Breaking News
August 14, 2018 - Reducing opioid prescriptions for one operation can also spill over to other procedures
August 14, 2018 - E-cigarettes not so safe but still better than cigarettes
August 14, 2018 - Researchers find link between common ‘harmless’ virus and cardiovascular damage
August 14, 2018 - Initiation of PIMs associated with higher risk of fracture-specific hospitalizations and mortality
August 14, 2018 - Genetically modified mosquitoes and special bed nets help tackle deadly diseases
August 14, 2018 - Advances in treating hep C lead to new option for transplant patients
August 14, 2018 - Study finds quality of doctor-patient discussions about lung cancer screening to be ‘poor’
August 14, 2018 - MSU researchers uncover the effects of aging on regenerative ability of kidneys
August 14, 2018 - Better conditioning, throwing mechanics can help reduce elbow injuries in young baseball pitchers
August 14, 2018 - Brain game doesn’t offer brain gain
August 14, 2018 - Reproductive choices facing women with disabilities require careful consideration
August 14, 2018 - Scientists pinpoint the cause of a rare childhood seizure disorder
August 14, 2018 - Lumpectomy plus radiation associated with reduced risk of breast cancer death, study finds
August 14, 2018 - UAB study shows how ion channel differentiates newborn and mature neurons in the brain
August 14, 2018 - Experts highlight key knowledge gaps that need to be addressed in Ebola vaccine research
August 14, 2018 - Discovery could lead to new drugs against infection and inflammation
August 14, 2018 - Infection Prevention Differs Between Small, Large Hospitals
August 14, 2018 - Mom still matters—In study, young adults tended to prioritize parents over friends
August 14, 2018 - Deep brain stimulation might benefit those with severe alcoholism, preliminary studies show
August 14, 2018 - Study finds increased rate of repeat pregnancies in women with intellectual and developmental disabilities
August 14, 2018 - Lighter sedation fails to reduce risk of postoperative delirium in older patients
August 13, 2018 - Asking better questions about person’s memory could improve doctors’ understanding of patients
August 13, 2018 - U.S. Trauma Doctors Push for Stricter Gun Controls
August 13, 2018 - Asthma and flu: a double whammy
August 13, 2018 - 5 Questions: Donna Zulman on engaging high-need patients in intensive outpatient programs | News Center
August 13, 2018 - Behavioral Nudges Lead to Drop in Prescriptions of Potent Antipsychotic
August 13, 2018 - Potential New Class of Drugs May Reduce Cardiovascular Risk by Targeting Gut Microbes
August 13, 2018 - How to get your kids to eat better
August 13, 2018 - The importance of hearing your patients
August 13, 2018 - Transmission of F. tularensis unlikely to happen through the food chain
August 13, 2018 - Researchers discover epigenetic mechanism underlying ischemic cardiomyopathy
August 13, 2018 - Adolescent health programs receive only a tiny share of international aid, finds research
August 13, 2018 - Fracture risk increases by 30% after gastric bypass, study shows
August 13, 2018 - Quality-improvement project to standardize feeding practices helps micro preemies gain weight
August 13, 2018 - Long-term cannabinoid exposure impairs memory, study shows
August 13, 2018 - New intervention to reduce risk of HIV in young transgender women
August 13, 2018 - Japan human trial tests iPS cell treatment for Parkinson’s
August 13, 2018 - Altered nitrogen metabolism may contribute to emergence of new cancer mutations
August 13, 2018 - Cycling provides greatest health benefits, study finds
August 13, 2018 - Scientists discover biomarker for kidney cancer
August 13, 2018 - New test predicts the risk of serious disease before symptoms appear
August 13, 2018 - Cianna Medical receives FDA 510(k) clearance to extend indication of SCOUT reflector for use in soft tissue localization
August 13, 2018 - Ground-breaking discovery offers new hope for treatment of Alzheimer’s, other neurological diseases
August 13, 2018 - Medical nutrition therapy provided by RDNs benefits patients with chronic kidney disease
August 13, 2018 - Prenatal Tdap vaccination not linked with increased risk of autism in children, study shows
August 13, 2018 - One-Third of Canadian Patients Get Hip Fx Repair Within 24 Hours
August 13, 2018 - ANA (Antinuclear Antibody) Test: MedlinePlus Lab Test Information
August 13, 2018 - Traffic jams in the brain
August 13, 2018 - NIH awards $6.5 million to establish multi-institution biomedical technology resource center
August 13, 2018 - New marker in the blood could help predict person’s risk of developing kidney cancer
August 13, 2018 - New biomarker may provide clues to create diagnostic tool for hypoglycemia-associated autonomic failure
August 13, 2018 - Oxidative Stress Hampers Blood Vessel Dilation in Men
August 13, 2018 - Parents’ Religious Beliefs May Affect Kids’ Suicide Risk: Study
August 13, 2018 - Measure of belly fat in older adults is linked with cognitive impairment
August 13, 2018 - FDA permits marketing of first mobile medical app for contraceptive use to prevent pregnancy
August 13, 2018 - NUS scientists develop new technology to customize optimal drug ‘cocktail’ for myeloma patients
August 13, 2018 - Disordered eating behaviors up for overweight young adults
August 13, 2018 - Connection between Alzheimer’s disease and degenerative eye diseases
August 13, 2018 - Employer expectation of checking email during nonwork hours affects health of workers and families
August 13, 2018 - Rotavirus vaccination reduces infant diarrhea deaths by 34% in rural Malawi
August 13, 2018 - Approval of drug derived from cannabis not necessarily a win for weed
August 13, 2018 - Study shows COPD risk in women with asthma can be reduced
August 13, 2018 - FIND and genedrive announce study agreement to evaluate HCV ID Kit
August 13, 2018 - One in two people putting their eye health at risk during summer, says eye research charity
August 13, 2018 - FDA Approves Galafold (migalastat) for the Treatment of Fabry Disease
August 13, 2018 - Is too much screen time harming children’s vision?
August 13, 2018 - GNA Biosolutions named as winner of AACC Disruptive Technology Award
August 13, 2018 - New ‘closed-loop’ brain stimulation method improves learning, memory, and skill acquisition
August 13, 2018 - FOXM1 contributes to treatment failure in acute myeloid leukemia
August 13, 2018 - Autoimmune response drives neurodegeneration in glaucoma
August 12, 2018 - Preschooler’s Perfectionism May Predict OCD in Adolescence
August 12, 2018 - Dry mouth problems may be associated with disease in the eyelids
August 12, 2018 - Proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles could offer new approach for oral medications
August 12, 2018 - GSS sensors provide stable CO2 control for laboratory incubator applications
August 12, 2018 - For Seniors, Getting Physical Protects the Heart
August 12, 2018 - Updated Blood Pressure Guidelines: Lifestyle Changes are Key
August 12, 2018 - Review finds more effective drugs to stop bleeding after childbirth
August 12, 2018 - Study provides snapshot of mechanism behind cancer metastasis for the first time
August 12, 2018 - Birth study empowers pregnant women
August 12, 2018 - New drug makes rats to self-administer alcohol less frequently
Recreational football an absolute winner for 55- to 70-year-olds with prediabetes

Recreational football an absolute winner for 55- to 70-year-olds with prediabetes

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print
Playing football twice a week while at the same time following a diet is good ‛medicine’. The combination of the two elements is so effective for keeping the heart healthy, that the researchers estimate, that individuals can achieve a 50% reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease, if they persist with training. Credit: Magni Mohr

Twice-weekly football training combined with dietary guidance improves fitness level and cardiovascular health profile in untrained 55-70-year-old women and men with prediabetes. Also leads to healthier weight loss than through normal dieting.

This is the conclusion of the world’s first trial involving football and dietary guidance in older prediabetics, carried out in the Faroe Islands by football researchers and physiologists from the Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics at the University of Southern Denmark.

The purpose of the trial was to investigate the health-related potential of combining advice on healthy eating with recreational football training, and the results have just been published in the acclaimed Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports.

“What we’ve seen is that the combination of recreational football and dietary guidance is highly effective; more effective than we dared hope. The trial participants derived significant positive effects on both their cardiovascular and metabolic health profile,” says Magni Mohr, project leader and associate professor at the University of Southern Denmark.

Improved cardiovascular health was determined by an increase in physical fitness and a decrease in blood pressure. The changes correlated well with what the researchers had found in previous trials and are estimated to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by 50% – assuming that the participants maintain their improvements.

Improved metabolic health profile was determined by a decrease in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and body fat percentage compared with the group that only received dietary guidance. Both groups showed a decrease in resting blood sugar, with no significant between-group differences.

A more effective way to lose weight

The combination of football training and guidance on healthy eating was more effective for metabolic health and a healthier way to lose weight than dietary guidance alone. Part of the explanation for this is that football training produces larger muscles:

“Individuals who combine dietary guidance with football training can lose a significant amount of weight while at the same time achieving an increase in muscle mass and functional capacity. This is very different to the results of normal dieting, where the individual loses weight but becomes physically weaker because they both lose fat and muscle mass,” says Peter Krustrup, professor of sport and health sciences at the University of Southern Denmark, who has 15 years’ experience of studying the health-related effects of football.

The trial participants were untrained women and men aged 55-70 years. At the age of 60 or 70, individuals generally need to strengthen their physique. So it is far from optimal for them to diet without training at the same time. They do not want to further weaken their physique, which would be the result of an ordinary diet.

“An absolute winner for middle-aged and elderly women and men with prediabetes”

“The study provides evidence that we can prevent type 2 diabetes through an intervention combining exercise and diet. The figures from the study also show that football is an effective and broad-spectrum form of exercise that works for both women and men. You could say it’s an absolute winner,” says Peter Krustrup.

The idea of football for 60 and 70-year-old female patients is new. But the study showed that so-called Football Fitness—a form of football with the focus on a thorough warm-up, ball drills in pairs and games on small pitches—is also suitable for 70-year-old women with prediabetes. The participants enjoyed the training and did not sustain any serious damage to muscles, bones or joints.

“Normally, you wouldn’t think of football as something for 70-year-old women, but we saw excellent attendance even though the training took place in the winter. The participants formed good relationships, had fun together and enjoyed the social aspect so much that many of them are still participating in Football Fitness,” concludes Magni Mohr, who helped implement the training and testing in the Faroe Islands.

About the study

The study was carried out in the Faroe Islands, with the participants recruited from a national cohort of prediabetics.

50 individuals—25 of each gender—underwent a 16-week intervention comprising dietary guidance and twice-weekly football training sessions lasting 30-60 minutes. The duration of the training increased progressively from 30 minutes per session in the first 2 weeks to 60 minutes per session in the final 10 weeks.

The participants were 55-70-year-old untrained men and women who were prediabetic, had poor physical fitness and were predominantly overweight. Half had weak bones (osteoporosis).

The study was carried out collaboratively between researchers from the University of Southern Denmark’s Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics and the University of the Faroe Islands with funding from the Faroese Research Council (Sjúkakassagrunnurin), the Faroese Football Association (FSF) and the Faroese Diabetes Association (Diabetesfelag Føroya).


Explore further:
New meta-analysis: Recreational football is broad-spectrum medicine

More information:
M.-B. Skoradal et al, Football training improves metabolic and cardiovascular health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports (2018). DOI: 10.1111/sms.13081

Provided by:
University of Southern Denmark

About author

Related Articles