Breaking News
July 15, 2018 - Parents who had severe trauma, stresses in childhood more likely to have kids with behavioral health problems
July 15, 2018 - At colloquium, a range of views on value of predictive algorithms | News Center
July 15, 2018 - Pittcon invites oral and poster presentations for 2019 Technical Program
July 15, 2018 - Virtual reality could offer psychotherapy for fear of heights, study shows
July 15, 2018 - Retooled vaccine raises hopes as a lower-cost treatment for Type 1 diabetes
July 15, 2018 - Kolon TissueGene To Start US Phase III Clinical Trial For Invossa
July 15, 2018 - Study finds prenatal marijuana use can affect infant size, behavior
July 15, 2018 - Howard Chang named HHMI investigator | News Center
July 15, 2018 - Study shows tailored mental health services improve wellbeing of emerging adults
July 15, 2018 - A bright future might help teens steer clear of violence
July 15, 2018 - Stanford Medicine magazine explores the art, science of listening and hearing | News Center
July 15, 2018 - New study tracks how the brain turns simple sensory inputs into meaningful categories
July 15, 2018 - Deadlier subtype of metastatic prostate cancer found to be common than previously thought
July 15, 2018 - UZH scientists identify enzyme that controls cell division
July 15, 2018 - Unhealthy Food Behaviors May Signal Eating Disorder in Teen
July 15, 2018 - Study raises doubts on a previous theory of Parkinson’s disease
July 15, 2018 - Grant awarded to study whether stem cells can treat urinary incontinence | News Center
July 15, 2018 - Imaging techniques may help assess immune system recovery in HIV patients
July 15, 2018 - Machine-learning may aid in diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders
July 15, 2018 - ‘Skin Cancer, Take A Hike!’ program promotes sun safety and skin cancer awareness
July 15, 2018 - Blink Health announces lowest prices for generic prescriptions through Blue Eagle Health
July 15, 2018 - New drug strategy can alleviate multiple behavioral, cellular deficiencies in FXS mouse model
July 15, 2018 - Georgia State professor receives federal grant to study virus similar to Ebola virus
July 15, 2018 - Quitting Smoking? Even a Little Exercise Can Help You Stay Slim
July 15, 2018 - DBS treatment may slow the progression of Parkinson’s tremor in early-stage patients
July 15, 2018 - 5 Questions: Luby on virus with potential to cause global pandemic | News Center
July 15, 2018 - Corn loses its cancer-fighting phenolic acids when processed into cornflakes
July 15, 2018 - Study uncovers possible link between iron loading, alcohol intake and mortality
July 15, 2018 - Molecular insights of NagA enzyme could help combat TB
July 15, 2018 - The Facts on Tampons—and How to Use Them Safely
July 15, 2018 - Normalisation of ‘plus-size’ risks hidden danger of obesity, study finds
July 15, 2018 - $2.5 million award to support physician-scientist training | News Center
July 15, 2018 - Aeras announces publication of Phase 2 results of two TB vaccines
July 15, 2018 - Public to set research priorities in field of ethnic inequalities and severe mental illness
July 15, 2018 - Eisai and Biogen Announce Positive Topline Results of the Final Analysis for BAN2401 at 18 Months
July 15, 2018 - U.S. obesity rates rising again
July 15, 2018 - Millions could have incorrect statin, aspirin and blood pressure prescriptions | News Center
July 15, 2018 - Researchers identify factors associated with cell phone-related distracted driving in parents
July 15, 2018 - Bioethicists suggest ethical considerations for forensic use of genetic data
July 15, 2018 - Most clinical trial participants find benefits of sharing personal data outweigh risks, Stanford study finds | News Center
July 14, 2018 - Researchers solve protein puzzle that paves way for new cancer therapies
July 14, 2018 - Blood telomeres can help predict risk of disease worsening or death in COPD patients
July 14, 2018 - CDC: Nearly One-Third of Injury Deaths Occur at Home
July 14, 2018 - Injectable electronics offer powerful new tool in understanding how retinal cells work
July 14, 2018 - Human blood cells transformed into functional neurons | News Center
July 14, 2018 - Podcast: KHN’s ‘What the Health?’ ACA under fire. Again.
July 14, 2018 - Small device with motion sensors can predict older adults’ risk of falling
July 14, 2018 - Neurological Fallout From Ebola Infection Worse Than Thought
July 14, 2018 - Screening for impaired vision in older adults: New Canadian guideline
July 14, 2018 - Blood test for pregnant women can predict premature birth, Stanford-led study reports | News Center
July 14, 2018 - Study uncovers process that neutralizes tumor cells
July 14, 2018 - Four-protein biomarker blood test improves lung cancer risk assessment for smokers
July 14, 2018 - Researchers develop novel approach to bridge gap in cell-free systems
July 14, 2018 - Research reveals new gears in the circadian clock
July 14, 2018 - Researchers assess role of physician in preventing intimate partner violence perpetration
July 14, 2018 - Two diabetes medications don’t slow progression of type 2 diabetes in youth
July 14, 2018 - New clues to restoring fertility in women with disabling ovary disorder
July 14, 2018 - Compound in citrus oil could reduce dry mouth in head, neck cancer patients | News Center
July 14, 2018 - Streck ARM-D Kits detect more antibiotic resistance than comparable tests
July 14, 2018 - Study finds wide variations in follow-up imaging for women with non-metastatic breast cancer
July 14, 2018 - FDA expands its support for states to implement FSMA Produce Safety Rule
July 14, 2018 - CTI BioPharma Announces the Continuation without Modification of PAC203 Phase 2 Study of Pacritinib in Patients with Myelofibrosis Previously Treated with Ruxolitinib
July 14, 2018 - First-hand accounts of premature baby loss inspires new resource
July 14, 2018 - Study identifies cellular ‘death code’ | News Center
July 14, 2018 - Federal judge enters consent decree against Minnesota dairy farm for selling adulterated meat
July 14, 2018 - New web-based game motivates people to exercise more
July 14, 2018 - Calcium electrotransfer could be used to target cancer cells, study finds
July 14, 2018 - Researchers identify new region in mouse brain that affects appetite and body weight
July 14, 2018 - Repeated testing produces ‘practice effect’ that obscures true cognitive decline
July 14, 2018 - Amgen And UCB Resubmit Biologics License Application (BLA) For Evenity (romosozumab) To The US FDA
July 14, 2018 - New research detects brain cell that improves learning
July 14, 2018 - Spirit, Inspiring Change award winners announced | News Center
July 14, 2018 - Opioid patients face several barriers to treatment, study finds
July 14, 2018 - Black adults more likely to develop high blood pressure by age of 55
July 14, 2018 - Insurers fall short in catching and reporting Medicaid fraud, inspectors find
July 14, 2018 - Scientists identify structural and functional differences in human immune-surveillance protein
July 14, 2018 - FDA Approves TPOXX (tecovirimat) as the First Drug for the Treatment of Smallpox
July 14, 2018 - Visual perceptual skills are updated by process similar to memory reconsolidation, study finds
July 14, 2018 - Big Data in Precision Health focuses on how to make technology work for patient care | News Center
July 14, 2018 - New technique measures how well cancer drugs reach their targets
Inadequate sleep could cost countries billions

Inadequate sleep could cost countries billions

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Inadequate sleep is a public health problem affecting more than one in three adults worldwide. A new study in the journal Sleep, published by Oxford University Press, suggests that insufficient sleep could also have grave economic consequences.

Community sleep surveys suggest that inadequate sleep is substantial and increasing. Surveys performed several years ago demonstrated that complaints of inadequate sleep were common, with between 20 and 30 percent of respondents complaining of inadequate sleep on a regular basis across several Western nations. Recent surveys suggest this proportion is increasing; between 33 and 45 percent of Australian adults now have this complaint.

The growth of the problem over time is shared by other nations with similar demographics. Some 35 percent of U.S. adults are not getting the recommended 7 hours of sleep each night. About 30 percent of Canadians don’t feel they’re getting enough sleep. Some 37 percent of those in the UK, 28 percent of people in Singapore, and 26 percent of French people also report insufficient sleep.

Insufficient sleep is associated with lapses in attention and the inability to stay focused; reduced motivation; compromised problem solving; confusion, irritability and memory lapses; impaired communication; slowed or faulty information processing and judgment; diminished reaction times; and indifference and loss of empathy. Furthermore, short sleep increases the risk of heart attacks, stroke, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and depression.

Here researchers attempted to measure the economic consequences of limited sleep times—defined as “difficulties with sleep initiation, maintenance or quality associated with the presence of impaired daytime alertness” at least several days a week—in Australia. Researchers evaluated financial and non-financial cost data derived from national surveys and databases. Costs considered included: financial costs associated with health care, informal care provided outside the healthcare sector, productivity losses, non-medical work and vehicle accident costs, deadweight loss through inefficiencies relating to lost taxation revenue and welfare payments; and nonfinancial costs of a loss of well-being.

The financial cost component was $17.88 billion, comprised of: direct health costs of $160 million for sleep disorders and $1.08 billion for associated conditions; productivity losses of $12.19 billion ($5.22 billion reduced employment, $0.61 billion premature death, $1.73 billion absenteeism, $4.63 billion lost through workers showing up for work but not actually performing work on the job); non-medical accident costs of $2.48 billion; informal care costs of $0.41 billion; and deadweight loss of $1.56 billion. The non-financial cost of reduced well-being was $27.33 billion. Thus, the estimated overall cost of inadequate sleep in Australia in 2016-17 (population: 24.8 million) was $45.21 billion.

The financial and non-financial costs associated with inadequate sleep are substantial. The estimated total financial cost of $17.88 billion represents 1.55% of Australian gross domestic product. The estimated non-financial cost of $27.33 billion represents 4.6% of the total Australian burden of disease for the year. The researchers argue that these costs warrant substantial investment in preventive health measures to address the issue through education and regulation.

In setting national health priorities, governments have attempted to identify issues that involve high communal illness and injury burden with associated high costs for attention through public education, regulation, and other initiatives to effect improvements in health status. The authors say that governments have been remarkably successful in targeting diabetes, depression, and smoking, for example. These data presented above suggest that sleep health may merit similar attention. The situation is likely to be similar in equivalent economies.

Researcher quote: “We are in the midst of a worldwide epidemic of inadequate sleep, some from clinical sleep disorders, some through pressure from competing work, social and family activities and some from failure to give sleep sufficient priority through choice or ignorance. Apart from its impact on well-being, this problem comes at a huge economic cost through its destructive effects on health, safety and productivity. Addressing the issue by education, regulation and other initiatives is likely to deliver substantial economic as well as health benefits.”


Explore further:
Can weekend sleep make up for the detriments of sleep deprivation during the week?

More information:
David Hillman et al, The economic cost of inadequate sleep, Sleep (2018). DOI: 10.1093/sleep/zsy083

Journal reference:
Sleep

Provided by:
Oxford University Press

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles