Breaking News
March 25, 2019 - Inherited form of rickets improves more with new injectable medicine than conventional therapy
March 25, 2019 - Trastuzumab Tied to Higher Long-Term Risk for Heart Failure
March 25, 2019 - Personal context directly affects CPAP use
March 25, 2019 - Mosquito tracking key to preventing disease outbreaks
March 25, 2019 - Scientists Detect Hidden Signals from Beneficial Bacteria
March 25, 2019 - Treating women with thyroid antibodies with Levothyroxine do not increase live birth rate
March 25, 2019 - Brain area that only processes spoken, not written words identified
March 25, 2019 - Race and ethnicity influence fracture risk in diabetic patients
March 25, 2019 - Researchers report new regenerative medicine approach for treating osteoarthritis of the knee
March 25, 2019 - Exposure to dim light at night may contribute to spread of breast cancer to bones
March 25, 2019 - Benefits of osteoporosis treatment in postmenopausal women outweigh the perceived risks
March 25, 2019 - Researchers find evidence of Cryptosporidium parasite in Minnesota’s public water systems
March 25, 2019 - Three Clues to Raised Risk of Miscarriage
March 25, 2019 - Structured play helps toddlers self-regulate, altering their life course
March 25, 2019 - Translating horror into justice: Stanford psychiatrist advocates for human rights
March 25, 2019 - HORIBA Medical introduces D-Dimer reagent for Yumizen G hemostasis range
March 25, 2019 - Recurrent pregnancy loss may be caused by sperm DNA damage, finds study
March 25, 2019 - Special Collection tracks development of new diagnostic tests for tuberculosis
March 25, 2019 - Air Force develops genetic test to predict mental performance
March 25, 2019 - To abort or not to abort—making difficult choices alone
March 25, 2019 - Computer vision technology could aid ICU care by spotting movement
March 25, 2019 - IONTAS wins ‘Small Business of the Year’ category at Cambridge News Business Excellence Awards 2019
March 25, 2019 - First postpartum depression drug gets FDA nod
March 25, 2019 - Research Recognition Award will help improve lives of young people with absence epilepsy
March 25, 2019 - Bisphosphonates to treat osteoporosis appears to be beneficial for all women
March 25, 2019 - Researchers develop new augmented reality app to assess spatial memory
March 25, 2019 - Dolomite Bio releases new Drop-seq datasets for single-cell RNA sequencing
March 25, 2019 - Hemoglobin A1c blood test may underestimate prevalence of diabetes
March 25, 2019 - Immune system errors linked to development of childhood leukemia
March 25, 2019 - Eating leafy green vegetables may help maintain muscle strength and mobility
March 25, 2019 - BMA secures state-backed clinical negligence indemnity scheme for GP trainees
March 25, 2019 - Biohaven Announces Completion of Pre-NDA Meeting With FDA for Oral CGRP Receptor Antagonist Rimegepant
March 25, 2019 - Adding breakfast to classrooms may have a health downside
March 25, 2019 - She Was Dancing On The Roof And Talking Gibberish. A Special Kind Of ER Helped Her.
March 25, 2019 - KNAUER introduces new Sepapure FPLC columns and media for protein purification tasks
March 25, 2019 - Weight loss in obese migraine sufferers can improve their quality of life
March 25, 2019 - Exposure to particulate air pollution may lead to reduced sperm production
March 25, 2019 - Synthetic peptide appears to disrupt inflammation and protect kidneys from nephritis
March 25, 2019 - New guideline focuses on strategies to improve health of older adults with diabetes
March 25, 2019 - Study evaluates prescribing of preventive drugs at the end of life in older adults with cancer
March 25, 2019 - Radial or femoral approaches for PCI are equal in terms of survival in heart attack patients
March 25, 2019 - Study shows how some autoimmune diseases are more closely related than others
March 25, 2019 - Long term opioid medications impacts production of important hormones
March 25, 2019 - FDA Issues Complete Response Letter for Zynquista (sotagliflozin)
March 25, 2019 - CDC researchers report on trends in hospital breastfeeding policies
March 25, 2019 - States Push For Caregiver Tax Credits
March 25, 2019 - Females on ketogenic diet fail to show metabolic benefits in animal model
March 25, 2019 - Modulating stiffness of blood-forming stem cells could facilitate mobilization procedures
March 25, 2019 - Gene editing regulations to be tightened
March 25, 2019 - CPAP treatment can result in weight loss in people with sleep apnea and obseity
March 25, 2019 - Highly attractive businesswomen are considered less trustworthy ‘femmes fatales’
March 25, 2019 - Breast Density Categorization Varies With Screening Modality
March 25, 2019 - Researchers explore link between metal exposure and Parkinson’s symptoms
March 25, 2019 - Later meal timing may contribute to weight gain
March 25, 2019 - Around one in hundred people has autism spectrum condition in China
March 25, 2019 - Research paves way for new standard of care to improve heart’s pump function
March 25, 2019 - Exposure to HIV virus, antiretroviral therapy before birth linked to obesity and asthma-like symptoms
March 25, 2019 - Transgender men preserve their fertility potential after one year of testosterone therapy
March 25, 2019 - Tighter Blood Pressure Control May Prevent Brain Lesions
March 25, 2019 - A reward now or later? Exploring impulsivity in Parkinson’s disease patients
March 25, 2019 - Financial incentives fail to increase completion rates of colorectal cancer screening tests mailed to patients
March 25, 2019 - New research program launched to highlight sexual harassment in academia
March 25, 2019 - Hemoglobin A1c blood test does not detect diabetes in most patients, shows study
March 25, 2019 - Wyss Technology licensed by Sherlock Biosciences to create affordable molecular diagnostics
March 25, 2019 - DWK Life Sciences launches KIMBLE GLS 80 Media Bottle and Multiport Cap System
March 25, 2019 - New study aims to reduce online sexual exploitation of children
March 25, 2019 - Want healthier eating habits? Start with a workout
March 25, 2019 - New approach to prescribing antibiotics could curb resistance
March 24, 2019 - Theravance Biopharma Announces First Patient Dosed in Phase 2b/3 Study of TD-1473 in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis
March 24, 2019 - Prenatal DHA prevents blood-pressure increase from obesity during childhood
March 24, 2019 - Combined immunosuppression may be effective, safe in treating older patients with Crohn’s disease
March 24, 2019 - GSK sells health drinks arm, buys US cancer treatment firm
March 24, 2019 - Bacteria and innate immune factors in birth canal, cervix may be key to predicting preterm births
March 24, 2019 - IgG antibodies play unexpected role in atherosclerosis
March 24, 2019 - Sounds and vibrations are quite similar for the brain, finds new study
March 24, 2019 - Practices for Reducing COPD Hospital Readmissions Explored
March 24, 2019 - Could an eye doctor diagnose Alzheimer’s before you have symptoms?
March 24, 2019 - Enzyme inhibitor stops inflammation and neurodevelopmental disorders in mouse models
March 24, 2019 - Walk, Dance, Clean: Even a Little Activity Helps You Live Longer
March 24, 2019 - Americans used less eye care in 2014 versus 2008
Child nutrition remained stable a year after 2015 earthquake in Nepal, finds study

Child nutrition remained stable a year after 2015 earthquake in Nepal, finds study

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Despite widespread destruction, including severe agricultural-related losses caused by the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, child nutrition remained stable in the hardest hit areas, a new study finds.

A team of researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Tufts University found that indicators of childhood malnutrition improved or remained stable a year after the earthquake hit.

The study, published in November by PLOS One, also found that household food insecurity decreased significantly over the same period.

The 2015 earthquake in Nepal caused over $7.1 billion in losses to infrastructure and economic production and killed nearly 9,000 people and injured nearly 22,000. Extensive losses related to food production and delivery raised concerns that childhood undernutrition could worsen. To prevent this, substantial humanitarian relief efforts were spearheaded by the government of Nepal, the United Nations and NGOs.

“Our findings raise the question of whether the improved nutrition and food security situation in these areas a year after the earthquake may have been due to the aid pouring into these areas, the ongoing nutrition and agriculture aid programs that were already operating in the area, or the resilience of these communities,” says lead author Andrew Thorne-Lyman, ScD, associate scientist in the Bloomberg School’s Department of International Health. “The most important thing is, according to multiple indicators, a nutrition crisis was averted.”

For their study, researchers analyzed data from the same hardest-hit districts in Nepal, both in 2014 and 2016. In both years, data were collected from over 900 households and approximately 2,000 women and children.

The study found that child wasting–a term that describes weight and body-mass loss–declined significantly in the study areas, from 4.5 percent to 2.1 percent. Child wasting is an indicator of a child’s thinness that is often used to evaluate a post-disaster nutrition situation. Children who shows signs of wasting are also at an elevated risk of death. The researchers also found that child stunting–being too short for their age–declined from 23.1 to 21.6 percent in the study period, although the decline was not statistically significant. Stunting is associated with cognitive impairments such as delayed motor development, impaired brain function and poor school performance.

Food insecurity in the study region decreased significantly from 17.6 percent to 12.4 percent between 2014 and 2016. Food insecurity is broadly defined as not having sufficient access to safe and nutritious foods needed for a healthy life. To assess this, researchers used the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale, which has been tested in multiple international studies, and asks a series of questions reflecting different dimensions of food security including access to food.

Researchers also asked household members to recall any shocks experienced the previous year, including death of a family member, structural damage to their house and crop and livestock losses. These statistics were compared for 2016 against 2014 data from the same study. As expected, due to the quake, losses were much more severe in 2016 than in 2014. For example, while fewer than 2 percent of households reported damage to their house in 2014, nearly half did so in 2016. Crop and animal loses increased to 20 percent and there were twice as many deaths reported in households in 2016 compared to 2014.

“While the nutritional well-being of children appears to have been spared, it’s clear from our data that households experienced significant damages and trauma due to the earthquake, including structural damages, crop and animal loss and loss of life. A year later, many were still rebuilding their lives,” said Keith P. West Jr., DrPH, the George G. Graham Professor in International Health at the Bloomberg School and senior author of the study.

Researchers were able to make before-and-after comparisons in this study because the data are part of a larger project called the Policy and Science for Health, Agriculture and Nutrition (PoSHAN) Community surveys. These surveys are nationally representative and assess household agricultural practices, socioeconomic status, food security, and diet, health, and nutritional status of preschool children and women of reproductive age. Authors of this study limited their analysis to data from PoSHAN districts that the government of Nepal categorized as “earthquake-affected” to focus on the effects of the earthquake.

Source:

https://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2019/following-nepals-devastating-2015-earthquake-crisis-in-childhood-malnutrition-averted.html

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles