 percent of all deaths in males and 16 percent in females). Lung cancer deaths have reduced in Mexico, the Netherlands, Czech Republic, Finland and the United Kingdom among men but risen in women from Netherlands, France and Spain.
  • Death rates due to breast cancer were highest in Ireland, Iceland, Hungary, Denmark and the Netherlands. Colon and rectal cancers kill both men and women and in Japan it is the leading cause of deaths in men. Lowest level of colorectal cancers was seen in Mexico and Turkey and highest levels seen in Hungary and the Slovak Republic. Prostate cancer remains more prevalent among men over 65 years.

Reference: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance-2017/main-causes-of-mortality_health_glance-2017-8-en;jsessionid=13583tnpit6cm.x-oecd-live-02

78081d96-e4ea-49a7-a50d-5b7e73dc8a57|0|.0

Posted in: Men’s Health News | Women’s Health News

Tags: AIDS, Alcohol, Blood, Blood Vessel, Blood Vessels, Breast Cancer, Cancer, Cervix, Colorectal, Dementia, Diabetes, Diet, Health Care, Heart, Heart Disease, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Ischemic Heart Disease, Life Expectancy, Liver, Lung Cancer, Pancreas, Prostate, Prostate Cancer, Respiratory, Skin, Smoking, Stomach, Stroke, Tobacco, Trauma

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles